the politics of space security strategic restraint and the pursuit of national interests

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The Politics Of Space Security

Author : James Moltz
ISBN : 9780804778589
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79. 22 MB
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The past five decades have witnessed often fierce international rivalry in space, but also surprising military restraint. Now, with an increasing number of countries capable of harming U.S. space assets, experts and officials have renewed a long-standing debate over the best route to space security. Some argue that space defenses will be needed to protect critical military and civilian satellites. Others argue that space should be a "sanctuary" from deployed weapons and military conflict, particularly given the worsening threat posed by orbital space debris. Moltz puts this debate into historical context by explaining the main trends in military space developments since Sputnik, their underlying causes, and the factors that are likely to influence their future course. This new edition provides analysis of the Obama administration's space policy and the rise of new actors, including China, India, and Iran. His conclusion offers a unique perspective on the mutual risks militaries face in space and the need for all countries to commit to interdependent, environmentally focused space security.

The Politics Of Space Security

Author : James Clay Moltz
ISBN : 9780804760102
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 59. 90 MB
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A political history of space weapons and arms control issues covering the 1957-2007 period.

State Accountability For Space Debris

Author : Peter Stubbe
ISBN : 9789004314085
Genre : Law
File Size : 23. 62 MB
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In State Accountability for Space Debris Peter Stubbe examines the legal consequences of space debris pollution ― which he argues is a global environmental concern ― under the two distinct accountability regimes of responsibility and liability.

Crowded Orbits

Author : James Moltz
ISBN : 9780231159128
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79. 7 MB
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Written for all readers, this expert analysis details the basics of space technology, diplomacy, commerce, exploration, and military applications from the mid-twentieth century to today. Space has become increasingly crowded since the end of the Cold War, and this book pays particular attention to the politics and economics of space and recent debates over national security, focusing on the competing themes of international competition and cooperation and the effort to avoid dangerous conflicts. Unfortunately, the growth of human space activity and challenges to existing international tools of management, such as rules, laws, and treaties, have increased the likelihood of conflict over a diminishing pool of space resources close to Earth. Drawing on more than twenty years of experience in international space debates and policy, James Clay Moltz points to the logic of cooperation and collaboration among the expanding number of space actors, considering their shared challenges regarding space traffic, orbital debris, radio-spectrum crowding, space situational awareness, and space weaponization. He concludes with policy recommendations for improving international space relations, focusing on enhanced communication, data sharing, and operational cooperation.

Asia S Space Race

Author : James Clay Moltz
ISBN : 9780231527576
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 49. 89 MB
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In contrast to the close cooperation practiced among European states, space relations among Asian states have become increasingly tense. If current trends continue, the Asian civilian space competition could become a military race. To better understand these emerging dynamics, James Clay Moltz conducts the first in-depth policy analysis of Asia's fourteen leading space programs, concentrating especially on developments in China, Japan, India, and South Korea. Moltz isolates the domestic motivations driving Asia's space actors, revisiting critical events such as China's 2007 antisatellite weapons test and manned flights, Japan's successful Kaguya lunar mission and Kibo module for the International Space Station (ISS), India's Chandrayaan lunar mission, and South Korea's astronaut visit to the ISS, along with plans to establish independent space-launch capability. He investigates these nations' divergent space goals and their tendency to focus on national solutions and self-reliance rather than regionwide cooperation and multilateral initiatives. He concludes with recommendations for improved intra-Asian space cooperation and regional conflict prevention. Moltz also considers America's efforts to engage Asia's space programs in joint activities and the prospects for future U.S. space leadership. He extends his analysis to the relationship between space programs and economic development in Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, North Korea, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam, making this a key text for international relations and Asian studies scholars.

Meta Geopolitics Of Outer Space

Author : N. Al-Rodhan
ISBN : 9781137016652
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 86. 86 MB
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Al-Rodhan sheds new light on the debate about the geopolitics of outer space, going beyond applying traditional International Relations approaches to space power and security by introducing a multidimensional spatial framework. The meta-geopolitics framework includes space and expands classical power considerations to cover seven state capacities.

Heavenly Ambitions

Author : Joan Johnson-Freese
ISBN : 9780812202366
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 40. 53 MB
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In the popular imagination, space is the final frontier. Will that frontier be a wild west, or will it instead be treated as the oceans are: as a global commons, where commerce is allowed to flourish and no one country dominates? At this moment, nations are free to send missions to Mars or launch space stations. Space satellites are vital to many of the activities that have become part of our daily lives—from weather forecasting to GPS and satellite radio. The militaries of the United States and a host of other nations have also made space a critical arena—spy and communication satellites are essential to their operations. Beginning with the Reagan administration and its attempt to create a missile defense system to protect against attack by the Soviet Union, the U.S. military has decided that the United States should be the dominant power in space in order to protect civilian and defense assets. In Heavenly Ambitions, Joan Johnson-Freese draws from a myriad of sources to argue that the United States is on the wrong path: first, by politicizing the question of space threats and, second, by continuing to believe that military domination in space is the only way to protect U.S. interests in space. Johnson-Freese, who has written and lectured extensively on space policy, lays out her vision of the future of space as a frontier where nations cooperate and military activity is circumscribed by arms control treaties that would allow no one nation to dominate—just as no one nation's military dominates the world's oceans. This is in the world's interest and, most important, in the U.S. national interest.

Die Helden Der Nation

Author : Tom Wolfe
ISBN : 3945386071
Genre :
File Size : 68. 57 MB
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Weltordnung

Author : Henry A. Kissinger
ISBN : 9783641155483
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55. 13 MB
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Henry Kissinger über die größte Herausforderung des 21. Jahrhunderts Hat das westlich geprägte Wertesystem im 21. Jahrhundert angesichts aufstrebender Mächte mit gänzlich anderem Menschenbild und Gesellschaftskonzept als Basis einer Frieden stiftenden Weltordnung ausgedient? Henry Kissinger, über Jahrzehnte zentrale Figur der US-Außenpolitik und Autorität für Fragen der internationalen Beziehungen, sieht unsere Epoche vor existenziellen Herausforderungen angesichts zunehmender Spannungen. In der heutigen global eng vernetzten Welt wäre eine Ordnung vonnöten, die von Menschen unterschiedlicher Kultur, Geschichte und Tradition akzeptiert wird und auf einem Regelwerk beruht, das in der Lage ist, regionale wie globale Kriege einzudämmen. Der Autor analysiert die Entstehung der unterschiedlichen Ordnungssysteme etwa in China, den islamischen Ländern oder im Westen und unternimmt den Versuch, das Trennende zwischen ihnen zusammenzuführen und den Grundstein für eine zukünftige friedliche Weltordnung zu legen.

Worm

Author : Mark Bowden
ISBN : 9783827075208
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 61 MB
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Dass Cyberverbrechen und Cyberwar keine bloß virtuellen Gefahren mehr sind, sickert erst allmählich ins öffentliche und politische Bewusstsein. Als der Computerwurm »Conficker« im November 2008 auf die Welt losgelassen wurde, infizierte er binnen weniger Wochen Millionen von Computern weltweit. War er in ein System eingedrungen, konnte er dieses mit anderen verbinden und so ein Netzwerk bilden, das sich von außen kontrollieren ließ. Ein solch großes Botnetz ist theoretisch in der Lage, sämtliche Computernetzwerke zu überwältigen, ohne die heute unsere Banken, Telefone, Kraftwerke oder Flughäfen, ja sogar das Internet selbst kollabieren würden - mit unabsehbaren Folgen. War »Conficker« nur das Werkzeug von Cyberkriminellen oder gar eine reale militärische Waffe mit so nie dagewesenem Zerstörungspotenzial? Mark Bowden erzählt, wie in einem dramatischen Wettlauf Computerexperten alles daransetzen, den brandgefährlichen Wurm auszuschalten. Packend beschreibt er einen nach wie vor völlig unterschätzten Krieg, der buchstäblich unter unseren Fingerspitzen auf der Tastatur ausgefochten wird.

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