the psychological foundations of evidence law psychology and the law

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The Psychological Foundations Of Evidence Law

Author : Michael J. Saks
ISBN : 9780814783887
Genre : Law
File Size : 52. 49 MB
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Evidence law is meant to facilitate trials that are fair, accurate, and efficient, and that encourage and protect important societal values and relationships. In pursuit of these often-conflicting goals, common law judges and modern drafting committees have had to perform as amateur applied psychologists. Their task has required them to employ what they think they know about the ability and motivations of witnesses to perceive, store, and retrieve information; about the effects of the litigation process on testimony and other evidence; and about our capacity to comprehend and evaluate evidence. These are the same phenomena that cognitive and social psychologists systematically study. The rules of evidence have evolved to restrain lawyers from using the most robust weapons of influence, and to direct judges to exclude certain categories of information, limit it, or instruct juries on how to think about it. Evidence law regulates the form of questions lawyers may ask, filters expert testimony, requires witnesses to take oaths, and aims to give lawyers and factfinders the tools they need to assess witnesses’ reliability. But without a thorough grounding in psychology, is the “common sense” of the rulemakers as they create these rules always, or even usually, correct? And when it is not, how can the rules be fixed? Addressed to those in both law and psychology, The Psychological Foundations of Evidence Law draws on the best current psychological research-based knowledge to identify and evaluate the choices implicit in the rules of evidence, and to suggest alternatives that psychology reveals as better for accomplishing the law’s goals.

The Psychology Of Tort Law

Author : Jennifer K. Robbennolt
ISBN : 9780814724941
Genre : Law
File Size : 30. 46 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Tort law regulates most human activities: from driving a car to using consumer products to providing or receiving medical care. Injuries caused by dog bites, slips and falls, fender benders, bridge collapses, adverse reactions to a medication, bar fights, oil spills, and more all implicate the law of torts. The rules and procedures by which tort cases are resolved engage deeply-held intuitions about justice, causation, intentionality, and the obligations that we owe to one another. Tort rules and procedures also generate significant controversy—most visibly in political debates over tort reform. The Psychology of Tort Law explores tort law through the lens of psychological science. Drawing on a wealth of psychological research and their own experiences teaching and researching tort law, Jennifer K. Robbennolt and Valerie P. Hans examine the psychological assumptions that underlie doctrinal rules. They explore how tort law influences the behavior and decision-making of potential plaintiffs and defendants, examining how doctors and patients, drivers, manufacturers and purchasers of products, property owners, and others make decisions against the backdrop of tort law. They show how the judges and jurors who decide tort claims are influenced by psychological phenomena in deciding cases. And they reveal how plaintiffs, defendants, and their attorneys resolve tort disputes in the shadow of tort law. Robbennolt and Hans here shed fascinating light on the tort system, and on the psychological dynamics which undergird its functioning.

Treatment Integrity

Author : Lisa M. Hagermoser Sanetti
ISBN : 1433815818
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 34. 95 MB
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Treatment integrity is the extent to which an intervention is implemented as its originators intended. The book presents the latest thinking on how treatment integrity contributes to evidence-based practice in educational, community, and healthcare settings. Authoritative and up to date, this volume is a much-needed resource for all professionals supervising, providing, or evaluating intervention services, including researchers and practitioners in clinical, counseling, and school psychology; child and adolescent psychiatry; social work; communication disorders; special and general education; program evaluation; and educational leadership.

The Foundations Of Behavioral Economic Analysis

Author : Sanjit Dhami
ISBN : 9780191087332
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 74. 47 MB
Format : PDF
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This is the first definitive introduction to behavioral economics aimed at advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students. Authoritative, cutting edge, yet accessible, it guides the reader through theory and evidence, providing engaging and relevant applications throughout. It is divided into nine parts and 24 chapters: Part I is on behavioral economics of risk, uncertainty, and ambiguity. The evidence against expected utility theory is examined, and the behavioral response is outlined; the best empirically supported theory is prospect theory. Part II considers other-regarding preferences. The evidence from experimental games on human sociality is given, followed by models and applications of inequity aversion, intentions based reciprocity, conditional cooperation, human virtues, and social identity. Part III is on time discounting. It considers the evidence against the exponential discounted utility model and describes several behavioral models such as hyperbolic discounting, attribute based models and the reference time theory. Part IV describes the evidence on classical game theory and considers several models of behavioral game theory, including level-k and cognitive hierarchy models, quantal response equilibrium, and psychological game theory. Part V considers behavioral models of learning that include evolutionary game theory, classical models of learning, experience weighted attraction model, learning direction theory, and stochastic social dynamics. Part VI studies the role of emotions; among other topics it considers projection bias, temptation preferences, happiness economics, and interaction between emotions and cognition. Part VII considers bounded rationality. The three main topics considered are judgment heuristics and biases, mental accounting, and behavioral finance. Part VIII considers behavioral welfare economics; the main topics are soft paternalism, and choice-based measures of welfare. Finally, Part IX gives an abbreviated taster course in neuroeconomics.

Forensic And Legal Psychology

Author : Mark Costanzo
ISBN : 9781429205788
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 31. 25 MB
Format : PDF
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Using research in clinical, cognitive, developmental, and social psychology, Forensic and Legal Psychology shows how psychological science can enhance the gathering and presentation of evidence, improve legal decision-making, prevent crime, rehabilitate criminals, and promote justice. Although the emphasis is on psychological research, the textbook makes extensive use of actual cases and real trials to engage students and to illustrate the relevance of research findings. Written in a clear, student-friendly style, Forensic and Legal Psychology is designed for both the psychology and law AND forensic psychology class. Visit the preview site for more information: www.worthpublishers.com/costanzokrausspreview

Maps Of Meaning

Author : Jordan B. Peterson
ISBN : 0415922224
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 87. 4 MB
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Why have people from different cultures and eras formulated myths and stories with similar structures? What does this similarity tell us about the mind, morality, and structure of the world itself? Jordan Peterson offers a provocative new hypothesis that explores the connection between what modern neuropsychology tells us about the brain and what rituals, myths, and religious stories have long narrated. A cutting-edge work that brings together neuropsychology, cognitive science, and Freudian and Jungian approaches to mythology and narrative, Maps of Meaning presents a rich theory that makes the wisdom and meaning of myth accessible to the critical modern mind.

Evidence

Author : Arthur Best
ISBN : 9780735584792
Genre : Law
File Size : 35. 4 MB
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The #1 study guide for Evidence is now in its Seventh Edition. Examples & Explanations: Evidence is the go-to resource for any student struggling to understand the concepts and rules of evidence as described in their casebook. the Examples & Explanations pedagogy encourages students to read the text carefully, apply what they have learned, and test their understanding of the material. A leader in its field, Examples & Explanations: Evidence features: clear and concise introductions to the concepts and Rules of Evidence examples with questions that start out simply and gradually build in complexity thorough explanations of how to analyze the questions in the examples a "plain language" version of the Federal Rules of Evidence, complete with new amendments to the Rules generous use of visual aids--tables and charts--that illustrate key concepts Still fewer than 350 pages, the Seventh Edition includes: discussion of Giles v. California, concerning Hearsay and the Confrontation Clause analysis of newly-adopted Rule 502, regarding inadvertent waiver of the attorney-client privilege, with a plain-language explanation in the Appendix a flow chart that illustrates the proper sequence of analysis for relevance and hearsay exclusions & exceptions as applied to an out-of-court statement a new chart that illustrates character evidence with regard to the propensity inference Examples & Explanations: Evidence, Seventh Edition, is a current and time-proven resource that you can recommend to your students with confidence.

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