thermosets and composites material selection applications manufacturing and cost analysis plastics design library

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Thermosets And Composites

Author : Michel Biron
ISBN : 9781455731251
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 27. 53 MB
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This book bridges the technology and business aspects of thermosets, providing a practical guide designed for engineers working in real-world industrial settings. The author explores the criteria for material selection, provides information on material properties for each family of thermosets, and discusses the various processing options for each material type. He explains advantages and disadvantages of using thermosets and composites in comparison to competing materials and assesses cost aspects, enabling the reader to balance out technical and economic constraints when choosing a thermoset and processing technology for a given application. This second edition contains a new section on composites solutions for practical problems, gathering information on trends contributing to the breakthrough of composites in various sectors. Other new sections on specific crosslinking processes, processing trends, machinery and equipment manufacturers, applications, bio-sourced thermosets and natural fibers, and recycling of thermosets and composites are included. Case studies are provided, illustrating many design and production challenges. Furthermore, new market data and information about health and safety will be added. All data is fully updated throughout, with pricing in USD and EUR, and both ASTM (North American) and European standards. Thermosets and Thermoset Composites, Second Edition is the only book that gives in-depth coverage of a wide range of subject matters and markets, yet in brevity and concision in a single volume, avoiding the need of consulting a series of other specialized books. By providing the knowledge necessary for selecting a fabrication process, thermoset material and methods for determining the all important cost of thermoset parts this new edition is an invaluable decision-making aid and reference work for practitioners in a field with growing importance. Combining materials data, information on processing techniques, and economic aspects, Biron provides a unique end-to-end approach to the selection and use of materials in the plastics industry and related sectors New material on bio-sourced thermosets, natural fibers, and recycling of thermosets Concise and easy-to-use source of information and decision-making aid

Thermosets And Composites

Author : Michel Biron
ISBN : 0080519202
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48. 13 MB
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• A succinct source of information for designers and manufacturers. • A decision-making tool for those who need a quick and pragmatic account of thermosets and composites. • A synoptic account of the techno-economics and properties of all the commonly-used thermosets and composites. Designers and manufacturers using thermosets and composites, or those intending to do so, often need a succinct source of information on the economics and properties of these materials. This book provides a synoptic approach. It covers the economic importance of thermosets and composites, a comparison of the properties of the various thermoset categories, monographs on the nine principal families of thermosets, polymer composites and emergent materials and processes. Will enable readers to make informed decisions leading to well designed and made products.

Design And Manufacture Of Textile Composites

Author : A C Long
ISBN : 0849325935
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76. 20 MB
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Textile composites encompass a rather narrow range of materials, based on three-dimensional reinforcements produced using specialist equipment. This book describes the design, manufacture and applications of textile composites. The intention is to describe the broad range of polymer composite materials with textile reinforcements, from woven and non-crimp commodity fabrics to 3-D textiles and their applications. The book gives particular attention to the modelling of textile structures, composites manufacturing methods, and subsequent component performance. This practical book is an invaluable guide for manufacturers of polymer composite components, end-users and designers, structural materials researchers, and textile manufacturers involved in the development of new products with textile composites.

Composites For Automotive Truck And Mass Transit

Author : Uday Vaidya
ISBN : 9781932078794
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87. 21 MB
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· Technical explanation of composite materials in vehicle design and manufacture · Covers all phases of composites design, formulation, fabrication, and testing · Features hundreds of case studies and hard-to-find formulas and analytical data · Detailed information on resins, preforms, lightweighting, biobased materials -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This technical book provides a comprehensive explanation of how advanced composite materials, including FRPs, reinforced thermoplastics, carbon-based composites and many others are designed, processed and utilized in exterior, interior, under-the-hood, structural, semi-structural and non-structural components in passenger cars, performance cars, trucks, motorbikes, and mass transit vehicles. The book clarifies how the material properties of composites can be optimized to decrease weight, expand design options, improve crashworthiness, and reduce fuel consumption in response to CAFE and other regulations. The many case studies and equation-based analyses in this book are intended to assist engineers and others in the selection of materials and the fabrication of vehicle parts.Table of Contents: CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction 1.2 History and Legislative Actions 1.3 The Case for Lightweighting 1.4 Technological Barriers 1.5 Advantages and Opportunities 1.6 Integral Factors 1.7 Summary 1.8 References CHAPTER 2: POLYMER RESINS, ADDITIVES AND SANDWICH CORES FOR AUTOMOTIVE, MASS TRANSIT AND HEAVY TRUCKS 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Polymer Resins: Thermoset and Thermoplastic 2.3 Thermoset Polymer Composites 2.4 Thermoplastic Resins 2.5 Additives 2.6 Structural Foams and Core Materials 2.7 Summary 2.8 References CHAPTER 3: REINFORCEMENTS FOR AUTOMOTIVE AND TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS 3.1 Reinforcing Fibers 3.2 Reinforcement Length Scales and Forms 3.3 Glass Fibers 3.4 Carbon or Graphite Fibers 3.5 Aramid (Kevlar") Fibers 3.6 High-Strength Polyolefin Fibers 3.7 Basalt Fibers 3.8 Summary5 3.9 References CHAPTER 4: MATERIAL FORMS FOR AUTOMOTIVE, HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 4.1 Need for Intermediate Material Forms 4.2 Preforming 4.3 Intermediate Material Form for Thermoplastic Composites 4.4 Summary 4.5 References CHAPTER 5: DISCONTINUOUS REINFORCEMENT-BASED PROCESSES FOR AUTOMOTIVE AND TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS 5.1 Discontinuous Forms 5.2 Glass Mat Thermoplastic Composites (GMT) 5.3 Long Fiber Thermoplastics (LFT) 5.4 Sheet Molding Compound (SMC) 5.5 Compression Molding 5.6 Programmable Powdered Preform Process (P4) 5.7 Structural Foam Molding 5.8 Other Application Case Studies with Discontinuous Fiber Composites 5.9 Exterior 5.10 Interior 5.11 Lightweighting Fuel Cells 5.12 Summary 5.13 References CHAPTER 6: CONTINUOUS FIBER REINFORCEMENT BASED PROCESSES FOR AUTOMOTIVE, HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 6.1 Continuous Fiber Composites 6.2 Preforming 6.3 Continuous Fiber Processes for Automotive and Transportation Applications 6.4 Application Case Studies with Continuous Fiber Reinforcements 6.5 Summary 6.6 References CHAPTER 7: MECHANICS AND DESIGN TIPS 7.1 Test Methods and Specific Properties 7.2 Conversion Between Volume and Weight Fractions 7.3 Stiffness and Strength Prediction of Discontinuous and Continuous Fiber Composites 7.4 Stiffness Equivalency 7.5 Sandwich Composites 7.6 Ribbed LFT and Tape Reinforced LFT 7.7 Summary 7.8 References CHAPTER 8: COMPOSITE MANUFACTURING PROCESS ANALYSIS FOR AUTOMOTIVE PARTS 8.1 Background 8.2 Production Requirements 8.3 Representative Part 8.4 Cost Analysis 8.5 Economic Benefit for the Material Supplier 8.6 Summary 8.7 References CHAPTER 9: CARBON FIBER 9.1 Background 9.2 Challenges 9.3 Typical Properties of Automotive Carbon Fiber Composites 9.4 Carbon Fibers in Cars 9.5 Summary 9.6 References CHAPTER 10: PERFORMANCE CARS 10.1 Background 10.2 Performance Cars 10.3 Hypercar 10.4 Futuristic Concept Cars 10.5 Race Motorbikes 10.6 Summary 10.7 References CHAPTER 11: HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 11.1 Commercial Motor Vehicles (CMVs) 11.2 Role of Composites in Mass Transit 11.3 Composite Subelements for Mass Transit 11.4 Summary 11.5 References CHAPTER 12: JOINING AND ADHESIVES 12.1 Joining and Bonding Strategies 12.2 Adhesive Bonding 12.3 Fusion Bonding/Welding 12.4 Joining in Automotive and Transportation Components 12.5 Summary 12.6 References CHAPTER 13: BIOCOMPOSITES, RECYCLING AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS 13.1 Need for Environmentally Friendly Materials 13.2 History 13.3 Regulations 13.4 Green Materials/Natural Fibers 13.5 Bio-Resins and Nanoclay Modified Resins 13.6 Nanocomposites 13.7 Intermediate Forms 13.8 Examples of Natural Fiber and Biocomposite Automotive Parts 13.9 Recycled Composite Scrap for Transportation 13.10 Summary 13.11 References CHAPTER 14: OVERALL SUMMARY 14.1 Overall Trends 14.2 Opportunities and Challenges Index

Handbook Of Materials Selection

Author : Myer Kutz
ISBN : 0471359246
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 60. 93 MB
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An innovative resource for materials properties, their evaluation, and industrial applications The Handbook of Materials Selection provides information and insight that can be employed in any discipline or industry to exploit the full range of materials in use today-metals, plastics, ceramics, and composites. This comprehensive organization of the materials selection process includes analytical approaches to materials selection and extensive information about materials available in the marketplace, sources of properties data, procurement and data management, properties testing procedures and equipment, analysis of failure modes, manufacturing processes and assembly techniques, and applications. Throughout the handbook, an international roster of contributors with a broad range of experience conveys practical knowledge about materials and illustrates in detail how they are used in a wide variety of industries. With more than 100 photographs of equipment and applications, as well as hundreds of graphs, charts, and tables, the Handbook of Materials Selection is a valuable reference for practicing engineers and designers, procurement and data managers, as well as teachers and students.

Composites Manufacturing

Author : Sanjay Mazumdar
ISBN : 9781420041989
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52. 14 MB
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More and more companies manufacture reinforced composite products. To meet the market need, researchers and industries are developing manufacturing methods without a reference that thoroughly covers the manufacturing guidelines. Composites Manufacturing: Materials, Product, and Process Engineering fills this void. The author presents a fundamental classification of processes, helping you understand where a process fits within the overall scheme and which process is best suited for a particular component. You will understand: Types of raw materials available for the fabrication of composite products Methods of selecting right material for an application Six important phases of a product development process Design for manufacturing (DFM) approach for integrating benefits and capabilities of the manufacturing process into design of the product so that the best product can be produced in a shortest possible time and with limited resources Detailed description of composites manufacturing processes with some case studies on actual part making such as boat hulls, bathtubs, fishing rods and more Process models and process selection criteria Design and manufacturing guidelines for making cost-competitive composite products Procedures for writing manufacturing instructions and bill of materials Joining and machining techniques for composite materials Cost-estimating techniques and methods of comparing technologies/manufacturing processes based on cost Recycling approach to deal with post-market composite products To stay ahead in this quickly changing field, you need information you can trust. You need Composites Manufacturing: Materials, Product, and Process Engineering.

Thermoplastics And Thermoplastic Composites

Author : Michel Biron
ISBN : 008048980X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36. 58 MB
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Thermoplastics represent appx 90% by weight of all plastics consumed world-wide. We know them mainly in the form of polythenes, polyolefins, polystyrenes, nylons and acrylics. Under different heating conditions and by varying the composition of the plastic it is possible to make many different products with differing properties. This is a decision-making tool and source-book of information for plastics users, providing detailed accounts of the materials used, their economics,the selection of appropriate materials, and the use of thermoplastic resins and their composites. By having this book to hand, you will use the right material in the right way to produce the right product. · Provides a quick and pragmatic approach to selecting thermoplastics for the non-specialist plastics user · Offers detailed accounts of thermoplastics including economic and technological elements · Clear and easy to understand illustrated with figures, tables and graphs throughout

Fiber Reinforced Composites

Author : P.K. Mallick
ISBN : 9781420005981
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78. 3 MB
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The newly expanded and revised edition of Fiber-Reinforced Composites: Materials, Manufacturing, and Design presents the most up-to-date resource available on state-of-the-art composite materials. This book is unique in that it not only offers a current analysis of mechanics and properties, but also examines the latest advances in test methods, applications, manufacturing processes, and design aspects involving composites. This third edition presents thorough coverage of newly developed materials including nanocomposites. It also adds more emphasis on underlying theories, practical methods, and problem-solving skills employed in real-world applications of composite materials. Each chapter contains new examples drawn from diverse applications and additional problems to reinforce the practical relevance of key concepts. New in The Third Edition: Contains new sections on material substitution, cost analysis, nano- and natural fibers, fiber architecture, and carbon-carbon composites Provides a new chapter on polymer-based nanocomposites Adds new sections on test methods such as fiber bundle tests and interlaminar fracture measurements Expands sections on manufacturing fundamentals, thermoplastics matrix composites, and resin transfer molding Maintaining the trademark quality of its well-respected and authoritative predecessors, Fiber-Reinforced Composites: Materials, Manufacturing, and Design, Third Edition continues to provide a unique interdisciplinary perspective and a logical approach to understanding the latest developments in the field.

Lightweight Composite Structures In Transport

Author : James Njuguna
ISBN : 9781782423430
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 26. 85 MB
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Lightweight Composite Structures in Transport: Design, Manufacturing, Analysis and Performance provides a detailed review of lightweight composite materials and structures and discusses their use in the transport industry, specifically surface and air transport. The book covers materials selection, the properties and performance of materials, and structures, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques. A broad range of different material classes is reviewed with emphasis on advanced materials. Chapters in the first two parts of the book consider the lightweight philosophy and current developments in manufacturing techniques for lightweight composite structures in the transport industry, with subsequent chapters in parts three to five discussing structural optimization and analysis, properties, and performance of lightweight composite structures, durability, damage tolerance and structural integrity. Final chapters present case studies on lightweight composite design for transport structures. Comprehensively covers materials selection, design solutions, manufacturing techniques, structural analysis, and performance of lightweight composite structures in the transport industry Includes commentary from leading industrial and academic experts in the field who present cutting-edge research on advanced lightweight materials for the transport industry Includes case studies on lightweight composite design for transport structures

Composite Materials In Piping Applications

Author : Dimitrios G. Pavlou
ISBN : 9781605950297
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 37. 68 MB
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A comprehensive materials science book on the design, analysis, and performance of composite materials (CM) in oil, gas, water and wastewater pipe applications.

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