the structure of evolutionary theory

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The Structure Of Evolutionary Theory

Author : Stephen Jay Gould
ISBN : 9780674417922
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 19 MB
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The world’s most revered and eloquent interpreter of evolutionary ideas offers here a work of explanatory force unprecedented in our time—a landmark publication, both for its historical sweep and for its scientific vision. With characteristic attention to detail, Stephen Jay Gould first describes the content and discusses the history and origins of the three core commitments of classical Darwinism: that natural selection works on organisms, not genes or species; that it is almost exclusively the mechanism of adaptive evolutionary change; and that these changes are incremental, not drastic. Next, he examines the three critiques that currently challenge this classic Darwinian edifice: that selection operates on multiple levels, from the gene to the group; that evolution proceeds by a variety of mechanisms, not just natural selection; and that causes operating at broader scales, including catastrophes, have figured prominently in the course of evolution. Then, in a stunning tour de force that will likely stimulate discussion and debate for decades, Gould proposes his own system for integrating these classical commitments and contemporary critiques into a new structure of evolutionary thought. In 2001 the Library of Congress named Stephen Jay Gould one of America’s eighty-three Living Legends—people who embody the “quintessentially American ideal of individual creativity, conviction, dedication, and exuberance.” Each of these qualities finds full expression in this peerless work, the likes of which the scientific world has not seen—and may not see again—for well over a century.

The Structure And Confirmation Of Evolutionary Theory

Author : Elisabeth Anne Lloyd
ISBN : 0691000468
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 34. 64 MB
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Traditionally a scientific theory is viewed as based on universal laws of nature that serve as axioms for logical deduction. In analyzing the logical structure of evolutionary biology, Elisabeth Lloyd argues that the semantic account is more appropriate and powerful. This book will be of interest to biologists and philosophers alike.Traditionally a scientific theory is viewed as based on universal laws of nature that serve as axioms for logical deduction. In analyzing the logical structure of evolutionary biology, Elisabeth Lloyd argues that the semantic account is more appropriate and powerful. This book will be of interest to biologists and philosophers alike.

Punctuated Equilibrium

Author : Stephen Jay GOULD
ISBN : 9780674037847
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 63 MB
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In 1972 Stephen Jay Gould took the scientific world by storm with his paper on punctuated equilibrium. Challenging a core assumption of Darwin's theory of evolution, it launched the controversial idea that the majority of species originates in geological moments (punctuations) and persists in stasis. Now, thirty-five years later, Punctuated Equilibrium offers his only book-length testament on a theory he fiercely promoted, repeatedly refined, and tirelessly defended.

Individual Strategy And Social Structure

Author : H. Peyton Young
ISBN : 0691086877
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 42. 44 MB
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Neoclassical economics assumes that people are highly rational and can reason their way through complex economic problems. Author Peyton Young argues more realistically that people have limited understanding of their environment, are often shortsighted, and occasionally act in perverse ways. He shows how the cumulative experiences of many such individuals coalesce over time into the norms that govern economic and social life.

Full House

Author : Stephen Jay Gould
ISBN : 9780674061613
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 49 MB
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Gould shows why a more accurate way of understanding our world is to look at a given subject within its own context, to see it as a part of a spectrum of variation and then to reconceptualize trends as expansion or contraction of this “full house” of variation, and not as the progress or degeneration of an average value, or single thing.

Understanding Evolution

Author : Kostas Kampourakis
ISBN : 9781107034914
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 80 MB
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Bringing together conceptual obstacles and core concepts of evolutionary theory, this book presents evolution as straightforward and intuitive.

Ontogeny And Phylogeny

Author : Stephen Jay Gould
ISBN : 0674639413
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 45 MB
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Prospectus; The analogistic tradition from anaximander to bonnet; Transcendental origins, 1793-1860; Evolutionary triumph, 1859-1900; Pervasive influence; Decline, fall, and generalization; Heterochrony and paedomorphosis; Heterochrony and the parallel of ontogeny and phylogeny; The ecological and evolutionary significance of heterochrony; Progenesis and neoteny; Retardation and neoteny in human evolution.

The Structure Of Biological Theories

Author : Paul Thompson
ISBN : 0887069339
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 26 MB
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The central thesis of this book is that the semantic conception is a logical methodologically and heuristically richer and more accurate account of scientific theorizing, and in particular of theorizing in evolutionary biology, than the more widely adhered to syntactic conception. In this book, the author outlines both the conceptions indicating the significant problems with the syntactic conception; explains and criticizes two influential syntactic-conception accounts of the structure of evolutionary theorizing. Thompson also argues that the semantic conception provides a richer and more accurate understanding than the syntactic conception of sociobiological explanation, of the testability of sociobiology, and of the role of culture and cognition in evolutionary explanations of human behavior.

I Have Landed

Author : Stephen Jay Gould
ISBN : 9780674061620
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 98 MB
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As always in his popular writing, Gould conveys the ideas that science professionals exchange among themselves, minus only the technical jargon. In the title essay, he details his grandfather's journey from Hungary to America, and in a moving epilogue that has been hailed as a powerful testament, Gould writes about September 11.

The Structure And Development Of Evolutionary Theory From A Lakatosian Perspective

Author : Ruben Jorritsma
ISBN : OCLC:957322605
Genre :
File Size : 32. 55 MB
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