the trade and culture debate evidence from us trade agreements

Download Book The Trade And Culture Debate Evidence From Us Trade Agreements in PDF format. You can Read Online The Trade And Culture Debate Evidence From Us Trade Agreements here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

The Trade And Culture Debate

Author : Gilbert Gagne
ISBN : 9781498521918
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 47. 43 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 204
Read : 722

Get This Book


As the first exporter of cultural goods and services, the United States has long held that such products should be treated like any other merchandise and be liberalized. On the other hand, for countries such as France and Canada who are concerned about the impact of economic globalization and the digital revolution on their cultural identity, cultural products should be exempted from economic liberalization or subject to a cultural exception. conflicting views and interests between states as to the treatment of cultural products in international economic law lie at the hearth of the trade and culture debate. These differences have led to serious tensions over the liberalization of cultural services within the World Trade Organization, as well as to a Convention within UNESCO to recognize the economic and cultural character of cultural products and the states’ right to pursue cultural policies. With most states still not keen on liberalizing the cultural sector and the stalemate in the Doha Round, the United States has turned to preferential trade agreements to secure its policy preferences on the treatment of cultural products. Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, the US government has concluded eleven trade agreements grouping sixteen countries and has been involved in three sets of plurilateral negotiations, with major implications for the evolution of the trade and culture debate.

The Trade And Culture Debate

Author : Gilbert Gagne
ISBN : 1498521908
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 36. 42 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 618
Read : 1028

Get This Book


US trade agreements entail the wide-ranging liberalization of cultural products and significant constraints on the ability of states' parties to pursue cultural policies as a result. This book explains the strategies and means by which the government of the United States secures its policy preferences on the treatment of cultural products, with key implications for the evolution of the trade and culture debate.

The Routledge Handbook Of Global Cultural Policy

Author : Victoria Durrer
ISBN : 9781317512882
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 31. 80 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 673
Read : 1000

Get This Book


Cultural policy intersects with political, economic, and socio-cultural dynamics at all levels of society, placing high and often contradictory expectations on the capabilities and capacities of the media, the fine, performing, and folk arts, and cultural heritage. These expectations are articulated, mobilised and contested at – and across – a global scale. As a result, the study of cultural policy has firmly established itself as a field that cuts across a range of academic disciplines, including sociology, cultural and media studies, economics, anthropology, area studies, languages, geography, and law. This Routledge Handbook of Global Cultural Policy sets out to broaden the field’s consideration to recognise the necessity for international and global perspectives. The book explores how cultural policy has become a global phenomenon. It brings together a diverse range of researchers whose work reveals how cultural policy expresses and realises common global concerns, dominant narratives, and geopolitical economic and social inequalities. The sections of the book address cultural policy’s relation to core academic disciplines and core questions, of regulations, rights, development, practice, and global issues. With a cross-section of country-by-country case studies, this comprehensive volume is a map for academics and students seeking to become more globally orientated cultural policy scholars.

Free Trade And Cultural Diversity In International Law

Author : Jingxia Shi
ISBN : 9781782251163
Genre : Law
File Size : 37. 26 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 578
Read : 888

Get This Book


This book attempts to reconcile the concept of free trade with a key non-trade social value - cultural diversity - in an era of economic globalisation. It first shows how we can look at culture in many different ways, and explains why we should care about cultural diversity. The book then examines the challenges that policymakers are faced with in formulating cultural measures in the new media environment, and analyses UNESCO's theories and approaches to cultural diversity. This is followed by a comprehensive examination of the treatment of 'culture' in global and regional trade agreements, including the framework of the GATT/WTO system, the WTO's judicial practice involving cultural products, and the treatment of culture under the EC/EU and NAFTA. This identifies the challenges trade norms encounter in dealing with cultural products. The author seeks to formulate a balanced view of the challenge of protecting and promoting cultural diversity while also recognising the important goal of trade liberalisation. To this end Professor Shi proposes a dual method through which the norms found in WTO agreements and in UNESCO cultural instruments may be brought into alignment: the first highlighting the compatibility of cultural policy measures with trade obligations on a domestic level, the second suggesting potential linkages between the WTO rules and the UNESCO Convention from the perspectives of treaty interpretation.

Preferential Trade Agreement Policies For Development

Author : Jean-Pierre Chauffour
ISBN : 9780821386439
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 29. 43 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 800
Read : 1044

Get This Book


The Handbook offers an introduction to the key elements of Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs), addressing the practical economic and legal aspects of the regulatory policies in PTAs.

Clashing Over Commerce

Author : Douglas A. Irwin
ISBN : 9780226399010
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 77. 1 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 779
Read : 294

Get This Book


Should the United States be open to commerce with other countries, or should it protect domestic industries from foreign competition? This question has been the source of bitter political conflict throughout American history. Such conflict was inevitable, James Madison argued in The Federalist Papers, because trade policy involves clashing economic interests. The struggle between the winners and losers from trade has always been fierce because dollars and jobs are at stake: depending on what policy is chosen, some industries, farmers, and workers will prosper, while others will suffer. Douglas A. Irwin’s Clashing over Commerce is the most authoritative and comprehensive history of US trade policy to date, offering a clear picture of the various economic and political forces that have shaped it. From the start, trade policy divided the nation—first when Thomas Jefferson declared an embargo on all foreign trade and then when South Carolina threatened to secede from the Union over excessive taxes on imports. The Civil War saw a shift toward protectionism, which then came under constant political attack. Then, controversy over the Smoot-Hawley tariff during the Great Depression led to a policy shift toward freer trade, involving trade agreements that eventually produced the World Trade Organization. Irwin makes sense of this turbulent history by showing how different economic interests tend to be grouped geographically, meaning that every proposed policy change found ready champions and opponents in Congress. As the Trump administration considers making major changes to US trade policy, Irwin’s sweeping historical perspective helps illuminate the current debate. Deeply researched and rich with insight and detail, Clashing over Commerce provides valuable and enduring insights into US trade policy past and present.

The Politics Of Cultural Development

Author : Ben Garner
ISBN : 9781317365358
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 32. 55 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 113
Read : 1115

Get This Book


There is a growing recognition of the role that culture can play in sustainable development strategies. This development has generally been welcomed, but also raises a number of questions: What are the implications in policy and practice? Who are the most influential voices in promoting a global agenda for culture and development, and to what extent has the creation of new international policy instruments reflected a consensus? More fundamentally, what is meant by "culture" in these discussions and who has the power to give particular definitions political and legal authority? The Politics of Cultural Development seeks to provide a theoretically and historically informed response to such questions, illustrated by reference to case studies (including the European Union, the Caribbean and China). Particular attention is paid to the formation of the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and the Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, a landmark instrument in debates about culture and development. The book goes on to explore some of the practical implications that this international treaty is beginning to have for the ways that culture is (and is not) being integrated into contemporary development policy and practice. This book will be useful for students, academics and policymakers in the fields of international development, international relations, international political economy, cultural policy and cultural theory.

The Challenge Of Global Capitalism

Author : Robert Gilpin
ISBN : 9780691186474
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89. 17 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 461
Read : 367

Get This Book



Cultural Products And The World Trade Organization

Author : Tania Voon
ISBN : 9781139464833
Genre : Law
File Size : 67. 73 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 425
Read : 210

Get This Book


Debate about trade and culture has a long history, but the application of WTO rules to cultural products such as films, radio, and books remains one of the most divisive issues in the organization. After assessing the economic and social arguments for treating cultural products differently from things like steel or wheat, this 2007 book explains how the vastly different views of WTO members in earlier negotiations led to an outcome that is disappointing for all. It goes on to provide a comprehensive evaluation of possible solutions, including evolution of the law through WTO dispute settlement, an agreement outside the WTO, and reforms to improve the balance between trade liberalization and cultural policy objectives.

The Canada U S Free Trade Agreement And The Great Free Trade Debate

Author : Richard G. Lipsey
ISBN : UOM:39015064810594
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 31. 91 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 757
Read : 219

Get This Book



Top Download:

Best Books