the prefrontal cortex

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The Prefrontal Cortex

Author : Joaquin Fuster
ISBN : 9780124080607
Genre : Medical
File Size : 57. 79 MB
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The Prefrontal Cortex, Fifth Edition, provides users with a thoroughly updated version of this comprehensive work that has historically served as the classic reference on this part of the brain. The book offers a unifying, interdisciplinary perspective that is lacking in other volumes written about the frontal lobes, and is, once again, written by the award-winning author who discovered "memory cells," the physiological substrate of working memory. The fifth edition constitutes a comprehensive update, including all the major advances made on the physiology and cognitive neuroscience of the region since publication in 2008. All chapters have been fully revised, and the overview of prefrontal functions now interprets experimental data within the theoretical framework of the new paradigm of cortical structure and dynamics (the Cognit Paradigm), addressing the accompanying social, economic, and cultural implications. Provides a distinctly interdisciplinary view of the prefrontal cortex, covering all major methodologies, from comparative anatomy to modern imaging Unique analysis and synthesis of a large body of basic and clinical data on the subject (more than 2000 references) Written by an award-winning author who discovered "memory cells," the physiological substrate of working memory Synthesizes evidence that the prefrontal cortex constitutes a complex pre-adaptive system Incorporates emerging study of the role of the frontal lobes in social, economic, and cultural adaptation

Development Of The Prefrontal Cortex

Author : Norman A. Krasnegor
ISBN : STANFORD:36105019324115
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 69 MB
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In this scholarly reference, notable investigators in the fields of neuroscience and behavior examine research findings concerning the prefrontal cortex. Readers will explore evolutionary issues, brain-behavior relationships, and the neurobiology, neuropsychology, and neuropathology of this important region of the brain.

Functions Of The Prefrontal Cortex

Author : Carl E. Rosenkilde
ISBN : IND:30000120397645
Genre : Brain
File Size : 76. 49 MB
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Topography Of The Serotonin Transporter Throughout The Prefrontal Cortex Of The Vervet Monkey

Author : Baldwin Mason Way
ISBN : UCLA:L0090853623
Genre :
File Size : 60. 29 MB
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The Neurobiology Of The Prefrontal Cortex

Author : Richard E. Passingham
ISBN : 9780199552917
Genre : Medical
File Size : 47. 12 MB
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The prefrontal cortex makes up almost a quarter of the human brain. The Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex presents a new theory about its fundamental function. Written by two leading brain scientists, it is an important contribution to our understanding of the evolution and functioning of the human brain.

The Prefrontal Cortex

Author : Angela C. Roberts
ISBN : 019168919X
Genre : Prefrontal cortex
File Size : 48. 82 MB
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The role of the prefrontal cortex is one of the most topical and important areas of research in contemporary neuropsychology. This text addresses the many questions and debates that have arisen on the prefrontal cortex.

The Prefrontal Cortex Its Structure Function And Pathology

Author : J.P.C. de Bruin
ISBN : 9780080862101
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63. 21 MB
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Thanks to a resurgence of interest and a recent proliferation of research techniques, much new and illuminating data has emerged during the last decade relating to the prefrontal cortex, particularly in primates and rodents. In view of this progress, the 16th International Summer School of Brain Research was held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands from 28 August to 1 September 1989, devoted to the topic of `The Prefrontal Cortex: Its Structure, Function and Pathology'. The edited proceedings, embodied in this 85th volume of `Progress in Brain Research', fall into three sections - the first of which, following two introductory chapters, discusses the present knowledge of the organization of prefrontal cortical systems. In the second section, developmental and plasticity aspects in rodent and human cortex are considered, whilst the third section deals extensively with the functional aspects characteristic for the prefrontal cortex in primates, rats and rabbits. The last section reviews several topics on dysfunction of prefrontal cortex in rat and man, including a historical review on psychosurgery.

The Neurobiology Of The Prefrontal Cortex

Author : Richard E. Passingham
ISBN : 9780199552917
Genre : Medical
File Size : 23. 78 MB
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The prefrontal cortex makes up almost a quarter of the human brain. The Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex presents a new theory about its fundamental function. Written by two leading brain scientists, it is an important contribution to our understanding of the evolution and functioning of the human brain.

The Prefrontal Cortex And Hierarchical Behavior

Author : Jennifer Sloan
ISBN : OCLC:904239096
Genre :
File Size : 88. 38 MB
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Every day, often without thinking about it, you create and achieve goals. These goals range in complexity from brushing your teeth in the morning, to avoiding traffic on your way to school, to figuring out how you're ever going to graduate from Berkeley. The intricate workings of your prefrontal cortex enable the planning and execution of such behaviors. For years, scientists have studied the mechanisms of simple choice behavior and learning in the form of stimulus- and action-outcome associations but the question of how increasingly complex and temporally-extended learning arises remains largely unknown. Informed by converging work from the fields of psychology and computer science, we set out to understand the computations performed at the level of single cells that may contribute to the ideation, mental maintenance, and stringing together of actions to perform a hierarchical gambling task. We recorded extracellular activity from two subjects as they performed an n¬-armed bandit task and compared and contrasted the information processed simultaneously in three distinct brain areas: the lateral prefrontal cortex, the orbitofrontal cortex, and the anterior cingulate cortex. While our data do not support the preferential processing of superordinate versus subordinate goals in prefrontal cortex, we did find many signals that may underlie hierarchical behavior. These include value and action encoding that depended on the hierarchical level, as well as encoding of past choices that could be used to chunk actions at the same level of the hierarchy. Understanding these mechanisms could help elucidate how the complex behavioral repertoire of the primate is implemented.

Prefrontal Cortex

Author : Satoru Otani
ISBN : 9781402077661
Genre : Medical
File Size : 46. 59 MB
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This volume, Prefrontal Cortex: from Synaptic Plasticity to Cognition, is an interdisciplinary approach to characterize the function of the anterior portion of the frontal lobe in rodents and human and non-human primates. The specific topics discussed in the chapters of this volume are purposefully diverse: they range from membrane properties of prefrontal neurons to cognitive psychology. Nevertheless, this volume must not be regarded as a mere collection of writings with the different sub-themes. As you will see, chapters often vigorously encompass domains of the prefrontal field in effort to provide a big picture. That is actually what we attempted to do in this volume. On one hand, we have accumulated knowledge on the properties of neurons and synapses in the prefrontal cortex as well as the actions of critical neuromodulators such as dopamine. On the other hand, behavioral and cognitive neurosciences have begun to reveal the fascinating role of the prefrontal cortex in such mental processes as working memory, attention switching and rule following, and long-term memory. Needless to say, our ultimate goal as neurobiologists is to know what relationship there is between these cellular and cognitive processes. This volume is meant to serve as a comprehensive introduction towards that goal. Readers will be informed, for example, of how plasticity of prefrontal neurons is regulated, how it is involved in certain cognitive processes in rodents, and how the rodent models can apply to the primates.

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