vibrational spectroscopy of biological and polymeric materials

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Vibrational Spectroscopy Of Biological And Polymeric Materials

Author : Vasilis G. Gregoriou
ISBN : 9781420027549
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 12 MB
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Used primarily for characterizing polymers and biological systems, vibrational spectroscopy continues to uncover structural information pertinent to a growing number of applications. Vibrational Spectroscopy of Biological and Polymeric Materials compiles the latest developments in advanced infrared and Raman spectroscopic techniques that are applicable to both polymeric materials and biological compounds. It also presents instrumentation and experimental details that can be used by polymer chemists and biochemists in the design of their own experiments. The text starts by describing the application of static and dynamic FT-IR spectroscopies to liquid crystalline polyurethanes, including a clear exposition of the theory behind the experiments. It discusses the measurement of static and dynamic linear dichroism and stress or strain in both single and multiple fiber composite materials. The book explains the roles of vibrational spectroscopy and the Langmuir-Blodgett technique in the study and preparation of high-quality ultrathin materials. Chapters rich in both theoretical and experimental details describe two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy and vibrational circular dichroism. Biomedically-oriented chapters describe the advances in IR imaging of tissues made possible by focal-plane arrays; as well as the use of ligand-gated FT-IR difference spectroscopy in neuropharmacology, particularly in identifying ligands and modes of action for the large number of membrane receptors recently identified in the human genome. The final chapter discusses the application of time-resolved FT-IR spectroscopy to biological materials, providing a detailed guide to the use of commercial step-scan instrumentation for examining sub-millisecond mechanistic details of photobiological processes. Written by eminent experts in these fields, Vibrational Spectroscopy of Biological and Polymeric Materials is an ideal and practical reference for the broad spectrum of researchers interested in the analysis and integration of biological and polymeric materials.

Optical Spectroscopy And Computational Methods In Biology And Medicine

Author : Malgorzata Baranska
ISBN : 9789400778320
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 20 MB
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This multi-author contributed volume gives a comprehensive overview of recent progress in various vibrational spectroscopic techniques and chemometric methods and their applications in chemistry, biology and medicine. In order to meet the needs of readers, the book focuses on recent advances in technical development and potential exploitations of the theory, as well as the new applications of vibrational methods to problems of recent general interest that were difficult or even impossible to achieve in the not so distant past. Integrating vibrational spectroscopy and computational approaches serves as a handbook for people performing vibrational spectroscopy followed by chemometric analysis hence both experimental methods as well as procedures of recommended analysis are described. This volume is written for individuals who develop new methodologies and extend these applications to new realms of chemical and medicinal interest.

Infrared And Raman Spectroscopy Of Biological Materials

Author : Hans-Ulrich Gremlich
ISBN : 9781482290059
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 94 MB
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Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy of Biological Materials facilitates a comprehensive and through understanding of the latest developments in vibrational spectroscopy. It contains explains key breakthroughs in the methodologies and techniques for infrared, near-infrared, and Raman spectroscopy. Topics include qualitative and quantitative analysis, biomedical applications, vibrational studies of enzymatic catalysis, and chemometrics.

Biological And Biomedical Infrared Spectroscopy

Author : Andreas Barth
ISBN : 9781607500452
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 84 MB
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Although infrared spectroscopy has been applied with success to the study of important biological and biomedical processes for many years, key advances in this vibrant technique have led to its increasing use, ranging from characterization of individual macromolecules (DNA, RNA, lipids, proteins) to human tissues, cells and their components. Infrared spectroscopy thus has a significant role to play in the analysis of the vast number of genes and proteins being identified by the various genomic sequencing projects. Whilst this book gives an overview of the field, it highlights more recent developments, such as the use of bright synchrotron radiation for recording infrared spectra, the development of two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy and the ability to record infrared spectra at ultra fast speeds.

Vibrational Spectroscopy Of Polymers

Author : Neil Everall
ISBN : 0470016620
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 63 MB
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In this book, measurements using vibrational spectroscopy techniques for both the chemical and physical characteristics of polymers are described, alongside chapters covering spectra-structure correlations and spectra calculation. Special chapters deal with composites and conducting polymers, while others discuss the role of vibrational spectroscopy in understanding polymer weathering and degradation, and determining the optical, dielectric and solar and thermal properties of polymers. Dichroism measurement methods, important in understanding product performance, are covered, as well as practical methods for determining molecular orientation; linear, biaxial and trichroic determinations for polymers, as are dynamic measurement systems.

Vibrational Spectroscopy With Neutrons

Author : Philip C H Mitchell
ISBN : 9789814482004
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 60. 72 MB
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' Inelastic neutron scattering (INS) is a spectroscopic technique in which neutrons are used to probe the dynamics of atoms and molecules in solids and liquids. This book is the first, since the late 1960s, to cover the principles and applications of INS as a vibrational-spectroscopic technique. It provides a hands-on account of the use of INS, concentrating on how neutron vibrational spectroscopy can be employed to obtain chemical information on a range of materials that are of interest to chemists, biologists, materials scientists, surface scientists and catalyst researchers. This is an accessible and comprehensive single-volume primary text and reference source. Contents:The Theory of Inelastic Neutron Scattering SpectroscopyInstrumentation and Experimental MethodsInterpretation and Analysis of Spectra Using Molecular ModellingAnalysis of INS SpectraDihydrogen and HydridesSurface Chemistry and CatalysisOrganic and Organometallic CompoundsHydrogen BondingSoft Condensed Matter — Polymers and BiomaterialsNon-Hydrogenous Materials and CarbonVibrational Spectroscopy with Neutrons — The Future Readership: Users and potential users of neutron scattering spectroscopy (academics, staff of neutron scattering institutes, researchers and graduate students); solid state vibrational spectroscopists. Keywords:Inelastic Neutron Scattering;Vibrational Spectroscopy;Hydrogen;Solid State;Density Functional Theory;Hydrogen Bonding;Water;Proton;Polymer;Biominerals;Phosphate;Catalyst;Zeolite;Sulfide;Cross SectionKey Features:Acquaints the reader with the basic concepts of neutron scatteringOffers an insight into how theory and experiment connect in the interpretation of INS scattering dataShows how useful information can be extracted from experimental dataDescribes studies of dihydrogen and its compounds using INS spectroscopyProvides a comprehensive listing of compounds and materials studied by INSReviews:“This book provides a very good account of the principles and applications of Inelastic Neutron Scattering (INS) as a vibrational spectroscopic technique, without assuming a high level of background knowledge. It is a piece of work factually novel and done properly, which meets the needs of graduate students as well as both users and potential users of inelastic neutron spectroscopy at academic and research institutions. On the whole the book is quite clearly written, the subject matter rather well developed and the applications of the INS well described in a wide range of materials and problems.”Notiziario Neutroni e Luce di Sincrotrone '

Infrared Spectroscopy

Author : Barbara H. Stuart
ISBN : 9780470011133
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 52 MB
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Provides an introduction to those needing to use infrared spectroscopy for the first time, explaining the fundamental aspects of this technique, how to obtain a spectrum and how to analyse infrared data covering a wide range of applications. Includes instrumental and sampling techniques Covers biological and industrial applications Includes suitable questions and problems in each chapter to assist in the analysis and interpretation of representative infrared spectra Part of the ANTS (Analytical Techniques in the Sciences) Series.

Romanian Journal Of Biology

Author :
ISBN : MINN:31951P01125309X
Genre : Botany
File Size : 45. 79 MB
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Modern Polymer Spectroscopy

Author : Peter Wilhelm
ISBN : 9783527626304
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 38. 74 MB
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Containing selected presentations from both academic institutions and industry held at the 17th European Symposium on Polymer Spectroscopy (ESOPS17), this volume covers the latest developments in the spectroscopic characterization of polymeric materials. As such, the papers cover such methods as infrared and Raman spectroscopy and imaging, NMR and ESR spectroscopy, dielectric spectroscopy, also in combination with light and electron microscopy and near-field imaging.

Surface Modeling Engineering

Author : Ram Kossowsky
ISBN : 0849347696
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 28. 86 MB
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These volumes present the general parctitioners in engineering with a comprehensive discussion of technological surfaces, their interactions with environments, and the various modification techniques available to improve their performance. In each subject, applications to metals, ceramics, and polymers are emphasized. The interactions with the environment are described: corrosion (chemical), friction and waer (mechanical), and bioreactivity (physiological). Reviews of major modification schemes such as chemical vapor deposition, physical vapor deposition, laser beam interactions, chemical infusion, and ion implantation are presented. In summary, reviews of applications of the modification techniques to optimize the performances of structural components, tools, electronic devices, and implantable medical devices, manufactured out of metals, ceramic, and polymers, are described.

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