the psychological foundations of evidence law psychology and the law

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The Psychological Foundations Of Evidence Law

Author : Michael J. Saks
ISBN : 9780814783887
Genre : Law
File Size : 41. 6 MB
Format : PDF
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Evidence law is meant to facilitate trials that are fair, accurate, and efficient, and that encourage and protect important societal values and relationships. In pursuit of these often-conflicting goals, common law judges and modern drafting committees have had to perform as amateur applied psychologists. Their task has required them to employ what they think they know about the ability and motivations of witnesses to perceive, store, and retrieve information; about the effects of the litigation process on testimony and other evidence; and about our capacity to comprehend and evaluate evidence. These are the same phenomena that cognitive and social psychologists systematically study. The rules of evidence have evolved to restrain lawyers from using the most robust weapons of influence, and to direct judges to exclude certain categories of information, limit it, or instruct juries on how to think about it. Evidence law regulates the form of questions lawyers may ask, filters expert testimony, requires witnesses to take oaths, and aims to give lawyers and factfinders the tools they need to assess witnesses’ reliability. But without a thorough grounding in psychology, is the “common sense” of the rulemakers as they create these rules always, or even usually, correct? And when it is not, how can the rules be fixed? Addressed to those in both law and psychology, The Psychological Foundations of Evidence Law draws on the best current psychological research-based knowledge to identify and evaluate the choices implicit in the rules of evidence, and to suggest alternatives that psychology reveals as better for accomplishing the law’s goals.

The Psychological Foundations Of Criminal Justice Contemporary Perspectives On Forensic Psychiatry And Psychology

Author : Robert W. Rieber
ISBN : STANFORD:36105062315085
Genre : Law
File Size : 74. 93 MB
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Evidence

Author : Arthur Best
ISBN : 9780735584792
Genre : Law
File Size : 45. 50 MB
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The #1 study guide for Evidence is now in its Seventh Edition. Examples & Explanations: Evidence is the go-to resource for any student struggling to understand the concepts and rules of evidence as described in their casebook. the Examples & Explanations pedagogy encourages students to read the text carefully, apply what they have learned, and test their understanding of the material. A leader in its field, Examples & Explanations: Evidence features: clear and concise introductions to the concepts and Rules of Evidence examples with questions that start out simply and gradually build in complexity thorough explanations of how to analyze the questions in the examples a "plain language" version of the Federal Rules of Evidence, complete with new amendments to the Rules generous use of visual aids--tables and charts--that illustrate key concepts Still fewer than 350 pages, the Seventh Edition includes: discussion of Giles v. California, concerning Hearsay and the Confrontation Clause analysis of newly-adopted Rule 502, regarding inadvertent waiver of the attorney-client privilege, with a plain-language explanation in the Appendix a flow chart that illustrates the proper sequence of analysis for relevance and hearsay exclusions & exceptions as applied to an out-of-court statement a new chart that illustrates character evidence with regard to the propensity inference Examples & Explanations: Evidence, Seventh Edition, is a current and time-proven resource that you can recommend to your students with confidence.

Das Tr Gerische Ged Chtnis

Author : Julia Shaw
ISBN : 9783446448926
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 95 MB
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Wir sind die Summe unserer Erinnerungen. Stimmen diese aber auch? Haben prägende Ereignisse unserer Kindheit überhaupt so stattgefunden? Identität ist ein kunstvoll gewebter Teppich aus Erinnerungsfragmenten. Die Rechtspsychologin Julia Shaw erklärt, warum dem Gehirn dabei ständig Fehler unterlaufen. Und das Tappen in die Erinnerungsfalle hat Konsequenzen: Wir können uns auf unser Gedächtnis nicht verlassen. Auf der Grundlage neuester Erkenntnisse von Neurowissenschaft und Psychologie sowie ihrer eigenen bahnbrechenden Forschung zeigt Shaw, welchen Erinnerungen wir trauen können und welchen nicht. Ein verblüffender Einblick in die wahnwitzigen Mechanismen des menschlichen Gehirns.

The Joy Of X

Author : Steven Strogatz
ISBN : 9783036992693
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 81. 89 MB
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Mathematik durchdringt den ganzen Kosmos. Das weiß jeder, doch nur die wenigsten verstehen die Zusammenhänge wirklich. Steven Strogatz nimmt uns bei der Hand und spaziert mit uns durch diese Welt der Weisheit, Klarheit und Eleganz. Als Reiseleiter geht er neue, erfrischende Wege, deutet auf Besonderheiten, schildert Hintergründe und erklärt die unsichtbaren Mechanismen. Wir erfahren unter anderem von dem Wunder des Zählens, der genialen Einfachheit der Algebra, dem ewigen Erbe Newtons, dem Tango mit Quadraten, der Zweisamkeit von Primzahlen und der Macht des Unendlichen. Mit all seiner Begeisterung, seinem Scharfblick und seinem leichtem Ton hat Steven Strogatz ein herrliches Buch für alle geschrieben, die ihr Verständnis von Mathematik auf eine neue Art vertiefen möchten.

Das Unbeschriebene Blatt

Author : Steven Pinker
ISBN : 9783104903903
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 21. 4 MB
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Mit einem aktuellen Vorwort zur Neuausgabe! Auf John Locke geht die Vorstellung zurück, der Mensch sei ein leeres Blatt, auf dem im Verlauf des Lebens die persönlichen Erfahrungen eingetragen werden. In seinem mittlerweile klassischen Buch »Das unbeschriebene Blatt. Die moderne Leugnung der menschlichen Natur« bezieht Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker ganz die Gegenposition: Mit Witz, Brillanz und Gelehrsamkeit analysiert er die Geschichte dieser Idee und zeigt, wie falsch sie ist – mit allen kruden Auswirkungen auf Vorstellungen von Sexualität, Rasse, Kindererziehung, Intelligenz usw. Die Rolle der Gene wird systematisch unterschätzt; aber das bedeutet nicht, dass wir ihnen völlig ausgeliefert sind. Pinker zeigt nämlich auch, wie befreiend diese Sichtweise sein kann. Ein unterhaltsames und anschauliches Buch zur Natur des Menschen, ein echter Lesegenuss.

Schnelles Denken Langsames Denken

Author : Daniel Kahneman
ISBN : 9783641093747
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 34. 32 MB
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Intuition oder Vernunft? - Menschliches Verhalten und das Verständnis von Wirtschaft Wie treffen wir unsere Entscheidungen? Warum ist Zögern ein überlebensnotwendiger Reflex, und was passiert in unserem Gehirn, wenn wir andere Menschen oder Dinge beurteilen? Daniel Kahneman, Nobelpreisträger und einer der einflussreichsten Wissenschaftler unserer Zeit, zeigt anhand ebenso nachvollziehbarer wie verblüffender Beispiele, welchen mentalen Mustern wir folgen und wie wir uns gegen verhängnisvolle Fehlentscheidungen wappnen können.

Treatment Integrity

Author : Lisa M. Hagermoser Sanetti
ISBN : 1433815818
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 39. 71 MB
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Treatment integrity is the extent to which an intervention is implemented as its originators intended. The book presents the latest thinking on how treatment integrity contributes to evidence-based practice in educational, community, and healthcare settings. Authoritative and up to date, this volume is a much-needed resource for all professionals supervising, providing, or evaluating intervention services, including researchers and practitioners in clinical, counseling, and school psychology; child and adolescent psychiatry; social work; communication disorders; special and general education; program evaluation; and educational leadership.

Social Psychological Foundations Of Health And Illness

Author : Jerry Suls
ISBN : 9780470752098
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 23. 88 MB
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Social Psychological Foundations of Health and Illness is a summary of current research in social-health psychology. The chapters, written by distinguished leaders in the field, provide brief surveys of classic developments in each area of study followed by extended discussion of the authors’ research programs. Includes state-of-the-art descriptions of new findings and theories concerning social aspects of physical health and illness. Discusses virtually all of the major topics studied in the contemporary field of social-health psychology. Contains chapters written by leading figures in the field that discuss their own research within the context of classic efforts.

The Oxford Handbook Of Behavioral Economics And The Law

Author : Eyal Zamir
ISBN : 9780199397952
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 21. 36 MB
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The past twenty years have witnessed a surge in behavioral studies of law and law-related issues. These studies have challenged the application of the rational-choice model to legal analysis and introduced a more accurate and empirically grounded model of human behavior. This integration of economics, psychology, and law is breaking exciting new ground in legal theory and the social sciences, shedding a new light on age-old legal questions as well as cutting edge policy issues. The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Economics and Law brings together leading scholars of law, psychology, and economics to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive analysis of this field of research, including its strengths and limitations as well as a forecast of its future development. Its 29 chapters organized in four parts. The first part provides a general overview of behavioral economics. The second part comprises four chapters introducing and criticizing the contribution of behavioral economics to legal theory. The third part discusses specific behavioral phenomena, their ramifications for legal policymaking, and their reflection in extant law. Finally, the fourth part analyzes the contribution of behavioral economics to fifteen legal spheres ranging from core doctrinal areas such as contracts, torts and property to areas such as taxation and antitrust policy.

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