the teaching gap best ideas from the world s teachers for improving education in the classroom

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The Teaching Gap

Author : James W. Stigler
ISBN : 9781439143131
Genre : Education
File Size : 85. 46 MB
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A revised edition of a popular resource builds on the authors' findings that key problems in teaching methods are causing America to lag behind international academic standards, outlining a program for administrators, instructors, and parents that incorporates solutions based on current research. Reprint.

Zu The Teaching Gap Best Ideas From The Worlds Teachers For Improving Education In The Classroom

Author : Julia John
ISBN : 9783638285896
Genre : Education
File Size : 21. 43 MB
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Rezension / Literaturbericht aus dem Jahr 2004 im Fachbereich Pädagogik - Schulpädagogik, Note: 1, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main (Institut für Allgemeine Erziehungswissenschaft), Veranstaltung: Unterrichtsqualität im internationalen Vergleich, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: James Stigler und James Hiebert behandeln in ihrem Werk „The teaching gap; Best ideas from the World ́s Teachers for improving Education in the Classroom” sehr eindrücklich das Bildungsproblem in den USA. Internationale Schülerbewertungstests in den neunziger Jahren ergaben, dass amerikanische Schüler im internationalen Vergleich verhältnismäßig schlecht abschnitten. Das Bildungssystem war seitdem unzähligen Reformversuchen ausgesetzt, die jedoch kaum Erfolge zu verzeichnen hatten. 1998 wurden unter der Regierung Bill Clintons Reformversuche diskutiert, die eine Verringerung der Klassengrößen, eine größere Freiheit bei der Schulwahl, bessere Ausstattung der Lehrinstitute sowie Zusatzengagements und eine Umstrukturierung des Schulmanagements beinhalteten. Alle durchgeführten Reformen erreichten aber nicht ihr Ziel, den Lernerfolg der Schüler zu verbessern. Stigler und Hiebert vermuten, dass die Reformversuche deshalb zum Scheitern verurteilt waren, weil sie sich im wesentlichen nur auf äußere Faktoren beschränkten und die Qualität des Lehrens außer acht ließen. Sigler und Hieber berufen sich auf Bruner (1996), wenn sie empfehlen sich mehr auf diesen Faktor zu konzentrieren, da alle weitern Faktoren, die das Lernen der Schüler maßgeblich beeinflussen, wie zum Beispiel der soziale Hintergrund einzelner Schüler sowie die Gemeinderessourcen etc. außerhalb des Einflussbereichs der Institutionen liegen. Die TIMSS-Studie bot daraufhin die Möglichkeit die Bildungssysteme drei führender Wirtschaftsnationen nämlich Japan, Deutschland und USA in einer Videostudie zu untersuchen. Japan lag bei vorherigen Untersuchungen immer an der Spitze, während Deutschland sich bisher kaum an derartigen Vergleichsstudien beteiligt hatte. Besonders gut eignete sich eine Videostudie für diese Art von Untersuchung. Die Forscher interessierte vor allem welche Methoden die Lehrer verwenden, wie gut Reformversuchein den betroffenen Ländern angenommen und umgesetzte werden und welche Unterschiede es zwischen den einzelnen Nationen gibt. Außerdem konzentrierte man sich darauf herauszufinden, was genau im amerikanischen Klassenzimmer geschieht.

Messung Von Unterrichtsqualit T Durch Ratings

Author : Anna-Katharina Praetorius
ISBN : 9783830979807
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 73. 36 MB
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Ratings externer Beobachter werden oft als 'Königsweg' zur Erfassung von Unterrichtsqualität beschrieben. In der Unterrichtsforschung existieren bislang allerdings nur wenige Arbeiten, die sich dezidiert mit der Eignung solcher Beobachterratings zur Messung von Unterrichtsqualität beschäftigen. In diesem Buch wird mittels fünf empirischer Studien die Reliabilität und Validität von Beobachterratings thematisiert: In welchem Ausmaß sind hoch-inferente Beobachterratings zu Unterrichtsqualität durch Raterfehler verzerrt? Sind Unterrichtseinschätzungen geschulter Beobachter reliabler und valider als solche von ungeschulten Ratern? Wie stabil sind Merkmale von Unterrichtsqualität über Unterrichtsstunden hinweg? Die durchgeführten Analysen zeigen, dass Raterfehler auch bei der Unterrichtsbeurteilung durch trainierte Beobachter ein nicht unerhebliches Problem darstellen. Insgesamt stellen die Ergebnisse die Beschreibung von Ratings externer Beobachter als 'Königsweg' in Frage. Anna-Katharina Praetorius: Studium der Pädagogik, Grundschulpädagogik und Psychologie an der Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg; 2009-2012 Promotionsstipendiatin an der Universität Koblenz-Landau im DFG-Graduiertenkolleg 'Unterrichtsprozesse'; seit September 2012 wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Lehrstuhl für Psychologie der Universität Augsburg.

Typische Sprachmuster Der Lehrer Sch Ler Interaktion

Author : Peggy Richert
ISBN : 378151403X
Genre :
File Size : 38. 96 MB
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Teaching And Learning In Maths Classrooms

Author : Chiara Andrà
ISBN : 9783319492322
Genre : Education
File Size : 33. 52 MB
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The book presents a selection of the most relevant talks given at the 21st MAVI conference, held at the Politecnico di Milano. The first section is dedicated to classroom practices and beliefs regarding those practices, taking a look at prospective or practicing teachers’ views of different practices such as decision-making, the roles of explanations, problem-solving, patterning, and the use of play. Of major interest to MAVI participants is the relationship between teachers’ professed beliefs and classroom practice, aspects that provide the focus of the second section. Three papers deal with teacher change, which is notoriously difficult, even when the teachers themselves are interested in changing their practice. In turn, the book’s third section centers on the undercurrents of teaching and learning mathematics, which can surface in various situations, causing tensions and inconsistencies. The last section of this book takes a look at emerging themes in affect-related research, with a particular focus on attitudes towards assessment. The book offers a valuable resource for all teachers and researchers working in this area.

Using Data To Improve Student Learning In School Districts

Author : Victoria Bernhardt
ISBN : 9781317922841
Genre : Education
File Size : 23. 97 MB
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This book helps you make sense of the data your school district collects, including state student achievement results as well as other qualitative and quantitative data. Easy-to-use templates, tools, and examples are available on the accompanying CD-ROM.

Lesson Study

Author : Peter Dudley
ISBN : 9781134460410
Genre : Education
File Size : 59. 42 MB
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This book introduces readers to the development of Lesson Study (LS) in the UK, making historical connections to the growth of Lesson Study in Japan, East Asia, the US and Europe. It explains how to conduct LS in schools and educational institutions, providing examples of compelling, externally evaluated impact outcomes for both primary learners and teacher learners, and vivid exemplars of LS in action across age ranges and curricular contexts. Each chapter presents international research outcomes that clearly demonstrate how and why LS has a place within teacher learning approaches that have the greatest impact and the greatest capacity building potential for creating outstanding teaching. This is supported by primary research evidence, and linked with contemporary and recent high quality research worldwide into pupil learning, teacher learning, school improvement and system improvement. The book illustrates the diverse application of LS for innovating or transferring highly effective practices in a variety of contexts to boost learning for children with a range of challenges and specific needs. Lesson Study provides a global perspective on the development of LS worldwide, exploring its impact on innovation, creativity, curricula and achievement in a variety of contexts. It will be of key interest to practitioners in schools and teacher education institutions, researchers, and policy and decision-makers at local, national and international levels. The book’s explicit focus on the leadership of local authorities will also make it valuable reading for all leaders of professional development and school improvement.

Perspectives On Transitions In Schooling And Instructional Practice

Author : Susan E. Elliott-Johns
ISBN : 9781442667112
Genre : Education
File Size : 70. 26 MB
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Perspectives on Transitions in Schooling and Instructional Practice examines student transitions between major levels of schooling, teacher transitions in instructional practice, and the intersection of these two significant themes in education research. Twenty-six leading international experts offer meaningful insights on current pedagogical practices, obstacles to effective transitions, and proven strategies for stakeholders involved in supporting students in transition. The book is divided into four sections, representing the four main transitions in formal schooling: Early Years (Home, Pre-school, and Kindergarten) to Early Elementary (Grades 1–3); Early Elementary to Late Elementary (Grades 4–8); Late Elementary to Secondary (Grades 9–12); and Secondary to Post-Secondary (College and University). A coda draws together over-arching themes from throughout the text to provide recommendations and a visual model that captures their interactions. Combining theoretical approaches with practical examples of school-based initiatives, this book will appeal to those involved in supporting either the student experience (both academically and emotionally) or teacher professional learning and growth.

Middle And High School Teaching

Author : James A. Duplass
ISBN : CORNELL:31924101576316
Genre : Education
File Size : 74. 90 MB
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Middle and High School Teaching: Methods, Standards, and Best Practicesis an interactive textbook that is fully integrated with PowerPoint slides, a web site, assessments to meet NCATE and INSTASC standards, and basal secondary level textbook chapters for each of the content areas. The text includes a chapter on standards, history, current issues and strategies for each of the major content areas: English, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, World Languages, Fine and Performing Arts, and Physical and Health education. Providing unique coverage for differentiated instruction at the college level, the text integrates standards and methods for general and specific subject matter by drawing on professional education association web sites, covering traditional methods topics, and providing authentic assignments. The text is ideal for courses in secondary general methods, curriculum and instruction, introduction to teaching, or for the first course of a two-part sequence in specific methods. Web-based resources, including PDF copies of middle and high school basal textbook content, lesson-planning templates, ERIC documents for current issues, and PowerPoint slides for each chapter, enable professors to easily choreograph their instruction for classes of mixed majors or single major, and courses of varying size that may be taught completely or partly online. The book and its ancillary materials scaffold the learning experience by presenting topics in a logical sequence, beginning with an introduction to the challenges of the profession, followed by differences between middle schools and high schools, basic skills across the curriculum, approaches to teaching diverse learners, planning, methods, and assessment, and concluding with trends, standards, and differences between the disciplines. Instructors can choose from and modify more than 100 authentic assignments, which are tied to NCATE and INTASC standards, ranging from interviewing middle school students to creating lesson plans. In addition, special emphasis is placed on such topics as motivation theory and techniques for diverse learners and integrating basic skills and literacy into subject field planning and instruction. Straightforward, easily readable, and concise.The text is organized into compact topics (rather than dense chapters) and includes aBest Practicesfeature, which engages students in reading their textbook Authentic content chapters from middle and high school textbooks.Available at the web site, downloadable PDF copies of basal textbook chapters (from McDougal Littell) across the subject areas enable students to apply methods learned from the textbook's lesson- planning activities and assignments. More than 100 potential assignments.Instructors can select and modify presented assignments to best suit their students' and course needs. Each assignment is tied to an INTASC/NCATE standard for ease of documentation or portfolio development. Coverage and integration of key national standards.The book integrates The Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium (INTASC) standards, The National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) standards, The Goals 2000 legislation, The No Child Left Behind legislation, and the content standards defined by the professional organizations into a coherent structure for preservice teachers. Practical pedagogy.Supportive features includeTeacher's Tipsboxes with practical ideas and strategies for the classroom, Question boxes to encourage critical thinking,For the Reflective Practitionerquotes and insights, authenticAssignments,lists ofBest Practices,and web resources.

Improving Teacher Quality

Author : Motoko Akiba
ISBN : 0807749885
Genre : Education
File Size : 24. 45 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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This dynamic resource details the philosophy, rationale, and implementation of choice-based authentic art education in elementary and middle schools. To do the work of artists, children need opportunities to behave, think, and perform as artists. The heart of this curriculum is to facilitate independent learning by setting up studio centers that provide students with a choice of subject matter and media while also encouraging them to determine their own pace. The authors address theory, instruction, assessment, and advocacy in a user-friendly format that includes colour photos of classroom set-ups and student work, reflections on projects, and lesson plans.

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