the use of the concept of practice in anthropology theoretical problems

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Design Anthropology

Author : Wendy Gunn
ISBN : 9781472518231
Genre : Design
File Size : 74. 95 MB
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Design is a key site of cultural production and change in contemporary society. Anthropologists have been involved in design projects for several decades but only recently a new field of inquiry has emerged which aims to integrate the strengths of design thinking and anthropological research. This book is written by anthropologists who actively participate in the development of design anthropology. Comprising both cutting-edge explorations and theoretical reflections, it provides a much-needed introduction to the concepts, methods, practices and challenges of the new field. Design Anthropology moves from observation and interpretation to collaboration, intervention and co-creation. Its practitioners participate in multidisciplinary design teams working towards concrete solutions for problems that are sometimes ill-defined. The authors address the critical potential of design anthropology in a wide range of design activities across the globe and query the impact of design on the discipline of anthropology. This volume will appeal to new and experienced practitioners in the field as well as to students of anthropology, innovation, science and technology studies, and a wide range of design studies focusing on user participation, innovation, and collaborative research.

Modes Of Comparison

Author : Aram A. Yengoyan
ISBN : 0472069187
Genre : History
File Size : 81. 11 MB
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InModes of Comparison: Theory and Practice, the contributors highlight how theoretical problems have brought forth new ideas on comparison and how comparison has become pivotal in the human sciences. Many of the chapters in this interdisciplinary volume update landmark essays from the journalComparative Studies in Society and History. Each of the essays questions a number of critical and contemporary issues in history, sociology, and anthropology as they relate to various ideas of comparison. The authors set out comparative projects, discuss the difficulties of identifying baseline processes, and reflect on the contemporary challenges of organizing their analyses in ways that are both methodologically responsible and theoretically compelling. "As a sign that the Zeitgeist may be changing Yengoyan has brought together a stimulating set of articles that demonstrate the strategic importance of comparison for the humanities and social sciences." —Melford Spiro, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of California, San Diego "The best of the best: conceptually inspired and deftly edited comparative studies from the multidisciplinary journal that calls the field." —Michael Lambek, London School of Economics "Essays on theory, exemplary applications, fresh discoveries, classic articles—a rich collection on comparative study. Each piece is a gem." —Thomas R. Trautmann, Professor of History and Anthropology, University of Michigan "Through rich and provocative explorations integrating anthropology and history,Modes of Comparisonchallenges localist biases and offers exciting new directions." —Jane H. Hill, Regents' Professor of Anthropology and Linguistics, University of Arizona "A splendid review of the uses of comparison in history and anthropology. A wide variety of vivid case examples is illuminated by a broad range of general principles." —Clifford Geertz, School of Social Science, Institute for Advanced Study Aram A. Yengoyanis Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Davis.

Anthropology In Theory

Author : Henrietta L. Moore
ISBN : 9781118780596
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 54. 75 MB
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This second edition of the widely praised Anthropology in Theory: Issues in Epistemology, features a variety of updates, revisions, and new readings in its comprehensive presentation of issues in the history of anthropological theory and epistemology over the past century. Provides a comprehensive selection of 60 readings and an insightful overview of the evolution of anthropological theory Revised and updated to reflect an on-going strength and diversity of the discipline in recent years, with new readings pointing to innovative directions in the development of anthropological research Identifies crucial concepts that reflect the practice of engaging with theory, particular ways of thinking, analyzing and reflecting that are unique to anthropology Includes excerpts of seminal anthropological works, key classic and contemporary debates in the discipline, and cutting-edge new theorizing Reveals broader debates in the social sciences, including the relationship between society and culture; language and cultural meanings; structure and agency; identities and technologies; subjectivities and trans-locality; and meta-theory, ontology and epistemology

Applied Anthropology

Author : John Van Willigen
ISBN : 0897898338
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 90. 6 MB
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Focuses on the use of the methods and theories of anthropology to solve the practical problems of human communities. It addresses a wide range of problem-solving practices in both development action and applied research. The core of the book is chapters focused on specific practices such as evaluation and action research. In addition, there are chapters on history, employment strategies, and ethics.

Napa Bulletin The Unity Of Theory And Practice In Anthropology

Author :
ISBN : 9781444306941
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 24. 88 MB
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NAPA Bulletin is a peer reviewed occasional publication of the National Association for the Practice of Anthropology, dedicated to the practical problem-solving and policy applications of anthropological knowledge and methods. peer reviewed publication of the National Association for the Practice of Anthropology dedicated to the practical problem-solving and policy applications of anthropological knowledge and methods most editions available for course adoption

A Companion To The Anthropology Of Education

Author : Bradley A. Levinson
ISBN : 9781444396706
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 50. 88 MB
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A Companion to the Anthropology of Education presents a comprehensive and state-of-the-art overview of the field, exploring the social and cultural dimension of educational processes in both formal and nonformal settings. Explores theoretical and applied approaches to cultural practice in a diverse range of educational settings around the world, in both formal and non-formal contexts Includes contributions by leading educational anthropologists Integrates work from and on many different national systems of scholarship, including China, the United States, Africa, the Middle East, Colombia, Mexico, India, the United Kingdom, and Denmark Examines the consequences of history, cultural diversity, language policies, governmental mandates, inequality, and literacy for everyday educational processes

Outline Of A Theory Of Practice

Author : Pierre Bourdieu
ISBN : 9781107268111
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 74. 77 MB
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Outline of a Theory of Practice is recognized as a major theoretical text on the foundations of anthropology and sociology. Pierre Bourdieu, a distinguished French anthropologist, develops a theory of practice which is simultaneously a critique of the methods and postures of social science and a general account of how human action should be understood. With his central concept of the habitus, the principle which negotiates between objective structures and practices, Bourdieu is able to transcend the dichotomies which have shaped theoretical thinking about the social world. The author draws on his fieldwork in Kabylia (Algeria) to illustrate his theoretical propositions. With detailed study of matrimonial strategies and the role of rite and myth, he analyses the dialectical process of the 'incorporation of structures' and the objectification of habitus, whereby social formations tend to reproduce themselves. A rigorous consistent materialist approach lays the foundations for a theory of symbolic capital and, through analysis of the different modes of domination, a theory of symbolic power.

Anthropology And Social Theory

Author : Sherry B. Ortner
ISBN : 0822338645
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 27. 68 MB
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The award-winning anthropologist Sherry B. Ortner draws on her longstanding interest in theories of cultural practice to rethink key concepts of culture, agency, and subjectivity.

The Social Theory Of Practices

Author : Stephen Turner
ISBN : 0226817385
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 34. 84 MB
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The concept of "practices"—whether of representation, of political or scientific traditions, or of organizational culture—is central to social theory. In this book, Stephen Turner presents the first analysis and critique of the idea of practice as it has developed in the various theoretical traditions of the social sciences and the humanities. Understood broadly as a tacit understanding "shared" by a group, the concept of a practice has a fatal difficulty, Turner argues: there is no plausible mechanism by which a "practice" is transmitted or reproduced. The historical uses of the concept, from Durkheim to Kripke's version of Wittgenstein, provide examples of the contortions that thinkers have been forced into by this problem, and show the ultimate implausibility of the idea. Turner's conclusion sketches a picture of what happens when we do without the notion of a shared practice, and how this bears on social theory and philosophy. It explains why social theory cannot get beyond the stage of constructing fuzzy analogies, and why the standard constructions of the contemporary philosophical problem of relativism depend upon this defective notion. This first book-length critique of practice theory is sure to stir discussion and controversy in a wide range of fields, from philosophy and science studies to sociology, anthropology, literary studies, and political and legal theory.

Anthropological Theory In North America

Author : E. L. Cerroni-Long
ISBN : 089789684X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60. 53 MB
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Cultural anthropology is at a crossroads. Under the impact of postmodernist critiques, serious doubts have been raised about the scientific validity--indeed, the very viability--of the ethnographic enterprise. These doubts have been voiced most loudly in North America, where the field nonetheless still enjoys the broadest academic base, and attracts the largest number of practitioners. Over the last decade, a set of critical issues has increasingly engaged cultural anthropologists in heated debate. This volume documents the critical issues now being debated within the discipline, and presents a range of original theoretical contributions indicating the directions the field may take in the 21st century.

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