theoretical modelling of aeroheating on sharpened noses under rarefied gas effects and nonequilibrium real gas effects springer theses

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Theoretical Modelling Of Aeroheating On Sharpened Noses Under Rarefied Gas Effects And Nonequilibrium Real Gas Effects

Author : Zhi-Hui Wang
ISBN : 9783662443651
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 62. 8 MB
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Theoretical Modelling of Aeroheating on Sharpened Noses under Rarefied Gas Effects and Nonequilibrium Real Gas Effects employs a theoretical modeling method to study hypersonic flows and aeroheating on sharpened noses under rarefied gas effects and nonequilibrium real gas effects that are beyond the scope of traditional fluid mechanics. It reveals the nonlinear and nonequilibrium features, discusses the corresponding flow and heat transfer mechanisms, and ultimately establishes an analytical engineering theory framework for hypersonic rarefied and chemical nonequilibrium flows. The original analytical findings presented are not only of great academic significance, but also hold considerable potential for applications in engineering practice. The study explores a viable new approach, beyond the heavily relied-upon numerical methods and empirical formulas, to the present research field, which could be regarded as a successful implementation of the idea and methodology of the engineering sciences.

Unified Theoretical Foundations Of Lift And Drag In Viscous And Compressible External Flows

Author : Luo-Qin Liu
ISBN : 9789811062230
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50. 42 MB
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This thesis analyzes aerodynamic forces in viscous and compressible external flows. It is unique, as the force theories discussed apply to fully viscous and compressible Navier-Stokes external flows, allowing them to be readily combined with computational fluid dynamics to form a profound basis of modern aerodynamics. This thesis makes three fundamental contributions to theoretical aerodynamics, presenting: (1) a universal far-field zonal structure that determines how disturbance flow quantities decay dynamically to the state of rest at infinity; (2) a universal and exact total-force formula for steady flow and its far-field asymptotics; and (3) a general near-field theory for the detailed diagnosis of all physical constituents of aerodynamic force and moment.

Basics Of Aerothermodynamics

Author : Ernst Heinrich Hirschel
ISBN : 9783319143736
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 32. 86 MB
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This successful book gives an introduction to the basics of aerothermodynamics, as applied in particular to winged re-entry vehicles and airbreathing hypersonic cruise and acceleration vehicles. The book gives a review of the issues of transport of momentum, energy and mass, real-gas effects as well as inviscid and viscous flow phenomena. In this second, revised edition the chapters with the classical topics of aerothermodynamics more or less were left untouched. The access to some single topics of practical interest was improved. Auxiliary chapters were put into an appendix. The recent successful flights of the X-43A and the X-51A indicate that the dawn of sustained airbreathing hypersonic flight now has arrived. This proves that the original approach of the book to put emphasis on viscous effects and the aerothermodynamics of radiation-cooled vehicle surfaces was timely. This second, revised edition even more accentuates these topics. A new, additional chapter treats examples of viscous thermal surface effects. Partly only very recently obtained experimental and numerical results show the complexity of such phenomena (dependence of boundary-layer stability, skin friction, boundary-layer thicknesses, and separation on the thermal state of the surface) and their importance for airbreathing hypersonic flight vehicles, but also for any other kind of hypersonic vehicle.

Selected Aerothermodynamic Design Problems Of Hypersonic Flight Vehicles

Author : Ernst Heinrich Hirschel
ISBN : 354089974X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 85. 37 MB
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In this book selected aerothermodynamic design problems in hypersonic vehicles are treated. Where applicable, it emphasizes the fact that outer surfaces of hypersonic vehicles primarily are radiation-cooled, an interdisciplinary topic with many implications.

Aerospace Materials Handbook

Author : Sam Zhang
ISBN : 9781439873304
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 70. 78 MB
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Whether an airplane or a space shuttle, a flying machine requires advanced materials to provide a strong, lightweight body and a powerful engine that functions at high temperature. The Aerospace Materials Handbook examines these materials, covering traditional superalloys as well as more recently developed light alloys. Capturing state-of-the-art developments in materials research for aeronautical and aerospace applications, this book provides a timely reference for both newcomers and veteran researchers in the field. The chapters address developments in bulk materials, coatings, traditional materials, and new materials. Beginning with an overview of superalloys, including nickel-, nickel–iron-, and cobalt-based superalloys, the text covers machining, laser cladding and alloying, corrosion performance, high-temperature oxidation, thermal spraying, and nanostructured coatings. It also includes four categories of composites used in aerospace: metal matrix, polymer, carbon nanotube-reinforced polymer, and self-healing composites. The text describes preparation, processing, and fatigue of lightweight magnesium alloys, as well as an exciting new class of materials—aerogels. This book brings readers to the cutting edge of research in materials for aerospace and aeronautics. It provides an entry point into this field and presents details to stimulate future research. This unique, up-to-date resource offers knowledge to enable practitioners to develop faster, more efficient, and more reliable air- and spacecraft.

Vacuum Technology

Author : Nagamitsu Yoshimura
ISBN : 9783540744337
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 92 MB
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In this book, Yoshimura provides a review of the UHV related development during the last decades. His very broad experience in the design enables him to present us this detailed reference. After a general description how to design UHV systems, he covers all important issue in detail, like pumps, outgasing, Gauges, and Electrodes for high voltages. Thus, this book serves as reference for everybody using UVH in scientific equipment.

Physics Of Meteoric Phenomena

Author : V.A. Bronshten
ISBN : 9789400972223
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 40 MB
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"Meteoric phenomena" is the accepted term for the complex of physi cal phenomena that accompany the entry of meteoric bodies into the at mosphere of the earth (or of any planet). "Meteoric bodies" are usually defined as cosmic bodies observed by optical or radar techniques, when they enter the atmosphere. The limiting sensitivity of present-day radar equipment makes it possible to record meteors of up to stellar magnitude +14, while the most brilliant bolides may reach magnitude -19. On a mass 7 7 scale this corresponds approximately to a range of 10- to 10 g. How ever, met~or astronomy is also concerned with larger objects, namely crater-forming meteorites, or objects that cause large-scale destruction when they arrive through the atmosphere (an example is the Tunguska River meteorite). Consideration of the interaction of such objects with 12 the terrestrial atmosphere extends the mass range to 10 g. On the other hand, scientists studying fragmentation processes in meteoric bod 7 ies have to consider particles with masses less than 10- g, and the use of data from meteoric-particle counters on rockets and artificial satel lites, from microcraters on the lunar surface, and from noctilucent clouds 12 lowers the minimum mass to 10- g. Therefore, the mass range of meteoric bodies, or meteoroids, encompasses 24 orders of magnitude. Although recent years have witnessed considerable development in meteor research, both in the Soviet Union and elsewhere, the main mono graphs on meteor physics were published twenty or more years ago.

Physics Of Meteor Flight In The Atmosphere

Author : Ernst Julius Opik
ISBN : 0486438856
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 69 MB
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This volume by an astrophysics pioneer concerns the phenomena occurring during the flight of meteors through the terrestrial atmosphere. Beginning with a historical view of the study of meteor activity, the text examines atmospheric conditions and the classification and physico-chemical properties of meteors. Also includes meteoroid energy transfer, ablation, atomic collisions, and meteor radiation.

Non Lte Radiative Transfer In The Atmosphere

Author : Manuel López-Puertas
ISBN : 9812811494
Genre : Atmospheric thermodynamics
File Size : 87. 18 MB
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During the last three decades, it has become increasingly clear that atmospheric modelling and remote sounding of the atmosphere from space, to name just two important application areas, are affected by non-equilibrium processes which have not been incorporated into traditional radiative transfer calculations. These processes, dubbed OC non-LTEOCO, are therefore the subject of growing interest among scholars and researchers dealing with the upper atmosphere. This important book provides the first comprehensive and OC globalOCO description of non-LTE infrared emissions in the atmosphere of the Earth and other planets, starting with the theoretical foundations and progressing to the most important applications. Besides giving an introduction to this complex subject, it is a guide to the state-of-the-art in incorporating non-LTE processes into radiative transfer algorithms and computer models of the atmosphere. Numerous examples are presented of the application of these methods to (a) atmospheric remote sensing, (b) atmospheric energy budget (cooling and heating rate) calculations, and (c) atmospheres other than the Earth''s. Contents: Introduction and Overview; Molecular Spectra; Basic Atmospheric Radiative Transfer; Solutions to the Radiative Transfer Equation in LTE; Solutions to the Radiative Transfer Equation in Non-LTE; Non-LTE Modelling of the Earth''s Atmosphere I: CO 2; Non-LTE Modelling of the Earth''s Atmosphere II: Other Infrared Emitters; Remote Sensing of the Non-LTE Atmosphere; Cooling and Heating Rates; Non-LTE in Planetary Atmospheres. Readership: Graduate students and researchers in meteorology, astrophysics and environmental chemistry."

Leonid Storm Research

Author : Peter Jenniskens
ISBN : 0792367383
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 24 MB
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This excellent overview will appeal to all researchers who have an interest in Leonid showers. It contains over forty research papers that present some of the first observational results of the November 1999 Leonid meteor storm, the first storm observed by modern observing techniques.

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