the u s supreme court and the domestic force of international human rights law

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The U S Supreme Court And The Domestic Force Of International Human Rights Law

Author : Stephen A. Simon
ISBN : 9781498534710
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 37. 1 MB
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This book examines the debate over the domestic force of international human rights law through the U.S. Supreme Court’s jurisprudence. By approaching the topic from the justices’ vantage point, the analysis shows how multiple controversies are linked to the same overarching question and reveals a divide in the Court between two fundamentally different orientations toward the domestic impact of the international human rights regime.

Human Rights And Legal Judgments

Author : Austin Sarat
ISBN : 9781108191074
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 68. 34 MB
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Human rights can be defined as the basic fundamental rights inherent to all human beings in any society. How these rights are made available and protected in individual countries is an area of much study and debate. Focusing on the significance of human rights in American law and politics, this book seeks to understand when, where, and how American law recognizes and responds to claims made in the name of human rights. How are they used by social movements as they advance rights claims? When are human rights claims accommodated and resisted? Do particular kinds of human rights claims have greater resonance domestically than others? What cultural and psychological factors impede the development of a human rights culture in the United States? This is an exciting and engaging volume that will appeal to a broad range of scholars, practitioners, and students interested in the study of human rights.

Universal Rights And The Constitution

Author : Stephen A. Simon
ISBN : 9781438451855
Genre : Law
File Size : 30. 22 MB
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Innovative examination of the tensions between universal and more uniquely American definitions of cherished rights. Are constitutional rights based exclusively in uniquely American considerations, or are they based at least in part on principles that transcend the boundaries of any particular country, such as the requirements of freedom or dignity? By viewing constitutional law through the prism of this fundamental question, Universal Rights and the Constitution exposes an overlooked difficulty with opinions rendered by the Supreme Court, namely, an inherent ambiguity about the kinds of arguments that count in constitutional interpretation, which weakens the foundations of our most cherished rights. Rejecting current debates over constitutional interpretation as flawed, Stephen A. Simon offers an innovative framework designed to provide clearer foundations for rights interpretations while preserving a meaningful but limited role for universal arguments. He reveals the vital connections among contemporary debates over such matters as the right to privacy, the constitutionality of the death penalty, and the role of foreign law in constitutional interpretation.

Invoking International Human Rights Law In Domestic Courts

Author : Richard B. Lillich
ISBN : STANFORD:36105062996561
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 54. 12 MB
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This publication describes the application of international human rights law, treaties, and cases in U.S. courts.

The Law Of Armed Conflict And The Use Of Force

Author : Frauke Lachenmann
ISBN : 9780198784623
Genre :
File Size : 49. 30 MB
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This volume brings together articles on the law of armed conflict and the use of force from the Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, the definitive reference work on international law. It provides an invaluable resources for scholars, students, and practitioners of international humanitarian law, giving an accessible, thorough overview of all aspects of the field. Each article contains cross-references to related articles, and includes a carefully selected bibliography of the most important writings and primary materials as a guide to further reading. The Encyclopedia can be used by a wide range of readers. Experienced scholars and practitioners will find a wealth of information on areas that they do not already know well as well as in-depth treatments on every aspect of their specialist topics. Articles can also be set as readings for students on taught courses.

International Human Rights Law Policy And Process

Author : David Weissbrodt
ISBN : 9780327176824
Genre : Law
File Size : 50. 75 MB
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This comprehensive work provides an introduction to human rights law, policy, and process. International Human Rights begins with an overview, then discusses drafting and ratifying treaties, establishing institutions, using procedures for monitoring compliance and responding to gross violations, using adjudicative remedies, applying refugee and international labor law, relating human rights norms to terrorism, and exploring how the causes of violations can be used to improve human rights compliance. The Fourth Edition addresses a number of significant developments in the human rights arena including: • Emergence of international criminal law as a potential response to crimes against humanity; • Emergence of the United Nations Security Council as a significant human rights actor and the challenges it faces; • The role of human rights norms in responding to and regulating state responses to terrorism; • The capacity of human rights to respond to abuses by corporate actors; • The ability of human rights to respond to and account for violations committed in the context of ethnic hatred, internal conflict, and intrastate violence; and • The challenges faced by non-government human rights organizations in the post 9/11 context. International Human Rights is also accompanied by a comprehensive documentary supplement, Selected International Human Rights Instruments and Bibliography for Research on International Human Rights Law. Professor Weissbrodt provides periodic updates to the casebook on the University of Minnesota Human Rights Library Web site (http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/intlhr).

International Law And Domestic Legal Systems

Author : Dinah Shelton
ISBN : 9780191029769
Genre : Law
File Size : 60. 10 MB
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Different countries incorporate and interpret international law in different ways. This book provides a systematic analysis of the domestic constitutional regime of over two dozen countries, setting out the status accorded to international law in those countries and its normative weight, as well as problems relating to its implementation. This country-by-country comparison allows the book to examine how the international legal order and domestic legal systems interact and influence each other. Through a series of chapters on the role of international law in 27 countries throughout the world, it shows a growing tendency towards greater democratic participation in treaty-making coupled with a significant utilization of informal agreements that by-pass such participation, as well as a role for non-binding normative instruments as persuasive authority in domestic judicial decision-making. The chapters suggest a stronger attachment to international law in legal systems that have survived a period of repression, resulting in many cases in a higher normative status for international human rights instruments in those states. The impact of the European Union on the constitutional order of its member states is also examined.

Globalizing Justice

Author : Donald W. Jackson
ISBN : 9781438430713
Genre : LAW
File Size : 73. 55 MB
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Essays assessing the impact of globalization on law and court systems across the world.

Challenging Human Rights Violations

Author : Francisco Forrest Martin
ISBN : STANFORD:36105060783516
Genre : Civil rights
File Size : 37. 42 MB
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This book guides civil rights lawyers-and informs judges, legislators, and academics-in the effective use of international law in U.S. federal and state cases. The author highlights many concrete areas in which international law can enhance human rights protection both in the U.S. and abroad, such as: Death penalty Lethal force by police and military authorities Extraterritorial privacy protection Gay and lesbian rights Government liability for foreseeable harm Compensation for unintentional false imprisonment. This eminently practical approach-based on model briefs developed for and used by leading U.S. civil rights lawyers and organizations-presents an extremely rare treatment of international human rights law. Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.

Extraterritorial Application Of Human Rights Treaties

Author : Marko Milanovic
ISBN : 9780191504808
Genre : Law
File Size : 66. 92 MB
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Questions as to when a state owes obligations under a human rights treaty towards an individual located outside its territory are being brought more and more frequently before both international and domestic courts. Victims of aerial bombardment, inhabitants of territories under military occupation, deposed dictators, suspected terrorists detained in Guantanamo by the United States, and the family of a former KGB spy who was assassinated in London through the use of a radioactive toxin, allegedly at the orders or with the collusion of the Russian government - all of these people have claimed protection from human rights law against a state affecting their lives while acting outside its territory. These matters are extremely politically and legally sensitive, leading to much confusion, ambiguity and compromise in the existing case law. This study attempts to clear up some of this confusion, and expose its real roots. It examines the notion of state jurisdiction in human rights treaties, and places it within the framework of international law. It is not limited to an inquiry into the semantic, ordinary meaning of the jurisdiction clauses in human rights treaties, nor even to their construction into workable legal concepts and rules. Rather, the interpretation of these treaties cannot be complete without examining their object and purpose, and the various policy considerations which influence states in their behaviour, and courts in their decision-making. The book thus exposes the tension between universality and effectiveness, which is itself the cause of methodological and conceptual inconsistency in the case law. Finally, the work elaborates on the several possible models of the treaties' extraterritorial application. It offers not only a critical analysis of the existing case law, but explains the various options that are before courts and states in addressing these issues, as well as their policy implications.

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