the triumph of improvisation gorbachev s adaptability reagan s engagement and the end of the cold war

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The Triumph Of Improvisation

Author : James Wilson
ISBN : 9780801470226
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 84. 18 MB
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In The Triumph of Improvisation, James Graham Wilson takes a long view of the end of the Cold War, from the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in December 1979 to Operation Desert Storm in January 1991. Drawing on deep archival research and recently declassified papers, Wilson argues that adaptation, improvisation, and engagement by individuals in positions of power ended the specter of a nuclear holocaust. Amid ambivalence and uncertainty, Mikhail Gorbachev, Ronald Reagan, George Shultz, George H. W. Bush, and a host of other actors engaged with adversaries and adapted to a rapidly changing international environment and information age in which global capitalism recovered as command economies failed. Eschewing the notion of a coherent grand strategy to end the Cold War, Wilson paints a vivid portrait of how leaders made choices; some made poor choices while others reacted prudently, imaginatively, and courageously to events they did not foresee. A book about the burdens of responsibility, the obstacles of domestic politics, and the human qualities of leadership, The Triumph of Improvisation concludes with a chapter describing how George H. W. Bush oversaw the construction of a new configuration of power after the fall of the Berlin Wall, one that resolved the fundamental components of the Cold War on Washington's terms.

The Last Superpower Summits

Author : Svetlana Savranskaya
ISBN : 9789633861691
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79. 47 MB
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This book publishes for the first time in print every word the American and Soviet leaders ? Ronald Reagan, Mikhail Gorbachev, and George H.W. Bush ? said to each other in their superpower summits from 1985 to 1991. Obtained by the authors through the Freedom of Information Act in the U.S., from the Gorbachev Foundation and the State Archive of the Russian Federation in Moscow, and from the personal donation of Anatoly Chernyaev, these previously Top Secret verbatim transcripts combine with key declassified preparatory and after-action documents from both sides to create a unique interactive documentary record of these historic highest-level talks ? the conversations that ended the Cold War. The summits fueled a process of learning on both sides, as the authors argue in contextual essays on each summit and detailed headnotes on each document. Geneva 1985 and Reykjavik 1986 reduced Moscow?s sense of threat and unleashed Reagan?s inner abolitionist. Malta 1989 and Washington 1990 helped dampen any superpower sparks that might have flown in a time of revolutionary change in Eastern Europe, set off by Gorbachev and by Eastern Europeans (Solidarity, dissidents, reform Communists). The high level and scope of the dialogue between these world leaders was unprecedented, and is likely never to be repeated. ÿ

The End Of The Cold War

Author : Robert Service
ISBN : 9781447287285
Genre : History
File Size : 78. 75 MB
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The Cold War had seemed like a permanent fixture in global politics, and until its denouement, no Western or Soviet politician foresaw that the stand-off between the two superpowers - after decades of struggle over every aspect of security, politics, economics and ideas - would end in their lifetimes. Even after March 1985 when Mikhail Gorbachëv became the leader of the Soviet Union it was not preordained that global nuclear Armageddon could or would be averted peaceably. But just four years later, the Berlin Wall was dismantled and perestroika spread throughout the former Soviet bloc. It was a sea change in world history, which resulted in the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Drawing on pioneering archival research, Robert Service's gripping new investigation of the final years of the Cold War pinpoints the astonishing relationships among President Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachëv, Secretary of State George Shultz and the USSR's last Foreign Affairs Minister, Eduard Shevardnadze, who found a way to cooperate during times of extraordinary change around the world. The story is of American pressure and Soviet long-term decline and over-stretch. The End of the Cold War shows how that small, skillful group of statesmen were determined to end the Cold War on their watch. In the process, they irreversibly transformed the global geopolitical landscape. Authoritative, compelling and meticulously researched, this is political history at its best.

Cold War Energy

Author : Jeronim Perović
ISBN : 9783319495323
Genre : History
File Size : 40. 96 MB
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This book examines the role of Soviet energy during the Cold War. Based on hitherto little known documents from Western and Eastern European archives, it combines the story of Soviet oil and gas with general Cold War history. This volume breaks new ground by framing Soviet energy in a multi-national context, taking into account not only the view from Moscow, but also the perspectives of communist Eastern Europe, the US, NATO, as well as several Western European countries – namely Italy, France, and West Germany. This book challenges some of the long-standing assumptions of East-West bloc relations, as well as shedding new light on relations within the blocs regarding the issue of energy. By bringing together a range of junior and senior historians and specialists from Europe, Russia and the US, this book represents a pioneering endeavour to approach the role of Soviet energy during the Cold War in transnational perspective.

The Cold War

Author : Jeremy Black
ISBN : 9781474218009
Genre : History
File Size : 23. 65 MB
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The term the Cold War has had many meanings and interpretations since it was originally coined and has been used to analyse everything from comics to pro-natalist policies, and science fiction to gender politics. This range has great value, but also poses problems, notably by diluting the focus on war of a certain type, and by exacerbating a lack of precision in definition and analysis. The Cold War: A Military History is the first survey of the period to focus on the diplomatic and military confrontation and conflict. Jeremy Black begins his overview in 1917 and covers the 'long Cold War', from the 7th November Revolution to the ongoing repercussions and reverberations of the conflict today. The book is forward-looking as well as retrospective, not least in encouraging us to reflect on how much the character of the present world owes to the Cold War. The result is a detailed survey that will be invaluable to students and scholars of military and international history.

Naval War College Review

Author :
ISBN : WISC:89128171741
Genre : International relations
File Size : 65. 8 MB
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Gorbatschow

Author : William Taubman
ISBN : 9783406700453
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 81. 8 MB
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Im Ausland verehrt und bewundert als der Mann, der das Tor zu einem neuen Zeitalter aufstieß, gilt er bei seinen Landsleuten als Schwächling und Totengräber des sowjetischen Imperiums: Michail Gorbatschow ist für die einen ein überragender Staatsmann und für die anderen ein Versager. Pulitzerpreisträger William Taubman legt nun die grundlegende Biographie dieser Jahrhundertgestalt vor – akribisch recherchiert, fundiert im Urteil und fesselnd geschrieben. Als Michail Gorbatschow 1985 mit 54 Jahren jüngster Generalsekretär in der Geschichte der KPdSU wurde, war die Sowjetunion eine von zwei Supermächten. Doch nur vier Jahre später hatten Perestroika und Glasnost die Sowjetunion für immer verändert und Gorbatschow mehr Feinde als Freunde. Seine Politik beendete den Kalten Krieg. Doch im Jahr darauf musste er nach einem gescheiterten Putsch – ohne es zu wollen – dem Kollaps jenes Imperiums zuschauen, das er zu retten versucht hatte. William Taubman schildert in seinem Buch, wie ein Bauernjunge vom Lande es bis an die Spitze im Kreml bringt, sich mit Amerikas erzkonservativem Präsidenten Ronald Reagan anfreundet und es der UdSSR und dem Ostblock erlaubt, sich aufzulösen, ohne Zuflucht zur Gewalt zu nehmen. Wer war dieses „Rätsel Gorbatschow“ – ein wahrhaft großer Politiker oder ein Mann, der an seinen eigenen Fehlern scheiterte und an Mächten, gegen die er nicht gewinnen konnte?

Unser Spiel

Author : John le Carré
ISBN : 9783843708500
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 37. 94 MB
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Alle Romane von John le Carré jetzt als E-Book! - Tim Cranmer, britischer Ex-Agent führt mit seiner jungen Geliebten Emma ein ruhiges Leben auf dem Land. Bis ein ehemaliger Kollege, der Russlandspezialist Larry Pettifer, auftaucht. Sie waren immer schon Rivalen, doch nun steht plötzlich die attraktive Emma zwischen ihnen – eines Tages ist sie mit Larry verschwunden. Die Suche nach den beiden führt Tim quer durchs heutige Russland bis in den krisengeschüttelten Kaukasus. Ein raffiniertes Doppelspiel, in dem Täuschung, Verrat und Verschleierung die Regeln vorgeben.

Sternstunde Der Diplomatie

Author : Philip Zelikow
ISBN : 3548265618
Genre :
File Size : 58. 81 MB
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Wege Zur Wiedervereinigung

Author : Oliver Bange
ISBN : 9783486855388
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 34. 56 MB
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Die letzten zwanzig Jahre des Kalten Krieges brachten trotz aller Konflikte eine neue, auf antagonistische Kooperation und Transformation ausgelegte Dynamik in die Ost-West- Beziehungen. Vor dem Hintergrund der aktuellen transatlantischen Debatte über die langfristigen Ursachen von 1989 spüren renommierte internationale Historiker diesen Entwicklungen unter sicherheits- und deutschlandpolitischen Fragestellungen nach. Sie analysieren neben der Sicherheits- und Entspannungspolitik den Einfluss der internationalen Militärpolitik auf die Bundesrepublik und die DDR. Ferner setzen sie sich mit den Wechselwirkungen zwischen Innen- und Außenpolitik, den sich wandelnden militärischen Bedrohungsszenarien, den Konfrontation der Bündnisse an ihren Außengrenzen sowie der Bedeutung der ungelösten deutschen Frage im Endspiel des Ost-West-Konflikts auseinander.

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