tourism and poverty reduction pathways to prosperity tourism environment and development

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Tourism And Poverty Reduction

Author : Jonathan Mitchell
ISBN : 9781844078882
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 53. 98 MB
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"Tourism can reduce poverty in developing countries. But tourism growth is not universally inclusive of the poor. Moreover our understanding of how tourism affects the poor is largely based on partial and superficial analysis. Researchers from different disciplines and practitioners with different objectives generally work in splendid isolation from each other and from the mainstream of development economics. Detailed economic analysis remains buried and is rarely challenged for policy implications, let alone poverty implications. This book provides an overview of a broad array of analyses of how tourism affects poor people. First, it pulls these together to identify three main pathways by which impacts on poverty can be delivered. Second, it reviews theempirical evidence on the scale and significance of impacts within each pathway, exploring where comparisons can be made and where they cannot. Finally, it considers the different methods used to gather and collect data, and implications for how we should work in the future. Tourism and Poverty Reduction draws on international evidence throughout, but provides particular insights into Africa and other less developed countries. It makes a major contribution to a more coherent, cross-disciplinary and sensitive approach to the tourism-poverty debate."--Back cover.

Tourism And Poverty Reduction

Author : Anna Spenceley
ISBN : 9781317387022
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 52. 18 MB
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Over the past decade, there have been an increasing number of publications that have analysed and critiqued the potential of tourism to be a mechanism for poverty reduction in less economically developed countries (LEDCs). This book showcases work by established and emerging researchers that provides new thinking and tests previously made assumptions, providing an essential guide for students, practitioners and academics. This book advances our understanding of the changes and ways forward in the field of sustainable tourism development. Five main themes are illustrated throughout the book: (1) measuring impacts of tourism on poverty; (2) the need to evaluate whether interventions that aim to reduce poverty are effective; (3) how unbalanced power relations and weak governance can undermine efforts; (4) the importance of the private sector’s use of pro-poor business practices; and (5) the value of using multidisciplinary and multi-method research approaches. Furthermore, the book shows that academic research findings can be used practically in destinations, and how practitioners can benefit from sharing their experiences with academic scholars. This book was based on a special issue and various articles from the Journal of Sustainable Tourism.

New Research Paradigms In Tourism Geography

Author : Alan A. Lew
ISBN : 9781317556077
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 51. 28 MB
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This collection of papers from Tourism Geographies emphasizes new and emerging research paradigms in the geographic study of tourism. The papers included in this collection follow one of two threads: explicitly supporting specific research frameworks, or implicitly presenting new and emerging theoretical perspectives through empirical research on the geographical topics. These begin with three overview papers from themes that emerged from recent annual meetings of the Association of American Geographers, including evolutionary economic geography (EEG), political ecology and community resilience. Each of these theoretical and conceptual frameworks is leading to new explorations and insights in a wide variety of geographical and social science research, including tourism studies. These are followed by a series of papers that extend our knowledge and thinking on a range of key geographical topics, including development and underdevelopment (by Saarinen & Rogerson), sustainable tourism planning (by Torres-Delgado & Saarinen), encounters with the natural environment (by Hill), and the geography of place names (by Light), as well as economic geography and new technologies and their applications to spatial behavior research. The papers in this special issue are especially relevant to tourism scholars, and very much represent the types of perspectives that Tourism Geographies seek to promote. This book was published as a special issue of Tourism Geographies.

Tourism Poverty And Development

Author : Andrew Holden
ISBN : 9781135175641
Genre : Travel
File Size : 48. 12 MB
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Poverty alleviation is high on the global policy agenda, its importance being emphasised by its place as the first of the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals. As a potentially significant source of economic growth in developing countries, tourism may also play a major role in poverty reduction and alleviation under the right circumstances. The incorporation of tourism into development policy and Poverty Reduction Strategies has special poignancy for those Least Developed Countries where natural resources exist to support a tourism industry and there are limited development alternatives. This book offers a holistic, explicit and detailed introduction to the relationship of poverty and tourism within the context of developing countries. The book is divided into distinct sections, progressing from an evaluation of the key concepts of poverty, tourism and development; to the causal factors of poverty; to the mechanisms of how tourism is being implemented in policy and practice to reduce poverty and finally to an analysis of the relationship between tourism to poverty alleviation in the future. The adopted analytical approach of the key themes is multi-disciplinary, incorporating tourism studies, human geography, political economy, economics, development and environmental studies. It integrates examples and original case studies from varying geographical developing regions including Africa, South Asian and East Asia and the Pacific, to lend practical insights into tourism’s role in poverty alleviation. The text will be of particular interest to higher education students from tourism studies, geography, political economy, environmental and development studies, and sociology backgrounds. It will also be of relevance to government and policy makers, alongside those who have a more general interest in poverty alleviation.

Unsere Gemeinsame Zukunft

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B3962646
Genre :
File Size : 66. 30 MB
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Responsible Tourism

Author : Anna Spenceley
ISBN : 9781136558320
Genre : Nature
File Size : 64. 10 MB
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Responsible Tourism presents a wide variety of valuable lessons learned in responsible tourism initiatives in Southern Africa that many tourism practitioners can use in their efforts to make the tourism sector work for the poor and for the environment. Dr Harsh Varma, Director, Development Assistance Department, World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) For those interested in how tourism can assist in the economic and social development of societies in need, Responsible Tourism effectively integrates scales and types of knowledge to present an informative, stimulating perspective. It will be on my bookshelf. Steve McCool, Professor Emeritus, Wildland Recreation Management, University of Montana Responsible tourism is one of the most significant contemporary issues for tourism scholars and practitioners alike. This useful and clearly written collection of new research demonstrates the innovations in responsible tourism occurring within southern Africa and provides lessons for international research and practice. Professor Christian Rogerson, University of Witwatersrand, South Africa Conservation efforts are often seen to be in conflict with local livelihoods and resource use - the park versus people debate. Responsible tourism and Ecotourism are often invoked as a third way that serve both ends. Yet do they actually work in practice? This volume delves deep into practice in southern Africa, the hotbed of innovation on the issue, and provides a comprehensive, evidence-based examination of what works and what fails, using a wealth of information from scholars and practitioners working in the region. This book opens with an overview of the issues, looks at what sustainable and responsible tourism are in practice and how they may contribute to conservation, poverty alleviation and local economic development. Part 1 examines policies and institutional activities in responsible tourism by governments, donor agencies and nongovernmental organizations, and addresses the market for responsible travel. Part 2 considers responsible nature-based tourism, the economics of wildlife tourism and ecotourism, transfrontier conservation areas, ecological impacts of tourism and other issues. Part 3 looks at more detailed case studies of community-based tourism projects, and highlights the reasons for successes and failures in this sector. The book concludes with a synthesis of the key findings with implications for policy, destination planning, business management, and future private sector and donor interventions. Published with the Southern African Sustainable Use Specialist Group (SASUSG) of IUCN

Geographica Helvetica

Author :
ISBN : OSU:32435083437160
Genre : Ethnology
File Size : 70. 99 MB
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Community Based Tourism

Author : Manuela Margraf
ISBN : 9783832489632
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 65. 99 MB
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Inhaltsangabe:Einleitung: „Something out of Nothing – etwas aus dem Nichts zaubern – heißt die Werkstätte von Sarah Mahlangu, die in Mhluzi bei Middelburg (Südafrika) Abfälle sammelt und aus Blechdosen Kunst, aus Abfallsäcken Türvorlagen und aus Lumpen Gewänder herstellt. Mit ihrem Recycling- und Kunstzentrum hat Sarah Mahlangu Arbeitsplätze für sich und andere Dorfangehörige sowie eine Touristenattraktion geschaffen. Immer mehr Gäste kommen vorbei, lassen sich kulinarisch verwöhnen und anschließend von Mahlangus Tochter die verschiedenen Facetten des Township-Lebens zeigen. Diese Erfolgsgeschichte steht stellvertretend für die neuere Entwicklung im südlichen Afrika hin zu mehr Partizipation der im Zuge der Apartheidpolitik benachteiligten Bevölkerungsgruppen an der ‚weißen’ Tourismusindustrie. So stellte die südafrikanische Regierung schon in ihrer Tourismuspolitik 1996 fest, dass die Mehrheit dieser Menschen bis dahin mit oben genanntem Wirtschaftszweig nur selten in Berührung gekommen ist und dementsprechend ein dringender Handlungsbedarf zur ökonomischen Förderung dieser Bevölkerungsgruppen besteht. Bis heute profitiert mehrheitlich die weiße, bessergestellte Minderheit von der Reiseindustrie – sowohl in Südafrika als auch in den meisten anderen Entwicklungsländern der Welt. Folglich trägt Tourismus in diesen Nationen oftmals dazu bei, dass Arm und Reich sich kontinuierlich weiter voneinander entfernen und es zu einer Stärkung vorhandener Ungleichgewichte kommt. Diese Entwicklung birgt die Gefahr der Verfestigung bereits existierender Probleme wie steigender Kriminalität, hoher Arbeitslosigkeit, zunehmender Armut oder auch starker regionaler Disparitäten. Um dem entgegen wirken zu können, setzen eine Vielzahl der Dritte-Welt-Länder ihre Hoffnungen in die neuere Entwicklung der alternativen Tourismusform Community Based Tourism, welche entsprechend dem einleitenden Beispiel, benachteiligte ethnische Gruppen einbindet, und zwar auf eine sozial- sowie umweltverträglich Weise, um so negative Auswirkungen des Tourismus minimieren zu können. Ziel dieser Arbeit ist die Vorstellung des Community Based Tourism und im speziellen des Township-Tourismus als eine konstruktive Antwort auf oben genannte Probleme. Es wird gezeigt, dass der Community Based Tourism eine Form des nachhaltigen Tourismus darstellt, welcher in der Lage ist, einen positiven Beitrag zur Entwicklung ehemals benachteiligter Bevölkerungsgruppen in Dritte-Welt-Ländern zu leisten. [...]

Botswana Notes And Records

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015079763259
Genre : Botswana
File Size : 23. 90 MB
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Das Kyoto Protokoll

Author : Sebastian Oberthür
ISBN : 9783663014348
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 86. 57 MB
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Die internationale Klimapolitik ist an einem Wendepunkt angekommen. Die Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls ist ein großer Schritt in dem Versuch der Menschheit, die schädlichen Folgen des Klimawandels zu begrenzen. Dieses Buch, geschrieben von zwei deutschen Experten, erklärt die naturwissenschaftlichen, ökonomischen sowie politischen Bedingungen desTreibhauseffekts und erläutert die Hintergründe der Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls. Das Buch analysiert in seinem Mittelteil den Vertragstext im Stile eines Gesetzeskommentars, nennt die offenen Fragen und gibt mögliche Antworten für die Weiterentwicklung der Normen. In einem dritten Teil werden Schlussfolgerungen gezogen, die politische Landschaft nach Kyoto beleuchtet und eine Leadership-Initiative für die Europäische Union vorgestellt, um die Handlungsmacht gegenüber den USA wieder zu erlangen.

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