the psychological foundations of evidence law psychology and the law

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The Psychological Foundations Of Evidence Law

Author : Michael J. Saks
ISBN : 9780814783887
Genre : Law
File Size : 53. 92 MB
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Evidence law is meant to facilitate trials that are fair, accurate, and efficient, and that encourage and protect important societal values and relationships. In pursuit of these often-conflicting goals, common law judges and modern drafting committees have had to perform as amateur applied psychologists. Their task has required them to employ what they think they know about the ability and motivations of witnesses to perceive, store, and retrieve information; about the effects of the litigation process on testimony and other evidence; and about our capacity to comprehend and evaluate evidence. These are the same phenomena that cognitive and social psychologists systematically study. The rules of evidence have evolved to restrain lawyers from using the most robust weapons of influence, and to direct judges to exclude certain categories of information, limit it, or instruct juries on how to think about it. Evidence law regulates the form of questions lawyers may ask, filters expert testimony, requires witnesses to take oaths, and aims to give lawyers and factfinders the tools they need to assess witnesses’ reliability. But without a thorough grounding in psychology, is the “common sense” of the rulemakers as they create these rules always, or even usually, correct? And when it is not, how can the rules be fixed? Addressed to those in both law and psychology, The Psychological Foundations of Evidence Law draws on the best current psychological research-based knowledge to identify and evaluate the choices implicit in the rules of evidence, and to suggest alternatives that psychology reveals as better for accomplishing the law’s goals.

The Roots Of Modern Psychology And Law

Author : Thomas Grisso
ISBN : 9780190688714
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 27. 83 MB
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Psychology's formal interaction with law began early in the twentieth century, though little in the way of substantive scholarly and professional development occurred until several decades later. The emergence of psychology and law as a modern field of scholarship was marked by the founding of the American Psychology-Law Society (AP-LS) in 1969, now approaching its 50th anniversary. The scientific foundation upon which the modern field now rests was established by a small group of psychological researchers, legal scholars, and clinicians. The Roots of Modern Psychology and Law: A Narrative History reveals how the field developed during the first decade following the founding of the American Psychology-Law Society. The contributors to this edited volume, widely considered to be among the "founders" of the field, were responsible for establishing and nurturing many of the subfields and topics in psychology and law or forensic psychology that flourished across the next fifty years. In each chapter, these leaders explain in narrative form how and why the field and the Society developed in its early years through the recounting of key professional events in their careers during the 1970s. In some cases this was their first major research study using psychology applied to legal issues. In others it was their development of seminal ideas or organizational innovations that had a later impact on the field's development. The volume chronicles how an emerging AP-LS and field of psychology and law were shaped by these psychologists, and how their own initial work was, in turn, shaped by the organization.

Evidence

Author : Arthur Best
ISBN : 9780735584792
Genre : Law
File Size : 51. 67 MB
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The #1 study guide for Evidence is now in its Seventh Edition. Examples & Explanations: Evidence is the go-to resource for any student struggling to understand the concepts and rules of evidence as described in their casebook. the Examples & Explanations pedagogy encourages students to read the text carefully, apply what they have learned, and test their understanding of the material. A leader in its field, Examples & Explanations: Evidence features: clear and concise introductions to the concepts and Rules of Evidence examples with questions that start out simply and gradually build in complexity thorough explanations of how to analyze the questions in the examples a "plain language" version of the Federal Rules of Evidence, complete with new amendments to the Rules generous use of visual aids--tables and charts--that illustrate key concepts Still fewer than 350 pages, the Seventh Edition includes: discussion of Giles v. California, concerning Hearsay and the Confrontation Clause analysis of newly-adopted Rule 502, regarding inadvertent waiver of the attorney-client privilege, with a plain-language explanation in the Appendix a flow chart that illustrates the proper sequence of analysis for relevance and hearsay exclusions & exceptions as applied to an out-of-court statement a new chart that illustrates character evidence with regard to the propensity inference Examples & Explanations: Evidence, Seventh Edition, is a current and time-proven resource that you can recommend to your students with confidence.

Encyclopedia Of Psychology And Law

Author : Brian L. Cutler
ISBN : 9781412951890
Genre : Law
File Size : 85. 44 MB
Format : PDF
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The interdisciplinary field of psychology and law appeals to students, psychological scientists, psychologist practitioners, and members of the legal and public policy professions, such as lawyers, judges, lawmakers, and other administrators of justice. This young field of research and practice is noted for its intellectual diversity, as it draws on all of the traditional sub-disciplines of psychology and on various domains of law, legal practice, and public policy. Although this diversity is in many respects a very desirable feature, it creates many challenges as well. In particular, the breadth of research and practice contributes to a dearth of comprehensive reference sources and makes it difficult for individual students, scientists, and practitioners to keep current with the growing knowledge base outside of their individual areas of expertise. The Encyclopedia of Psychology and Law addresses research and practice at the interface of psychology and law. It surveys the traditional subdisciplines of psychology: cognitive; developmental; social; clinical; biological; and industrial-organizational psychology. Published as two volumes and consisting of approximately 350 to 400 entries (1,000 printed pages), the Encyclopedia provides an authoritative and comprehensive A-to-Z list of topics in psychology and law of interest to students, scientists and practitioners. Entries vary in length from 1,000 to 3,000 words, are written in clear and concise language, and are designed to inform without overwhelming the reader. Entries are organized with the use of a reader's guide, which will contain such categories as criminal behavior and Treatment, juvenile offenders, eyewitness memory, forensic assessment and diagnosis, and trial processes.

Psychological Injuries

Author : William J. Koch
ISBN : 9780195188288
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 74. 69 MB
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Human emotional suffering has been studied for centuries, but the significance of psychological injuries within legal contexts has only recently been recognized. As the public becomes increasingly aware of the ways in which mental health affects physical - and financial - well-being, psychological injuries comprise a rapidly growing set of personal injury insurance claims. Although the diverse range of problems that people claim to suffer from are serious and often genuine, the largely subjective and unobservable nature of psychological conditions has led to much skepticism about the authenticity of psychological injury claims. Improved assessment methods and research on the economic and physical health consequences of psychological distress has resulted in exponential growth in the litigation related to such conditions.Integrating the history of psychological injuries both from legal and mental health perspectives, this book offers compelling discussions of relevant statutory and case law. Focussing especially on posttraumatic stress disorder, it addresses the current status and empirical limitations of forensic assessments of psychological injuries and alerts readers to common vulnerabilities in expert evidence from mental health professionals. In addition, it also uses the latest empirical research to provide the best forensic methods for assessing both clinical conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder and for alternative explanations such as malingering. The authors offer state-of-the-art information on early intervention, psychological therapies, and pharmaceutical treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder and stimulating suggestions for further research into this complex phenomenon.A comprehensive guide to psychological injuries, this book will be an indispensable resource for all mental health practitioners, researchers, and legal professionals who work with psychological injuries.

To Master Key System

Author : Charles Francis Haanel & Thorsten Gabriel
ISBN : 9781501045691
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 24. 33 MB
Format : PDF
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Το “Σύστημα του Θεμελιώδους Κλειδιού” (Master Key System) του Charles Francis Haanel, δημοσιευμένο το 1916, είναι μια διδασκαλία στην αυτογνωσία και την αυτοενδυνάμωση. Πρωτοεμφανίστηκε το 1912 μέσα στα μασονικά καταλύματα, αρχικά στη μορφή των μαθημάτων των 24 εβδομάδων και μετά το 1916 συστήθηκε στο κοινό για πρώτη φορά με μορφή βιβλίου. Τα 24 κεφάλαια περιλαμβάνουν ενδιαφέροντα γεγονότα, όχι μόνο κεφάλαια με ασκήσεις αλλά και κεφάλαια με ερωτήσεις και απαντήσεις- δείτε επίσης απόσπασμα του βιβλίου στο www.master-key-system.org Αυτό (το πολύτιμο) που το θεμελιώδες κλειδί κάνει, είναι η συστηματική δομή της επίκτητης γνώσης, καθώς και οι ασκήσεις. Σταδιακά οδηγεί τους μαθητές του Charles Haanel στη μεγέθυνση του θέματος, δίνοντας χρόνο να κατοπτρίσει και να επανεξετάσει όσα έχουν μάθει. Εξηγεί τις σχέσεις ανάμεσα στα αυτά που αποκαλούμε “Θεό” ή “Παγκόσμια Συνείδηση” και εμάς, το άτομο. Το δεύτερο είναι ένα κανάλι μέσω του οποίου η παγκόσμια έκφραση δίνει και το Σύστημα Θεμελιώδους Κλειδιού μας λέει ακριβώς πώς αυτό εκφράζεται. Το Σύστημα του Θεμελιώδους Κλειδιού περιστρέφεται γύρω από την αλήθεια. Μαθαίνεις τι είναι η αλήθεια και τι σημαίνει να την εκφράζεις. Θα μάθεις την τέχνη του να γίνεσαι ένα με το αντικείμενο των σκέψεών σου. Μαθαίνεις μία επιθυμία σαν ένα ήδη υπάρχον γεγονός για να δεις και να νοιώσεις πραγματικά. Αρκετά βιβλία και διδασκαλίες σε αριθμό έχουν αντιμετωπίσει αυτό το θέμα. Παρόλα αυτά, κατά τη γνώμη μου, το Σύστημα Θεμελιώδους Κλειδιού είναι ο πιο χρήσιμος οδηγός σε έναν νέο εαυτό και κατά συνέπεια σε μία νέα ζωή. Κανένας στο παρελθόν δεν έχει τόσο συστηματικά χτίσει και πάνω από όλα θετικά και απλά εξηγήσει πώς λειτουργεί η δημιουργία και πώς εμείς, σαν άτομα, μπορούμε να το εκμεταλλευτούμε, χωρίς όμως να εκμεταλλευόμαστε άλλους ανθρώπους. Το Σύστημα Θεμελιώδους Κλειδιού μελετώντας το και εντάσσοντάς το στη ζωή, οδηγεί στη δημιουργία μίας ξεχωριστής προσωπικότητας η οποία είναι γεμάτη αυτοπεποίθηση, κουράγιο και κίνητρο. Εφαρμόζοντας τις αρχές και τους νόμους που μαθαίνονται στο Σύστημα Θεμελιώδους Κλειδιού, ο άνθρωπος είναι τόσο γεμάτος ενέργεια που μετατρέπεται σε μαγνήτη για όλα τα όμορφα και καλοπροαίρετα πράγματα. Ταυτόχρονα είναι στις υπηρεσίες της ανθρωπότητας, δείχνοντας την ταπεινότητά του πριν τη δημιουργία και συνεχίζοντας με υπευθυνότητα στη ζωή. Η μελέτη χρειάζεται πειθαρχία και συγκέντρωση. Οι ασκήσεις αποτελούν αναπόσπαστο μέρος και είναι μείζονος σημασίας, καθώς μέσω αυτών πραγματοποιείται η επέκταση της συνείδησης και ο επαναπρογραμματισμός του υποσυνείδητου μυαλού. Με την απλή και μόνο ανάγνωση του βιβλίου, θα υπάρξει μία μικρή πνευματική ικανοποίηση. Αν και τα τελευταία χρόνια η γνώση έχει προχωρήσει πολύ, το Σύστημα Θεμελιώδους Κλειδιού εξακολουθεί να σχετίζεται με το σήμερα όπως σχετιζόταν πάντα. Αυτό που έγραψε τότε ο Charles Haanel, σήμερα είναι ακόμα πιο σημαντικό. Τα παλιά συστήματα και οι δομές που δε δημιουργούνταν για το καλό όλων εμπίπτουν σε αυτό- κάτι το οποίο είναι παντού εμφανές. Ταυτόχρονα, επιταχύνοντας της ανάπτυξη της συνείδησης, πολλοί άνθρωποι “αναγκάζονται¨ να αναπροσανατολιστούν δηλαδή να ξανασκεφτούν και να επαναδιαπραγματευτούν γιατί συνειδητοποιούν πως δεν μπορούν και δε θα συνεχίσουν να ζουν με τον τρόπο που ζούσαν μέχρι τώρα. Πολλά μπορούν να αποδοθούν στο Σύστημα Θεμελιώδους Κλειδιού, αλλά το πραγματικό όφελος προκύπτει από τη μελέτη την ίδια. Επομένως, χρησιμοποίησε τη δύναμή σου και ζήσε μία ζωή που δεν είχες ούτε ονειρευτεί στο παρελθόν. Εξαρτάται από εσένα. Η κληρονομιά περιμένει να τη διεκδικήσεις. Το βήμα αυτό που πρέπει να κάνεις για τον εαυτό σου, μπορεί και θα μετακινήσει οποιονδήποτε. Σου εγγυώμαι, πως δε θα μετανιώσεις ποτέ αυτό το βήμα στην καινούργια ζωή. Ακριβώς το αντίθετο. Όταν δεις αυτό που συμβαίνει, αυτό που έχει συμβεί στη ζωή μου και συνεχίζει να συμβαίνει, τότε θα είσαι ευγνώμων που ακολούθησες το Σύστημα Θεμελιώδους Κλειδιού.

The Oxford Handbook Of Behavioral Economics And The Law

Author : Eyal Zamir
ISBN : 9780199397952
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 78. 1 MB
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The past twenty years have witnessed a surge in behavioral studies of law and law-related issues. These studies have challenged the application of the rational-choice model to legal analysis and introduced a more accurate and empirically grounded model of human behavior. This integration of economics, psychology, and law is breaking exciting new ground in legal theory and the social sciences, shedding a new light on age-old legal questions as well as cutting edge policy issues. The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Economics and Law brings together leading scholars of law, psychology, and economics to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive analysis of this field of research, including its strengths and limitations as well as a forecast of its future development. Its 29 chapters organized in four parts. The first part provides a general overview of behavioral economics. The second part comprises four chapters introducing and criticizing the contribution of behavioral economics to legal theory. The third part discusses specific behavioral phenomena, their ramifications for legal policymaking, and their reflection in extant law. Finally, the fourth part analyzes the contribution of behavioral economics to fifteen legal spheres ranging from core doctrinal areas such as contracts, torts and property to areas such as taxation and antitrust policy.

The Psychology And Law Of Criminal Justice Processes

Author : Roger J. R. Levesque
ISBN : 1594543127
Genre : Law
File Size : 53. 59 MB
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Psychological science now reveals much about the law's response to crime. This is the first text to bridge both fields as it presents psychological research and theory relevant to each phase of criminal justice processes. The materials are divided into three parts that follow a comprehensive introduction. The introduction analyses the major legal themes and values that guide criminal justice processes and points to the many psychological issues they raise. Part I examines how the legal system investigates and apprehends criminal suspects. Topics range from the identification, searching and seizing to the questioning of suspects. Part II focuses on how the legal system establishes guilt. To do so, it centres on the process of bargaining and pleading cases, assembling juries, providing expert witnesses, and considering defendants' mental states. Part III focuses on the disposition of cases. Namely, that part highlights the process of sentencing defendants, predicting criminal tendencies, treating and controlling offenders, and determining eligibility for such extreme punishments as the death penalty. The format seeks to give readers a feeling for the entire criminal justice process and for the role psychological science has and can play in it.

Psychological Science In The Courtroom

Author : Jennifer L. Skeem
ISBN : 9781606233917
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 73. 36 MB
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This rigorous yet reader-friendly book reviews the state of the science on a broad range of psychological issues commonly encountered in the forensic context. The goal is to help professionals and students differentiate between supported and unsupported psychological techniques--and steer clear of those that may be misleading or legally inadmissible. Leading contributors focus on controversial issues surrounding recovered memories, projective techniques, lie detection, child witnesses, offender rehabilitation, psychopathy, violence risk assessment, and more. With a focus on real-world legal situations, the book offers guidelines for presenting scientific evidence accurately and effectively in courtroom testimony and written reports.

Treatment Integrity

Author : Lisa M. Hagermoser Sanetti
ISBN : 1433815818
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 83. 96 MB
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Treatment integrity is the extent to which an intervention is implemented as its originators intended. The book presents the latest thinking on how treatment integrity contributes to evidence-based practice in educational, community, and healthcare settings. Authoritative and up to date, this volume is a much-needed resource for all professionals supervising, providing, or evaluating intervention services, including researchers and practitioners in clinical, counseling, and school psychology; child and adolescent psychiatry; social work; communication disorders; special and general education; program evaluation; and educational leadership.

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