the social neuroscience of empathy

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The Social Neuroscience Of Empathy

Author : Jean Decety
ISBN : 9780262293365
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 75. 49 MB
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In recent decades, empathy research has blossomed into a vibrant and multidisciplinary field of study. The social neuroscience approach to the subject is premised on the idea that studying empathy at multiple levels (biological, cognitive, and social) will lead to a more comprehensive understanding of how other people's thoughts and feelings can affect our own thoughts, feelings, and behavior. In these cutting-edge contributions, leading advocates of the multilevel approach view empathy from the perspectives of social, cognitive, developmental and clinical psychology and cognitive/affective neuroscience. Chapters include a critical examination of the various definitions of the empathy construct; surveys of major research traditions based on these differing views (including empathy as emotional contagion, as the projection of one's own thoughts and feelings, and as a fundamental aspect of social development); clinical and applied perspectives, including psychotherapy and the study of empathy for other people's pain; various neuroscience perspectives; and discussions of empathy's evolutionary and neuroanatomical histories, with a special focus on neuroanatomical continuities and differences across the phylogenetic spectrum. The new discipline of social neuroscience bridges disciplines and levels of analysis. In this volume, the contributors' state-of-the-art investigations of empathy from a social neuroscience perspective vividly illustrate the potential benefits of such cross-disciplinary integration.ContributorsC. Daniel Batson, James Blair, Karina Blair, Jerold D. Bozarth, Anne Buysse, Susan F. Butler, Michael Carlin, C. Sue Carter, Kenneth D. Craig, Mirella Dapretto, Jean Decety, Mathias Dekeyser, Ap Dijksterhuis, Robert Elliott, Natalie D. Eggum, Nancy Eisenberg, Norma Deitch Feshbach, Seymour Feshbach, Liesbet Goubert, Leslie S. Greenberg, Elaine Hatfield, James Harris, William Ickes, Claus Lamm, Yen-Chi Le, Mia Leijssen, Abigail Marsh, Raymond S. Nickerson, Jennifer H. Pfeifer, Stephen W. Porges, Richard L. Rapson, Simone G. Shamay-Tsoory, Rick B. van Baaren, Matthijs L. van Leeuwen, Andries van der Leij, Jeanne C. Watson

The Social Neuroscience Of Empathy In The Theatre Of Global Ethics

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ISBN : OCLC:1051913604
Genre :
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Part of an ongoing exploration of the ethics of representation and spectatorship in theatre addressing global issues, this article examines how theatre depicting 'strangers' may activate our empathy. Rooting the discussion in Jovanni Sy's 2010 site-specific play A Taste of Empire in Toronto, the author draws on new research in the field of social neuroscience to explore how theatre is attempting to bridge what J. D. Trout calls 'the empathy gap': the gap between empathetic relationships in small, community groups and empathetic relationships between strangers at a global scale. While the discovery of the 'mirror neuron' system might make a case for the human capacity for empathy at larger scales, other research suggests a range of factors mitigate empathy, at least providing cause for scepticism.

The Neuroscience Of Empathy Compassion And Self Compassion

Author : Larry Charles Stevens
ISBN : 9780128098387
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 51. 17 MB
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The Neuroscience of Empathy, Compassion, and Self-Compassion provides contemporary perspectives on the three related domains of empathy, compassion and self-compassion (ECS). It informs current research, stimulates further research endeavors, and encourages continued and creative philosophical and scientific inquiry into the critical societal constructs of ECS. Examining the growing number of electrocortical (EEG Power Spectral, Coherence, Evoked Potential, etc.) studies and the sizeable body of exciting neuroendocrine research (e.g., oxytocin, dopamine, etc.) that have accumulated over decades, this reference is a unique and comprehensive approach to empathy, compassion and self-compassion. Provides perspectives on empathy, compassion and self-compassion (ECS), including discussions of cruelty, torture, killings, homicides, suicides, terrorism and other examples of empathy/compassion erosion Addresses autonomic nervous system (vagal) reflections of ECS Discusses recent findings and understanding of ECS from mirror neuron research Covers neuroendocrine manifestations of ECS and self-compassion and the neuroendocrine enhancement Examines the neuroscience research on the enhancement of ECS Includes directed-meditations (mindfulness, mantra, Metta, etc.) and their effects on ECS and the brain

Leitfaden Der Psychologie

Author : Theodor Lipps
ISBN : 9781421247687
Genre :
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This Elibron Classics title is a reprint of the original edition published by Wilhelm Engelmann in Leipzig, 1906.

Empathy

Author : Dan Zahavi
ISBN : 9780262016612
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 64. 55 MB
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Recent work on empathy theory, research, and applications, by scholars from disciplines ranging from neuroscience to psychoanalysis. There are many reasons for scholars to investigate empathy. Empathy plays a crucial role in human social interaction at all stages of life; it is thought to help motivate positive social behavior, inhibit aggression, and provide the affective and motivational bases for moral development; it is a necessary component of psychotherapy and patient-physician interactions. This volume covers a wide range of topics in empathy theory, research, and applications, helping to integrate perspectives as varied as anthropology and neuroscience. The contributors discuss the evolution of empathy within the mammalian brain and the development of empathy in infants and children; the relationships among empathy, social behavior, compassion, and altruism; the neural underpinnings of empathy; cognitive versus emotional empathy in clinical practice; and the cost of empathy. Taken together, the contributions significantly broaden the interdisciplinary scope of empathy studies, reporting on current knowledge of the evolutionary, social, developmental, cognitive, and neurobiological aspects of empathy and linking this capacity to human communication, including in clinical practice and medical education.

F R Die Liebe Geboren

Author : Bruce Duncan Perry
ISBN : 3867810664
Genre :
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Unser Empathisches Gehirn

Author : Christian Keysers
ISBN : 9783641121891
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 52. 58 MB
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Das populäre Sachbuch zum Thema »Ich fühle, was du fühlst« Jeden Tag hängt unser Wohlergehen und Erfolg davon ab, dass wir die Emotionen und Befindlichkeiten anderer verstehen, nachfühlen, erahnen. Auch ohne vorher darüber nachzudenken. Wir spüren das Traurige hinter einem künstlichen Lächeln oder das Fragwürdige hinter scheinbar großzügigen Handlungen. Wie machen wir das? Wie gelingt es uns, zu erfühlen, was häufig verheimlicht werden soll? In der modernen Hirnforschung wurden Fragestellungen wie diese weitgehend ausgeklammert, bis Anfang der 1990er-Jahre italienische Forscher die sogenannten Spiegelneuronen entdeckten, die nach der Kurzformel »Ich fühle, was du fühlst« funktionieren und nicht nur unsere Vorstellung vom Gehirn, sondern auch von unseren sozialen Interaktionen grundlegend verändern sollten. Der Hirnforscher Christian Keysers erforscht seit vielen Jahren diese faszinierenden hochkomplexen Nervenzellen. Nun liefert er eine umfassende, allgemein verständliche Darstellung über ihre Funktionsweise und ihren immensen Einfluss auf das Fühlen und Denken des Menschen.

The Oxford Handbook Of Social Neuroscience

Author : Jean Decety
ISBN : 9780195342161
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 73. 4 MB
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The complexities of the brain and nervous system make neuroscience an inherently interdisciplinary pursuit, one that comprises disparate basic, clinical, and applied disciplines. Behavioral neuroscientists approach the brain and nervous system as instruments of sensation and response; cognitive neuroscientists view the same systems as a solitary computer with a focus on representations and processes. The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience marks the emergence of a third broad perspective in this field. Social neuroscience emphasizes the functions that emerge through the coaction and interaction of conspecifics, the neural mechanisms that underlie these functions, and the commonality and differences across social species and superorganismal structures. With an emphasis on the neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms underlying social behavior, social neuroscience places emphasis on the associations and influences between social and biological levels of organization. This complex interdisciplinary perspective demands theoretical, methodological, statistical, and inferential rigor to effectively integrate basic, clinical, and applied perspectives on the nervous system and brain. Reflecting the diverse perspectives that make up this field, The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience brings together perspectives from across the sciences in one authoritative volume.

Genderkompetenz In Supervision Und Coaching

Author : Surur Abdul-Hussain
ISBN : 9783531930466
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 49. 75 MB
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Brauchen Frauen und Männer in Supervision und Coaching Unterschiedliches? Werden Frauen und Männer in der supervisorischen Praxis „gleich“ behandelt? Was bedeutet Genderkompetenz im beraterischen Setting? Diesen und ähnlichen Fragen geht die Autorin nach und räumt mit Vorurteilen und Alltagstheorien gründlich auf. Das Buch leistet einen Beitrag zur differenzierten und theoriegeleiteten Auseinandersetzung mit dem Thema Gender. Mittels einer mehrperspektivischen Herangehensweise beleuchtet die Autorin das Thema Gender aus verschiedenen theoretischen Ansätzen, verknüpft sie mit Forschungsergebnissen, stellt mit Fallvignetten einen Praxisbezug her und vernetzt diese zu einem Integrativen Verständnis von Genderkompetenz in Supervision und Coaching. Für die Praxis wird diese Herangehensweise in einem Fragenset zur Reflexion von Prozessen auf der Genderebene verdeutlicht.

Die Empathische Zivilisation

Author : Jeremy Rifkin
ISBN : 9783593385129
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 87. 44 MB
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Bestsellerautor Jeremy Rifkin entwirft in dieser mitreissenden Zivilisationsgeschichte ein grundlegend neues Menschenbild. Empathie war seit jeher prägend für das Schicksal der Zivilisation und sie wird für unsere Zukunft sogar entscheidend sein. Neue Erkenntnisse von Biologen und Hirnforschern zeigen: Kooperation siegt über Konkurrenz. Das Internet und die Kommunikationstechnologie haben Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft von Grund auf verändert. Wir müssen unseren Platz auf der Erde grundlegend neu definieren. Doch wir stehen vor einem historischen Dilemma: Die Evolution der Empathie ging einher mit der immer räuberischeren Plünderung unseres Planeten. Die entscheidende Frage, mit der sich die Menschheit jetzt konfrontiert sieht, lautet: Wird globale Empathie rechtzeitig erreicht sein, um den Zusammenbruch der Zivilisation abzuwenden?.

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