the resurrection of ireland the sinn fein party 1916 1923

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The Resurrection Of Ireland

Author : Michael Laffan
ISBN : 113942629X
Genre : History
File Size : 52. 10 MB
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Between 1916 and 1923 Ireland experienced a political, as well as a military revolution. This book examines how, after the Easter Rising of 1916, radical revolutionaries formed a precarious coalition with (relatively) moderate politicians, and offers a sustained analysis of the political organisation of Irish republicanism during a crucial period. The new Sinn Féin party routed its enemies, co-operated uneasily with the underground Irish government, which it had helped to create, and achieved most of its objectives before disintegrating in 1922. Its rapid collapse should not distract from its achievements - in particular its role in 'democratising' the Irish revolution. Its successors have dominated the political life of independent Ireland. The book studies in detail the party's membership and ideology, and also its often tense relationship with the Irish Republican Army. A final chapter examines the fluctuating careers of the later Sinn Féin parties throughout the rest of the twentieth century.

Die Libau Unternehmung

Author : Oliver Herrmann
ISBN : 9783832491543
Genre : History
File Size : 49. 41 MB
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Inhaltsangabe:Einleitung: „The Provisional Government of the Irish Republic to the people of Ireland. Irishman and Irishwomen: In the name of God and the deed generations from which receives her old tradition of nationhood Ireland through us, summons her children to her flag and strikes freedom for her freedom. Having organised and trained her manhood through her secret revolutionary organisation, the Irish Republican Brotherhood and through her open military organisations, the Irish Volunteer and the Irish Citizen Army, having pationiently perfected her discipline, having resolutely waited for the right moment to reveal itself, she now seizes that moment and supported by her exiled children in America and by gallant allies in Europe, but relying in the first on her own strength, she strikes in full confidence of victory". Als diese Erklärung am 24.04.1916 von den Stufen des ‚General Post Office‘ in Dublin verlesen wurde, war der Osteraufstand gegen die englische Herrschaft in Irland bereits gescheitert. Ein wichtiger Grund hierfür war das Ausbleiben der Hilfe des einzigen existierenden ‚tapferen Verbündeten‘ in Europa: Deutschland. Die Waffenlieferung, die als ‚Libau-Unternehmung‘ nach zähen Verhandlungen auf den Weg geschickt worden war, erreichte ihr Ziel nicht. Die irischen Revolutionäre, wieder auf ihre ‚eigene Kraft‘ zurückgeworfen, wagten den Aufstand dennoch; allerdings ohne Illusionen bezüglich des Ausgangs der Kämpfe. Das Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist es, erstmals eine eigenständige und – dem eingeschränkten Rahmen zum Trotz – möglichst lückenlose Darstellung der ‚Libau-Unternehmung‘ zu präsentieren. Der erste Teil bietet eine knappe Einführung in die irische Geschichte und die Hintergründe des irischen Osteraufstandes, ohne die ein Verständnis der ‚Libau-Unternehmung‘ nicht möglich ist. Unter den beteiligten Organisationen spielen vor allem die ‚nach Amerika verbannten Kinder‘ eine besondere Rolle. Bereits kurz nach Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkrieges traten diese in Gestalt des ‚Clan na Gael‘ mit der deutschen Botschaft in Kontakt. Ihr Anliegen war die Bitte um militärische Unterstützung für einen Aufstand noch während des Krieges. Gemäß dem alten irischen Leitsatz ‚Englands Probleme sind Irlands Chance‘ war der Weltkrieg für sie der ‚richtige Moment‘, auf den sie so ‚entschlossen gewartet‘ hatten. Parallel zu den Verhandlungen in Amerika begann eine Hand voll Radikaler in Irland mit den konkreten Planungen. Zum Abschluss der [...]

The Irish Revolution 1916 1923

Author : Marie Coleman
ISBN : 9781317801474
Genre : History
File Size : 46. 51 MB
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This concise study of Ireland’s revolutionary years charts the demise of the home rule movement and the rise of militant nationalism that led eventually to the partition of Ireland and independence for southern Ireland. The book provides a clear chronology of events but also adopts a thematic approach to ensure that the role of women and labour are examined, in addition to the principal political and military developments during the period. Incorporating the most recent literature on the period, it provides a good introduction to some of the most controversial debates on the subject, including the extent of sectarianism, the nature of violence and the motivation of guerrilla fighters. The supplementary documents have been chosen carefully to provide a wide-ranging perspective of political views, including those of constitutional nationalists, republicans, unionists, the British government and the labour movement. The Irish Revolution 1916-1923 is ideal for students and interested readers at all levels, providing a diverse range of primary sources and the tools to unlock them.

The I R A At War 1916 1923

Author : Peter Hart
ISBN : 9780199252589
Genre : History
File Size : 81. 36 MB
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Between 1916 and 1923, Ireland experienced rebellion and mass mobilization, guerrilla and civil war, partition and ethnic conflict, and the transfer of power from British to Irish governments. The essays in The I.R.A. at War propose a new history of this Irish revolution: one that encompasses the whole of the island as well as Britain, all of the violence and its consequences, and the entire period from the Easter Rising to the end of the Civil War. When did the revolution start and when did it end? Why was it so violent and why were some areas so much worse than others? Why did the I.R.A. mount a terror campaign in England and Scotland but refuse to assassinate British politicians? Where did it get its guns? Was it democratic? What kind of people became guerrillas? What kind of people did they kill? Were Protestants ethnically cleansed from southern Ireland? Did a pogrom take place against Belfast Catholics? These and other questions are addressed using extensive new data on those involved and their actions, including the first complete figures for victims of the revolution. These events have never been numbered among the world's great revolutions, but in fact Irish republicans were global pioneers. Long before Mao or Tito, Sinn Fein and the Irish Republican Army were the first to use a popular political front to build a parallel underground state coupled with sophisticated guerrilla and international propaganda and fund-raising campaigns. Ireland'sis also perhaps the best documented revolution in modern history, so that almost any question can be answered, from who joined the I.R.A. to who ordered the assassination of Sir Henry Wilson. The intimacy and precision with which we are able to reconstruct and analyse what happened make this a key site for understanding not just Irish, but world, history.

A New History Of Ireland Volume Ii Medieval Ireland 1169 1534

Author : Art Cosgrove
ISBN : 0191561657
Genre : History
File Size : 25. 37 MB
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A New History of Ireland is the largest scholarly project in modern Irish history. In 9 volumes, it provides a comprehensive new synthesis of modern scholarship on every aspect of Irish history and prehistory, from the earliest geological and archaeological evidence, through the Middle Ages, down to the present day. Volume II opens with a character study of medieval Ireland and a panoramic view of the country c.1169, followed by nineteen chapters of narrative history, with a survey of `Land and People, c.1300'. There are further chapters on Gaelic and colonial society, economy and trade, literature in Irish, French, and English, architecture and sculpture, manuscripts and illuminations, and coinage.

The Republic

Author : Charles Townshend
ISBN : 9780241003497
Genre : History
File Size : 37. 65 MB
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A gripping narrative of the most critical years in modern Ireland's history, from Charles Townshend The protracted, terrible fight for independence pitted the Irish against the British and the Irish against other Irish. It was both a physical battle of shocking violence against a regime increasingly seen as alien and unacceptable and an intellectual battle for a new sort of country. The damage done, the betrayals and grim compromises put the new nation into a state of trauma for at least a generation, but at a nearly unacceptable cost the struggle ended: a new republic was born. Charles Townshend's Easter 1916 opened up the astonishing events around the Rising for a new generation and in The Republic he deals, with the same unflinchingly wish to get to the truth behind the legend, with the most critical years in Ireland's history. There has been a great temptation to view these years through the prisms of martyrology and good-and-evil. The picture painted by Townshend is far more nuanced and sceptical - but also never loses sight of the ordinary forms of heroism performed by Irish men and women trapped in extraordinary times. Reviews: 'Electric ... [a] magisterial and essential book' Irish Times About the author: Charles Townshend is the author of the highly praised Easter 1916:The Irish Rebellion. His other books include The British Campaigns in Ireland, 1919-21 and When God Made Hell: The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Making of Iraq, 1914-21.

A Nation And Not A Rabble

Author : Diarmaid Ferriter
ISBN : 9781847658821
Genre : History
File Size : 85. 44 MB
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Packed with violence, political drama and social and cultural upheaval, the years 1913-1923 saw the emergence in Ireland of the Ulster Volunteer Force to resist Irish home rule and in response, the Irish Volunteers, who would later evolve into the IRA. World War One, the rise of Sinn Fin, intense Ulster unionism and conflict with Britain culminated in the Irish war of Independence, which ended with a compromise Treaty with Britain and then the enmities and drama of the Irish Civil War. Drawing on an abundance of newly released archival material, witness statements and testimony from the ordinary Irish people who lived and fought through extraordinary times, A Nation and not a Rabble explores these revolutions. Diarmaid Ferriter highlights the gulf between rhetoric and reality in politics and violence, the role of women, the battle for material survival, the impact of key Irish unionist and republican leaders, as well as conflicts over health, land, religion, law and order, and welfare.

Imagining Ireland S Independence

Author : Jason K. Knirck
ISBN : 0742541487
Genre : History
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The key turning point in modern Ireland's history, the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1921 has shadowed Ireland's political life for decades. In this first book-length assessment of the treaty in over seventy years, Jason Knirck recounts the compelling story of the nationalist politics that produced the Irish Revolution, the tortuous treaty negotiations, and the deep divisions within Sinn Féin that led to the slow unraveling of fragile party cohesion. Focusing on broad ideological and political disputes, as well as on the powerful personalities involved, the author considers the major issues that divided the pro- and anti-treaty forces, why these issues mattered, and the later judgments of historians. He concludes that the treaty debates were in part the result of the immaturity of Irish nationalist politics, as well as the overriding emphasis given to revolutionary unity. A fascinating story in their own right, the treaty debates also open a wider window onto questions of European nationalism, colonialism, state-building, and competing visions of Irish national independence. Treaty Documents

Afterimage Of The Revolution

Author : Jason Knirck
ISBN : 9780299295837
Genre : History
File Size : 40. 83 MB
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Ascending to power after the Anglo-Irish Treaty and a violent revolution against the United Kingdom, the political party Cumann na nGaedheal governed during the first ten years of the Irish Free State (1922–32). Taking over from the fallen Michael Collins and Arthur Griffith, Cumann na nGaedheal leaders such as W. T. Cosgrave and Kevin O'Higgins won a bloody civil war, created the institutions of the new Free State, and attempted to project abroad the independence of a new Ireland. In response to the view that Cumann na nGaedheal was actually a reactionary counterrevolutionary party, Afterimage of the Revolution contends that, in building the new Irish state, the government framed and promoted its policies in terms of ideas inherited from the revolution. In particular, Cumann na nGaedheal emphasized Irish sovereignty, the "Irishness" of the new state, and a strong sense of anticolonialism, all key components of the Sinn Féin party platform during the revolution. Jason Knirck argues that the 1920s must be understood as part of a continuing Irish revolution that led to an eventual independent republic. Drawing on state documents, newspapers, and private papers—including the recently released papers of Kevin O'Higgins—he offers a fresh view of Irish politics in the 1920s and integrates this period more closely with the Irish Revolution.

The Oxford Handbook Of Modern Irish History

Author : Alvin Jackson
ISBN : 9780191667602
Genre : History
File Size : 71. 67 MB
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The study of Irish history, once riven and constricted, has recently enjoyed a resurgence, with new practitioners, new approaches, and new methods of investigation. The Oxford Handbook of Modern Irish History represents the diversity of this emerging talent and achievement by bringing together 36 leading scholars of modern Ireland and embracing 400 years of Irish history, uniting early and late modernists as well as contemporary historians. The Handbook offers a set of scholarly perspectives drawn from numerous disciplines, including history, political science, literature, geography, and the Irish language. It looks at the Irish at home as well as in their migrant and diasporic communities. The Handbook combines sets of wide thematic and interpretative essays, with more detailed investigations of particular periods. Each of the contributors offers a summation of the state of scholarship within their subject area, linking their own research insights with assessments of future directions within the discipline. In its breadth and depth and diversity, The Oxford Handbook of Modern Irish History offers an authoritative and vibrant portrayal of the history of modern Ireland.

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