the price of precaution and the ethics of risk 6 the international library of ethics law and technology

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The Price Of Precaution And The Ethics Of Risk

Author : Christian Munthe
ISBN : 9400713304
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 44. 67 MB
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Christian Munthe undertakes an innovative, in-depth philosophical analysis of what the idea of a precautionary principle is and should be about. A novel theory of the ethics of imposing risks is developed and used as a foundation for defending the idea of precaution in environmental and technological policy making against its critics, while at the same time avoiding a number of identified flaws. The theory is shown to have far-reaching practical conclusions for areas such as bio-, information- and nuclear technology, and global environmental policy in areas such as climate change. The author argues that, while the price we pay for precaution must not be too high, we have to be prepared to pay it in order to act ethically defensible. A number of practical suggestions for precautionary regulation and policy making are made on the basis of this, and some challenges to basic ethical theory as well as consumerist societies, the global political order and liberal democracy are identified. Munthe’s book is a well-argued contribution to the PP debate, putting neglected justificatory and methodological questions at the forefront. His many discussions of alternative accounts as well as his drawing out the consequences of his own suggestion in practical cases give the reader a thorough, holistic sense of what justification of PP amounts to. /..../ Munthe’s main case, his argumentation for the requirement of precaution as a moral norm, is convincing and puts a strong pressure on too narrow alternative suggestions on how it should be perceived and justified, and he launches a plausible defence of its practical usability.

Animal Biotechnology 2

Author : Heiner Niemann
ISBN : 9783319923482
Genre : Medical
File Size : 62. 58 MB
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This two-volume textbook provides a comprehensive overview on the broad field of Animal Biotechnology with a special focus on livestock reproduction and breeding. The reader will be introduced to a variety of state-of-the-art technologies and emerging genetic tools and their applications in animal production. Also, ethics and legal aspects of animal biotechnology will be discussed and new trends and developments in the field will be critically assessed. The two-volume work is a must-have for graduate students, advanced undergraduates and researchers in the field of veterinary medicine, genetics and animal biotechnology. This second volume is dedicated to genetic tools in animal biotechnology such as somatic cloning, transgenic technologies and the application of stem cells in livestock breeding. Also, ethics and legal aspects are discussed.


Author : Zinta Zommers
ISBN : 9780128118924
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 75 MB
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In Resilience: The Science of Adaptation to Climate Change leading experts analyze and question ongoing adaptation interventions. Contributions span different disciplinary perspectives, from law to engineering, and cover different regions from Africa to the Pacific. Chapters assess the need for adaptation, highlighting climate change impacts such as sea level rise, increases in temperature, changing hydrological variability, and threats to food security. The book then discusses the state of global legislation and means of tracking progress. It reviews ways to build resilience in a range of contexts— from the Arctic, to small island states, to urban areas, across food and energy systems. Critical tools for adaptation planning are highlighted - from social capital and ethics, to decision support systems, to innovative finance and risk transfer mechanisms. Controversies related to geoengineering and migration are also discussed. This book is an indispensable resource for scientists, practitioners, and policy makers working in climate change adaptation, sustainable development, ecosystem management, and urban planning. Provides a summary of tools and methods used in adaptation including recent innovations Includes chapters from a diverse range of authors from academic institutions, humanitarian organizations, and the United Nations Evaluates adaptation options, highlighting gaps in knowledge where further research or new tools are needed

Library Information Update

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131553443
Genre : Library science
File Size : 69. 51 MB
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Bulletin Of The Atomic Scientists

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Genre :
File Size : 48. 35 MB
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The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.

Governing Disasters

Author : A. Alemanno
ISBN : 9780857935731
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 53. 26 MB
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'The challenges posed by risky decisions are well documented. These decisions become even more daunting when they must be made in a midst of a crisis. Using the European volcanic risk crisis as the principal case study, Alberto Alemanno and the other contributors to this thought provoking volume derive valuable lessons for how policy makers can cope with the attendant time pressures, uncertainties, coordination issues, and risk communication problems. Once the next emergency risk situation occurs, it may be too late to learn about how to respond. Governing Disasters should be required reading for all policy makers and risk analysts in advance of the next international risk crisis.' – W. Kip Viscusi, Vanderbilt University, US and Editor, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 'Catastrophes present us with a paradox. Many people don't think they will happen, so before a catastrophe, regulations are typically viewed as unnecessarily invasive. But in the aftermath of a disaster everybody suddenly blames the government for not having been strict enough. Overregulation often follows. In light of the unprecedented series of catastrophes in recent years, more than ever, top leaders in government and business must understand and overcome this regulatory challenge. Alberto Alemanno's innovative book tells you how.' – Erwann Michel-Kerjan, The Wharton School's Center for Risk Management, US 'Even the best-laid policy plans go awry. What do we do when, despite our best preventive efforts, a surprise crisis occurs? How do we regulate a disaster while it is unfolding? From volcanoes to tornadoes, and tsunamis to terrorists, extreme events test our resilience. In this illuminating volume, regulatory scholar Alberto Alemanno and his colleagues diagnose the complex combination of natural disasters and flawed institutions that make these crises so difficult to manage. They offer a set of insights and remedies that must be read by anyone concerned to deal with disasters in the future.' – Jonathan B. Wiener, Duke University, US 'This comprehensive edited volume makes an important and much needed contribution to an increasingly important dimension of risk assessment and management, namely emergency risk regulation. Drawing upon the responses of government, businesses, and the public to the 2010 volcanic eruption in Iceland – which disrupted European air travel, it offers important lessons for policy-makers who are likely to confront similar unanticipated global risks. The recent nuclear power disaster in Japan makes this volume both timely and prescient.' – David Vogel, University of California, Berkeley, US Emergency crises have always tested our ability to organise and swiftly execute a coordinated response. Both natural and unnatural disasters pose new questions to which previous experience provides only limited answers. These challenges are arguably greater than ever, in a more globalised world confronted by a truly transnational hazard. This is the first volume that addresses the complexities of the volcanic ash cloud that overshadowed Europe in April 2011, but has subsequently struck again in Australia, Chile and Europe. It does so from a multidisciplinary perspective, drawing upon research from economics, law, sociology and other fields, as well as volcanology and leading expertise in jet engineering. Whilst our knowledge base is wide-ranging, there is a common focus on the practical lessons of the ash cloud crisis both for subsequent eruptions and for emergency risk regulation more generally. Among many other insights Governing Disasters explains why it was that industry and regulators were largely unprepared for a phenomenon about which we were not scientifically ignorant. It concludes that the toolbox of risk regulation should not be expected to provide ready-made solutions but applied flexibly, creatively and with some humility. This unique and timely resource will be useful to policymakers, scholars, officials of international organizations, research institutions and consumer groups who want to acquire or further develop their capacities for risk regulation. For teaching purposes it is ideal for courses on risk regulation, disaster law and policy, and crisis management or as a supplement in courses on environmental law, transport law, space law or land use.

Library Information Science Abstracts

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ISBN : UOM:39015079654821
Genre : Information science
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Principles Of Computer Security Comptia Security And Beyond Fifth Edition

Author : Wm. Arthur Conklin
ISBN : 9781260026009
Genre : Computers
File Size : 31. 73 MB
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Fully updated computer security essentials—quality approved by CompTIA Learn IT security fundamentals while getting complete coverage of the objectives for the latest release of CompTIA Security+ certification exam SY0-501. This thoroughly revised, full-color textbook discusses communication, infrastructure, operational security, attack prevention, disaster recovery, computer forensics, and much more. Written by a pair of highly respected security educators, Principles of Computer Security: CompTIA Security+® and Beyond, Fifth Edition (Exam SY0-501) will help you pass the exam and become a CompTIA certified computer security expert. Find out how to: •Ensure operational, organizational, and physical security •Use cryptography and public key infrastructures (PKIs) •Secure remote access, wireless networks, and virtual private networks (VPNs) •Authenticate users and lock down mobile devices •Harden network devices, operating systems, and applications •Prevent network attacks, such as denial of service, spoofing, hijacking, and password guessing •Combat viruses, worms, Trojan horses, and rootkits •Manage e-mail, instant messaging, and web security •Explore secure software development requirements •Implement disaster recovery and business continuity measures •Handle computer forensics and incident response •Understand legal, ethical, and privacy issues Online content includes: •Test engine that provides full-length practice exams and customized quizzes by chapter or exam objective •200 practice exam questions Each chapter includes: •Learning objectives •Real-world examples •Try This! and Cross Check exercises •Tech Tips, Notes, and Warnings •Exam Tips •End-of-chapter quizzes and lab projects

Bibliographic Index

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ISBN : STANFORD:36105025908224
Genre : Bibliographical literature
File Size : 39. 56 MB
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Cumulated Index Medicus

Author :
ISBN : UIUC:30112042535077
Genre : Medicine
File Size : 58. 76 MB
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