the prefrontal cortex

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The Prefrontal Cortex

Author : Joaquin Fuster
ISBN : 9780124080607
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51. 29 MB
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The Prefrontal Cortex, Fifth Edition, provides users with a thoroughly updated version of this comprehensive work that has historically served as the classic reference on this part of the brain. The book offers a unifying, interdisciplinary perspective that is lacking in other volumes written about the frontal lobes, and is, once again, written by the award-winning author who discovered "memory cells," the physiological substrate of working memory. The fifth edition constitutes a comprehensive update, including all the major advances made on the physiology and cognitive neuroscience of the region since publication in 2008. All chapters have been fully revised, and the overview of prefrontal functions now interprets experimental data within the theoretical framework of the new paradigm of cortical structure and dynamics (the Cognit Paradigm), addressing the accompanying social, economic, and cultural implications. Provides a distinctly interdisciplinary view of the prefrontal cortex, covering all major methodologies, from comparative anatomy to modern imaging Unique analysis and synthesis of a large body of basic and clinical data on the subject (more than 2000 references) Written by an award-winning author who discovered "memory cells," the physiological substrate of working memory Synthesizes evidence that the prefrontal cortex constitutes a complex pre-adaptive system Incorporates emerging study of the role of the frontal lobes in social, economic, and cultural adaptation

Prefrontal Cortex

Author : Satoru Otani
ISBN : 9781402079498
Genre : Medical
File Size : 31. 73 MB
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This volume, Prefrontal Cortex: from Synaptic Plasticity to Cognition, is an interdisciplinary approach to characterize the function of the anterior portion of the frontal lobe in rodents and human and non-human primates. The specific topics discussed in the chapters of this volume are purposefully diverse: they range from membrane properties of prefrontal neurons to cognitive psychology. Nevertheless, this volume must not be regarded as a mere collection of writings with the different sub-themes. As you will see, chapters often vigorously encompass domains of the prefrontal field in effort to provide a big picture. That is actually what we attempted to do in this volume. On one hand, we have accumulated knowledge on the properties of neurons and synapses in the prefrontal cortex as well as the actions of critical neuromodulators such as dopamine. On the other hand, behavioral and cognitive neurosciences have begun to reveal the fascinating role of the prefrontal cortex in such mental processes as working memory, attention switching and rule following, and long-term memory. Needless to say, our ultimate goal as neurobiologists is to know what relationship there is between these cellular and cognitive processes. This volume is meant to serve as a comprehensive introduction towards that goal. Readers will be informed, for example, of how plasticity of prefrontal neurons is regulated, how it is involved in certain cognitive processes in rodents, and how the rodent models can apply to the primates.

The Prefrontal Cortex Its Structure Function And Pathology

Author : J.P.C. de Bruin
ISBN : 9780080862101
Genre : Medical
File Size : 55. 53 MB
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Thanks to a resurgence of interest and a recent proliferation of research techniques, much new and illuminating data has emerged during the last decade relating to the prefrontal cortex, particularly in primates and rodents. In view of this progress, the 16th International Summer School of Brain Research was held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands from 28 August to 1 September 1989, devoted to the topic of `The Prefrontal Cortex: Its Structure, Function and Pathology'. The edited proceedings, embodied in this 85th volume of `Progress in Brain Research', fall into three sections - the first of which, following two introductory chapters, discusses the present knowledge of the organization of prefrontal cortical systems. In the second section, developmental and plasticity aspects in rodent and human cortex are considered, whilst the third section deals extensively with the functional aspects characteristic for the prefrontal cortex in primates, rats and rabbits. The last section reviews several topics on dysfunction of prefrontal cortex in rat and man, including a historical review on psychosurgery.

The Neurobiology Of The Prefrontal Cortex

Author : Richard E. Passingham
ISBN : 9780199552917
Genre : Medical
File Size : 69. 12 MB
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The prefrontal cortex makes up almost a quarter of the human brain. The Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex presents a new theory about its fundamental function. Written by two leading brain scientists, it is an important contribution to our understanding of the evolution and functioning of the human brain.

The Prefrontal Cortex As An Executive Emotional And Social Brain

Author : Masataka Watanabe
ISBN : 9784431565086
Genre : Medical
File Size : 76. 18 MB
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This book is devoted to the executive, emotional, social, and integrative functions of the prefrontal cortex (PFC). The PFC has usually been studied only with its executive function or with its emotional function, but recent studies indicate that the PFC plays important roles in integrating executive and emotional functions as well as in social behavior. The first part of the book reviews the functional organization of the PFC in human and nonhuman primates. The subsequent part focuses on the integrator of executive and emotional functions. The third part presents the integrator of executive and social functions, and the final part discusses the default mode of brain activities. There are chapters on animal studies, because functional significance of the PFC cannot be described without referring to those studies. Thus many methodologies are presented such as human neuropsychological, neuroimaging, and stimulation studies, and animal neuropsychological, neurophysiological, neurochemical, neuroanatomical, and neuroimaging studies. Bringing those together, this volume provides a timely and concise picture of the function of the PFC. The result is a valuable resource for students and scientists, providing up-to-date information on this emerging research topic.

Development Of The Prefrontal Cortex

Author : Norman A. Krasnegor
ISBN : STANFORD:36105019324115
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 83 MB
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In this scholarly reference, notable investigators in the fields of neuroscience and behavior examine research findings concerning the prefrontal cortex. Readers will explore evolutionary issues, brain-behavior relationships, and the neurobiology, neuropsychology, and neuropathology of this important region of the brain.

The Prefrontal Cortex

Author : A. Angela C. Roberts
ISBN : 0198524412
Genre : Medical
File Size : 28. 77 MB
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The prefrontal cortex, one of the most important areas of research in contemporary neuropsychology, appears to be linked with executive processes affecting many diverse areas of cognition, including working memory, information processing, behavioral organization, and attention. This state-of-the-art account of our knowledge of the prefrontal cortex brings together contributions from some of the world's leading researchers on the subject. The authors discuss the many recent theoretical and technical advances in the field--from advances in our understanding of the neural architecture of the prefrontal cortex to the use of functional neuroimaging and from new ideas about the relationships between neuronal activity and behavior to comparisons between human and non-human primate cognition. One of the first books to be written on the subject, The Prefrontal Cortex will be important reading for all researchers and students in neuro- and cognitive psychology, and neuroscience.

Functions Of The Prefrontal Cortex

Author : Carl E. Rosenkilde
ISBN : IND:30000120397645
Genre : Brain
File Size : 56. 31 MB
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Motor And Cognitive Functions Of The Prefrontal Cortex

Author : Anne-Marie Thierry
ISBN : 364285009X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 58. 74 MB
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The prefrontal cortex is particularly challenging as it has undergone great expansion during phylogenetic development and because it plays a crucial role in regulating most complex behaviors. Progress in research techniques in animals, and in the development of non-invasive brain imaging approaches in humans, have precipitated a resurgence of interest in the prefrontal cortex. To shed light on the rapidly accumulated information on motor and cognitive functions of the prefrontal cortex the Fondation IPSEN organized a Symposium (third in the series of the Colloques Medecine et Recherche) held in Paris on November 24, 1992. This volume contains the proceedings of this meeting with interdisciplinary contributions from such fields as neuroanatomy, neuropharmacology, electrophysiology as well as from clinical and behavior studies. The fourth meeting in the series will be held on October 11, 1993, and is to be entitled "Temporal coding: an area of renewed interest in brain function" (Organizing committee: G. Buzsaki, New York; W. Singer, Frankfurt; R. Llinas, New York; A. Berthoz, Paris; Y. Christen, Paris). Paris, France Anne-Marie Thierry September 1993 Yves Christen Contents How to Study Frontal Lobe Functions in Humans B. Dubois, M. Verin, C. Teixeira-Ferreira, A. Sirigu, and B. Pillon . . 1 Distinctive Chemoanatomical and Developmental Features of the Prefrontal Dopaminergic System in Primates as Compared to Rodents B. Berger. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Topography Of The Serotonin Transporter Throughout The Prefrontal Cortex Of The Vervet Monkey

Author : Baldwin Mason Way
ISBN : UCLA:L0090853623
Genre :
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