to moscow not mecca the soviet campaign against islam in central asia 1917 1941

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To Moscow Not Mecca

Author : Shoshana Keller
ISBN : 0275972380
Genre : History
File Size : 69. 72 MB
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Emphasizing the destructive process rather than the accompanying attempt to reshape Central Asian cultures, Keller (Russian/Soviet history, Hamilton College) describes what happened to Islam in the Central Asian parts of the Soviet Union during the first four decades of the 20th century, when the Co

Kirgistan Und Die Sowjetische Moderne

Author : Moritz Florin
ISBN : 9783847003137
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 39. 1 MB
Format : PDF
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Imperial Desert Dreams

Author : Julia Obertreis
ISBN : 9783847007869
Genre : History
File Size : 27. 12 MB
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Beamte, Ingenieure und Wissenschaftler des Russischen Reiches und später der Sowjetunion planten die Ausweitung und Modernisierung der Bewässerungssysteme und des Baumwollanbaus in Zentralasien. Die Studie, die das heutige Usbekistan und Turkmenistan untersucht, betont die diskursiven und politischen Kontinuitäten über die Zäsur von 1917 hinweg. Einer der zentralen Topoi war die Umwandlung von ›toten‹ Steppen und Wüsten in ›blühende Oasen‹. Der high modernism erreichte seinen Höhepunkt in den Nachkriegsjahrzehnten. Seit den 1970er Jahren entwickelte sich eine Öko-Kritik an der sowjetischen Modernisierung, die in der Perestrojkazeit an Fahrt aufnahm. Letztendlich trugen die ökologischen und ökonomischen sowie sozialen Folgewirkungen der wachstumsfixierten Modernisierung zum Zusammenbruch des kommunistischen Regimes bei. Officials, engineers and scientists in the Russian Empire and later the Soviet Union envisaged the expansion and modernization of irrigation systems and cotton growing in Central Asia. Focusing on the region of today’s Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, this book highlights the continuities in discourse and policies beyond the historical divide of 1917. One of the central topoi was the transformation of ‘dead’ lands into ‘blossoming oases’. High modernism policies hit their peak in the post-war decades. From the 1970s, an ecological critique evolved which gained momentum in the Perestroika period. Ultimately, the grave ecological, economic and social consequences of the growth-fixated modernization contributed to the downfall of the Communist regime.

Tajikistan In The New Central Asia

Author : Lena Jonson
ISBN : 1845112938
Genre : History
File Size : 26. 37 MB
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Embedded in the oil-rich Central Asian region, and bordering Afghanistan, Tajikisitan occupies a geo-strategically pivotal position. This book examines Tajkistan's search for a foreign policy in the post 9/11 environment. It shows the internal contradictions of a country at the crossroads, reconciling its bloody past with an uncertain future.

Soviet Nation Building In Central Asia

Author : Grigol Ubiria
ISBN : 9781317504351
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 22. 72 MB
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The demise of the Soviet Union in 1991 resulted in new state-led nation-building projects in Central Asia. The emergence of independent republics spawned a renewed Western scholarly interest in the region's nationality issues. Presenting a detailed study, this book examines the state-led nation-building projects in the Soviet republics of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. Exploring the degree, forms and ways of the Soviet state involvement in creating Kazakh and Uzbek nations, this book places the discussion within the theoretical literature on nationalism. The author argues that both Kazakh and Uzbek nations are artificial constructs of Moscow-based Soviet policy-makers of the 1920s and 1930s. This book challenges existing arguments in current scholarship by bringing some new and alternative insights into the role of indigenous Central Asian and Soviet officials in these nation-building projects. It goes on to critically examine post-Soviet official Kazakh and Uzbek historiographies, according to which Kazakh and Uzbek peoples had developed national collective identities and loyalties long before the Soviet era. This book will be a useful contribution to Central Asian History and Politics, as well as studies of Nationalism and Soviet Politics.

European Imperialism Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author : Oxford University Press
ISBN : 0199803927
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 43. 10 MB
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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of Islamic studies find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In Islamic studies, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Islamic Studies, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of the Islamic religion and Muslim cultures. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

Sowjetische Schriftpolitik Zwischen 1917 Und 1941

Author : Andreas Frings
ISBN : UOM:39015073941760
Genre : Alphabet
File Size : 31. 70 MB
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This volume studies the transformation of the written word in the Soviet Union from traditional alphabets to the cyrillic alphabet between 1917 and 1941 from the viewpoint of the political and social sciences. German text.

Erziehung Zum Wahren Muslim

Author : Christine Hunner-Kreisel
ISBN : UOM:39015077617903
Genre : Islamic education
File Size : 87. 11 MB
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Saeculum

Author : Georg Stadtmüller
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123025038
Genre : World history
File Size : 28. 65 MB
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Jahrbuch für Universalgeschichte.

Nomadische Lebenswelten Und Zarische Politik

Author : Jörn Happel
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132459756
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 63 MB
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English summary: In the summer of 1916, Russian colonial rule failed in Central Asia. In particular, the nomads defended themselves through an uprising and revolted against the rule of the Tsar. They fought against their conscription, against their loss of rights and against the seizure of their land by Russian colonists families. It is likely that up to 200,000 Central Asians and about 10,000 Russians and Ukrainians were killed in those bloody months. Jorn Happel illuminates the conflict from the perspective of intervening actors. The life-oriented approach puts humans at the center of the description and makes it possible to newly explain colonial rule and colonial history. At the center of the presentation lies the story of two men during the time of the uprising: as a tsarist secret police officer, Vladimir Aeleznjakov was responsible for the suppression of the uprising; the Kazakh-Kyrgyz nomad leader Kanat Abukin was one of his main opponents. Yet they shared astonishingly similar views, which came to light once they finally met. German text. German description: Im Sommer 1916 scheiterte die russische Kolonialherrschaft in Zentralasien. Besonders die Nomaden, die sich in einem Aufstand zur Wehr setzten, revoltierten gegen die Zarenmacht. Sie kampften gegen ihre Einberufung, gegen ihre Entrechtung und gegen die Wegnahme ihres Landes durch russlandische Kolonistenfamilien. Wohl bis zu 200.000 Zentralasiaten und etwa 10.000 Russen und Ukrainer kamen in jenen blutigen Monaten ums Leben.Jorn Happel beleuchtet die Auseinandersetzungen aus der Perspektive der handelnden Akteure. Der lebensweltlich orientierte Ansatz rueckt die Menschen ins Zentrum der Beschreibung und ermoglicht es so, Kolonialherrschaft und Kolonialgeschichte neu zu deuten. Im Mittelpunkt der Darstellung steht die Geschichte zweier Manner wahrend der Zeit des Aufstands: Vladimir Aeleznjakov war als zarischer Geheimpolizist fuer die Niederschlagung des Aufstands zustandig; der kasachisch-kirgisische Nomadenfuehrer Kanat Abukin war einer seiner Hauptgegner. Und doch hatten sie in erstaunlich vielen Lebensbereichen sehr ahnliche Ansichten, wie sie spatestens bei ihrem Aufeinandertreffen feststellen mussten.

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