understanding research science and technology parks global best practice report of a symposium comparative innovation policy

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Understanding Research Science And Technology Parks

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309145465
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 76. 76 MB
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Many nations are currently adopting a variety of directed strategies to launch and support research parks, often with significant financial commitments and policy support. By better understanding how research parks of other nations operate, we can seek to improve the scale and contributions of parks in the U.S. To that end, the National Academies convened an international conference on global best practices in research parks. This volume, a report of the conference, includes discussion of the diverse roles that research parks in both universities and laboratories play in national innovation systems. The presentations identify common challenges and demonstrate substantial differences in research park programs around the world.

Rising To The Challenge

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309255516
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80. 58 MB
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America's position as the source of much of the world's global innovation has been the foundation of its economic vitality and military power in the post-war. No longer is U.S. pre-eminence assured as a place to turn laboratory discoveries into new commercial products, companies, industries, and high-paying jobs. As the pillars of the U.S. innovation system erode through wavering financial and policy support, the rest of the world is racing to improve its capacity to generate new technologies and products, attract and grow existing industries, and build positions in the high technology industries of tomorrow. Rising to the Challenge: U.S. Innovation Policy for Global Economy emphasizes the importance of sustaining global leadership in the commercialization of innovation which is vital to America's security, its role as a world power, and the welfare of its people. The second decade of the 21st century is witnessing the rise of a global competition that is based on innovative advantage. To this end, both advanced as well as emerging nations are developing and pursuing policies and programs that are in many cases less constrained by ideological limitations on the role of government and the concept of free market economics. The rapid transformation of the global innovation landscape presents tremendous challenges as well as important opportunities for the United States. This report argues that far more vigorous attention be paid to capturing the outputs of innovation - the commercial products, the industries, and particularly high-quality jobs to restore full employment. America's economic and national security future depends on our succeeding in this endeavor.

Building The 21st Century

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309216661
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 31. 61 MB
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The global economy is characterized by increasing locational competition to attract the resources necessary to develop leading-edge technologies as drivers of regional and national growth. One means of facilitating such growth and improving national competitiveness is to improve the operation of the national innovation system. This involves national technology development and innovation programs designed to support research on new technologies, enhance the commercial return on national research, and facilitate the production of globally competitive products. Understanding the policies that other nations are pursuing to become more innovative and to what effect is essential to understanding how the nature and terms of economic competition are shifting. Building the 21st Century U.S.-China Cooperation on Science, Technology, and Innovation studies selected foreign innovation programs and comparing them with major U.S. programs. This analysis of Comparative Innovation Policy includes a review of the goals, concept, structure, operation, funding levels, and evaluation of foreign programs designed to advance the innovation capacity of national economies and enhance their international competitiveness. This analysis focuses on key areas of future growth, such as renewable energy, among others, to generate case-specific recommendations where appropriate.

Innovation Policies For The 21st Century

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309179025
Genre : Computers
File Size : 87. 13 MB
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To mark the opening of a study of Comparative Innovation Policy: Best Practice for the 21st Century the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP) convened a symposium providing an overview of areas to be examined in the study and topics requiring further policy attention. The event highlighted the policies and programs of leading nations and provided valuable insights into some of the common challenges of growing and supporting high-technology industry and the commercialization of public investments in R&D. This report contains a summary of the symposium proceedings and an introduction analyzing the issues and placing them in a broader policy context.

A View Of Global Science And Technology

Author : Board on Global Science and Technology
ISBN : 9780309225403
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 27. 27 MB
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This letter report describes the 2009-2011 activities of the Board on Global Science and Technology (BGST) and provides an initial characterization of the global science and technology landscape that the Board can use as a roadmap to develop future activities. BGST met five times between November 2009 and May 2011. Board meetings were devoted to (1) identifying national security implications of the globalization of S&T, (2) building a baseline understanding of current indicators for the U.S. posture with regard to the evolving global S&T landscape, and (3) developing a BGST engagement strategy. The letter portion of the report summarizes activities of the board in its first year, and also describes some existing approaches to identifying and/or benchmarking emerging technologies globally. It is followed by 5 appendixes which include three experimental examples of a qualitative approach to benchmarking, and brief descriptions of programs that are part of the National Academies complex, with which BGST has cooperated.

India S Changing Innovation System

Author : Charles W. Wessner
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123335874
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87. 44 MB
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Printbegrænsninger: Der kan printes 10 sider ad gangen og max. 40 sider pr. session.

Bildung Auf Einen Blick 2011 Oecd Indikatoren

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9783763948932
Genre :
File Size : 23. 26 MB
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Die Ausgabe des Jahres 2011 von Bildung auf einen Blick – OECD-Indikatoren ermöglicht jedem Land, sein eigenes Bildungssystem im Vergleich zu anderen Ländern zu betrachten.

Unsere Gemeinsame Zukunft

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B3962646
Genre :
File Size : 69. 90 MB
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Im Freien Fall

Author : Joseph Stiglitz
ISBN : 9783641040703
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 26. 26 MB
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Das Plädoyer des Nobelpreisträgers für eine neue globale Wirtschaftspolitik Der freie Fall der Weltwirtschaft begann im Herbst 2008 mit dem Zusammenbruch der Investment-Bank Lehman Brothers. Die Finanz- und Wirtschaftskrise, die wir seither erleben, ist die schlimmste seit den 1930er Jahren. In seinem neuen Buch fragt Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträger Joseph Stiglitz, wie es dazu kommen konnte – und erklärt, wie wir solche Katastrophen in Zukunft verhindern können. Mit der Wirtschaftskrise hat sich die jahrzehntelang herrschende Wirtschaftsdoktrin selbst entzaubert: Falsche Anreize, entfesselte Märkte und eine ungerechte Verteilung des Reichtums haben die Welt an den Rand des Abgrunds geführt. Für Joseph Stiglitz ist klar: Ein »Weiter so« kann es nicht geben. Statt mit hektischen Rettungsmaßnahmen die eigene, nationale Wirtschaft zu retten und danach wieder zur Tagesordnung überzugehen, müssen wir diesen kritischen Moment nutzen, um eine neue globale Wirtschafts- und Finanzpolitik zu schaffen. Joseph Stiglitz beschreibt in seinem neuen Buch, wie solch eine krisenfeste und gerechtere Wirtschaftsordnung aussehen könnte. Neben einer besseren Regulierung der Finanzmärkte und einer aktiveren Rolle des Staates in der Wirtschaft, müssen wir vor allem dafür Sorge tragen, weltweit Arbeitsplätze zu sichern und den Wohlstand gerechter zu verteilen.

Das Kapital Des Staates

Author : Mariana Mazzucato
ISBN : 9783956140013
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 20. 84 MB
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Freie Märkte, smarte junge Erfinder und Wagniskapital treiben die Wirtschaft voran; der Staat stört dabei nur und muss daher nach Kräften zurückgedrängt werden. Wie ein Mantra wird dieser oberste Glaubensartikel des Neoliberalismus seit Jahrzehnten wiederholt – aber stimmt er auch? Die Ökonomin Mariana Mazzucato, die seit Jahren über den Zusammenhang zwischen Innovation und Wachstum forscht, beweist das Gegenteil: Wann und wo immer technologische Innovationen zu wirtschaftlichem Aufschwung und Wohlstand geführt haben, hatte ein aktiver Staat die Hand im Spiel. Von der Elektrifizierung bis zum Internet – Motor der Entwicklung, oft bis zur Markteinführung, war stets der Staat. Apples Welterfolg gründet auf Technologien, die sämtlich durch die öffentliche Hand gefördert wurden; innovative Medikamente, für die die Pharmaindustrie ihren Kunden gern hohe Entwicklungskosten in Rechnung stellt, stammen fast ausnahmslos aus staatlicher Forschung. Innovationen und nachhaltiges Wachstum, das derzeit alle fordern, werden also kaum von der Börse kommen. Viel eher von einem Staat, der seine angestammte Rolle neu besetzt, sein einzigartiges Kapital nutzt und mit langem Atem Zukunftstechnologien wie den Ausbau erneuerbarer Energien vorantreibt. Ein brandaktuelles Buch, das die aktuelle Diskussion über die Zukunft der Wirtschaft und die Rolle des Staates vom Kopf auf die Füße stellt.

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