the rule of law in central america citizens reactions to crime and punishment

Download Book The Rule Of Law In Central America Citizens Reactions To Crime And Punishment in PDF format. You can Read Online The Rule Of Law In Central America Citizens Reactions To Crime And Punishment here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

The Rule Of Law In Central America

Author : Mary Fran T. Malone
ISBN : 9781441140661
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 43. 7 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 663
Read : 1160

Get This Book


The book is a thorough study that focuses on the impact of the current crime wave on citizens' respect for the law in countries such as Nicaragua, Panama, Costa Rica, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras. The work opens with a brief review of the literature on the rule of law and legal socialization, followed by an historical overview of the democratization and justice reform in Central America from the 1990s to the present. Set as a comparative, micro-level study, the work then looks at an array of measures from citizens' toleration of government abuses of power to vigilante justice and the reporting of crime to police. Lastly, an empirical model is developed to predict citizens' attitudes, combining both these micro-level individual attributes with macro-level measures of institutional performance. A unique look at the process of democratization from a comparative perspective, Citizens' Support for the Rule of Law in Central America it will appeal to faculty, researchers, and students interested in Latin American politics, comparative politics, and democratic transition.

Handbook Of Transnational Crime And Justice

Author : Philip Reichel
ISBN : 9781483321967
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 67. 47 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 141
Read : 1326

Get This Book


Transnational crime and justice will characterize the 21st century in same way that traditional street crimes dominated the 20th century. In the Handbook of Transnational Crime and Justice, Philip Reichel and Jay Albanese bring together top scholars from around the world to offer perspectives on the laws, crimes, and criminal justice responses to transnational crime. This concise, reader-friendly handbook is organized logically around four major themes: the problem of transnational crime; analysis of specific transnational crimes; approaches to its control; and regional geographical analyses. Each comprehensive chapter is designed to be explored as a stand-alone topic, making this handbook an important textbook and reference tool for students and practitioners alike.

Prosecutorial Accountability And Victims Rights In Latin America

Author : Verónica Michel
ISBN : 9781108422048
Genre : Law
File Size : 26. 5 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 176
Read : 355

Get This Book


The responsibility of any state is to protect its citizens. But if a state, either through omission or commission, fails to investigate and prosecute crime then what remedies do citizens have? Vernica Michel investigates procedural rights in Chile, Guatemala, and Mexico that allow citizens to call for the appointment of a private prosecutor to initiate criminal investigations. This right diminishes the monopoly of the state over criminal prosecutions and thus offers citizens a way of insisting on state accountability. This book provides the first full-length empirical study of how the victims' right to private prosecution can impact access to justice in Latin America, and shows how institutional and legal arrangements interact to shape the politics of criminal justice. By examining homicide cases in detail, Michel highlights how everyday legal struggles can help build the rule of law from below.

Sex And The State

Author : Mala Htun
ISBN : 0521008794
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 79. 15 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 924
Read : 455

Get This Book


As Argentina, Brazil, and Chile made transitions from democratic to authoritarian forms of government (and back), they confronted challenges posed by the rise of the feminist movement, social changes, and the power of the Catholic Church. This study explores the patterns of gender-related policy reform in these countries and reveals their implications for the peoples of Latin America. In addition, it offers a broader understanding of the logic behind the state's role in affecting private lives and gender relations everywhere.

The Collapse Of American Criminal Justice

Author : William J. Stuntz
ISBN : 9780674051751
Genre : Law
File Size : 29. 6 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 710
Read : 262

Get This Book


Rule of law has vanished in America’s criminal justice system. Prosecutors decide whom to punish; most accused never face a jury; policing is inconsistent; plea bargaining is rampant; and draconian sentencing fills prisons with mostly minority defendants. A leading criminal law scholar looks to history for the roots of these problems—and solutions.

Crime And Punishment In America

Author : Elliott Currie
ISBN : 9781250024213
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 89. 36 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 553
Read : 925

Get This Book


An acclaimed criminologist examines America's ongoing war against violent crime, arguing that ever-increasing rates of imprisonment have not reduced--and will not reduce--crime rates and offering a range of tested alternatives based on deterrence. Tour.

Popular Injustice

Author : Angelina Snodgrass Godoy
ISBN : STANFORD:36105120997924
Genre : Law
File Size : 55. 29 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 255
Read : 524

Get This Book


Popular Injustice focuses on the spread of highly punitive forms of social control (known locally as mano dura) in contemporary Latin America. Many people have not only called for harsher punishments, such as longer prison sentences and the reintroduction of capital punishment, but also support vigilante practices like lynchings. In Guatemala, hundreds of these mob killings have occurred since the end of the country’s armed conflict in 1996. Drawing on dozens of interviews with residents of lynching communities, Godoy argues that while these acts of violence do reveal widespread frustration with the criminal justice system, they are more than simply knee-jerk responses to crime. They demonstrate how community ties have been reshaped by decades of state violence and by the social and economic changes associated with globalization.

Crime And Punishment In Latin America

Author : Ricardo D. Salvatore
ISBN : 9780822380788
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 86. 32 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 479
Read : 171

Get This Book


Crowning a decade of innovative efforts in the historical study of law and legal phenomena in the region, Crime and Punishment in Latin America offers a collection of essays that deal with the multiple aspects of the relationship between ordinary people and the law. Building on a variety of methodological and theoretical trends—cultural history, subaltern studies, new political history, and others—the contributors share the conviction that law and legal phenomena are crucial elements in the formation and functioning of modern Latin American societies and, as such, need to be brought to the forefront of scholarly debates about the region’s past and present. While disassociating law from a strictly legalist approach, the volume showcases a number of highly original studies on topics such as the role of law in processes of state formation and social and political conflict, the resonance between legal and cultural phenomena, and the contested nature of law-enforcing discourses and practices. Treating law as an ambiguous and malleable arena of struggle, the contributors to this volume—scholars from North and Latin America who represent the new wave in legal history that has emerged in recent years-- demonstrate that law not only produces and reformulates culture, but also shapes and is shaped by larger processes of political, social, economic, and cultural change. In addition, they offer valuable insights about the ways in which legal systems and cultures in Latin America compare to those in England, Western Europe, and the United States. This volume will appeal to scholars in Latin American studies and to those interested in the social, cultural, and comparative history of law and legal phenomena. Contributors. Carlos Aguirre, Dain Borges, Lila Caimari, Arlene J. Díaz, Luis A. Gonzalez, Donna J. Guy, Douglas Hay, Gilbert M. Joseph, Juan Manuel Palacio, Diana Paton, Pablo Piccato, Cristina Rivera Garza, Kristin Ruggiero, Ricardo D. Salvatore, Charles F. Walker

Crime And Violence In Latin America

Author : H. Hugo Frühling
ISBN : 0801873843
Genre : History
File Size : 46. 77 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 279
Read : 1261

Get This Book


Offers timely discussion by attorneys, government officials, policy analysts, and academics from the United States and Latin America of the responses of the state, civil society, and the international community to threats of violence and crime.

Tax Evasion And The Rule Of Law In Latin America

Author : Marcelo Bergman
ISBN : 9780271035635
Genre : Law
File Size : 69. 85 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 497
Read : 594

Get This Book


Few tasks are as crucial for the future of democracy in Latin America&—and, indeed, in other underdeveloped areas of the world&—as strengthening the rule of law and reforming the system of taxation. In this book, Marcelo Bergman shows how success in getting citizens to pay their taxes is related intimately to the social norms that undergird the rule of law. The threat of legal sanctions is itself insufficient to motivate compliance, he argues. That kind of deterrence works best when citizens already have other reasons to want to comply, based on their beliefs about what is fair and about how their fellow citizens are behaving. The problem of &"free riding,&" which arises when cheaters can count on enough suckers to pay their taxes so they can avoid doing so and still benefit from the government&’s supply of public goods, cannot be reversed just by stringent law, because the success of governmental enforcement ultimately depends on the social equilibrium that predominates in each country. Culture and state effectiveness are inherently linked. Using a wealth of new data drawn from his own multidimensional research involving game theory, statistical models, surveys, and simulations, Bergman compares Argentina and Chile to show how, in two societies that otherwise share much in common, the differing traditions of rule of law explain why so many citizens evade paying taxes in Argentina&—and why, in Chile, most citizens comply with the law. In the concluding chapter, he draws implications for public policy from the empirical findings and generalizes his argument to other societies in Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe.

Top Download:

Best Books