transitional justice in the twenty first century beyond truth versus justice

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Transitional Justice In The Twenty First Century

Author : Naomi Roht-Arriaza
ISBN : 9781139458658
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35. 72 MB
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Dealing with the aftermath of civil conflict or the fall of a repressive government continues to trouble countries throughout the world. Whereas much of the 1990s was occupied with debates concerning the relative merits of criminal prosecutions and truth commissions, by the end of the decade a consensus emerged that this either/or approach was inappropriate and unnecessary. A second generation of transitional justice experiences have stressed both truth and justice and recognize that a single method may inadequately serve societies rebuilding after conflict or dictatorship. Based on studies in ten countries, this book analyzes how some combine multiple institutions, others experiment with community-level initiatives that draw on traditional law and culture, whilst others combine internal actions with transnational or international ones. The authors argue that transitional justice efforts must also consider the challenges to legitimacy and local ownership emerging after external military intervention or occupation.

Handbuch Transitional Justice

Author : Anja Mihr
ISBN : 9783658023928
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55. 66 MB
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Dieses Handbuch ist eine systematische und methodische Einführung in das Thema Transitional Justice, das bislang vor allem durch Länderstudien zur strafrechtlichen Aufarbeitung, Entschuldigungen, Kompensationen, Erinnerungsarbeiten oder Wahrheitskommissionen wie etwa zu Südafrika, Ruanda, Chile oder dem ehemaligen Jugoslawien, bekannt geworden ist. Die Beiträge zeigen best-practice ebenso auf wie die zahlreichen Maßnahmen, die inzwischen unter dem Konzept Transtional Justice in der Politik zur Anwendung gekommen sind und ein eigenes Forschungsfeld für die Wissenschaft darstellen. Dabei stehen weniger die Fallstudien im Mittelpunkt, sondern die methodische Ausrichtung zur Analyse und Bewertung der Transitional Justice-Prozesse. Materialreiche Fall- oder Areastudien bearbeiten den Umgang mit Unrechtsregimen; gezielte empirische Befunde werden für die verschiedenen Gebiete der Welt zur Illustration der Prozesse hinzugezogen. Der Band thematisiert vorrangig die Politikfelder Friedens- und Konfliktforschung, Demokratisierung und Demokratievergleich, Internationale Beziehungen und Zeitgeschichte.

Transitional Justice In Der Weltgesellschaft

Author : Fatima Kastner
ISBN : 9783868546408
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52. 2 MB
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Das Völkerrecht fordert, dass ehemals repressive Staaten ihre gewaltvollen Vergangenheiten aufklären müssen und verpflichtet diese darüber hinaus dazu, den Opfern von schweren Menschenrechtsverletzungen Wiedergutmachung zukommen zu lassen. Tatsächlich ist eine Vielzahl von Postkonfliktstaaten in Mittel- und Osteuropa, in Afrika, Asien, Lateinamerika und mit Marokko und Tunesien nun auch in der Region des Maghreb und des Nahen Ostens dieser Verpflichtung der transitionalen Gerechtigkeit auch wirklich nachgekommen. Angesichts der Tatsache, dass auf der Ebene der internationalen Politik effektive Durchsetzungsmechanismen fehlen, die souveräne Staaten zur Durchführung von Transitional-Justice-Prozessen zwingen könnten, ist das ein eher unerwarteter Befund. Wie lässt sich dieses erstaunliche Phänomen erklären? Fatima Kastner unternimmt erstmals den Versuch, die Globalisierung von Transitional Justice aus einer Perspektive der historischen Soziologie der Weltgesellschaft zu erklären. Sie beschreibt die Herausbildung dieses neuartigen Konfliktbewältigungsmodells als eine direkte Folge der Wirkmacht weltkultureller Struktur- und Deutungsmuster und rekonstruiert die sozialhistorischen Ausgangsbedingungen und weltgesellschaftlichen Dynamiken, die zur globalen Ausbreitung von Normen, Standards und Institutionen von Transitional Justice geführt haben. Am Beispiel des Transitionsprozesses in Marokko wird die lokale Wirkweise des globalen Rechtsregimes von Transitional Justice herausgearbeitet und seine weltgesellschaftliche Funktion deutlich gemacht. Transitional Justice ist zu einem globalen Handlungsmodell der Übergangsgerechtigkeit in der Weltgesellschaft geworden. Kastner beschreibt eindrücklich die sozialstrukturellen Ursprünge und ideengeschichtlichen Entwicklungslinien, die transitionale Gerechtigkeit von der normativen Ausnahme zur weltpolitischen Regel werden ließ.

Wahrheitskommissionen

Author : Anne K. Krüger
ISBN : 9783593501857
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55. 92 MB
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Seit den 1980er-Jahren haben sich Wahrheitskommissionen zu einem wichtigen Instrument entwickelt, um nach politischen Umbrüchen schwere Menschenrechtsverletzungen aufzuarbeiten. Doch wie konnte sich diese Organisationsform, mit politisch motivierten Verbrechen umzugehen, über kulturelle und politische Unterschiede hinweg weltweit verbreiten? Anne K. Krüger schildert die vier Phasen der Entstehung und Verbreitung dieses Standardinstruments der Transitional Justice. Dabei beantwortet sie die Frage, wie sich das kulturelle Modell einer »Versöhnung durch Wahrheit« zum Bestandteil einer gemeinsamen Weltkultur entwickelte.

Nach Jacques Derrida Und Niklas Luhmann Zur Un M Glichkeit Einer Gesellschaftstheorie Der Gerechtigkeit

Author : Gunther Teubner
ISBN : 9783110507881
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 23. 2 MB
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Gegenber der aktuellen sozial- und rechtsphilosophischen Debatte zur Gerechtigkeit, die zwischen den Polen der Universalitt und der Alteritt oszilliert, arbeiten die Autoren des Bandes eine dritte, eine sozialtheoretische, Argumentationslinie heraus. Ausgangspunkt sind die Paradoxien des Rechts, wie sie von Jacques Derrida und Niklas Luhmann formuliert worden sind. In Luhmanns "Kontingenzformel des Rechts" erscheint Gerechtigkeit nicht primr als philosophische Frage, sondern als konkrete Praxis der jeweiligen Selbstbeschreibungen des Rechtssystems, welche die bloe Konsistenz des Recht bersteigt und sich an den Anforderungen der Umwelten des Rechts orientiert. Die Autoren des Bandes konfrontieren die Luhmannsche Kontingenzformel mit dem Gerechtigkeitskonzept von Derrida, die auf eine Transzendenz des Rechts in ganz anderer Richtung zielt. Diese ist fr die Rechtsoperationen prinzipiell nicht erreichbar, ihren Anforderungen aber sind sie stndig und ohne Ausweichmglichkeit ausgesetzt. Was ergibt sich aus dieser Konfrontation fr die Neuformulierung von Grundbegriffen des Rechts: Gerechtigkeit, Rechtssubjektivitt, subjektives Recht, Rechtsgenese, Rechtsargumentation?

Identity Reconciliation And Transitional Justice

Author : Nevin T. Aiken
ISBN : 9781135086688
Genre : Law
File Size : 84. 2 MB
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Building upon an interdisciplinary synthesis of recent literature from the fields of transitional justice and conflict transformation, this book introduces a groundbreaking theoretical framework that highlights the critical importance of identity in the relationship between transitional justice and reconciliation in deeply divided societies. Using this framework, Aiken argues that transitional justice interventions will be successful in promoting reconciliation and sustainable peace to the extent that they can help to catalyze those crucial processes of ‘social learning’ needed to transform the antagonistic relationships and identifications that divide post-conflict societies even after the signing of formal peace agreements. Combining original field research and an extensive series of expert interviews, Aiken applies this social learning model in a comprehensive examination of both the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the uniquely ‘decentralized’ approach to transitional justice that has emerged in Northern Ireland. By offering new insight into the experiences of these countries, Aiken provides compelling firsthand evidence to suggest that transitional justice interventions can best contribute to post-conflict reconciliation if they not only provide truth and justice for past human rights abuses, but also help to promote contact, dialogue and the amelioration of structural and material inequalities between former antagonists. Identity, Reconciliation and Transitional Justice makes a timely contribution to debates about how to best understand and address past human rights violations in post-conflict societies, and it offers a valuable resource to students, scholars, practitioners and policymakers dealing with these difficult issues.

The Shari A And Islamic Criminal Justice In Time Of War And Peace

Author : M. Cherif Bassiouni
ISBN : 9781107471153
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45. 69 MB
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This innovative and important book applies classical Sunni Muslim legal and religious doctrine to contemporary issues surrounding armed conflict. In doing so it shows that the shari'a and Islamic law are not only compatible with contemporary international human rights law and international humanitarian law norms, but are appropriate for use in Muslim societies. By grounding contemporary post-conflict processes and procedures in classical Muslim legal and religious doctrine, it becomes more accessible to Muslim societies who are looking for appropriate legal mechanisms to deal with the aftermath of armed conflict. This book uniquely presents a critique of the violent practices of contemporary Muslims and Muslim clerics who support these practices. It rebuts Islamophobes in the West that discredit Islam on the basis of the abhorrent practices of some Muslims, and hopes to reduce tensions between Western and Islamic civilizations by enhancing common understanding of the issues.

History Memory And State Sponsored Violence

Author : Berber Bevernage
ISBN : 9781136634444
Genre : History
File Size : 50. 67 MB
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Modern historiography embraces the notion that time is irreversible, implying that the past should be imagined as something ‘absent’ or ‘distant.’ Victims of historical injustice, however, in contrast, often claim that the past got ‘stuck’ in the present and that it retains a haunting presence. History, Memory, and State-Sponsored Violence is centered around the provocative thesis that the way one deals with historical injustice and the ethics of history is strongly dependent on the way one conceives of historical time; that the concept of time traditionally used by historians is structurally more compatible with the perpetrators’ than the victims’ point of view. Demonstrating that the claim of victims about the continuing presence of the past should be taken seriously, instead of being treated as merely metaphorical, Berber Bevernage argues that a genuine understanding of the ‘irrevocable’ past demands a radical break with modern historical discourse and the concept of time. By embedding a profound philosophical reflection on the themes of historical time and historical discourse in a concrete series of case studies, this project transcends the traditional divide between ‘empirical’ historiography on the one hand and the so called ‘theoretical’ approaches to history on the other. It also breaks with the conventional ‘analytical’ philosophy of history that has been dominant during the last decades, raising a series of long-neglected ‘big questions’ about the historical condition – questions about historical time, the unity of history, and the ontological status of present and past –programmatically pleading for a new historical ethics.

Unspeakable Truths

Author : Priscilla B. Hayner
ISBN : 9781135245573
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 50. 17 MB
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In a sweeping review of forty truth commissions, Priscilla Hayner delivers a definitive exploration of the global experience in official truth-seeking after widespread atrocities. When Unspeakable Truths was first published in 2001, it quickly became a classic, helping to define the field of truth commissions and the broader arena of transitional justice. This second edition is fully updated and expanded, covering twenty new commissions formed in the last ten years, analyzing new trends, and offering detailed charts that assess the impact of truth commissions and provide comparative information not previously available. Placing the increasing number of truth commissions within the broader expansion in transitional justice, Unspeakable Truths surveys key developments and new thinking in reparations, international justice, healing from trauma, and other areas. The book challenges many widely-held assumptions, based on hundreds of interviews and a sweeping review of the literature. This book will help to define how these issues are addressed in the future.

Just And Unjust Peace

Author : Daniel Philpott
ISBN : 9780199969227
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 22. 72 MB
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Winner of the 2013 Christianity Today Book Award in Missions / Global Affairs Winner of the Aldersgate Prize Honorable Mention Winner of the 2014 International Studies Association International Ethics Section Book Award In the wake of massive injustice, how can justice be achieved and peace restored? Is it possible to find a universal standard that will work for people of diverse and often conflicting religious, cultural, and philosophical backgrounds? In Just and Unjust Peace, Daniel Philpott offers an innovative and hopeful response to these questions. He challenges the approach to peace-building that dominates the United Nations, western governments, and the human rights community. While he shares their commitments to human rights and democracy, Philpott argues that these values alone cannot redress the wounds caused by war, genocide, and dictatorship. Both justice and the effective restoration of political order call for a more holistic, restorative approach. Philpott answers that call by proposing a form of political reconciliation that is deeply rooted in three religious traditions--Christianity, Islam, and Judaism--as well as the restorative justice movement. These traditions offer the fullest expressions of the core concepts of justice, mercy, and peace. By adapting these ancient concepts to modern constitutional democracy and international norms, Philpott crafts an ethic that has widespread appeal and offers real hope for the restoration of justice in fractured communities. From the roots of these traditions, Philpott develops six practices--building just institutions and relations between states, acknowledgment, reparations, restorative punishment, apology and, most important, forgiveness--which he then applies to real cases, identifying how each practice redresses a unique set of wounds. Focusing on places as varied as Bosnia, Iraq, South Africa, Germany, Sierra Leone, Timor-Leste, Chile and many others--and drawing upon the actual experience of victims and perpetrators--Just and Unjust Peace offers a fresh approach to the age-old problem of restoring justice in the aftermath of widespread injustice.

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