urban pollution and changes to materials and building surfaces air pollution reviews

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Urban Pollution And Changes To Materials And Building Surfaces

Author : Peter Brimblecombe
ISBN : 9781783268870
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44. 30 MB
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Pollution damages materials, but it has changed dramatically in the past century, with a reduction in the concentration of corrosive primary pollutants in urban atmospheres. At the same time, architectural styles and types of materials have changed, as we have moved to more organically rich, photochemically active atmospheres. Contemporary pollutants have a greater potential to degrade organic coatings and polymers, which are of great importance to modern structures. Urban Pollution and Changes to Materials and Building Surfaces examines a range of materials, discussing the ways in which they are likely to be damaged by contemporary urban pollutants, with an emphasis on the effects of air pollution. A chapter on graffiti is also included. The wide scope covered means that this volume is suitable for readers from a broad background. It should be of interest to scientists and policymakers dealing with the effects of urban pollution, as well as undergraduate and graduate students working in this area. This book, with its wealth of information, is of exceedingly good value for readers who seek to understand more on the changes of materials and building surfaces by urban pollution. Contents:Past, Present and Future Damage to Materials and Building Surfaces in the Polluted Urban EnvironmentWeathering of Building MaterialsAir Pollution Damage to StoneComposition and Chemistry of Crusts on StoneSoiling and DiscolourationAir Pollution Damage to MetalsAir Pollution Damage to GlassAir Pollution and Changes to the Biology of Urban FabricThe Whole Building and Patterns of DegradationThe Historic and Archaeological Heritage: Pollution and Non-Urban SitesEvaluation of Cleaning Methods for Graffiti Removal Readership: Scientists and policymakers dealing with the effects of urban pollution, as well as undergraduate and graduate students working in this area. Key Features:There are very few books that treat the problem in general although there are some on materials such as stone, glass and metals, which have chapters on air pollutantsKeywords:Damage to Materials;Building Surfaces;Stone;Metal;Glass

New Polymer Nanocomposites For Environmental Remediation

Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
ISBN : 9780128110348
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 23. 59 MB
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New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation summarizes recent progress in the development of materials’ properties, fabrication methods and their applications for treatment of contaminants, pollutant sensing and detection. This book presents current research into how polymer nanocomposites can be used in environmental remediation, detailing major environmental issues, and key materials properties and existing polymers or nanomaterials that can solve these issues. The book covers the fundamental molecular structure of polymers used in environmental applications, the toxicology, economy and life-cycle analysis of polymer nanocomposites, and an analysis of potential future applications of these materials. Recent research and development in polymer nanocomposites has inspired the progress and use of novel and cost-effective environmental applications. Presents critical, actionable guidelines to the structure and property design of nanocomposites in environmental remediation Focuses on taking technology out of the lab and into the real world Summarizes the latest developments in polymer nanocomposites and their applications in catalytic degradation, adsorptive removal and detection of contaminants in the environment Enables researchers to stay ahead of the curve, with a full discussion of regulatory issues and potential new applications and materials in this area

Air Pollution Episodes

Author : Brimblecombe Peter
ISBN : 9781786343420
Genre : Nature
File Size : 38. 16 MB
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Advanced Materials For The Conservation Of Stone

Author : Majid Hosseini
ISBN : 9783319722603
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36. 52 MB
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This book identifies novel advanced materials that can be utilized as protective agents for the preservation of stone. The innovative solutions to stone conservation presented here result in increased sustainability, reduced environmental impact, and increased social and economic benefits. It provides an overview of recent trends and progress in advanced materials applied to stone protection. It also explores the scientific principles behind these advanced materials and discusses their applications to diff erent types of stone preservation efforts. Essential information as well as knowledge on the availability and applicability of advanced nanostructured materials is also provided, with focus placed on the practical aspects of stone protection. Th e book highlights an interdisciplinary eff ort regarding novel applications of nanostructured materials in the advancement of stone protection. It provides insight towards forthcoming developments in the fi eld. Advanced nanostructured materials are designed and developed with the aim of being chemically, physically, and mechanically compatible with stone. Advanced materials for stone conservation that are characterized by several functional properties are considered in this book. These include the physico-chemical, protective, and morphological properties, eco-toxicity, and mechanisms of degradation. The authors present a thorough overview of cutting–edge discoveries, detailed information on recent technological developments, breakthroughs in novel nanomaterials, utilization strategies for applications in cultural heritage, and the current status and future outlook of the topic to address a wide range of scientific communities.

Solutions For Climate Change Challenges In The Built Environment

Author : Colin A. Booth
ISBN : 9781444354515
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 80 MB
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The multi-disciplinary perspective provided here offers a strategic view on built environment issues and improve understanding of how built environment activities potentially induce global warming and climate change. It also highlights solutions to these challenges. Solutions to Climate change Challenges in the Built Environment helps develop an appreciation of the diverse themes of the climate change debate across the built environment continuum. A wide perspective is provided through contributions from physical, environmental, social, economic and political scientists. This strategic view on built environment issues will be useful to researchers as well as policy experts and construction practitioners wanting a holistic view. This book clarifies complex issues around climate change and follows five main themes: climate change experiences; urban landscape development; urban management issues; measurement of impact; and the future. Chapters are written by eminent specialists from both academic and professional backgrounds. The main context for chapters is the developed world but the discussion is widened to incorporate regional issues. The book will be valuable to researchers and students in all the built environment disciplines, as well as to practitioners involved with the design, construction and maintenance of buildings, and government organisations developing and implementing climate change policy.

Handbook Of Air Pollution Technology

Author : Seymour Calvert
ISBN : 0471082635
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 36 MB
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A practical, up-to-date handbook presenting the essential principles, design methods, examples, useful data, and guides to more information on air pollution and its control. Comprehensive in scope, it will aid engineers in the design of cost-effective air pollution control systems. Contributors provide a clear account of what can be done to solve a problem, and what the limitations are.

Pollution Abstracts

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105020660697
Genre : Pollution
File Size : 42. 84 MB
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Indexes material from conference proceedings and hard-to-find documents, in addition to journal articles. Over 1,000 journals are indexed and literature published from 1981 to the present is covered. Topics in pollution and its management are extensively covered from the standpoints of atmosphere, emissions, mathematical models, effects on people and animals, and environmental action. Major areas of coverage include: air pollution, marine pollution, freshwater pollution, sewage and wastewater treatment, waste management, land pollution, toxicology and health, noise, and radiation.

The Effects Of Acid Deposition On Buildings And Building Materials In The United Kingdom

Author : Great Britain. Building Effects Review Group
ISBN : STANFORD:36105000372362
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 21. 14 MB
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Department Of Housing And Urban Development Independent Agencies Appropriations For 1985

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on HUD-Independent Agencies
ISBN : STANFORD:36105009879094
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45. 5 MB
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Transport And The Environment

Author : Ronald E. Hester
ISBN : 0854042954
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 69 MB
Format : PDF
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Mass transportation has become central to the lifestyle of developed societies - but with what consequences for the environment and, ultimately, human health? Transport and the Environment investigates the major aspects of this emotive subject, with contributions from authors with international reputations for their research in the field. Discussions encompass air transport and its contribution to global pollution, the possible consequences of using hydrogen as a fuel, performance indicators and policy instruments for sustainable transport, the contamination of the atmosphere and surface waters by road vehicles, the impact of surface transport on climate, and the effects of transport pollutants on public health. This authoritative review of the current state of knowledge will be of great value to scientists, policy-makers and students on environmental science and engineering courses.

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