urban encounters affirmative action and black identities in brazil

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Urban Encounters

Author : André Cicalo
ISBN : 9780230338524
Genre : Education
File Size : 65. 4 MB
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"In this work, I discuss the introduction of racial quotas in favor of 'black' students in some public universities of the State of Rio de Janeiro. The implementation of racial policies has raised strong reaction in a country like Brazil, where ideals of racial and cultural mixture are crucial components of national identity. Focusing on my ethnographic study of a public university and its users, I analyze the practical and symbolic potential that affirmative action has to redress historically-produced and territorialized inequalities in the urban space. Due to the variety of users that racial and other social quotas have produced, the ethnography allows for a broader discussion of race and class relations in Rio de Janeiro and in Brazil"--

Confronting Affirmative Action In Brazil

Author : Vânia Penha-Lopes
ISBN : 9781498537797
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 52. 64 MB
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This book focuses on a critical case study of the first students to graduate from university in Brazil under an affirmative action program of racial and social quotas. It places the students’ educational trajectories at the center of the debate about racial inequality and the need to eradicate it.

Race Politics And Education In Brazil

Author : Rosana Heringer
ISBN : 9781137485151
Genre : Education
File Size : 59. 52 MB
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Brazil has undertaken affirmative action in its universities on an unprecedented scale. An expert group of international scholars puts the new policies in historical, political, and legal context; evaluates their outcomes for students and universities; and demonstrates that the policies have been successful in addressing racial inequality.

Polycentric Monarchies

Author : Pedro Cardim
ISBN : 1845195442
Genre : History
File Size : 61. 46 MB
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Having succeeded in establishing themselves in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas, in the early 16th century Spain and Portugal became the first imperial powers on a worldwide scale. Between 1580 and 1640, when these two entities were united, they achieved an almost global hegemony, constituting the largest political force in Europe and abroad. Although they lost their political primacy in the seventeenth century, both monarchies survived and were able to enjoy a relative success until the early 19th century. The aim of this collection is to answer the question how and why their cultural and political legacies persist to date. … Part I focuses on the construction of the monarchy, examining the ways different territories integrated in the imperial network mainly by inquiring to what extent local political elites maintained their autonomy, and to what a degree they shared power with the royal administration. Part II deals primarily with the circulation of ideas, models and people, observing them as they move in space but also as they coincide in the court, which was a veritable melting pot in which the various administrations that served the Kings and the various territories belonging to the monarchy developed their own identities, fought for recognition, and for what they considered their proper place in the global hierarchy. Part III explains the forms of dependence and symbiosis established with other European powers, such as Genoa and the United Provinces. Attempting to reorient the politics of these states, political and financial co-dependence often led to bad economic choices. … The Editors and Contributors discard the portrayal of the Iberian monarchies as the accumulation of many bilateral relations arranged in a radial pattern, arguing that these political entities were polycentric, that is to say, they allowed for the existence of many different centers which interacted and thus participated in the making of empire. The resulting political structure was complex and unstable, albeit with a general adhesion to a discourse of loyalty to King and religion.

Freedom In Practice

Author : Moises Lino e Silva
ISBN : 9781317415480
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38. 35 MB
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‘Freedom’ is one of the most fiercely contested words in contemporary global experience. This book provides an up-to-date overview from an anthropological perspective of the diverse ways in which freedom is understood and practised in everyday life, including the emergent relationships between governance, autonomy and liberty. The contributors offer a wealth of ethnographic insight from a variety of geographic, cultural and political contexts. Taken together the essays constitute a radical challenge to assumptions about what freedom means in today’s world.

Becoming Black Political Subjects

Author : Tianna S. Paschel
ISBN : 9781400881079
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 40. 42 MB
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After decades of denying racism and underplaying cultural diversity, Latin American states began adopting transformative ethno-racial legislation in the late 1980s. In addition to symbolic recognition of indigenous peoples and black populations, governments in the region created a more pluralistic model of citizenship and made significant reforms in the areas of land, health, education, and development policy. Becoming Black Political Subjects explores this shift from color blindness to ethno-racial legislation in two of the most important cases in the region: Colombia and Brazil. Drawing on archival and ethnographic research, Tianna Paschel shows how, over a short period, black movements and their claims went from being marginalized to become institutionalized into the law, state bureaucracies, and mainstream politics. The strategic actions of a small group of black activists—working in the context of domestic unrest and the international community's growing interest in ethno-racial issues—successfully brought about change. Paschel also examines the consequences of these reforms, including the institutionalization of certain ideas of blackness, the reconfiguration of black movement organizations, and the unmaking of black rights in the face of reactionary movements. Becoming Black Political Subjects offers important insights into the changing landscape of race and Latin American politics and provokes readers to adopt a more transnational and flexible understanding of social movements.

Disintegration

Author : Eugene Robinson
ISBN : 9780767929967
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 26. 79 MB
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Explains how years of desegregation and affirmative action have led to the revelation of four distinct African American groups who reflect unique political views and circumstances, in a report that also illuminates crucial modern debates on race and class.

Migration Of Rich Immigrants

Author : Alex Vailati
ISBN : 9781137510778
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 29. 58 MB
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Migration of Rich Immigrants addresses flows of emigrants who establish themselves in other countries temporarily or permanently, in favorable economic conditions. Vailati and Rial explore these migratory paths and analyze how gender, class, age, sexual orientation and ethnicity influence these processes.

Race And The Brazilian Body

Author : Jennifer Roth-Gordon
ISBN : 9780520293809
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 45. 90 MB
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"Based on the spontaneous conversations of shantytown youth hanging out on the streets of their neighborhoods and interviews from the comfortable living rooms of the middle class, Race and the Brazilian Body asks how racial ideas about the superiority of whiteness and the inferiority of blackness continue to play out in the daily lives of Rio de Janeiro's residents. This ethnographic account describes how cariocas (Rio residents) "read" the body for racial signs, looking beyond phenotype to pay careful attention to cultural and linguistic practices, including the use of nonstandard speech commonly described as slang (gairia)"--Provided by publisher.

Probl Mes D Am Rique Latine

Author :
ISBN : MINN:31951P01152448G
Genre : Latin America
File Size : 41. 13 MB
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