the psychology of science and the origins of the scientific mind

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The Psychology Of Science And The Origins Of The Scientific Mind

Author : Gregory J. Feist
ISBN : 0300133480
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 35. 2 MB
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In this book, Gregory Feist reviews and consolidates the scattered literatures on the psychology of science, then calls for the establishment of the field as a unique discipline. He offers the most comprehensive perspective yet on how science came to be possible in our species and on the important role of psychological forces in an individual’s development of scientific interest, talent, and creativity. Without a psychological perspective, Feist argues, we cannot fully understand the development of scientific thinking or scientific genius. The author explores the major subdisciplines within psychology as well as allied areas, including biological neuroscience and developmental, cognitive, personality, and social psychology, to show how each sheds light on how scientific thinking, interest, and talent arise. He assesses which elements of scientific thinking have their origin in evolved mental mechanisms and considers how humans may have developed the highly sophisticated scientific fields we know today. In his fascinating and authoritative book, Feist deals thoughtfully with the mysteries of the human mind and convincingly argues that the creation of the psychology of science as a distinct discipline is essential to deeper understanding of human thought processes.

Psychology And Evolution

Author : Bruce Bridgeman
ISBN : 9780761924791
Genre : Medical
File Size : 35. 70 MB
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Psychology and Evolution: The Origins of Mind introduces students to the emerging field of evolutionary psychology. Bruce Bridgeman applies concepts of evolutionary theory to basic psychological functions to derive new insights into the roots of human behavior and how that behavior may be viewed as adaptation to life’s significant challenges. Examining courtship, reproduction, child rearing, family relations, social interaction, and language development, Bridgeman uses evolutionary theory to help in the search to elucidate the foundations of human perceptions, experiences, and behaviors.

The Sciences Of The Soul

Author : Fernando Vidal
ISBN : 9780226855882
Genre : History
File Size : 86. 58 MB
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The Sciences of the Soul is the first attempt to explain the development of the disciplinary conception of psychology from its appearance in the late sixteenth century to its redefinition at the end of the seventeenth and its emergence as an institutionalized field in the eighteenth. Fernando Vidal traces this development through university courses and textbooks, encyclopedias, and nonacademic books, as well as through various histories of psychology. Vidal reveals that psychology existed before the eighteenth century essentially as a “physics of the soul,” and it belonged as much to natural philosophy as to Christian anthropology. It remained so until the eighteenth century, when the “science of the soul” became the “science of the mind.” Vidal demonstrates that this Enlightenment refashioning took place within a Christian framework, and he explores how the preservation of the Christian idea of the soul was essential to the development of the science. Not only were most psychologists convinced that an empirical science of the soul was compatible with Christian faith; their perception that psychology preserved the soul also helped to elevate its rank as an empirical science. Broad-ranging and impeccably researched, this book will be of wide importance in the history and philosophy of psychology, the history of the human sciences more generally, and in the social and intellectual history of eighteenth-century Europe.

The Origin Of Mind

Author : David C. Geary
ISBN : 1591471818
Genre : Medical
File Size : 24. 2 MB
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"Geary also explores a number of issues that are of interest in modern society, including how general intelligence relates to academic achievement, occupational status, and income."--BOOK JACKET.

Handbook Of The Psychology Of Science

Author : Gregory Feist, PhD
ISBN : 9780826106230
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 81. 38 MB
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" Few resources are available to educators in the emerging discipline of the psychology of science. This handbook fills this void by providing an empirically based compendium of current knowledge about this newly established discipline. Written by two pioneers in the study of the cognitive and social processes involved in scientific and innovative behaviors, it follows on the heels of the first organized society (The International Society for the Psychology of Science and Technology) in 2006, and the first peer-reviewed journal (Journal of the Psychology of Science and Technology) launched in 2008. Key Topics: Introduction to the Psychology of Science Foundational Psychologies of Science (includes the development of scientific thinking and causal reasoning, development of children's scientific knowledge, historical case models, computational approaches, and personality, social, and clinical psychologies of science) Special Topics in the Psychology of Science (includes creativity and genius, gender issues, uncertainty and visual data analysis, thinking and reasoning in the lab, innovation and conceptual change, psychology of technology, psychobiology of science, conflict and cooperation in science, and more) Applied Psychology of Science (the psychology of pseudo-science, post-modernism, naturalism and different views of science, how children learn and are taught science) Past and Future of Psychology of Science (quantitative trends and the future of the psychology of science) Handbook of the Psychology of Science will at last provide educators of the psychology of science and the cognitive science of science with a state-of-the-art, all-inclusive text with which to disseminate current knowledge about this growing discipline. "

Psychology Of Science

Author : Robert W. Proctor
ISBN : 9780199753628
Genre : Medical
File Size : 64. 75 MB
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Symposium held at Purdue Univ. in June 4-5, 2010.

The Cambridge Handbook Of Creativity And Personality Research

Author : Gregory J. Feist
ISBN : 9781108138635
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 84. 57 MB
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As individual subjects, creativity and personality have been the focus of much research and many publications. This Cambridge Handbook is the first to bring together these two topics and explores how personality and behavior affects creativity. Contributors from around the globe present cutting-edge research about how personality traits and motives make creative behavior more likely. Many aspects of personality and behavior are examined in the chapters, including genius, emotions, psychopathology, entrepreneurship, and multiculturalism, to analyse the impact of these on creativity. The Cambridge Handbook of Creativity and Personality Research will be the definitive resource for researchers, students and academics who study psychology, personality, and creativity.

Investigating The Psychological World

Author : Brian D. Haig
ISBN : 9780262322386
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 47. 25 MB
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This book considers scientific method in the behavioral sciences, with particular reference to psychology. Psychologists learn about research methods and use them to conduct their research, but their training teaches them little about the nature of scientific method itself. In Investigating the Psychological World, Brian Haig fills this gap. Drawing on behavioral science methodology, the philosophy of science, and statistical theory, Haig constructs a broad theory of scientific method that has particular relevance for the behavioral sciences. He terms this account of method the abductive theory of method (ATOM) in recognition of the importance it assigns to explanatory reasoning. ATOM offers the framework for a coherent treatment of a range of quantitative and qualitative behavioral research methods, giving equal treatment to data-analytic methods and methods of theory construction. Haig draws on the new experimentalism in the philosophy of science to reconstruct the process of phenomena detection as it applies to psychology; he considers the logic and purpose of exploratory factor analysis; he discusses analogical modeling as a means of theory development; and he recommends the use of inference to the best explanation for evaluating theories in psychology. Finally, he outlines the nature of research problems, discusses the nature of the abductive method, and describes applications of the method to grounded theory method and clinical reasoning. The book will be of interest not only to philosophers of science but also to psychological researchers who want to deepen their conceptual understanding of research methods and methodological concerns.

Mind In Life

Author : Evan Thompson
ISBN : 9780674736887
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 58. 62 MB
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How is life related to the mind? Thompson explores this so-called explanatory gap between biological life and consciousness, drawing on sources as diverse as molecular biology, evolutionary theory, artificial life, complex systems theory, neuroscience, psychology, Continental Phenomenology, and analytic philosophy. Ultimately he shows that mind and life are more continuous than previously accepted, and that current explanations do not adequately address the myriad facets of the biology and phenomenology of mind.

The Science Of Evil

Author : Simon Baron-Cohen
ISBN : 9780465023806
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 78. 57 MB
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Borderline personality disorder, autism, narcissism, psychosis, Asperger's: All of these syndromes have one thing in common--lack of empathy. In some cases, this absence can be dangerous, but in others it can simply mean a different way of seeing the world. In The Science of Evil Simon Baron-Cohen, an award-winning British researcher who has investigated psychology and autism for decades, develops a new brain-based theory of human cruelty. A true psychologist, however, he examines social and environmental factors that can erode empathy, including neglect and abuse. Based largely on Baron-Cohen's own research, The Science of Evil will change the way we understand and treat human cruelty.

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