the vat gst treatment of public bodies series on international taxation

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The Vat Gst Treatment Of Public Bodies

Author : Oskar Henkow
ISBN : 9041146636
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 79. 88 MB
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"Most VAT systems exclude public bodies from the scope of value added tax (VAT) systems. However, a movement to include public sector bodies within the GST system to some extent or even fully (as in New Zealand) is gaining momentum, and underlies the European Commission's 2011 study on the treatment and economic impact of exemptions in the public interest. Whether the present EU treatment really is as bad as some of its critics suggest, and whether the New Zealand model really is so perfect that jurisdictions with exclusion models ought simply to replace these existing systems with a New Zealand style system: these are the questions which triggered this research and which form the basis for the critical analysis contained in this book."

Global Trends In Vat Gst And Direct Taxation

Author : Sebastian Pfeiffer
ISBN : 9783709406892
Genre : Law
File Size : 48. 41 MB
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Recent developments in direct taxes and VAT/GST Taxes – in general – have become the topic of broad legal and policy discussions. VAT and GST are often said to be the fiscal success story of the 20th century, as almost all developed countries levy VAT or GST or similar all-encompassing broad-based consumption taxes. Global trends in direct taxes are visible at the level of international players, such as the OECD. Due to the OECD’s BEPS project, national tax systems are being significantly modified. This book aims at identifying and discussing the current global trends in both VAT/GST and direct taxes. In daily practice, VAT/GST and direct taxes should be regarded simultaneously. Therefore, the Master’s theses contained in this book deal with and highlight numerous issues, challenges and opportunities found in both direct taxes and in the VAT/GST area, ranging from nexus in direct taxes and VAT/GST, recent developments in certain policy areas, the definition of taxable persons, tax abuse, non-discrimination rules, charities, transfer pricing, European State aid, immovable property, share deals etc. While the construction of VAT/GST and direct taxes differs, both taxes have similarities. The contributions in this book make a legal comparison of the recent developments in direct taxes and VAT/GST in the relevant fields, provide an analysis of the similarities and differences of the two taxation systems and highlight global trends in taxation.

Ecj Recent Developments In Value Added Tax

Author : Michael Lang
ISBN : 9783709405024
Genre : Law
File Size : 51. 1 MB
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Value Added Tax – a thorough analysis Given the ever increasing importance of indirect taxation as a source of revenue for governments, and the increasing complexity of legal framework as well as the increasing number of countries adopting indirect taxation, it is highly important to closely watch how the law is actually applied in practice. The main driving force in this area is undoubtedly the European Court of Justice. This book offers a thorough analysis but also keeps track of the ongoing developments in this area. It analyses selected topics (e.g. abuse and anti-avoidance measures, taxable base and rates, treatment of Public Bodies, exemptions, and deductions) by looking at the most important and recent judgments of the Court of Justice of the European Union. Experts from all over the world, not just from academia but also government representatives and tax practitioners, have given their input and helped to put together what is an informative and worthy read for anyone dealing with indirect taxation on a professional basis.

Cjeu Recent Developments In Value Added Tax 2015

Author : Michael Lang
ISBN : 9783709408179
Genre : Law
File Size : 81. 63 MB
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The most important and recent judgments of the CJEU Considering the ever increasing importance of indirect taxation as a source of revenue for governments, the intensifying complexity of legal framework, and the proliferating number of countries adopting indirect taxation, it is essential to scrutinize how the law is actually applied in practice. The primary driving force in this area is, undoubtedly, the Court of Justice of the European Union. This book analyzes selected topics (e.g., abuse and anti-avoidance measures, taxable base and rates, treatment of Public Bodies, exemptions, and deductions) by examining the most prominent and recent judgments of the Court of Justice of the European Union. Experts from all over the world, not just from academia but also government representatives and tax practitioners, have provided their input and helped us compile what is an informative and worthy read for anyone dealing with indirect taxation on a professional basis.

A Vat Gst Model Convention

Author : Thomas Ecker
ISBN : 9789087221720
Genre : Double taxation
File Size : 64. 57 MB
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"This book strongly encourages international dialogue and effort in the coordination of national VAT/GST laws. If, however, coordination of unilateral measures fails to effectively prevent double taxation, states can take recourse to binding instruments into which they can build dispute resolution mechanisms - just as they do with respect to income taxes. This book provides a toolkit that may assist in the design of such an instrument and provides an example: a multilateral VAT/GST Model Convention."--Extracted from publisher website on May 20, 2015.

Value Added Tax

Author : Alan Schenk
ISBN : 9781139458269
Genre : Law
File Size : 28. 80 MB
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This book integrates legal, economic, and administrative materials about value added tax. Its principal purpose is to provide comprehensive teaching tools - laws, cases, analytical exercises, and questions drawn from the experience of countries and organizations from all areas of the world. It also serves as a resource for tax practitioners and government officials that must grapple with issues under their VAT or their prospective VAT. The comparative presentation of this volume offers an analysis of policy issues relating to tax structure and tax base as well as insights into how cases arising out of VAT disputes have been resolved. The authors have expanded the coverage to include new VAT related developments in Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia. A chapter on financial services has been added as well as an analysis of significant new cases.

Financial Activities In European Vat

Author : Oskar Henkow
ISBN : 9041127038
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89. 52 MB
Format : PDF
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Most VAT systems exclude public bodies from the scope of value added tax (VAT) systems. However, because what is considered proper for public bodies to engage in varies over time and depends on political preference, there has been a growing awareness that the exclusion necessarily gives rise to economic distortion and legal uncertainty. A movement to include public sector bodies within the GST system to some extent or even fully (as in New Zealand) underlies the European Commission's 2011 study on the treatment and economic impact of exemptions in the public interest. Whether the present EU treatment really is as bad as the distorting effects suggest, or whether the New Zealand model really is so perfect that jurisdictions with exclusion models ought simply to replace these existing systems with a New Zealand style system: these are the questions which triggered this research and which form the basis for the critical analysis contained in this book. Using a system design point of view, the author focuses on VAT schemes where exclusion or inclusion of public bodies are currently being applied and on how these models function. He presents an in-depth analysis of the major issues in this context, such as the treatment of public bodies as taxable persons, their right to deduct input VAT on acquisitions, and the treatment of the income of public bodies. Specific aspects examined include the following: ; reallocation of funds and income vs. the production/distribution/consumption cycle; the concept of 'merit goods'; bias to self-supply instead of contracting out; preference to integrate vertically in the supply chain; applicability of VAT to government regulatory services; tax cascading in the public goods and services context; administration and compliance burden in government agencies; interpretational and implementation difficulties in EU Member States; and VAT compensation schemes considered as illegal State aid in the public sector context. The book concludes with an insightful discussion of what might be considered as 'best practice' in relation to both the exclusion and full tax models. Peerless in its thorough discussion of the treatment of public bodies in various VAT systems, and in the EU VAT system in particular, this study will be warmly welcomed by practitioners, academics, and policymakers as a giant step.

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