the role of topology in classical and quantum physics

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The Role Of Topology In Classical And Quantum Physics

Author : Giuseppe Morandi
ISBN : 9783540466888
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 6 MB
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Classical Topology And Quantum States

Author : A. P. Balachandran
ISBN : 9810203292
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 35. 5 MB
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This book is an introduction to the role of topology in the quantization of classical systems. It is also an introduction to topological solitons with special emphasis on Skyrmions. As regards the first aspect, several issues of current interest are dealt with at a reasonably elementary level. Examples are principal fibre bundles and their role in quantum physics, the possibility of spinorial quantum states in a Lagrangian theory based on tensorial variables, and multiply connected configuration spaces and associated quantum phenomena like the QCD q angle and exotic statistics. The ideas are also illustrated by simple examples such as the spinning particle, the charge-monopole system and strings in 3+1 dimensions. The application of these ideas to quantum gravity is another subject treated at an introductory level. An attempt has been made in this book to introduce the reader to the significance of topology for many distinct physical systems such as spinning particles, the charge- monopole system, strings, Skyrmions, QCD and gravity. The book is an outgrowth of lectures given by the authors at various institutions and conferences.

Geometric Phases In Classical And Quantum Mechanics

Author : Dariusz Chruscinski
ISBN : 9780817681760
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 77. 32 MB
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Several well-established geometric and topological methods are used in this work in an application to a beautiful physical phenomenon known as the geometric phase. This book examines the geometric phase, bringing together different physical phenomena under a unified mathematical scheme. The material is presented so that graduate students and researchers in applied mathematics and physics with an understanding of classical and quantum mechanics can handle the text.

Topological Effects In Quantum Mechanics

Author : G.N. Afanasiev
ISBN : 9789401146395
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 98 MB
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Among the subjects covered in this volume are the topological effects of quantum mechanics, including Bohm-Aharonov and Aharonov-Casher effects and their generalisations; the toroidal moments, anapoles and their generalisations; the numerical investigation of Tonomura experiments testing the foundations of quantum mechanics; the time-dependent Bohm-Aharonov effect, the thorough study of toroidal solenoids and their use as effective transmitters of electromagnetic waves; and the topical questions of the Vavilov-Cherenkov radiation. Furthermore, concrete advice is given for the construction of magnetic and electric solenoids and the performance of experiments on the Bohm-Aharonov effect. In addition, properties of remarkable charge-current configurations and practical applications are studied. Audience: This volume will be of interest to postgraduate students and researchers dealing with new effective sources of electromagnetic waves.

Mathematics Of Classical And Quantum Physics

Author : Frederick W. Byron
ISBN : 9780486135069
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 11 MB
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Graduate-level text offers unified treatment of mathematics applicable to many branches of physics. Theory of vector spaces, analytic function theory, theory of integral equations, group theory, and more. Many problems. Bibliography.

Physics Geometry And Topology

Author : H.C. Lee
ISBN : 9781461538028
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 19 MB
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The Banff NATO Summer School was held August 14-25, 1989 at the Banff Cen tre, Banff, Albert, Canada. It was a combination of two venues: a summer school in the annual series of Summer School in Theoretical Physics spon sored by the Theoretical Physics Division, Canadian Association of Physi cists, and a NATO Advanced Study Institute. The Organizing Committee for the present school was composed of G. Kunstatter (University of Winnipeg), H.C. Lee (Chalk River Laboratories and University of Western Ontario), R. Kobes (University of Winnipeg), D.l. Toms (University of Newcastle Upon Tyne) and Y.S. Wu (University of Utah). Thanks to the group of lecturers (see Contents) and the timeliness of the courses given, the school, entitled PHYSICS, GEOMETRY AND TOPOLOGY, was popular from the very outset. The number of applications outstripped the 90 places of accommodation reserved at the Banff Centre soon after the school was announced. As the eventual total number of participants was increased to 170, it was still necessary to tum away many deserving applicants. In accordance with the spirit of the school, the geometrical and topologi cal properties in each of the wide ranging topics covered by the lectures were emphasized. A recurring theme in a number of the lectures is the Yang-Baxter relation which characterizes a very large class of integrable systems including: many state models, two-dimensional conformal field theory, quantum field theory and quantum gravity in 2 + I dimensions.

Applications Of Contact Geometry And Topology In Physics

Author : Arkady L Kholodenko
ISBN : 9789814412100
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 80. 32 MB
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Although contact geometry and topology is briefly discussed in V I Arnol'd's book “Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics ”(Springer-Verlag, 1989, 2nd edition), it still remains a domain of research in pure mathematics, e.g. see the recent monograph by H Geiges “An Introduction to Contact Topology” (Cambridge U Press, 2008). Some attempts to use contact geometry in physics were made in the monograph “Contact Geometry and Nonlinear Differential Equations” (Cambridge U Press, 2007). Unfortunately, even the excellent style of this monograph is not sufficient to attract the attention of the physics community to this type of problems. This book is the first serious attempt to change the existing status quo. In it we demonstrate that, in fact, all branches of theoretical physics can be rewritten in the language of contact geometry and topology: from mechanics, thermodynamics and electrodynamics to optics, gauge fields and gravity; from physics of liquid crystals to quantum mechanics and quantum computers, etc. The book is written in the style of famous Landau–Lifshitz (L–L) multivolume course in theoretical physics. This means that its readers are expected to have solid background in theoretical physics (at least at the level of the L–L course). No prior knowledge of specialized mathematics is required. All needed new mathematics is given in the context of discussed physical problems. As in the L–L course some problems/exercises are formulated along the way and, again as in the L–L course, these are always supplemented by either solutions or by hints (with exact references). Unlike the L–L course, though, some definitions, theorems, and remarks are also presented. This is done with the purpose of stimulating the interest of our readers in deeper study of subject matters discussed in the text. Contents:Motivation and BackgroundFrom Ideal Magnetohydrodynamics to String and Knot TheoryAll About and Around Woltjer's TheoremTopologically Massive Gauge Theories and Force-Free FieldsContact Geometry and PhysicsSub-Riemannian Geometry, Heisenberg Manifolds and Quantum Mechanics of Landau LevelsAbrikosov Lattices, TGB Phases in Liquid Crystals and Heisenberg GroupSub-Riemannian Geometry, Spin Dynamics and Quantum-Classical Optimal ControlFrom Contact Geometry to Contact TopologyClosing Remarks:The Unreasonable Effectivenessof Contact Geometry and Topology in Physical SciencesAppendices:Heisenberg Group in the Context of Sub-Riemannian Geometry and Optimal ControlSub-Riemannian Dynamics of Josephson JunctionsQuantum Computers and Quantum Random WalksThe Measurement Protocol. Geometry and Topology of Entanglements Readership: Students in applied mathematics and theoretical physics. Keywords:Force-Free Fields;Contact and Sub-Riemannian Geometry;Optimal Control;Theoretical PhysicsKey Features:This book is the world's first book on contact/sub-Riemannian geometry and topology for physicistsUnlike books discussing mathematical methods for physicists, this book discusses physical problems first and only then uses new mathematics to solve these problems. Problems are selected from practically all branches of theoretical physicsThis is done with the purpose of demonstrating that contact geometry should be looked upon as a universal language/technical tool of theoretical physicsReviews: “This book is written in the style of the well-known Landau-Lifshitz multivolume course in theoretical physics and its prime goal, as the author puts it, is to show the diversity of applications of contact geometry and topology. I enjoyed reading this book, in which the author allows readers to see for themselves “the same forest behind different kinds of trees”. I strongly recommend this book to interested readers.” MathSciNet

Lectures On The Mathematics Of Quantum Mechanics Ii Selected Topics

Author : Gianfausto Dell'Antonio
ISBN : 9789462391154
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 83 MB
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The first volume (General Theory) differs from most textbooks as it emphasizes the mathematical structure and mathematical rigor, while being adapted to the teaching the first semester of an advanced course in Quantum Mechanics (the content of the book are the lectures of courses actually delivered.). It differs also from the very few texts in Quantum Mechanics that give emphasis to the mathematical aspects because this book, being written as Lecture Notes, has the structure of lectures delivered in a course, namely introduction of the problem, outline of the relevant points, mathematical tools needed, theorems, proofs. This makes this book particularly useful for self-study and for instructors in the preparation of a second course in Quantum Mechanics (after a first basic course). With some minor additions it can be used also as a basis of a first course in Quantum Mechanics for students in mathematics curricula. The second part (Selected Topics) are lecture notes of a more advanced course aimed at giving the basic notions necessary to do research in several areas of mathematical physics connected with quantum mechanics, from solid state to singular interactions, many body theory, semi-classical analysis, quantum statistical mechanics. The structure of this book is suitable for a second-semester course, in which the lectures are meant to provide, in addition to theorems and proofs, an overview of a more specific subject and hints to the direction of research. In this respect and for the width of subjects this second volume differs from other monographs on Quantum Mechanics. The second volume can be useful for students who want to have a basic preparation for doing research and for instructors who may want to use it as a basis for the presentation of selected topics.

Geometrical And Topological Methods In Classical And Quantum Physics

Author : Vu B. Ho
ISBN : OCLC:225642885
Genre : Geometry
File Size : 33. 18 MB
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Introduction To Topological Quantum Matter Quantum Computation

Author : Tudor D. Stanescu
ISBN : 9781482245943
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 39 MB
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What is "topological" about topological quantum states? How many types of topological quantum phases are there? What is a zero-energy Majorana mode, how can it be realized in a solid state system, and how can it be used as a platform for topological quantum computation? What is quantum computation and what makes it different from classical computation? Addressing these and other related questions, Introduction to Topological Quantum Matter & Quantum Computation provides an introduction to and a synthesis of a fascinating and rapidly expanding research field emerging at the crossroads of condensed matter physics, mathematics, and computer science. Providing the big picture, this book is ideal for graduate students and researchers entering this field as it allows for the fruitful transfer of paradigms and ideas amongst different areas, and includes many specific examples to help the reader understand abstract and sometimes challenging concepts. It explores the topological quantum world beyond the well-known topological insulators and superconductors and emphasizes the deep connections with quantum computation. It addresses key principles behind the classification of topological quantum phases and relevant mathematical concepts and discusses models of interacting and noninteracting topological systems, such as the torric code and the p-wave superconductor. The book also covers the basic properties of anyons, and aspects concerning the realization of topological states in solid state structures and cold atom systems. Quantum computation is also presented using a broad perspective, which includes fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics, such as Bell's theorem, basic concepts in the theory of computation, such as computational models and computational complexity, examples of quantum algorithms, and elements of classical and quantum information theory.

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