time constrained memory a reader based approach to text comprehension

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Time Constrained Memory

Author : Jean-Pierre Corriveau
ISBN : 9781317780106
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 65. 9 MB
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This book tries to answer the question posed by Minsky at the beginning of The Society of Mind: "to explain the mind, we have to show how minds are built from mindless stuff, from parts that are much smaller and simpler than anything we'd considered smart." The author believes that cognition should not be rooted in innate rules and primitives, but rather grounded in human memory. More specifically, he suggests viewing linguistic comprehension as a time-constrained process -- a race for building an interpretation in short term memory. After reviewing existing psychological and computational approaches to text understanding and concluding that they generally rely on self-validating primitives, the author abandons this objectivist and normative approach to meaning and develops a set of requirements for a grounded cognitive architecture. He then goes on to explain how this architecture must avoid all epistemological commitments, be tractable both with respect to space and time, and, most importantly, account for the diachronic and non-deterministic nature of comprehension. In other words, a text may or may not lead to an interpretation for a specific reader, and may be associated with several interpretations over time by one reader. Throughout the remainder of the book, the author demonstrates that rules for all major facets of comprehension -- syntax, reference resolution, quantification, lexical and structural disambiguation, inference and subject matter -- can be expressed in terms of the simple mechanistic computing elements of a massively parallel network modeling memory. These elements, called knowledge units, work in a limited amount of time and have the ability not only to recognize but also to build the structures that make up an interpretation. Designed as a main text for graduate courses, this volume is essential to the fields of cognitive science, artificial intelligence, memory modeling, text understanding, computational linguistics and natural language understanding. Other areas of application are schema-matching, hermeneutics, local connectionism, and text linguistics. With its extensive bibliography, the book is also valuable as supplemental reading for introductory undergraduate courses in cognitive science and computational linguistics.

Text Speech And Dialogue

Author : Petr Sojka
ISBN : 9783540873914
Genre : Computers
File Size : 29. 52 MB
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The annual Text, Speech and Dialogue Conference (TSD), which originated in 1998, is now starting its second decade. So far almost 900 authors from 45 countries have contributed to the proceedings. TSD constitutes a recognizedplatform for the presen- tion and discussion of state-of-the-art technology and recent achievements in the ?eld of natural language processing. It has become an interdisciplinary forum, interweaving the themes of speech technology and language processing. The conference attracts - searchers not only from Central and Eastern Europe, but also from other parts of the world. Indeed, one of its goals has always been to bring together NLP researchers with different interests from different parts of the world and to promote their mutual co- eration. One of the ambitions of the conference is, as its title says, not only to deal with dialogue systems as such, but also to contribute to improving dialogue between researchers in the two areas of NLP, i. e. , between text and speech people. In our view, the TSD conference was successful in this respect in 2008 as well. This volume contains the proceedings of the 11th TSD conference, held in Brno, Czech Republic in September 2008. Following the review process, 79 papers were - ceptedoutof173submitted,anacceptancerateof45. 7%.

Determination Of Information And Tenor In Texts

Author : Luuk Lagerwerf
ISBN : PSU:000056609967
Genre : Discourse analysis
File Size : 82. 80 MB
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Computational Linguistics For The New Millennium

Author : Manfred Klenner
ISBN : IND:30000087932624
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 36. 79 MB
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The two seemingly conflicting tendencies, synergy and divergence, are both fundamental to the advancement of any science. Their interplay defines the demarcation line between application-oriented and theoretical research. The papers in this festschrift in honour of Peter Hellwig are geared to answer questions that arise from this insight: where does the discipline of Computational Linguistics currently stand, what has been achieved so far and what should be done next. Given the complexity of such questions, no simple answers can be expected. However, each of the practitioners and researchers are contributing from their very own perspective a piece of insight into the overall picture of today's and tomorrow's computational linguistics.

Fluency And Reading Comprehension In Typical Readers And Dyslexics Readers

Author : Simone A. Capellini
ISBN : 9782889454150
Genre :
File Size : 20. 42 MB
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Reading involves decoding and comprehension components and, to become efficient, it requires a large number of cognitive and linguistic processes. Among those, the phonological awareness, the alphabetic principle, the decoding, the fluency, the lexical development and the text comprehension development. The reading comprehension is strongly related with the development of vocabulary, oral language, linguistic skills, memory skills and ability to make inferences, and the world experiences of each individual. These processes become important only when the professional needs to deal with students presenting difficulties in learning how to read. The difficulty using the knowledge of conversion rules between grapheme and phoneme to the word reading construction characterizes the dyslexia, which is a specific learning disorder with a neurological source. These difficulties presented by students with dyslexia interfere in their learning process impairing the learning development. Knowing and following the reading development and its processes, as well as obtaining the punctuation of fluency abilities and students comprehension allow us to understand what happens when the student presents difficulties to read. This could help in the identification of learning disabilities and in the development of intervention programs.

Language

Author : George Melville Bolling
ISBN : UOM:39015067436967
Genre : Comparative linguistics
File Size : 31. 92 MB
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Linguistics

Author :
ISBN : UCSC:32106015841767
Genre : Linguistics
File Size : 62. 54 MB
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Hicss

Author : Trevor N. Mudge
ISBN : 0818669403
Genre : System design
File Size : 56. 91 MB
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Proceedings -- Parallel Computing.

Program Of The Thirteenth Annual Conference Of The Cognitive Science Society

Author : Cognitive Science Society (U.S.). Conference
ISBN : UCLA:L0066568593
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 69. 32 MB
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First published in 1991. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Dissertation Abstracts International

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105020027558
Genre : Science
File Size : 33. 56 MB
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