thiol redox transitions in cell signaling part a

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Thiol Redox Transitions In Cell Signaling Part A

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ISBN : 0123813468
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 21 MB
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Thiol Redox Transitions in Cell Signaling, Part A, along with its companion (volume 475), presents methods and protocols dealing with thiol oxidation-reduction reactions and their implications as they relate to cell signaling. This first installment of Cadenas and Packer's two-volume treatment specifically deals with glutathionylation and dethiolation, and peroxide removal by peroxiredoxins/thioredoxins and glutathione peroxidases. The critically acclaimed laboratory standard for 40 years, Methods in Enzymology is one of the most highly respected publications in the field of biochemistry. Since 1955, each volume has been eagerly awaited, frequently consulted, and praised by researchers and reviewers alike. Over 450 volumes have been published to date, and much of the material is relevant even today--truly an essential publication for researchers in all fields of life sciences. Along with companion volume, provides a full overview of techniques necessary to the study of thiol redox in relation to cell signaling Gathers tried and tested techniques from global labs, offering both new and tried-and-true methods Relevant background and reference information given for procedures can be used as a guide to developing protocols in a number of disciplines

Thiol Redox Transitions In Cell Signaling

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ISBN : 0123810043
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 81 MB
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This volume, along with its companion (volume 474), presents methods and protocols dealing with thiol oxidation-reduction reactions and their implications as they relate to cell signaling. The critically acclaimed laboratory standard for 40 years, Methods in Enzymology is one of the most highly respected publications in the field of biochemistry. Since 1955, each volume has been eagerly awaited, frequently consulted, and praised by researchers and reviewers alike. Over 450 volumes have been published to date, and much of the material is relevant even today--truly an essential publication for researchers in all fields of life sciences. Along with companion volume, provides a full overview of techniques necessary to the study of thiol redox in relation to cell signaling Gathers tried and tested techniques from global labs, offering both new and tried-and-true methods Relevant background and reference information given for procedures can be used as a guide to developing protocols in a number of disciplines

Hydrogen Peroxide And Cell Signaling

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ISBN : 9780124055421
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 66 MB
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This new volume of Methods in Enzymology continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. This is the first of three volumes on hydrogen peroxide and cell signaling, and includes chapters on such topics as photooxidation of amplex red to resorufin, boronate-based fluorescent probes, and visualization of intracellular hydrogen peroxide with HyPer. Continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field Covers hydrogen peroxide and cell signaling Contains chapters on such topics as photooxidation of amplex red to resorufin, boronate-based fluorescent probes, and visualization of intracellular hydrogen peroxide with HyPer

Protein Sensors Of Reactive Oxygen Species Part A Selenoproteins And Thioredoxin

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ISBN : 9780080496955
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 41 MB
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This volume of Methods in Enzymology is concerned with the rapidly developing field of selenoprotein synthesis and its related molecular genetics. Progressive information on the topics of proteins as redox sensors, selenoproteins, and the thioredoxin system is studied using methods such as bioinformatics, DNA chip technology, cell biology, molecular genetics, and enzymology. The information on novel selenoproteins identified from genomic sequence data, as well as current knowledge on glutathione peroxidases, selenoprotein P, iodothyronine deiodinases, and thioredoxin reductases, is presented in a method-based approach.

Thiol Based Redox Homeostasis And Signalling

Author : Francisco J. Cejudo
ISBN : 9782889192847
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In contrast to the situation in heterotrophic organisms, plant genomes code for a significantly larger number of oxidoreductases such as thioredoxins (TRXs) and glutaredoxins (GRXs). These proteins provide a biochemical mechanism that allows the rapid and reversible activation or deactivation of protein functions in response to changing environmental conditions, as oxidative conditions caused by excessive photosynthesis. Indeed, owing to the fact that cysteines are sensitive to oxidation, TRXs and GRXs play an essential role in controlling the redox state of protein thiol groups. These redox-dependent post-translational modifications have proven to be critical for many cellular functions constituting regulatory, signalling or protective mechanisms. The articles contained in this Research Topic provide timely overviews and new insights into thiol-dependent redox regulation mechanisms with a focus on TRX- and GRX-based reduction systems in plants. The different contexts discussed take into account physiological, developmental and environmental conditions.

Cellular Implications Of Redox Signaling

Author : Carlos Gitler
ISBN : 9781783261154
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 60 MB
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Redox regulation, like phosphorylation, is a covalent regulatory system that controls many of the normal cellular functions of all living cells and organisms. In addition, it controls how cells respond to stress involving oxidants and free radicals, which underlie many degenerative diseases. This area is undergoing a transition from general knowledge to specific description of the components and mechanisms involved. This invaluable book provides a timely basic description of a field whose relevance to cell biology and degenerative diseases is of the utmost importance. It describes the state of the art, lays the foundations for understanding the reactions involved, and presents the prospects for future developments. It can serve as a basic text for any undergraduate or graduate course that deals with redox regulation, oxidative stress and free radicals under normal and pathological conditions in bacterial, plant and animal cells. Contents:The Role of Thioredoxin and Glutaredoxin Systems in Disulfide Reduction and Thiol Redox ControlSelenocysteine Insertion and Reactivity: Mammalian Thioredoxin Reductases in Relation to Cellular Redox SignalingIron–Sulfur Proteins: Properties and FunctionsThe Ferredoxin Ferredoxin/Thioredoxin Thioredoxin System. A Light-Dependent Redox Regulatory System in Oxygenic Photosynthetic CellsThioredoxin and Redox Regulation: Beginnings in Photosynthesis Lead to a Role in Germination and Improvement of CerealsThe Role of Thioredoxin in Regulatory Cellular FunctionsProtein S-Thiolation, S-Nitrosylation, and Irreversible Sulfhydryl Oxidation: Roles in Redox RegulationRadical Scavenging by Thiols: Biological Significance and Implications for Redox Signaling and Antioxidant DefenseAscorbate and Glutathione Metabolism in Plants: H2O2-Processing and SignalingDisulfide Bond Formation in the Periplasm and Cytoplasm of Escherichia ColiThe Thiol Redox Paradox in the Requirement for Disulfide Isomerization in the Eukaryotic Endoplasmic ReticulumMechanisms Controlling Redox Balance in Cells. Inhibition of Thioredoxin and of Thioredoxin ReductaseRegulatory Disulfides Controlling Transcription Factor Activity in the Bacterial and Yeast Responses to Oxidative StressRedox Signaling During Light-Regulated Translation in ChloroplastsRegulation of mRNA Translation and Stability in Iron Metabolism: Is There a Redox Switch?Redox Flow as an Instrument for Gene RegulationThe Permeability Transition Pore as Source and Target of Oxidative Stress Readership: Researchers and graduate students in the life sciences, especially biochemistry.

Free Radical Research

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ISBN : UCLA:L0090459017
Genre : Antioxidants
File Size : 77. 77 MB
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Oxidative Stress And Redox Signalling In Parkinson S Disease

Author : Rodrigo Franco
ISBN : 9781782621881
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File Size : 67. 48 MB
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Parkinson's Disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder affecting millions of people worldwide. In order to find neuroprotective strategies, a clear understanding of the mechanisms involved in the dopaminergic death of cells that progresses the disease is needed. Oxidative stress can be defined as an imbalance between the production of reactive species and the ability to detoxify them and their intermediates or by-products. Oxidative damage to lipids, proteins, and DNA has been detected in autopsies from individuals with Parkinson’s Disease and so links can be made between oxidative stress and Parkinson’s Disease pathogenesis. This book provides a thorough review of the mechanisms by which oxidative stress and redox signalling mediate Parkinson’s Disease. Opening chapters bring readers up to speed on basic knowledge regarding oxidative stress and redox signalling, Parkinson’s Disease, and neurodegeneration before the latest advances in this field are explored in detail. Topics covered in the following chapters include the role of mitochondria, dopamine metabolism, metal homeostasis, inflammation, DNA-damage and thiol-signalling. The role of genetics and gene-environment interactions are also explored before final chapters discuss the identification of potential biomarkers for diagnosis and disease progression and the future of redox/antioxidant based therapeutics. Written by recognized experts in the field, this book will be a valuable source of information for postgraduate students and academics, clinicians, toxicologists and risk assessment groups. Importantly, it presents the current research that might later lead to redox or antioxidant – based therapeutics for Parkinson’s disease.

International Review Of Cytology

Author : Kwang W. Jeon
ISBN : 9780080495576
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 17 MB
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The acclaimed International Review of Cytology series presents current advances and reviews in cell biology, both plant and animal. Articles address structure and control of gene expression, nucleocytoplasmic interactions, control of cell development and differentiation, and cell transformation and growth. Authored by some of the foremost scientists in the field, each volume provides up-to-date information and directions for future research. Contributors to this volume are Kiminobu Sugaya, Dario Leister, Anja Schneider, Bernd Reiss, Karl-Josef Dietz, and Jonathan J. Henry. The acclaimed International Review of Cytology series presents current advances and reviews in cell biology, both plant and animal. Articles address structure and control of gene expression, nucleocytoplasmic interactions, control of cell development and differentiation, and cell transformation and growth. Authored by some of the foremost scientists in the field, each volume provides up-to-date information and directions for future research. Contributors to this volume are Kiminobu Sugaya, Dario Leister, Anja Schneider, Bernd Reiss, Karl-Josef Dietz, and Jonathan J. Henry.

Peroxiredoxin Systems

Author : Leopold Flohé
ISBN : 9781402060519
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39. 86 MB
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This book contains a broad survey on the peroxiredoxins. It involves almost all groups that contributed significant insights into the emerging field. Coverage discusses the diverse biological roles of the new protein family in the context of other antioxidant systems like those based on heme or selenium catalysis. In addition, the book highlights related future perspectives.

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