treatise of man great minds series

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Treatise Of Man

Author : René Descartes
ISBN : NWU:35556037515608
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 66. 31 MB
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Besides his more famous works of philosophy - Discourse on Method, Meditations on First Philosophy, and Principles of Philosophy - Descartes devoted a great deal of time and thought to the study of physiology and anatomy. An account of his activities in 1629 reports that he visited butcher shops on an almost daily basis to study specific animal organs, and he practiced dissection and even vivisection to explore the workings of major organ systems. In the 1630s, he assisted in the dissection of human cadavers - all to satisfy his intense curiosity about how bodies, animal and human, work. The fruits of this research can be found in his Treatise of Man, a work that he decided not to publish for fear of suffering the same fate as Galileo. Consequently, this fascinating treatise did not appear until twelve years after his death. Among its many intriguing features are his detailed descriptions of the nervous system and its interactions with the muscles to create movement in response to stimulus. Though we now know that many of these details are wrong, Descartes' understanding that much of the body functions as a machine was a stroke of genius. He is the first to describe the reflex arc, anticipating Pavlov and the behaviorists by almost 300 years. The idea of the body as a kind of animal machine that functions according to physical laws was an immense advance over the previous scholastic notions based on Aristotle, which merely begged the question of how the various organs of the body work by stating that it is in their nature to perform their specific functions. This is a landmark work that students of history, medicine, biology, and the history of science will find richly rewarding.

Epitome Of Copernican Astronomy And Harmonies Of The World

Author : Johannes Kepler
ISBN : 9781615921973
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 41 MB
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The brilliant German mathematician Johannes Kepler (1571-1630), one of the founders of modern astronomy, revolutionized the Copernican heliocentric theory of the universe with his three laws of motion: that the planets move not in circular but elliptical orbits, that their speed is greatest when nearest the sun, and that the sun and planets form an integrated system. This volume contains two of his most important works: The Epitome of Copernican Astronomy (books 4 and 5 of which are translated here) is a textbook of Copernican science, remarkable for the prominence given to physical astronomy and for the extension to the Jovian system of the laws recently discovered to regulate the motions of the Planets. Harmonies of the World (book 5 of which is translated here) expounds an elaborate system of celestial harmonies depending on the varying velocities of the planets.

On The Revolutions Of Heavenly Spheres

Author : Nicolaus Copernicus
ISBN : 9781615920822
Genre : Literary Collections
File Size : 41. 2 MB
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The Ptolemaic system of the universe, with the earth at the center, had held sway since antiquity as authoritative in philosophy, science, and church teaching. Following his observations of the heavenly bodies, Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) abandoned the geocentric system for a heliocentric model, with the sun at the center. His remarkable work, On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres, stands as one of the greatest intellectual revolutions of all time, and profoundly influenced, among others, Galileo and Sir Isaac Newton.

The Forces Of Matter

Author : Michael Faraday
ISBN : 9781615922666
Genre : Science
File Size : 87. 47 MB
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Michael Faraday (1791-1867) was one of the world's greatest experimental philosophers and popularizers of science. These six extraordinary lectures on gravitation, cohesion, chemical affinity, heat, magnetism, and electricity were intended for young audiences. Together, they offer the reader a fascinating introduction to some of Faraday's most important work on the correlation between the physical forces of the universe.

On The Motion Of The Heart And Blood In Animals

Author : William Harvey
ISBN : 9781615921850
Genre : Literary Collections
File Size : 72. 72 MB
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William Harvey (1578-1657) was a rebel in medical science: Contrary to contemporary practice, he began his epoch-making investigation into the action of the heart and the blood's circulation by minutely observing their action in live animals and by a lengthy series of dissections, rather than by mere reliance on the anatomical lessons of ancient medicine and philosophy. On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals, including explanations of heart valves and arterial pulse, stands as a triumph of true scientific inquiry, and is still regarded as one of the greatest discoveries in physiology.

A Philosophical Treatise On The Nature And Constitution Of Man

Author : George Harris
ISBN : UOM:39015070460939
Genre : Mind and body
File Size : 79. 17 MB
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A Treatise On Man And The Development Of His Faculties

Author : Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet
ISBN : 9781108064422
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 25. 89 MB
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The 1842 English translation of a seminal work of social statistics by the Belgian polymath Adolphe Quetelet (1796-1874).

A Treatise On Man And The Development Of His Faculties

Author : Adolphe Quetelet
ISBN : UCAL:$B21020
Genre : Demography
File Size : 50. 40 MB
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A Treatise On Man And The Development Of His Faculties Tr Under The Superintendence Of R Knox Ed By T Smibert People S Ed

Author : Lambert Adolphe J. Quetelet
ISBN : OXFORD:600031459
Genre :
File Size : 73. 4 MB
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A Treatise On Man And The Development Of His Faculties Now First Translated Into English Under The Superintendence Of Dr R Knox Edited By T Smibert

Author : Lambert Adolphe Jacques QUETELET
ISBN : BL:A0018960952
Genre :
File Size : 23. 50 MB
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