viscoelastic waves in layered media

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Viscoelastic Waves In Layered Media

Author : Roger D. Borcherdt
ISBN : 9780521898539
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 53 MB
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Presents innovative mathematical theory and corresponding numerical results for wave propagation in layered media with arbitrary amounts of intrinsic absorption.

Inhomogeneous Waves In Solids And Fluids

Author : Giacomo Caviglia
ISBN : 9810208049
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 66 MB
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The book may be viewed as an introduction to time-harmonic waves in dissipative bodies, notably viscoelastic solids and fluids. The inhomogeneity of the waves, which is due to the fact that planes of constant phase are not parallel to planes of constant amplitude, is shown to be strictly related to the dissipativity of the medium. A preliminary analysis is performed on the propagation of inhomogeneous waves in unbounded media and of reflection and refraction at plane interfaces. Then emphasis is given to those features that are of significance for applications. In essence, they regard surface waves, scattering by (curved) obstacles, wave propagation in layered heterogeneous media, and ray methods. The pertinent mathematical techniques are discussed so as to make the book reasonably self-contained.

Wave Fields In Real Media

Author : José M. Carcione
ISBN : 008046890X
Genre : Science
File Size : 41. 72 MB
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This book examines the differences between an ideal and a real description of wave propagation, where ideal means an elastic (lossless), isotropic and single-phase medium, and real means an anelastic, anisotropic and multi-phase medium. The analysis starts by introducing the relevant stress-strain relation. This relation and the equations of momentum conservation are combined to give the equation of motion. The differential formulation is written in terms of memory variables, and Biot's theory is used to describe wave propagation in porous media. For each rheology, a plane-wave analysis is performed in order to understand the physics of wave propagation. The book contains a review of the main direct numerical methods for solving the equation of motion in the time and space domains. The emphasis is on geophysical applications for seismic exploration, but researchers in the fields of earthquake seismology, rock acoustics, and material science - including many branches of acoustics of fluids and solids - may also find this text useful. * Presents the fundamentals of wave propagation in anisotropic, anelastic and porus media * Contains a new chapter on the analogy between acoustic and electromagnetic waves, incorporating the subject of electromagnetic waves * Emphasizes geophysics, particularly, seismic exploration for hydrocarbon reservoirs, which is essential for exploration and production of oil

Wave Fields In Real Media

Author : José M. Carcione
ISBN : 9780081000038
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 34 MB
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Authored by the internationally renowned José M. Carcione, Wave Fields in Real Media: Wave Propagation in Anisotropic, Anelastic, Porous and Electromagnetic Media examines the differences between an ideal and a real description of wave propagation, starting with the introduction of relevant stress-strain relations. The combination of this relation and the equations of momentum conservation lead to the equation of motion. The differential formulation is written in terms of memory variables, and Biot's theory is used to describe wave propagation in porous media. For each rheology, a plane-wave analysis is performed in order to understand the physics of wave propagation. This book contains a review of the main direct numerical methods for solving the equation of motion in the time and space domains. The emphasis is on geophysical applications for seismic exploration, but researchers in the fields of earthquake seismology, rock acoustics, and material science - including many branches of acoustics of fluids and solids - may also find this text useful. New to this edition: This new edition presents the fundamentals of wave propagation in Anisotropic, Anelastic, Porous Media while also incorporating the latest research from the past 7 years, including that of the author. The author presents all the equations and concepts necessary to understand the physics of wave propagation. These equations form the basis for modeling and inversion of seismic and electromagnetic data. Additionally, demonstrations are given, so the book can be used to teach post-graduate courses. Addition of new and revised content is approximately 30%. Examines the fundamentals of wave propagation in anisotropic, anelastic and porous media Presents all equations and concepts necessary to understand the physics of wave propagation, with examples Emphasizes geophysics, particularly, seismic exploration for hydrocarbon reservoirs, which is essential for exploration and production of oil

Dynamics Of Pavement Structures

Author : Gustav Martincek
ISBN : 9780203860779
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 79. 26 MB
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This book presents a rigorous treatment of the fundamental, mathematical behaviour of pavement structures under dynamic loading. The topic is of growing importance in economic design of aircraft runways and highway pavements. A range of modelling approaches are presented and compared with experimental data.

Surface Wave Methods For Near Surface Site Characterization

Author : Sebastiano Foti
ISBN : 9781482266825
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75. 73 MB
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Develop a Greater Understanding of How and Why Surface Wave Testing Works Using examples and case studies directly drawn from the authors’ experience, Surface Wave Methods for Near-Surface Site Characterization addresses both the experimental and theoretical aspects of surface wave propagation in both forward and inverse modeling. This book accents the key facets associated with surface wave testing for near-surface site characterization. It clearly outlines the basic principles, the theoretical framework and the practical implementation of surface wave analysis. In addition, it also describes in detail the equipment and measuring devices, acquisition techniques, signal processing, forward and inverse modeling theories, and testing protocols that form the basis of modern surface wave techniques. Review Examples of Typical Applications for This Geophysical Technique Divided into eight chapters, the book explains surface wave testing principles from data measurement to interpretation. It effectively integrates several examples and case studies illustrating how different ground conditions and geological settings may influence the interpretation of data measurements. The authors accurately describe each phase of testing in addition to the guidelines for correctly performing and interpreting results. They present variants of the test within a consistent framework to facilitate comparisons, and include an in-depth discussion of the uncertainties arising at each stage of surface wave testing. Provides a comprehensive and in-depth treatment of all the steps involved in surface wave testing Discusses surface wave methods and their applications in various geotechnical conditions and geological settings Explains how surface wave measurements can be used to estimate both stiffness and dissipative properties of the ground Addresses the issue of uncertainty, which is often an overlooked problem in surface wave testing Includes examples with comparative analysis using different processing techniques and inversion algorithms Outlines advanced applications of surface wave testing such as joint inversion, underwater investigation, and Love wave analysis Written for geotechnical engineers, engineering seismologists, geophysicists, and researchers, Surface Wave Methods for Near-Surface Site Characterization offers practical guidance, and presents a thorough understanding of the basic concepts.

Parametric Estimation Of Dispersive Viscoelastic Layered Media With Application To Structural Health Monitoring

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1027149992
Genre :
File Size : 65. 54 MB
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Abstract: We present a sequential Bayesian estimation method to estimate the material parameters that govern the one-dimensional propagation of shear waves through continuous, layered, viscoelastic solids. While the proposed estimation method is generic, namely, can be applied to waveform inversion problems that satisfy the above conditions, we here employ it for system identification of building structures. We approximate the linear-elastic response of building structures subjected to low-amplitude earthquake base excitations by a multilayer dispersive shear beam model with Kelvin-Voigt material subjected to vertically propagating shear waves. Utilizing the proposed sequential Bayesian estimation method, we sequentially update the probability distribution function of the unknown parameters to reduce the discrepancies between the estimated and measured frequency response functions. We next verify and validate the performance of the proposed estimation method and investigate the limitations of the presented structural system identification approach using two case studies. In the first case study, we use the simulated structural response of a three-dimensional 52-story building model subjected to bi-directional low-amplitude ground shakings. We estimate the frequency-dependent phase velocity and damping ratio, as well as the mass distribution along the building height. Then, we verify the structural damage detection and localization capabilities of the presented system identification approach by comparing the wave model parameters estimated from simulated response of undamaged and damaged structural models. In the second case study, we use data measured from a shake table experiment on a full-scale five-story reinforced concrete building specimen, where the estimated wave model parameters capture the progressive structural damage in the test specimen. The validation studies suggest that the sequential Bayesian estimation method based on viscoelastic dispersive wave propagation can be used for system and damage identification of building structures. Highlights: We presented a Bayesian estimation method for frequency-domain seismic interferometry. This method provides a generic algorithm for wave inversion and uncertainty quantification. We applied this method for structural system and damage identification. For this purpose, a building is identified as a multilayer dispersive Kelvin-Voigt model. We performed two verification and validation case studies.

Lamb Waves For Structural Health Monitoring In Viscoelastic Composite Materials

Author : Mircea Calomfirescu
ISBN : 9783832519469
Genre :
File Size : 33. 71 MB
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Strucural Health Monitoring (SHM) is a novel philosophy for an autonomous, built-in nondestructive evalution of structural "health" on demand to reduce life-cycle costs, increase safety and reduce structural weight. This dissertation investigates ultrasonic guided waves, particulary Lamb waves, and their propagation properties as a method to perform Health Monitoring of viscoelastic composite structures.

Wave Propagation In Viscoelastic And Poroelastic Continua

Author : Martin Schanz
ISBN : 3540416323
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 70. 20 MB
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Wave propagation is an important topic in engineering sciences, especially, in the field of solid mechanics. A description of wave propagation phenomena is given by Graff [98]: The effect of a sharply applied, localized disturbance in a medium soon transmits or 'spreads' to other parts of the medium. These effects are familiar to everyone, e.g., transmission of sound in air, the spreading of ripples on a pond of water, or the transmission of radio waves. From all wave types in nature, here, attention is focused only on waves in solids. Thus, solely mechanical disturbances in contrast to electro-magnetic or acoustic disturbances are considered. of waves - the compression wave similar to the In solids, there are two types pressure wave in fluids and, additionally, the shear wave. Due to continual reflec tions at boundaries and propagation of waves in bounded solids after some time a steady state is reached. Depending on the influence of the inertia terms, this state is governed by a static or dynamic equilibrium in frequency domain. However, if the rate of onset of the load is high compared to the time needed to reach this steady state, wave propagation phenomena have to be considered.

Ultrasonic Guided Waves In Solid Media

Author : Joseph L. Rose
ISBN : 9781107048959
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 32 MB
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Ultrasonic guided waves in solid media are important in nondestructive testing and structural health monitoring, as new faster, more sensitive, and economical ways of looking at materials and structures have become possible. This book can be read by managers from a "black box" point of view, or used as a professional reference or textbook.

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