thin films for emerging applications 16 physics of thin films

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Thin Films For Emerging Applications

Author : Maurice H. Francombe
ISBN : 9781483288918
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90. 82 MB
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Following in the long-standing tradition of excellence established by this serial, this volume provides a focused look at contemporary applications. High Tc superconducting thin films are discussed in terms of ion beam and sputtering deposition, vacuum evaporation, laser ablation, MOCVD, and other deposition processes in addition to their ultimate applications. Detailed treatment is also given to permanent magnet thin films, lateral diffusion and electromigration in metallic thin films, and fracture and cracking phenomena in thin films adhering to high-elongation substrates.

Science And Technology Of Thin Films

Author : F C Matacotta
ISBN : 9789814500746
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 85. 38 MB
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This book brings together detailed discussions by leading experts on the various innovative aspects of thin films growth, deposition and characterization techniques, and new thin film materials and devices. It addresses through the different viewpoints of the contributors, the major problem of thin films science - the relation between the energy of the condensing species and the resulting properties of the films. Some of the issues considered include energetic condensation, bombardment stabilization, pulsed electron beam ablation, orientation and self-organization of organic, ferroelectric and nanoparticle thin films. Several chapters focus on applications such as the recent developments in organic optoelectronics, large area electronic technology and superconducting thin film devices. Contents:Growth Mechanisms of Polycrystalline Thin Films (P B Barna & M Adamik)Heteroepitaxy (H von Känel et al.)Fundamental Properties and Developments of Metallic and Semiconducting Nanoparticles (A Stella et al.)Thin Film Deposition by Means of Pulsed Electron Beam Ablation (G Müller et al.)Bombardment Stabilization of Cubic Boron Nitride (L B Hackenberger et al.)Orientation-Controlled Organic Thin Films (H Yanagi)Applications of Spectroscopic Ellipsometry to Thin Film Characterisation (B Drévillon)XRD Line Broadening and Texture of Thin Films (P Scardi)The SQUID Magnetometer: An Application of Thin-Film Superconductors (M S Colclough)Thin Films for Large Area Electronics (D Pribat et al.) Readership: Scientists and graduate students. keywords:

Handbook Of Physical Vapor Deposition Pvd Processing

Author : Donald M. Mattox
ISBN : 9780815520382
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78. 24 MB
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This updated version of the popular handbook further explains all aspects of physical vapor deposition (PVD) process technology from the characterizing and preparing the substrate material, through deposition processing and film characterization, to post-deposition processing. The emphasis of the new edition remains on the aspects of the process flow that are critical to economical deposition of films that can meet the required performance specifications, with additional information to support the original material. The book covers subjects seldom treated in the literature: substrate characterization, adhesion, cleaning and the processing. The book also covers the widely discussed subjects of vacuum technology and the fundamentals of individual deposition processes. However, the author uniquely relates these topics to the practical issues that arise in PVD processing, such as contamination control and film growth effects, which are also rarely discussed in the literature. In bringing these subjects together in one book, the reader can understand the interrelationship between various aspects of the film deposition processing and the resulting film properties. The author draws upon his long experience with developing PVD processes and troubleshooting the processes in the manufacturing environment, to provide useful hints for not only avoiding problems, but also for solving problems when they arise. He uses actual experiences, called "war stories", to emphasize certain points. Special formatting of the text allows a reader who is already knowledgeable in the subject to scan through a section and find discussions that are of particular interest. The author has tried to make the subject index as useful as possible so that the reader can rapidly go to sections of particular interest. Extensive references allow the reader to pursue subjects in greater detail if desired. The book is intended to be both an introduction for those who are new to the field and a valuable resource to those already in the field. The discussion of transferring technology between R&D and manufacturing provided in Appendix 1, will be of special interest to the manager or engineer responsible for moving a PVD product and process from R&D into production. Appendix 2 has an extensive listing of periodical publications and professional societies that relate to PVD processing. The extensive Glossary of Terms and Acronyms provided in Appendix 3 will be of particular use to students and to those not fully conversant with the terminology of PVD processing or with the English language. Fully revised and updated to include the latest developments in PVD process technology ‘War stories’ drawn from the author’s extensive experience emphasize important points in development and manufacturing Appendices include listings of periodicals and professional societies, terms and acronyms, and material on transferring technology between R&D and manufacturing

Optical Characterization Of Real Surfaces And Films

Author : K. Vedam
ISBN : UCSD:31822020418992
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 91 MB
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This new volume of the highly respected Physics of Thin Films Serial discusses inhomogeneity in real films and surfaces. The volume, guest-edited by K. Vedam, follows the growth of thin films both from the surface of the substrate, and from the atomic level, layer by layer. The text features coverage of Real-Time Spectroscopic Ellipsometry (RTSE) and Reflectance Anisotropy (RA), two major breakthrough optical techniques used to characterize real time and insitu films and surfaces. In six insightful chapters, the contributors assess the impact of these techniques, their strengths and limitations, and their potential for further development.

Thin Film Solar Cells

Author : Jef Poortmans
ISBN : 0470091274
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 73 MB
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Thin-film solar cells are either emerging or about to emerge from the research laboratory to become commercially available devices finding practical various applications. Currently no textbook outlining the basic theoretical background, methods of fabrication and applications currently exist. Thus, this book aims to present for the first time an in-depth overview of this topic covering a broad range of thin-film solar cell technologies including both organic and inorganic materials, presented in a systematic fashion, by the scientific leaders in the respective domains. It covers a broad range of related topics, from physical principles to design, fabrication, characterization, and applications of novel photovoltaic devices.

Optical Thin Films And Coatings

Author : Angela Piegari
ISBN : 9780857097316
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 56 MB
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Optical coatings, including mirrors, anti-reflection coatings, beam splitters, and filters, are an integral part of most modern optical systems. Optical thin films and coatings provides an overview of thin film materials, the properties, design and manufacture of optical coatings and their use across a variety of application areas. Part one explores the design and manufacture of optical coatings. Part two highlights unconventional features of optical thin films including scattering properties of random structures in thin films, optical properties of thin film materials at short wavelengths, thermal properties and colour effects. Part three focusses on novel materials for optical thin films and coatings and includes chapters on organic optical coatings, surface multiplasmonics and optical thin films containing quantum dots. Finally, applications of optical coatings, including laser components, solar cells, displays and lighting, and architectural and automotive glass, are reviewed in part four. Optical thin films and coatings is a technical resource for researchers and engineers working with optical thin films and coatings, professionals in the security, automotive, space and other industries requiring an understanding of these topics, and academics interested in the field. An overview of the materials, properties, design and manufacture of thin films Special attention is given to the unconventional features and novel materials of optical thin films Reviews applications of optical coatings including laser components, solar cells, glasing, displays and lighting

Metal Oxide Based Thin Film Structures

Author : Nini Pryds
ISBN : 9780081017524
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51. 38 MB
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Metal Oxide-Based Thin Film Structures: Formation, Characterization and Application of Interface-Based Phenomena bridges the gap between thin film deposition and device development by exploring the synthesis, properties and applications of thin film interfaces. Part I deals with theoretical and experimental aspects of epitaxial growth, the structure and morphology of oxide-metal interfaces deposited with different deposition techniques and new developments in growth methods. Part II concerns analysis techniques for the electrical, optical, magnetic and structural properties of thin film interfaces. In Part III, the emphasis is on ionic and electronic transport at the interfaces of Metal-oxide thin films. Part IV discusses methods for tailoring metal oxide thin film interfaces for specific applications, including microelectronics, communication, optical electronics, catalysis, and energy generation and conservation. This book is an essential resource for anyone seeking to further their knowledge of metal oxide thin films and interfaces, including scientists and engineers working on electronic devices and energy systems and those engaged in research into electronic materials. Introduces the theoretical and experimental aspects of epitaxial growth for the benefit of readers new to the field Explores state-of-the-art analysis techniques and their application to interface properties in order to give a fuller understanding of the relationship between macroscopic properties and atomic-scale manipulation Discusses techniques for tailoring thin film interfaces for specific applications, including information, electronics and energy technologies, making this book essential reading for materials scientists and engineers alike

Emerging Nanoelectronic Devices

Author : An Chen
ISBN : 9781118958278
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41. 94 MB
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Emerging Nanoelectronic Devices focuses on the future direction of semiconductor and emerging nanoscale device technology. As the dimensional scaling of CMOS approaches its limits, alternate information processing devices and microarchitectures are being explored to sustain increasing functionality at decreasing cost into the indefinite future. This is driving new paradigms of information processing enabled by innovative new devices, circuits, and architectures, necessary to support an increasingly interconnected world through a rapidly evolving internet. This original title provides a fresh perspective on emerging research devices in 26 up to date chapters written by the leading researchers in their respective areas. It supplements and extends the work performed by the Emerging Research Devices working group of the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS). Key features: • Serves as an authoritative tutorial on innovative devices and architectures that populate the dynamic world of “Beyond CMOS” technologies. • Provides a realistic assessment of the strengths, weaknesses and key unknowns associated with each technology. • Suggests guidelines for the directions of future development of each technology. • Emphasizes physical concepts over mathematical development. • Provides an essential resource for students, researchers and practicing engineers.

Unconventional Thin Film Photovoltaics

Author : Enrico Da Como
ISBN : 9781782624066
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 83 MB
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Covering both organic materials, where recent advances in the understanding of device physics is driving progress, and the newly emerging field of mixed halide perovskites, which are challenging the efficiencies of conventional thin film PV cells, this book provides a balanced overview of the experimental and theoretical aspects of these two classes of solar cell. The book explores both the experimental and theoretical aspects of these solar cell classes. Emphasis is placed on understanding the fundamental physics of the devices. The book also discusses modelling over many length scales, from nano to macro. The first book to cover perovskites, this is an important reference for industrialists and researchers working in energy technologies and materials.

Pulsed Laser Deposition Of Thin Films

Author : Robert Eason
ISBN : 9780470052112
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 55 MB
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Edited by major contributors to the field, this text summarizes current or newly emerging pulsed laser deposition application areas. It spans the field of optical devices, electronic materials, sensors and actuators, biomaterials, and organic polymers. Every scientist, technologist and development engineer who has a need to grow and pattern, to apply and use thin film materials will regard this book as a must-have resource.

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