the wheel inventions and reinventions columbia studies in international and global history

Download Book The Wheel Inventions And Reinventions Columbia Studies In International And Global History in PDF format. You can Read Online The Wheel Inventions And Reinventions Columbia Studies In International And Global History here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

The Wheel

Author : Richard W. Bulliet
ISBN : 9780231540612
Genre : History
File Size : 36. 28 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 950
Read : 1315

Download Now


In this book, Richard W. Bulliet focuses on three major phases in the evolution of the wheel and their relationship to the needs and ambitions of human society. He begins in 4000 B.C.E. with the first wheels affixed to axles. He then follows with the innovation of wheels turning independently on their axles and concludes five thousand years later with the caster, a single rotating and pivoting wheel. BullietÕs most interesting finding is that a simple desire to move things from place to place did not drive the wheelÕs development. If that were the case, the wheel could have been invented at any time almost anywhere in the world. By dividing the history of this technology into three conceptual phases and focusing on the specific men, women, and societies that brought it about, Bulliet expands the social, economic, and political significance of a tool we only partially understand. He underscores the role of gender, combat, and competition in the design and manufacture of wheels, adding vivid imagery to illustrate each stage of their development.

Limits Of Westernization

Author : Perin E. Gürel
ISBN : 9780231543965
Genre : History
File Size : 67. 70 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 443
Read : 1103

Download Now


In a 2001 poll, Turks ranked the United States highest when asked: “Which country is Turkey’s best friend in international relations?” When the pollsters reversed the question—“Which country is Turkey’s number one enemy in international relations?”—the United States came in second. How did Turkey’s citizens come to hold such opposing views simultaneously? In The Limits of Westernization, Perin E. Gürel explains this unique split and its echoes in contemporary U.S.-Turkey relations. Using Turkish and English sources, Gürel maps the reaction of Turks to the rise of the United States as a world-ordering power in the twentieth century. As Turkey transitioned from an empire to a nation-state, the country’s ruling elite projected “westernization” as a necessary and desirable force but also feared its cultural damage. Turkish stock figures and figures of speech represented America both as a good model for selective westernization and as a dangerous source of degeneration. At the same time, U.S. policy makers imagined Turkey from within their own civilization templates, first as the main figure of Oriental barbarism (i.e., “the terrible Turk”), then, during the Cold War, as good pupils of modernization theory. As the Cold War transitioned to the War on Terror, Turks rebelled against the new U.S.-made trope of the “moderate Muslim.” Local artifacts of westernization—folk culture crossed with American cultural exports—and alternate projections of modernity became tinder for both Turkish anti-Americanism and resistance to state-led modernization projects. The Limits of Westernization analyzes the complex local uses of “the West” to explain how the United States could become both the best and the worst in the Turkish political imagination. Gürel traces how ideas about westernization and America have influenced national history writing and policy making, as well as everyday affects and identities. Foregrounding shifting tropes about and from Turkey—a regional power that continues to dominate American visions for the “modernization” of the Middle East—Gürel also illuminates the transnational development of powerful political tropes, from “the Terrible Turk” to “the Islamic Terrorist.”

Wiring The World

Author : Simone MŸller
ISBN : 9780231540261
Genre : History
File Size : 45. 62 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 118
Read : 463

Download Now


The laying of the transatlantic cable in the 1850s sparked a revolution in communication. A message could travel from Newfoundland to Ireland in minutes, collapsing the space among continents, cultures, and nations. An eclectic group of engineers, entrepreneurs, politicians, and media visionaries then developed this technology into a telecommunications system that remade civilization. The desire to wire the world, though, was not shared by all. This unusual history focuses not only on those who advanced cable communications, but also on those who harbored alternative ideas. These battles manifested in the cable wars, discourses on morality and violence, a rivalry between science and business, and the rise of strategic nationalism. They might seem peripheral, but such struggles determined the growth of cable technology, which in turn influenced world history. Filled with fascinating characters and new insight into defining events, this book recognizes globalization’s diverse paths and close ties to business and politics.

Handmade Culture

Author : Morgan Pitelka
ISBN : 0824828852
Genre : Art
File Size : 25. 5 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 312
Read : 1331

Download Now


Morgan Pitelka examines raku, one of Japan's most famous arts and a pottery technique practised around the world. He considers four centuries of cultural invention and reinvention during times of both political stasis and socioeconomic upheaval.

The Yale Journal Of International Law

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B5128352
Genre :
File Size : 85. 22 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 906
Read : 620

Download Now



Healing Traditions

Author : Laurence J. Kirmayer
ISBN : 9780774858632
Genre : Medical
File Size : 89. 89 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 758
Read : 363

Download Now


Aboriginal peoples in Canada have diverse cultures but share common social and political challenges that have contributed to their experiences of health and illness. This collection addresses the origins of mental health and social problems and the emergence of culturally responsive approaches to services and health promotion. Healing Traditions is not a handbook of practice but a resource for thinking critically about current issues in the mental health of indigenous peoples. Cross-cutting themes include: the impact of colonialism, sedentarization, and forced assimilation; the importance of land for indigenous identity and an ecocentric self; and processes of healing and spirituality as sources of resilience.

Human Rights In Global Politics

Author : Tim Dunne
ISBN : 0521641381
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 46. 75 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 991
Read : 965

Download Now


There is a stark contradiction between the theory of universal human rights and the everyday practice of human wrongs. This timely volume investigates whether human rights abuses are a result of the failure of governments to live up to a universal human rights standard, or whether the search for moral universals is a fundamentally flawed enterprise which distracts us from the task of developing rights in the context of particular ethical communities. In the first part of the book chapters by Ken Booth, Jack Donnelly, Chris Brown, Bhikhu Parekh and Mary Midgley explore the philosophical basis of claims to universal human rights. In the second part, Richard Falk, Mary Kaldor, Martin Shaw, Gil Loescher, Georgina Ashworth and Andrew Hurrell reflect on the role of the media, global civil society, states, migration, non-governmental organisations, capitalism, and schools and universities in developing a global human rights culture.

Top Download:

Best Books