transnational power elites the new professionals of governance law and security routledge studies in liberty and security

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Transnational Power Elites

Author : Niilo Kauppi
ISBN : 9780415665247
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 23. 33 MB
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This book argues that European Union institutional mechanics and the EU as a political unit cannot be properly understood without taking into account the elites that make the policy decisions. Spurred by globalisation, technological and economic development has provided the backbone for social and political transformations that have changed the social structures that unite and differentiate individuals and groups in Europe and their interface with extra-European actors. These developments are not only exemplified by the rise of the EU, but also by the rise of a set of transnational European power elites evolving in and around the European construction. This book maps out these EU and international interdependencies and provides a comprehensive picture of the European transnational power elites. Moving away from the majority of literature on European integration dominated by economics, law, IR and political science, the volume is written from a sociological perspective that takes into account the individuals that make the policy decisions, the formal and informal groups in which s/he is included, as well as the social conventions that regulate political and administrative activities in the EU. This book will be of much interest to students of EU studies, sociology, critical security studies, and IR in general.

Governing Diasporas In International Relations

Author : Francesco Ragazzi
ISBN : 9781351709439
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 75. 70 MB
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This book analyzes how states extend their sovereignty beyond their territories through the language of diasporas. An increasing number of states are interested in supporting, managing or controlling their populations abroad, something they define as their ‘diaspora’. Yet what does it mean for governments to formulate claims of sovereignty over populations who reside outside the very borders that legitimate them? This book argues that ‘diaspora’ should be understood as a performative discourse that enables transnational political practices that could otherwise not be justified in a normative structure of world politics, dominated by the imperatives of territorial sovereignty. The empirical analysis focuses on the former Yugoslavia and contemporary Croatia. The first part of the book examines the history of the relations between Croats abroad and their homeland, from the emergence of the question of emigration as a problem of government in the late nineteenth century until the years preceding the formation of the contemporary Croatian state. The second part explores how, in the 1990s, the merging of bureaucratic categories and state practices into the category of ‘diaspora’ was instrumental in mobilizing Croats abroad during the 1991-1995 war; in reshuffling the balance between Serbs and Croats in the citizenry; and in the de facto annexation of parts of neighboring Bosnia-Herzegovina in the immediate aftermath of the war. This book will be of much interest to students of critical security studies, international political sociology, diaspora studies, border studies, and International Relations in general.

Security And Defensive Democracy In Israel

Author : Sharon Weinblum
ISBN : 9781317584506
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 38 MB
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This book scrutinises how political actors in the Israeli parliament (the Knesset) have articulated the security-democracy nexus in their discourses. Security crises expose political leaders to an uncomfortable dilemma: guaranteeing the safety of citizens while at the same time preserving democratic principles, basic rights and liberties. In this respect, Israel represents an archetypical case. Defining itself as a democracy, the state of Israel has been in quasi-constant conflict with its neighbouring countries while facing terror attacks repeatedly. This situation has resulted in the upholding of the state of emergency since the establishment of the state in 1948 and in the enactment of security measures that are often in conflict with democratic values. The tension between security and democracy is not a new question: it has been at the centre of political thought from Rousseau and Locke to Lasswell and Dahl and stood at the core of political debates after 9/11 and the 2005 terror attacks in London. Many studies have questioned how political actors manage this tension or how they could – properly – balance security and democracy. Yet, in spite of the abundant literature on the issue, the manner in which political actors conceptualise and frame this tension has been rarely explored. Even less has been said on the effects of this conceptualisation on the democratic regime. Drawing on discourse theory and on an innovative narrative analysis, the book examines 40 debates held in the Knesset on security-oriented laws enacted in two different contexts: the period of relative calm preceding the first Palestinian intifada (1987) and the period following the eruption of the second intifada (2000). More specifically, three types of laws and discussions are examined: laws establishing a relation between freedom of expression and security; laws linking the category of 'the enemy' to democracy; and finally those connecting the right to family unification and residence of Palestinians with terrorism. Through a comparative analysis of the political actors’ discourses in 1985 and between 2000 and 2011, the study demonstrates that two main narratives have constantly competed: on the one hand a marginal narrative anchored in basic rights and on the other a defensive democracy narrative, which has become dominant. The latter has legitimised the restriction of freedom of expression, freedom to participate in elections, freedom of movement or the right to citizenship. The book shows how the increasing dominance of the defensive democracy narrative has had a fundamental impact in reshaping the polity and the identity of Israel’s democratic regime. The analysis ultimately opens the possibility to rethink the conventional approach of the security-democracy dilemma and to reflect on processes in other states, such as the United Kingdom or the United States during different security crises. This book will be of much interest to students of critical security studies, Israeli politics, democracy studies, political theory and IR in general.

Managing State Fragility

Author : Isabel Rocha de Siqueira
ISBN : 9781315536606
Genre : History
File Size : 70. 21 MB
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This book examines the management of ‘state fragility’ and the practices and impacts of quantification over relations of power in international politics. With the further movement towards quantification, and as technical and technological changes advance, this book argues that certain important quantifying practices can be understood in terms of symbolic power, which is more nuanced and subtle. The aim is that such an understanding can also open space for considering other instances of power that are blurred and nuanced in current international politics. By looking at how the merging of conflict and development issues in the fragile states agenda has been fed by and has fed the authority of ever-perfectible numbers, the book offers an approach to address the difficulty in dealing with profound inequality without presuming domination. Instead, the example of the g7+ group of self-labelled ‘fragile states’ and its tools indicate that quantification has reached a point of no return, but it has done so through indirect practices of management and with the complicity, so to say, of those deemed least favoured by it. This shows that there is little chance that policy-makers and academics can escape dealing with numbers and there is much to be gained by understanding how complex and knowingly imperfect statistics become authoritative and widespread. This book will be of much interest to students of critical security studies, International Political Sociology, development studies, and IR in general.

Zeitschichten

Author : Reinhart Koselleck
ISBN : 3518292560
Genre : Historiography
File Size : 75. 23 MB
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Das Schwarzbuch Des Globalisierten Verbrechens

Author : Moisés Naím
ISBN : 3492248519
Genre :
File Size : 66. 3 MB
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Politik Der Unentschiedenheit

Author : Margarete Misselwitz
ISBN : 9783839413104
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 65. 71 MB
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Flüchtlinge stehen vor vielen Problemen, die nicht nur in ihren Heimatländern entstehen, sondern häufig durch die Politik anderer Staaten und internationaler Organisationen verursacht werden. Flüchtlinge leben in unentschiedenen Zuständen. Obwohl die Flucht vor kriegerischer Gewalt seit Jahrzehnten prominentes Thema der internationalen Politik ist, weist die globale Flüchtlingspolitik erhebliche Lücken auf. Dieser Band zeigt durch Fallstudien zu palästinensischen Flüchtlingen, zu Flüchtlingen aus Sri Lanka, Liberia, Kolumbien, Kosovo und anderen Regionen, wie Politik mit Flüchtlingen gemacht wird und welche Folgen die Politik der Unentschiedenheit für sie hat.

Ber Den Staat

Author : Pierre Bourdieu
ISBN : 9783518737675
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 52. 41 MB
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Kaum ein Wissenschaftler war politisch so engagiert wie Pierre Bourdieu. Umso mehr überrascht es, dass er dem Staat keine eigene Monographie gewidmet hat. Dass er sich dennoch intensiv mit dem Thema beschäftigte, belegen seine Vorlesungen am Collège de France, deren fulminanter Auftakt Über den Staat bildet. Bourdieu geht es sowohl um Fragen der Methodologie und Theorie bei der Untersuchung des Staates als Forschungsobjekt als auch um die historische Genese dieser Institution. Er analysiert zentrale Unterscheidungen wie die zwischen öffentlich und privat sowie den Einfluss der Massenmedien. Über den Staat ist eine große Synthese – und das eigentliche Hauptwerk Bourdieus zur politischen Soziologie.

Wissen Im Diskurs

Author : Laura Kajetzke
ISBN : 9783531907819
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68. 52 MB
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In dieser Arbeit werden die theoretischen Perspektiven Pierre Bourdieus und Michel Foucaults einer wissenssoziologischen Lesart unterzogen: Wie verhalten sich Foucaults Konzepte Wissen, Macht, Subjekt, Diskurs und Dispositiv zu Bourdieus Konzepten von Wissen, Habitus, Feld und den Kapitalarten? Die Autorin zeigt anhand einer Analyse der printmedialen PISA-Berichterstattung, wie man mithilfe eines solchen Vergleichs Leitfragen und ein diskursanalytisches Vorgehen entwickeln kann.

Propaganda

Author : Thymian Bussemer
ISBN : 9783663111825
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45. 47 MB
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Propaganda ist eines der zentralen Instrumente politischen Handelns in der Moderne. "Ohne Propaganda kann gar nichts verbreitet werden, keine Philosophie und keine Seife. Propaganda ist das Medium aller Werte geworden", bekannte einst der Schriftsteller Erich Kästner. Trotzdem sind Propaganda und verwandte Kommunikationsformen wie Public Relations in der sozialwissenschaftlichen Diskussion nach wie vor nicht hinreichend erforscht. Weder Politik- noch Kommunikationswissenschaften haben bislang herausgearbeitet, welche demokratietheoretischen, soziologischen und kognitionspsychologischen Annahmen und Basistheorien dem Konzept von Propaganda zugrunde liegen. Diese Lücke schließt das vorliegende Buch. Durch eine theoriegeschichtliche Betrachtung verschiedener Forschungsansätze wird deutlich, mit welchen Prämissen und Zielen Propagandaforscher und -praktiker im 20. Jahrhundert operierten. Die Studie leistet damit einen Beitrag zur Geschichte der Kommunikationswissenschaft. Zudem zeigt sie auf, mit welchen Strategien politische Eliten ihre Herrschaft zu sichern versuchten und welche Dienstleistungsfunktion die Sozialwissenschaften bei der Ausübung sozialer Kontrolle einnahmen.

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