thermophysical properties of chemicals and hydrocarbons

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Thermophysical Properties Of Chemicals And Hydrocarbons

Author : Carl L. Yaws
ISBN : 9780323290609
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 2 MB
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Compiled by an expert in the field, the book provides an engineer with data they can trust. Spanning gases, liquids, and solids, all critical properties (including viscosity, thermal conductivity, and diffusion coefficient) are covered. From C1 to C100 organics and Ac to Zr inorganics, the data in this handbook is a perfect quick reference for field, lab or classroom usage. By collecting a large – but relevant – amount of information in one source, the handbook enables engineers to spend more time developing new designs and processes, and less time collecting vital properties data. This is not a theoretical treatise, but an aid to the practicing engineer in the field, on day-to-day operations and long range projects. Simplifies research and significantly reduces the amount of time spent collecting properties data Compiled by an expert in the field, the book provides an engineer with data they can trust in design, research, development and manufacturing A single, easy reference for critical temperature dependent properties for a wide range of hydrocarbons, including C1 to ClOO organics and Ac to Zr inorganics

Transport Properties Of Chemicals And Hydrocarbons

Author : Carl L. Yaws
ISBN : 9780323290593
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 53 MB
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Covering more than 7,800 organic and inorganic chemicals and hydrocarbons, Transport Properties of Chemical and Hydrocarbons, Second Edition is an essential volume for any chemist or chemical engineer. Spanning gases, liquids, and solids, the book covers all critical properties (including viscosity, thermal conductivity, and diffusion coefficient). From C1 to C100 organics and Ac to Zr inorganics, the data in this handbook is a perfect quick reference for field, lab, or classroom use. By collecting a massive – but relevant – amount of information in one source, the handbook enables engineers to spend more time developing new designs and processes, and less time collecting vital properties data. This is not a theoretical treatise, but an aid to the practicing engineer in the field, on day-to-day operations and long-range projects. Simplifies research and significantly reduces the amount of time spent collecting properties data Compiled by an expert in the field, the book provides engineers with data they can trust All critical properties are covered for ease of reference, including viscosity, thermal conductivity, and diffusion coefficient

The Yaws Handbook Of Thermodynamic Properties For Hydrocarbons And Chemicals

Author : Marco Satyro
ISBN : 9780128105177
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 85 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Petroleum and chemical engineers are constantly looking for reliable data yet don’t have the time to search through multiple sources and articles to get the most accurate pieces of data. The Yaws Handbook of Thermodynamic Properties for Hydrocarbons and Chemicals, 2nd edition brings a one-stop database reference for engineers to quickly gain access on over 12,000 compounds, simple and complex fluids, and an extensive list of properties – all to validate and improve on their thermodynamic modeling. Enhanced with eight new chapters covering more equation of state parameters, Yaws’ product continues to remain a go-to source to crosscheck critical properties available on process simulators or PVT software and estimate these properties based on the group contribution methods described in the different chapters. The Yaws Handbook of Thermodynamic Properties for Hydrocarbons and Chemicals, 2nd edition stands as the trusted database to optimize petrochemical processes, equipment, and operations. Provides a reliable database reference for thermodynamic properties, even varied by temperature, as well as simple and complex fluids, mixtures, and property calculations Updated with eight additional new chapters covering a modern platform of practical applications in modelling both pure fluids and mixtures with cubic equations of state Delivers accurate and quick options and solutions to size or simulate petrochemical processes and develop better predictive models

Handbook Of Chemical Compound Data For Process Safety

Author : Carl L. Yaws
ISBN : 0080533396
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 71 MB
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This book provides comprehensive safety and health-related data for hydrocarbons and organic chemicals as well as selected data for inorganic chemicals.

Handbook Of Industrial Hydrocarbon Processes

Author : James G. Speight
ISBN : 0080942717
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 66. 59 MB
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Written by an author with over 38 years of experience in the chemical and petrochemical process industry, this handbook will present an analysis of the process steps used to produce industrial hydrocarbons from various raw materials. It is the first book to offer a thorough analysis of external factors effecting production such as: cost, availability and environmental legislation. An A-Z list of raw materials and their properties are presented along with a commentary regarding their cost and availability. Specific processing operations described in the book include: distillation, thermal cracking and coking, catalytic methods, hydroprocesses, thermal and catalytic reforming, isomerization, alkylation processes, polymerization processes, solvent processes, water removal, fractionation and acid gas removal. Flow diagrams and descriptions of more than 250 leading-edge process technologies An analysis of chemical reactions and process steps that are required to produce chemicals from various raw materials Properties, availability and environmental impact of various raw materials used in hydrocarbon processing

The Yaws Handbook Of Physical Properties For Hydrocarbons And Chemicals

Author : Carl L. Yaws
ISBN : 9780128011461
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87. 88 MB
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Refineries and petrochemical engineers today are accepting more unconventional feedstocks such as heavy oil and shale, causing unique challenges on the processing side of the business. To create more reliable engineering design of process equipment for the petrochemical industry, petroleum engineers and process managers are forced to study the physical properties and compounds of these particular hydrocarbons. Instead of looking up each compound’s information, The Yaws Handbook of Physical Properties for Hydrocarbons and Chemicals, Second Edition presents an easy-to-use format with rapid access to search for the particular compound and understand all the complex calculations in one tabular format. Understanding the composition of hydrocarbons is not easy to calculate quickly or accurately, but this must-have reference leads the engineer to better estimated properties and fractions from easily measured components. Expanded to cover more total compounds and relevant functions, The Yaws Handbook of Physical Properties for Hydrocarbons and Chemicals, Second Edition remains a necessary reference tool for every petrochemical and petroleum engineers’ library. Coverage added on elements for hydrocarbons and chemicals with more than 200 real-world cases included for practicality Increased compound coverage from 41,000 to 54,000 total compounds to quickly access for everyday use New functions added such as testing boiling point temperature and new data on density and refractory index

The Chemistry Of Hydrocarbon Fuels

Author : Harold H. Schobert
ISBN : 9781483140933
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76. 68 MB
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The Chemistry of Hydrocarbon Fuels is concerned with the chemical aspects of hydrofuels such as coal, petroleum, and natural gas. Topics covered include diagenesis and catagenesis, processing of natural gas and petroleum fractions, coal combustion, and chemicals that can be obtained from fuels. This book is comprised of 14 chapters and begins with a comprehensive treatment of the formation of fuels from accumulated organic matter, along with the organic geochemistry of coal, oil, and gas. The following chapters focus on the composition of hydrocarbon fuels and some of their important physical properties. Production and use of synthesis gas, alternate fuels from coal, and oxygenated fuels are considered. The remaining chapters deal with some of the chemistry of separation, refining, and use of hydrocarbon fuels. This monograph is written primarily for practicing scientists and engineers, fuel scientists, petroleum chemists, and those who are new to the field of fuel science and seek an introduction to fuel chemistry.

Solid Fuels And Heavy Hydrocarbon Liquids

Author : Rafael Kandiyoti
ISBN : 9780081007969
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 58 MB
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Solid Fuels and Heavy Hydrocarbon Liquids: Thermal Characterisation and Analysis, Second Edition integrates the developments that have taken place since publication of the first edition in 2006. This updated material includes new insights that help unify the thermochemical reactions of biomass and coal, as well as new developments in analytical techniques, including new applications in size exclusion chromatography, several mass spectrometric techniques, and new applications of nuclear magnetic spectroscopy to the characterization of heavy hydrocarbon liquids The topics covered are essential for the energy and fuels research community, including academics, students, and research engineers working in the power, oil and gas, and renewable energy industries. Includes a description of the principles and design of experiments used for assessing the reactivities, reactions, and reaction products of coal and lignocellulosic biomass Features an outline of recent advances in the analytical methodology for characterizing heavy petroleum derived fractions and products from the thermochemical reactions of coal and biomass Provides a link between samples, reaction conditions, and product characteristics to help in the search for upgrading methods for heavy hydrocarbon liquids

Chemical Properties Handbook

Author : Carl Yaws
ISBN : 0070734011
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46. 67 MB
Format : PDF
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Necessary data that's often hard to find or difficult to calculate, all in one place, in easy-access format. That's what this Handbook provides to scientific, engineering, and environmental professionals, and students, who seek information on how chemicals will behave at different temperatures and under different conditions. Covering both organic and inorganic substances, and providing both experimental values and estimated values based on methods developed by the author and other noted experts, this book can save countless hours of searching for the right source or performing complicated calculations. Useful for hundreds of on-the-job information requirements, this much-needed Handbook makes it easy to obtain critical values for temperature and pressure for design or operation of compressors and turbines; find heat capacity data for heat exchangers; accurately design and safely operate vaporizers and condensers with precise information on enthalpy of vaporization; size vaporizer/condenser storage vessels with density data; determine the heating and cooling requirements of reactors with values for the enthalpy of formation; determine chemical equilibria for reactions using Gibbs’ energy of formation; design and operate effective stripping operations for water pollutant removal using water solubility data and Henry’s Law Constant; find needed adsorption capacities of activated carbon for cleaning air of various pollutants; use soil sorption coefficient for agricultural applications; solve problems for fluid flow of gases and liquids using viscosity data; use thermal conductivity data for heat transfer applications; use lower and upper explosion limits in air, flock point and autoignition temperature for safety in designs and operations; use threshold limit value (ACGIH), permissible exposure limit (OSHA) and recommended exposure limit (NIOSH) to design facilities while safeguarding health; use thermal expansion coefficient data to design relief systems; and find thousands of other time-saving uses.

Fundamentals Of Petroleum Refining

Author : Mohamed A. Fahim
ISBN : 0080931561
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 31. 26 MB
Format : PDF
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Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining presents the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics, and it explains the scientific background essential for understanding refinery operations. The text also provides a detailed introduction to refinery engineering topics, ranging from the basic principles and unit operations to overall refinery economics. The book covers important topics, such as clean fuels, gasification, biofuels, and environmental impact of refining, which are not commonly discussed in most refinery textbooks. Throughout the source, problem sets and examples are given to help the reader practice and apply the fundamental principles of refining. Chapters 1-10 can be used as core materials for teaching undergraduate courses. The first two chapters present an introduction to the petroleum refining industry and then focus on feedstocks and products. Thermophysical properties of crude oils and petroleum fractions, including processes of atmospheric and vacuum distillations, are discussed in Chapters 3 and 4. Conversion processes, product blending, and alkylation are covered in chapters 5-10. The remaining chapters discuss hydrogen production, clean fuel production, refining economics and safety, acid gas treatment and removal, and methods for environmental and effluent treatments. This source can serve both professionals and students (on undergraduate and graduate levels) of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Chemistry, and Chemical Technology. Beginners in the engineering field, specifically in the oil and gas industry, may also find this book invaluable. Provides balanced coverage of fundamental and operational topics Includes spreadsheets and process simulators for showing trends and simulation case studies Relates processing to planning and management to give an integrated picture of refining

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