vocational education purposes traditions and prospects

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Stephen Billett Vocational Education Purposes Traditions And Prospects Dordrecht Et Al Springer 2011 266 S Rezension

Author : Philipp Gonon
ISBN : OCLC:968225163
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Vocational Education

Author : Stephen Billett
ISBN : 940071954X
Genre : Education
File Size : 90. 59 MB
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This book discusses what constitutes vocational education as well as its key purposes, objects, formation and practices. In short, it seeks to outline and elaborate the nature of the project of vocational education. It addresses a significant gap in the available literature by providing a single text that elaborates the scope and diversity of the sector, its key objectives (i.e. vocations and occupations), its formation and development as an education sector, and the scope of its purposes and considerations in the curriculum. The volume achieves these objectives by discussing and defining the concept of vocational education as being that form of education that seeks to advise individuals about, prepare them for, and further develop their capacities to perform the kinds of occupations that societies require and individuals need to participate in—and through which they often come to define themselves. In particular, it discusses the distinctions between occupations as a largely social fact and vocations as being a socially shaped outcome assented to by individuals. As people identify closely with the kinds of occupations they engage in, the standing of, and the effectiveness of vocational education is central to individuals’ well-being, competence and progress. Ultimately, this book argues that the provision of vocational education needs to realise important personal and social goals.

Mehrsprachigkeit Diversit T Internationalit T

Author : Sarah Rühle
ISBN : 9783830978992
Genre : Education
File Size : 90. 83 MB
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„Die Ziele der allgemeinen und der beruflichen Bildung haben sich mit der Interkulturalität und Internationalität auseinanderzusetzen, und zwar nicht nur im Hinblick auf interkulturelle Situationen, die sich aus einem hohen Anteil von Kindern mit Migrationshintergrund oder Minderheiten in pädagogischen Institutionen ergeben können, sondern auch im Hinblick auf jegliche Formen des interkulturellen Kontakts. So gesehen, hat interkulturelle Bildung keine sektorielle Aufgabe, sondern eine Querschnittsdimension der Bildung zu sein.“ (Allemann-Ghionda 2013, S. 48) In Anbetracht globaler und soziokultureller Veränderungsprozesse fühlen sich immer mehr Menschen verschiedenen Ländern, Kulturen und Sprachen zugehörig. Diese Komplexität von Mehrfachzugehörigkeiten erfasst Cristina Allemann-Ghionda in ihrem Konzept der polyphonen Identität (Allemann-Ghionda 2003). Gemeint ist damit „ein Repertoire an sprachlich kodierten »Stimmen«“ (Allemann-Ghionda 2004, S. 83). Wie in einem Orchester können sich diese Stimmen „im Sinne von »Ausdrucksweisen«“ und „je nach kommunikativem Zusammenhang isoliert äußern, oder aber in einer Weise kombiniert auftreten, dass der Klang einen eigenen, unverwechselbaren Ausdruck hervorbringt“ (ebd.). Diese musikalische Vielstimmigkeit wird in einem Aquarell von Paul Klee aus dem Jahre 1929 dargestellt. Aus diesem Grund haben wir das Bild Polyphone Strömungen für das Cover der vorliegenden Festschrift ausgewählt, welches die Faszination für die Verbindung unterschiedlicher Stimmen in ihrer Diversität verbildlicht. Für Cristina Allemann-Ghionda sind vor diesem Hintergrund pädagogische und erziehungswissenschaftliche Fragestellungen, die Mehrsprachigkeit, Diversität und Internationalität nicht berücksichtigen, obsolet. Die drei zentralen Begriffe dieses Bandes, für die sich die allgemeine Bildung öffnen und denen sich die Erziehungswissenschaft stellen muss, bilden die Kernbereiche der Forschungs- und Lehrtätigkeiten von Cristina Allemann-Ghionda ab. Ihr ist diese Festschrift gewidmet. So sind erstens Fragestellungen zu den Themen Mehrsprachigkeit und Interkulturalität in der Bildung seit ihren frühen Schriften feste Bestandteile von Cristina Allemann-Ghiondas wissenschaftlichem Denken und Wirken (Allemann-Ghionda 1995, 1997). Eng damit verknüpft sind die Frage nach dem Bildungserfolg bzw. -misserfolg von Schüler/innen mit Migrationshintergrund (Allemann-Ghionda / Pfeiffer 2008; Allemann-Ghionda et al. 2010) sowie das Thema der interkulturellen Sensibilisierung (Allemann-Ghionda / Ogay 1995). Zweitens bilden das Postulat der Anerkennung von Diversität sowie die sich daraus ergebende Forderung nach einer entsprechenden Professionalisierung übergreifende Ziele und Schwerpunkte in Cristina Allemann-Ghiondas Forschung und Lehre. Während sich Cristina Allemann-Ghionda dabei einerseits der Professionalisierung angehender Lehrkräfte (Allemann-Ghionda / Terhart 2006), einschließlich deren Beurteilungs- und Diagnosekompetenzen in sprachlich und soziokulturell heterogenen Klassen (Allemann-Ghionda et al. 2006), widmet, setzt sie sich andererseits auch mit dem Thema der interkulturellen Kompetenzen angehender Ärzt/innen auseinander (Allemann- Ghionda / Hallal 2011). Drittens nehmen die internationale Öffnung der Erziehungswissenschaft und der Hochschulen sowie die vergleichende Erziehungswissenschaft (Allemann- Ghionda 1999, 2004, 2014) eine bedeutende Rolle in Cristina Allemann- Ghiondas Arbeiten ein. Soziokulturelle Veränderungsprozesse tragen zur Pluralisierung von Gesellschaften bei. Migration ist dabei ein wichtiges und unübersehbares, jedoch nicht das einzige Phänomen soziokultureller und sprachlicher Vielfalt. In ihrem Modell der vier Achsen der Pluralität erfasst Cristina Allemann-Ghionda neben der Migration die infranationale Mehrsprachigkeit, die Europäische Integration und die Globalisierung als drei weitere ‚Quellen‘ soziokultureller und sprachlicher Pluralität (vgl. Allemann-Ghionda 2013, S. 47). Diese Manifestationen von Pluralität stellen wichtige Begründungszusammenhänge für die Umsetzung interkultureller Bildung dar. Für Cristina Allemann-Ghionda ist interkulturelle Bildung dabei ein pädagogischer Ansatz, der die Berücksichtigung von Differenzen in der Bildung in einem umfassenden Sinne als Pädagogik der Diversität versteht (Allemann-Ghionda 2013). Eines der zentralen Ziele einer solchen Bildung in pluralen Verhältnissen ist die Sensibilisierung pädagogischer Akteure und – im Kontext von Schule – der Schüler/innen für interkulturelle Fragestellungen, Machtverhältnisse und (Bildungs-)Ungerechtigkeiten. Die Förderung interkultureller Kompetenz ist somit ein oberstes Anliegen interkultureller Bildung.

Integration Of Vocational Education And Training Experiences

Author : Sarojni Choy
ISBN : 9789811088575
Genre : Education
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This book draws on experiences from a range of vocational education systems in different nation states and re-examines the purpose of providing experiences outside educational institutions; the kinds and extent of those experiences; and efforts made to ensure the integration of students’ experiences across sites. Analyses of the various vocational education systems, their purposes and practices across nations, and challenges experienced by different stakeholders illustrate different approaches to the integration of learning at different sites. The book includes a consideration of what constitutes the integration and reconciliation of experiences, and their attendant educational implications. This extends an appraisal of the concepts of integration, reconciliation, curriculum and work readiness, each of which has a range of connotations. Integration or reconciliation is differentiated from transfer of learning, which is commonly based on simple assumptions that the educational institutions will provide theory and that the workplaces will provide practice from the workplaces, and that the two can be easily linked by students. The contributions from different nation states clearly demonstrate that integration is a collaborative process and requires the agency of stakeholders operating at global, national and specific learning site levels.

Vocational Education And Training In Times Of Economic Crisis

Author : Matthias Pilz
ISBN : 9783319478562
Genre : Education
File Size : 33. 46 MB
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This book brings together a broad range of approaches and methodologies relevant to international comparative vocational education and training (VET). Revealing how youth in transition is affected by economic crises, it provides essential insights into the strengths and weaknesses of the various systems and prospects of VET in contexts ranging from North America to Europe, (e.g. Spain, Germany or the UK) to Asia (such as China, Thailand and India). Though each country examined in this volume is affected by the economic crisis in a different way, the effects are especially apparent for the young generation. In many countries the youth unemployment rate is still very high and the job perspectives for young people are often limited at best. The contributions in this volume demonstrate that VET alone cannot solve these problems, but can be used to support a smooth transition from school to work. If the quality of VET is high and the status and job expectations are good, VET can help to fill the skills gap, especially at the intermediate skill level. Furthermore, VET can also offer a realistic alternative to the university track for young people in many countries.

Vocational Education In The Nordic Countries

Author : Christian Helms Jørgensen
ISBN : 9781315414478
Genre : Education
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Vocational Education in the Nordic Countries: Learning from Diversity is the second of two books that disseminates new and systematic knowledge on the strengths and weaknesses of the different models of vocational education and training (VET) in four Nordic countries. Vocational education in Europe has resisted standardisation to a higher degree than other fields of education, and during the last decade, there has been a growth in international, comparative VET research. While the Nordic countries provide an ideal case for comparative education studies, the literature in English on the Nordic VET systems is at present very limited. This book provides thorough examinations of VET in Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland. Each section examines the current challenges for VET, compares how these challenges are managed, and explores recent reforms and institutional innovations. Contributors also analyse institutions and policies at the national level and include comparative studies of two occupations at the micro-level in the four countries. The book explores what can be learned from the diversity of the VET systems in the Nordic countries, which otherwise have many similarities and share a common heritage in education policy. This volume will help strengthen the knowledge base required for transnational policy learning, and for developing vocational education internationally for the future. As a result, the book will be of interest to researchers, academics and postgraduate students involved in the study of vocational education, educational studies and educational policy, as well as policy makers.

The Inner Life Of Priests

Author : Gerard J. McGlone
ISBN : 9780814634394
Genre : Religion
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The Inner Life of Priests is a landmark exploration of how the categories and practices of psychology are contributing to a new health and vitality in the priesthood. Authors McGlone and Sperry (both nationally-recognized experts on the integration of psychology and spirituality in priestly life), investigate issues and answer questions that concern those invested in the healthy ministry of priests everyone from the people in the pews to those in Church leadership. They include: How has psychology helped us understand both mental and spiritual health of those applying to Catholic seminaries and then serving in priestly ministry? How has it shaped understanding of key issues like affective maturity, cultural competency and even the discipline of celibacy? How has it helped Church leaders better understanding and positively influence clerical culture in seminaries, dioceses, and religious orders? Catholic laity, priests, seminarians, vocation directors, those considering religious and priestly vocations everyone interested in how men serving in this critical ministerial role are identified, formed and supported will welcome this authoritative and positive book.

Education In Germany

Author : David Phillips
ISBN : 0415113970
Genre : Education
File Size : 66. 20 MB
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The German education and training system has been the subject of considerable attention from other nations, and has often been used as a model for other systems. As a federal republic, responsibility for educational matters is devolved to the state parliaments, giving the system a degree of autonomy which does not exist in countries with centralized education systems. In order to fully examine the reasons behind the traditional success of the German system, and the implications this has for the future, David Phillips brings together articles from some of the best known names in the field, including Mitter, Glowka, Hearnden, Führ, Robinson and Prais and Wagner. The book is organized into four parts. Part One examines the historical inheritance of the present education system; Part Two covers standards and assessment and Part Three discusses vocational education and training, an area of the German education system which has received much admiration. Finally, Part Four addresses questions about thefuture of the current education system in a unified Germany.

Comparative Education

Author : Mark Bray
ISBN : 1402011431
Genre : Education
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At the beginning of the 21st century, new features have emerged within the field of comparitive education - some resulting from new technologies, while others reflect political transitions and the forces of globalisation. This book presents perspectives on these changes while noting various continuing traditions.

14 19 Education

Author : Jacky Lumby
ISBN : 9781446202692
Genre : Education
File Size : 39. 42 MB
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'AT LAST, A BOOK ABOUT THIS MOST VEXED PART OF THE CURRICULUM WHICH IS OBJECTIVE, HONEST AND RESEARCH-BASED. These two well-established authors have done what even supposedly neutral writers of official reports have been unable to do and this is because they emerge as having only one 'axe to grind', namely what is best for the students and the country. Showing only too clearly the confusions and competitions which have bedevilled provision for this age group, THE AUTHORS' VIEWS ARE CONVINCING AND CREDIBLE PARTLY BECAUSE-UNUSUALLY- THEY COME FROM NEITHER A 'PRO-SCHOOL' OR A 'PRO-COLLEGE' LOBBY.( Read , for example, the chapter on leadership to see how leaders in the two sectors-but providing for the same young people ! - can be seen being encouraged to move in different directions.) They rightly argue that this not the point. Although, like others, they argue that partnerships are the way ahead, they show that these so far have a poor record. Their arguments, all firmly based on clear analysis of the politics and resourcing of 14-19 education, and constantly referenced by the experiences of young people of fourteen to nineteen years, are set in a totally realistic perspective and, as they conclude, the price of future failure in this provision will be calamitous. LEADERS IN BOTH THE SCHOOLS AND THE POST-16 SECTORS SHOULD READ THIS BOOK AND REFLECT ON THE WHOLE PICTURE IT OFFERS OF WHAT MIGHT BE POSSIBLE FOR OUR YOUNG PEOPLE. Policy makers should do the same but whether they have the will and courage to act accordingly is a matter for future debate' - David Middlewood 'The reform of the 14-19 stage of education and training in England is likely to be on the policy agenda for the next two decades, but until now our understanding of 14-19 education, like the stage itself, has been incoherent and fragmented. Lumby and Foskett provide a comprehensive, authoritative and readable account of the recent history and current state of 14-19 education. They challenge some of the myths and misconceptions that have grown up around it. I recommend this book to all people with an interest in 14-19 education in England and in the current attempts to reform it' - Professor David Raffe, Centre for Educational Sociology, University of Edinburgh Schools and colleges are being asked to deal with fundamental changes in 14-19 education. Designed to support policy makers, practitioners and students of education in improving their understanding of this phase of education, the authors present a discussion of the evolution of policy and practice across schools and colleges, and their possible future development. A range of educational institutions are discussed with specific reference to changes in government policy, the curriculum, support services, and the advent of Learning and Skills Councils.

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