understanding pottery function

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Understanding Pottery Function

Author : James M. Skibo
ISBN : 9781461441991
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 51. 60 MB
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The 1992 publication of Pottery Function brought together the ethnographic study of the Kalinga and developed a method and theory for how pottery was actually used. Since then, there have been considerable advances in understanding how pottery was actually used, particularly in the area of residue analysis, abrasion, and sooting/carbonization. At the 20th anniversary of the book, it is time to assess what has been done and learned. One of the concerns of those working in pottery analysis is that they are unsure how to “do” use-alteration analysis on their collection. Another common concern is understanding intended pottery function—the connections between technical choices and function. This book is designed to answer these questions using case studies from the author and his colleagues for applying use-alteration analysis to infer actual pottery function. The focus of Understanding Pottery Function is on how practicing archaeologists can infer function from their ceramic collection.

Use Wear And Residue Analysis In Archaeology

Author : João Manuel Marreiros
ISBN : 9783319082578
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 62. 61 MB
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This book is designed to act as a readily accessible guide to different methods and techniques of use-wear and residue analysis and therefore includes a wide range of different and complementary essential topics: experimental tests, observation and record methods and techniques and the interpretation of a diversity of tool types and worked raw materials. The onset of use-wear studies was marked by the development of theory, method and techniques in order to infer prehistoric tools functionality and, therefore, understand human technological, social and cultural behavior. The last decade of functional studies, use-wear and residue analysis have been aimed at the observation, recording and interpretation of different activities and worked materials found on archaeological tools made on different types of organic and non-organic materials. This international group of contributions will be fundamental for all researchers and students of the discipline.

Ceramics In Circumpolar Prehistory

Author : Peter Jordan
ISBN : 9781108577502
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 58. 86 MB
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Throughout prehistory the Circumpolar World was inhabited by hunter-gatherers. Pottery-making would have been extremely difficult in these cold, northern environments, and the craft should never have been able to disperse into this region. However, archaeologists are now aware that pottery traditions were adopted widely across the Northern World and went on to play a key role in subsistence and social life. This book sheds light on the human motivations that lay behind the adoption of pottery, the challenges that had to be overcome in order to produce it, and the solutions that emerged. Including essays by an international team of scholars, the volume offers a compelling portrait of the role that pottery cooking technologies played in northern lifeways, both in the prehistoric past and in more recent ethnographic times.

Pottery Analysis Second Edition

Author : Prudence M. Rice
ISBN : 9780226923222
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 46. 19 MB
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Just as a single pot starts with a lump of clay, the study of a piece’s history must start with an understanding of its raw materials. This principle is the foundation of Pottery Analysis, the acclaimed sourcebook that has become the indispensable guide for archaeologists and anthropologists worldwide. By grounding current research in the larger history of pottery and drawing together diverse approaches to the study of pottery, it offers a rich, comprehensive view of ceramic inquiry. This new edition fully incorporates more than two decades of growth and diversification in the fields of archaeological and ethnographic study of pottery. It begins with a summary of the origins and history of pottery in different parts of the world, then examines the raw materials of pottery and their physical and chemical properties. It addresses ethnographic and ethnoarchaeological perspectives on pottery production; reviews the methods of studying pottery’s physical, mechanical, thermal, mineralogical, and chemical properties; and discusses how proper analysis of artifacts can reveal insights into their culture of origin. Intended for use in the classroom, the lab, and out in the field, this essential text offers an unparalleled basis for pottery research.

Pottery Function

Author : James M. Skibo
ISBN : 0306441594
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 40. 70 MB
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There are many ways to study pots or the sherds of pots. In this book James Skibo has focused on the surface wear and tear found on the resin-coated, low-fired cooking pots of the Kalinga people in north western Luzon. This detailed analysis is part of a much larger evalua tion of Kalinga pottery production and use by the staff members and students at the University of Arizona that has been underway since 1972. Here he has analyzed the variants among the possible residual clues on pots that have endured the stresses of having been used for cooking meat and vegetables or rice; standing on supports in the hearth fire; wall scrapings while distributing the food; being transported to the water source for thorough washing and scrubbing; followed by storage until needed again-a repetitive pattern of use. This well-controlled study made use of new pots provided for cooking purposes to one Kalinga household, as well as those pots carefully observed in other households-- 189 pots in all. Such an ethnoarchaeological approach is not unlike follOwing the course of the firing of a kiln-load of pots in other cultures, and then purchasing the entire product of this firing for analysis. Other important aspects of this Kalinga study are the chemical analysis of extracts from the ware to deduce the nature of the food cooked in them, and the experimental study of soot deposited on cooking vessels when they are in use.

Designing Experimental Research In Archaeology

Author : Jeffrey R. Ferguson
ISBN : 1607320231
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 65. 78 MB
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Designing Experimental Research in Archaeology is a guide for the design of archaeological experiments for both students and scholars. Experimental archaeology provides a unique opportunity to corroborate conclusions with multiple trials of repeatable experiments and can provide data otherwise unavailable to archaeologists without damaging sites, remains, or artifacts. Each chapter addresses a particular classification of material culture-ceramics, stone tools, perishable materials, composite hunting technology, butchering practices and bone tools, and experimental zooarchaeology-detailing issues that must be considered in the development of experimental archaeology projects and discussing potential pitfalls. The experiments follow coherent and consistent research designs and procedures and are placed in a theoretical context, and contributors outline methods that will serve as a guide in future experiments. This degree of standardization is uncommon in traditional archaeological research but is essential to experimental archaeology. The field has long been in need of a guide that focuses on methodology and design. This book fills that need not only for undergraduate and graduate students but for any archaeologist looking to begin an experimental research project.

Archaeologia Polona

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B4558726
Genre : Archaeology
File Size : 63. 40 MB
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Theory And Practice Of Archaeological Residue Analysis

Author : H. Barnard
ISBN : UOM:39015070947422
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48. 15 MB
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Organic residues include a broad range of materials that can be analyzed at a macro-, micro- or molecular level. They represent the carbon-based remains (in combination with H, N, O, P and S) of fungi, plants, animals and humans. Organic residue analysis is a relatively new technique to archaeology. The chapters of this volume bring together scholars from across the globe and attest to the diverse range of analytical methods, material types, spatio-temporal cultural units and research questions to which organic residue analysis has been applied. They are partly the proceedings of a symposium on this subject, held on 31 March 2005 in Salt Lake City (Utah) during the 70th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, and partly the result of invitations to contribute forwarded to many active in this field. Contents: 1) Introduction (J.W. Eerkens and H. Barnard); 2) Residues of Maize in North American Pottery: What Phytoliths can add to the Story of Maize (R.K. Lusteck and R.G. Thompson); 3) Micro-Residues on Stone Tools: The Bigger Picture from a South African Middle Stone Age Perspective (M. Lombard and L. Wadley); 4) Methods of Interpreting Bronze Age Vessel Residues: Discussion, Correlation and the Verification of Data (N.I. Shishlina, et al.); 5) An Introduction to Archaeological Lipid Analysis by GC/MS (H. Barnard, A.N. Dooley and K.F. Faull); 6) Elucidating Pottery Function using a Multi-step Analytical Methodology combining Infrared Spectroscopy, Chromatographic Procedures and Mass Spectrometry (M. Regert); 7) Fatty Acid Analysis of Archaeological Residues: Procedures and Possibilities (M.E. Malainey); 8) Organic Residue Analysis and the Decomposition of Fatty Acids in Ancient Potsherds (J.W. Eerkens); 9) A Comparative Study of Extractable Lipids in the Sherds and Surface Residual Crusts of Ceramic Vessels from Neolithic and Roman Iron Age Settlements in the Netherlands (T.F.M. Oudemans and J.J. Boon); 10) Patterns of Subsistence Change During the Final Neolithic in the Primorye Region of the Russian Far East as Revealed by Fatty Acid Residue Analysis (J. Cassidy); 11) Using Residue Analysis to Confirm Trade Connections at Pella, Jordan (H.A. Hoekman-Sites); 12) The Well-Tempered Pottery Analysis: Residue and Typological Analysis of Potsherds from the Lower Mississippi Valley (E.A. Reber); 13) Analysis of Lipid Residues in Archaeological Artifacts: Marine Mammal Oil and Cooking Practices in the Arctic (C. Solazzo and D. Erhardt); 14) The Archaeology of Alkaloids (S.M. Rafferty); 15) Reconstructing Mississippian Diet in the American Bottom with Stable Isotope Ratios of Pot Sherd Residues (D.E. Beehr and S.H. Ambrose); 16) Results of Seven Methods for Organic Residue Analysis Applied to One Vessel with the Residue of a Known Foodstuff (H. Barnard, et al.); 17) Introduction to the Analysis of Protein Residues in Archaeological Ceramics (H. Barnard, et al.).

Early Pottery

Author : Rebecca Saunders
ISBN : 9780817351274
Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
File Size : 28. 73 MB
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A synthesis of research on earthenware technologies of the Late Archaic Period in the southeastern U.S. Information on social groups and boundaries, and on interaction between groups, burgeons when pottery appears on the social landscape of the Southeast in the Late Archaic period (ca. 5000-3000 years ago). This volume provides a broad, comparative review of current data from "first potteries" of the Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains and in the lower Mississippi River Valley, and it presents research that expands our understanding of how pottery functioned in its earliest manifestations in this region. Included are discussions of Orange pottery in peninsular Florida, Stallings pottery in Georgia, Elliot's Point fiber-tempered pottery in the Florida panhandle, and the various pottery types found in excavations over the years at the Poverty Point site in northeastern Louisiana. The data and discussions demonstrate that there was much more interaction, and at an earlier date, than is often credited to Late Archaic societies. Indeed, extensive trade in pottery throughout the region occurs as early as 1500 B.C. These and other findings make this book indispensable to those involved in research into the origin and development of pottery in general and its unique history in the Southeast in particular.

Ceramics Monthly

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015048128469
Genre : Ceramics
File Size : 76. 69 MB
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