transgenesis and targeted mutagenesis in immunology

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Transgenesis And Targeted Mutagenesis In Immunology

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ISBN : 9781483296494
Genre : Medical
File Size : 72. 89 MB
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Investigations into the field of immunology are rapidly expanding with the use of genetically altered mice at the embryonic stage. This breakthrough laboratory guide provides a complete study of transgenesis and targeted mutagenesis in laboratory mice that will be valued by researchers looking for fresh observations and interpretations when designing future experiments. Special Features Include: Contributions of two Nobel Prize winners Addresses the use of mouse models in studying the immune system Targets gene distribution in embryonic stem cells and their introduction into blastocyte mice models Analyzes the in vivo functional loss of embryonic cells A practical, useful guidebook for individual researchers, laboratories, and libraries

Cytokine Knockouts

Author : Scott K. Durum
ISBN : 9781475727531
Genre : Medical
File Size : 40. 94 MB
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My personal history in the field of cytokines had an initial period of several years during which my student and then colleague, Werner Muller, tried in vain to attract me to them. My interest always vanished when I was confronted with complex data pointing to func tional redundancy of cytokines in cell culture systems. When gene targeting in the mouse germline became possible, this frustration came to an end. We and others immediately embarked on analyzing the in vivo function of cytokines and the problem of functional redundancy with this powerful new approach. The early cytokine gene knockouts performed by colleagues in Wiirzburg (IL-2) and by ourselves (IL-4 and IL-l 0) seemed to give clear answers and at the same time led to surprises: Each of these cytokines apparently had its own special and irreplaceable function, and this function could be quite distinct from what had been anticipated from functional experiments in vitro. Al though the latter finding is of course a wonderful incentive for fur ther research, the former is pleasing in a general sense since it highlights the value of each of those one hundred thousand genes or so in our genome, cherished by evolution to become respectable mem bers of the community. Even in the present era of "genomics" there will be no way around the careful functional analysis of each gene by itself.

Skin Immune System Sis

Author : Jan D. Bos
ISBN : 0849340160
Genre : Medical
File Size : 23. 1 MB
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Immunodermatology is a field covering the majority of skin diseases, including the most prevalent onesin the general population. The Second Edition of Skin Immune System (SIS) discusses immune-mediated skin diseases and disease groups in which the SIS plays a role. It covers major findings in immunophysiology and immunopathology that have occurred since the introduction of the First Edition in 1990. As the subtitle indicates, the Second Edition adds a new emphasis on cutaneous immunology, and also includes new information on immune-based therapeutic interventions and methods, such as phototherapy and the immunological therapy of skin cancer. The book contains Part I, with introductory chapters; Part II, with descriptions of the cellular elements; and Part III, which describes the humoral and molecular components of SIS. Part IV follows to integrate the facts described in Parts II and III into concepts of pathophysiology. It contains a number of concepts entitled "response patterns" that describe how the constitutional elements of SIS work together. New in this edition are the descriptions of immunodermatological diseases individually described in Part V. Part VI is also all new and summarizes principles of immunotherapy.

Welfare Aspects Of Transgenic Animals

Author : L.F.M. van Zutphen
ISBN : 9783642605895
Genre : Medical
File Size : 49. 81 MB
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v Preface The quality of animal models used in biomedical research has increased substantially since the first successful microinjection of foreign DNA frag ments into a mouse zygote in the early 1980s. New well-defined animal models, developed either by micro injection techniques or by homologous recombination in embryonic stem (ES) cells, have become widely available and several classical animal models have now been replaced by these transgenic models. Transgenic animals also fulfill increasingly important roles in other fields, like livestock production or in biopharming. The potential benefits of this technology are overwhelming. It is not surprising that many research groups have rushed to jump on this wagon of scientific progress. However, no matter how important these developments are, they can not relieve us of the moral obligations towards the animals. It is generally recognized that animal use is allowed only if the harmful effects are out weighed by the potential benefits of the experimental results. But what are the harmful effects? What is the impact of trans genesis on the well-being of animals? In order to gain more insight into this aspect of trans genesis the European Commission (DGXII) has funded a 12-month project with the aim of col lecting information on the production and use of transgenic animals in EU Member States and, more specifically, to obtain information as to what extent specific welfare problems may arise and whether or not studies are being performed on the incidence of welfare problems.

Advances In Immunology

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ISBN : 0080578470
Genre : Medical
File Size : 58. 17 MB
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Advances in Immunology presents current developments as well as comprehensive reviews in immunology. Articles address the wide range of topics that comprise immunology, including molecular and cellular activation mechanisms, phylogeny and molecular evolution, and clinical modalities. Edited and authored by the foremost scientists in the field, each volume provides up-to-date information and directions for future research.

Stem Cell Manufacturing

Author : Joaquim M. S. Cabral
ISBN : 9780444632661
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20. 24 MB
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Stem Cell Manufacturing discusses the required technologies that enable the transfer of the current laboratory-based practice of stem cell tissue culture to the clinic environment as therapeutics, while concurrently achieving control, reproducibility, automation, validation, and safety of the process and the product. The advent of stem cell research unveiled the therapeutic potential of stem cells and their derivatives and increased the awareness of the public and scientific community for the topic. The successful manufacturing of stem cells and their derivatives is expected to have a positive impact in the society since it will contribute to widen the offer of therapeutic solutions to the patients. Fully defined cellular products can be used to restore the structure and function of damaged tissues and organs and to develop stem cell-based cellular therapies for the treatment of cancer and hematological disorders, autoimmune and other inflammatory diseases and genetic disorders. Presents the first ‘Flowchart‘ of stem cell manufacturing enabling easy understanding of the various processes in a sequential and coherent manner Covers all bioprocess technologies required for the transfer of the bench findings to the clinic including the process components: cell signals, bioreactors, modeling, automation, safety, etc. Presents comprehensive coverage of a true multidisciplinary topic by bringing together specialists in their particular area Provides the basics of the processes and identifies the issues to be resolved for large scale cell culture by the bioengineer Addresses the critical need in bioprocessing for the successful delivery of stem cell technology to the market place by involving professional engineers in sections of the book

Molecular Mechanisms Of Immunological Self Recognition

Author : Frederick Alt
ISBN : 9781483215938
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 23. 40 MB
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Molecular Mechanisms of Immunological Self-Recognition covers the understanding of immunological self-recognition. The introductory chapter of the book summarizes the dawn of the insight into immunological tolerance, and provides an overview of research on the underlying mechanisms. The book addresses the developments in the molecular mechanisms of B and T cell tolerance and describes the failure of tolerance in autoimmunity. The text concludes by furnishing orienting perspectives and highlighting new information presented. The novel findings characterized as impressive advances pertain to the areas of B cell development and the generation of molecular diversity; V gene usage, especially from transgenes, in positive and negative thymic selection; the handling of positive and negative signals by T and B cells; anergy in postthymic T cells; the design of peptide-based therapy for autoimmune diseases; and the design of therapy with the aid of monoclonal antibodies. Immunologists will find the text useful.

Transgenic Mouse

Author : Marten H. Hofker
ISBN : 9781592593408
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 73 MB
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A collection of readily reproducible methods for working with mice, and particularly for generating mouse models that will enable you to better understand gene function. Described in step-by-step detail by highly experienced investigators, these proven techniques include new methods for conditional, induced knockout, and transgenic mice, as well as for working with mice in such important research areas as immunology, cancer, and atherosclerosis. Such alternative strategies as random mutagenesis and viral gene transduction for studying gene function in the mouse are also presented. Use effective methods for conditional and inducible gene expression Review mouse models for a wide range of genetic aberrations associated with human disease.

Conditional Mutagenesis An Approach To Disease Models

Author : Robert Feil
ISBN : 9783540351092
Genre : Medical
File Size : 42. 55 MB
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In this book, leading experts provide timely and comprehensive information on methods for conditional mutagenesis in the mouse and their application to model human physiology and pathophysiology. The book illustrates how sophisticated genetic manipulations of the mouse genome are employed to model human diseases and to identify underlying molecular mechanisms. In addition, it considers the development of new drugs to treat human diseases.

Developmental Biology Of Peripheral Lymphoid Organs

Author : Peter Balogh
ISBN : 3642144292
Genre : Medical
File Size : 33. 54 MB
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The human immune system is a complex network of tissues and organs dispersed throughout the body. Immunology, as one of the most rapidly evolving fields in bio¬medical research, has to date covered the essential cellular and molecular events neces¬sary for immune responses to occur. However, it has paid relatively little attention to important developmental processes underlying the formation of the tissues themselves that carry out immune responses in humans and other mammalians. In contrast to the thymus and bone marrow that are the sole tissues for generating mature leukocytes for antigen recognition and han¬dling in humans and most mammalian species, the peripheral lymphoid tissues where adaptive immune responses are focused display broad tissue distribution and possess diverse archi¬tectural characteristics. These organs develop prior to the individual’s exposure to external antigens, and despite their similar functions, their varied appearances indicate a substantial complexity of tissue ontogeny. This volume presents a comprehensive overview of the developmental features of the major peripheral lymphoid organs, thus examining the connection between immunological functionality and structural characteristics utilizing a developmental approach, for an audience ranging from undergraduate students to senior researchers in immunology, histology and clinical medicine.

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