understanding adult functional literacy connecting text features task demands and respondent skills

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Understanding Adult Functional Literacy

Author : Sheida White
ISBN : 9781136901843
Genre : Education
File Size : 33. 18 MB
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"This is a genuinely scholarly work ... It is based on [analysis of] the most up-to-date quantitative surveys that we have on adult literacy. These surveys are the gold standard in terms of documenting adult literacy in the United States ...The author analyzes these extensive surveys and puts them into a theoretical context in a way that has not been done before." – Rosemary J. Park, University of Minnesota "I don’t know of any book providing the same information. There is a shortage of literature in this area and the book is an excellent contribution." – Dolores Perin, Teachers College, Columbia University "The contribution of the theory is important – not only to adult literacy but to our understanding of the reading process at nearly every level ... Additionally, the application of multidimensional item response modeling to the new TTR theory offers a tantalizing view of how the predictive validity of a theory might be tested and used to provide practical results." – Larry Mikulecky, Indiana University Very often, individual differences in literacy performance are understood exclusively in terms of the characteristics of the reader. Drawing on a rich array of empirical research, the author presents a detailed and highly integrative new theory of functional literacy. The text-task-respondent (TTR) theory of functional literacy offers improved understanding of how successful performance on everyday literacy tasks involves a dynamic relationship among the text, the task, and the reader. This book will appeal primarily to assessment developers who wish to select tasks and texts of varying difficulty to yield more precise estimates of adult literacy; to researchers who study cognitive, linguistic, and discourse processes; and to teachers who want to find new ways to increase text comprehension among students, including English language learners and struggling readers. The text is appropriate for an advanced course in adult education, discourse analysis, educational measurement, educational psychology, literacy, or linguistics – or as a reference work for those interested in literacy.

Task Based Language Learning Insights From And For L2 Writing

Author : Heidi Byrnes
ISBN : 9789027269713
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 74. 3 MB
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The book seeks to enlarge the theoretical scope, research agenda, and practices associated with TBLT in a two-way dynamic, by exploring how insights from writing might reconfigure our understanding of tasks and, in turn, how work associated with TBLT might benefit the learning and teaching of writing. In order to enrich the domain of task and to advance the educational interests of TBLT, it adopts both a psycholinguistic and a textual meaning-making orientation. Following an issues-oriented introductory chapter, Part I of the volume explores tenets, methods, and findings in task-oriented theory and research in the context of writing; the chapters in Part II present empirical findings on task-based writing by investigating how writing tasks are implemented, how writers differentially respond to tasks, and how tasks can contribute to language development. A coda chapter summarizes the volume’s contribution and suggests directions for advancing TBLT constructs and research agendas.

Hoe Maakbaar Is De Lezer

Author : Dick Schram
ISBN : 9789463010092
Genre : Education
File Size : 25. 53 MB
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Positieve leeservaringen in de kindertijd vormen de basis voor een leven lang lezen. Het is dan ook belangrijk dat kinderen structureel te maken krijgen met leesbevordering en literatuureducatie. Baby’s, peuters, kleuters, kinderen en tieners, allemaal verdienen zij een aanpak op maat. In Hoe maakbaar is de lezer? wordt aandacht besteed aan de vele factoren die de leesontwikkeling van kinderen kunnen maken of breken. Welke rol spelen het gezin en socialiserende instanties zoals de school bij het stimuleren van leesplezier en literaire competentie bij kinderen? Hoe beïnvloedt tekstkeuze de leesontwikkeling? Op welke wijze kunnen boek-apps en digitale platformen de leeservaring verrijken? En waarom is structurele aandacht voor lezen eigenlijk zo belangrijk? Dit zijn slechts enkele van de kwesties die in deze publicatie aan bod komen. Hoe maakbaar is de lezer? is het resultaat van het gelijknamige wetenschappelijk congres dat Stichting Lezen eind 2014 organiseerde. Met dit congres nam Dick Schram afscheid van Stichting Lezen. Hij vervulde van 1998 tot 2014 vanwege Stichting Lezen de Bijzondere Leerstoel Leesgedrag aan de VU. Deze congresbundel is door hem samengesteld. Hoe maakbaar is de lezer? biedt een wetenschappelijke basis voor hernieuwd beleid rondom de doorgaande leeslijn en is een must read voor iedereen die op de hoogte wil blijven van de nieuwste inzichten op het gebied van lezen

Measuring Literacy

Author : Committee on Performance Levels for Adult Literacy
ISBN : 9780309096522
Genre : Education
File Size : 23. 82 MB
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The National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) is a household survey conducted periodically by the Department of Education that evaluates the literacy skills of a sample of adults in the United Stages ages 16 and older. NAAL results are used to characterize adults' literacy skills and to inform policy and programmatic decisions. The Committee on Performance Levels for Adult Literacy was convened at the Department's request for assistance in determining a means for booking assessment results that would be useful and understandable for NAAL'S many varied audiences. Through a process detailed in the book, the committee determined that five performance level categories should be used to characterize adults' literacy skills: nonliterate in English, below basic literacy, basic literacy, intermediate literacy, and advanced literacy. This book documents the process the committee used to determine these performance categories, estimates the percentages of adults whose literacy skills fall into each category, recommends ways to communicate about adults' literacy skills based on NAAL, and makes suggestions for ways to improve future assessments of adult literacy.

Improving Adult Literacy Instruction

Author : Committee on Learning Sciences: Foundations and Applications to Adolescent and Adult Literacy
ISBN : 9780309219594
Genre : Education
File Size : 84. 39 MB
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A high level of literacy in both print and digital media is required for negotiating most aspects of 21st-century life, including supporting a family, education, health, civic participation, and competitiveness in the global economy. Yet, more than 90 million U.S. adults lack adequate literacy. Furthermore, only 38 percent of U.S. 12th graders are at or above proficient in reading. Improving Adult Literacy Instruction synthesizes the research on literacy and learning to improve literacy instruction in the United States and to recommend a more systemic approach to research, practice, and policy. The book focuses on individuals ages 16 and older who are not in K-12 education. It identifies factors that affect literacy development in adolescence and adulthood in general, and examines their implications for strengthening literacy instruction for this population. It also discusses technologies for learning that can assist with multiple aspects of teaching, assessment,and accommodations for learning. There is inadequate knowledge about effective instructional practices and a need for better assessment and ongoing monitoring of adult students' proficiencies, weaknesses, instructional environments, and progress, which might guide instructional planning. Improving Adult Literacy Instruction recommends a program of research and innovation to validate, identify the boundaries of, and extend current knowledge to improve instruction for adults and adolescents outside school. The book is a valuable resource for curriculum developers, federal agencies such as the Department of Education, administrators, educators, and funding agencies.

Learning A Living First Results Of The Adult Literacy And Life Skills Survey

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264010390
Genre :
File Size : 53. 70 MB
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Based on the Adult Literacy and Life Skills survey conducted in Bermuda, Canada, Italy, Mexico (Nuevo Leon), Norway, and the United States of America in 2003 and 2004, this book presents an initial set of findings that shed new light on the twin processes of skill gain and loss.

Literacy Numeracy And Problem Solving In Technology Rich Environments Framework For The Oecd Survey Of Adult Skills

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264128859
Genre :
File Size : 87. 8 MB
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The Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) is an international assessment of adult skills. The assessment framework provides an agreed definition of what should be measured and guide the construction and interpretation of tasks included in the assessment.

Measures Of Health Literacy

Author : Roundtable on Health Literacy
ISBN : 9780309139809
Genre : Medical
File Size : 30. 15 MB
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Health literacy--the ability for individuals to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services to facilitate appropriate health decisions--is increasingly recognized as an important facet of health care and health outcomes. Although research on health literacy has grown tremendously in the past decade, there is no widely agreed-upon framework for health literacy as a determinant of health outcomes. Most instruments focus on assessing an individual's health literacy, yet the scope of health literacy reaches far beyond an individual's skills and abilities. Health literacy occurs in the context of the health care system, and therefore measures of health literacy must also assess the demands and complexities of the health care systems with which patients interact. For example, measures are needed to determine how well the system has been organized so that it can be navigated by individuals with different levels of health literacy and how well health organizations are doing at making health information understandable and actionable. To examine what is known about measures of health literacy, the Institute of Medicine convened a workshop. The workshop, summarized in this volume, reviews the current status of measures of health literacy, including those used in the health care setting; discusses possible surrogate measures that might be used to assess health literacy; and explores ways in which health literacy measures can be used to assess patient-centered approaches to care.

Health Literacy

Author : Institute of Medicine
ISBN : 0309133319
Genre : Medical
File Size : 64. 34 MB
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To maintain their own health and the health of their families and communities, consumers rely heavily on the health information that is available to them. This information is at the core of the partnerships that patients and their families forge with today’s complex modern health systems. This information may be provided in a variety of forms â€" ranging from a discussion between a patient and a health care provider to a health promotion advertisement, a consent form, or one of many other forms of health communication common in our society. Yet millions of Americans cannot understand or act upon this information. To address this problem, the field of health literacy brings together research and practice from diverse fields including education, health services, and social and cultural sciences, and the many organizations whose actions can improve or impede health literacy. Health Literacy: Prescription to End Confusion examines the body of knowledge that applies to the field of health literacy, and recommends actions to promote a health literate society. By examining the extent of limited health literacy and the ways to improve it, we can improve the health of individuals and populations.

Technical Report And Data File User S Manual For The 1992 National Adult Literacy Survey

Author : Irwin S. Kirsch
ISBN : UOM:39015049711297
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 32. 4 MB
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