wasted lives modernity and its outcasts

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Wasted Lives

Author : Zygmunt Bauman
ISBN : 9780745637150
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66. 22 MB
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The production of ‘human waste’ – or more precisely, wasted lives, the ‘superfluous’ populations of migrants, refugees and other outcasts – is an inevitable outcome of modernization. It is an unavoidable side-effect of economic progress and the quest for order which is characteristic of modernity. As long as large parts of the world remained wholly or partly unaffected by modernization, they were treated by modernizing societies as lands that were able to absorb the excess of population in the ‘developed countries’. Global solutions were sought, and temporarily found, to locally produced overpopulation problems. But as modernization has reached the furthest lands of the planet, ‘redundant population’ is produced everywhere and all localities have to bear the consequences of modernity’s global triumph. They are now confronted with the need to seek – in vain, it seems – local solutions to globally produced problems. The global spread of the modernity has given rise to growing quantities of human beings who are deprived of adequate means of survival, but the planet is fast running out of places to put them. Hence the new anxieties about ‘immigrants’ and ‘asylum seekers’ and the growing role played by diffuse ‘security fears’ on the contemporary political agenda. With characteristic brilliance, this new book by Zygmunt Bauman unravels the impact of this transformation on our contemporary culture and politics and shows that the problem of coping with ‘human waste’ provides a key for understanding some otherwise baffling features of our shared life, from the strategies of global domination to the most intimate aspects of human relationships.

Zygmunt Bauman Textbook

Author : Tony Blackshaw
ISBN : 0415355044
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 22. 57 MB
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This timely book provides the definitive concise introduction to Zygmunt Bauman. A well-written text, it assumes no prior knowledge of his work and will appeal to those wishing to explore the ideas of one of the world's most wide-ranging thinkers.

Excrement In The Late Middle Ages

Author : S. Morrison
ISBN : 9780230615021
Genre : History
File Size : 80. 46 MB
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This interdisciplinary book intergrates the historical practices regarding material excrement and its symbolic representation, concluding that excrement is a moral and ethical category deserving scrutiny.

Shipwreck In Art And Literature

Author : Carl Thompson
ISBN : 9781136161537
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 63. 91 MB
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Tales of shipwreck have always fascinated audiences, and as a result there is a rich literature of suffering at sea, and an equally rich tradition of visual art depicting this theme. Exploring the shifting semiotics and symbolism of shipwreck, the interdisciplinary essays in this volume provide a history of a major literary and artistic motif as they consider how depictions have varied over time, and across genres and cultures. Simultaneously, they explore the imaginative potential of shipwreck as they consider the many meanings that have historically attached to maritime disaster and suffering at sea. Spanning both popular and high culture, and addressing a range of political, spiritual, aesthetic and environmental concerns, this cross-cultural, comparative study sheds new light on changing attitudes to the sea, especially in the West. In particular, it foregrounds the role played by the maritime in the emergence of Western modernity, and so will appeal not only to those interested in literature and art, but also to scholars in history, geography, international relations, and postcolonial studies.

From Agamben To Zizek

Author : Jon Simons
ISBN : 9780748686742
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 25. 29 MB
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In these 15 taster essays you will discover the key concepts and critical approaches of the theorists who have had the most significant impact on the humanities since 1990.

Punishment Restorative Justice And The Morality Of Law

Author : Erik Claes
ISBN : 9789050954235
Genre : Law
File Size : 54. 44 MB
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Critics take the unclear status of restorative justice practices, along with their vagueness in meaning and purpose, as a clear invitation to a fundamental questioning of the legitimacy of these practices. Their supporters consider the experiment of restorative justice as a platform for reforming penal institutions and for rethinking the legitimacy of orthodox legal reasoning. Within the framework of a rechtsstaat, a democratic state governed by fundamental rights and by the rule of law, both issues of legitimacy lead not only to reflection on concepts such as restoration, punishment, or on such notions as harm and wrong. Questioning the legitimacy both of restorative justice practices and of the prevailing penal system also inevitably involves some reflection on, and articulation of, the underlying values and normative aspirations of such a democratic constitutional state. What are these values and how can they be given appropriate expression in the leading concepts and principles of the criminal law? To what extent are fundamental rights and principles of the rule of law sufficiently reflected in the practices of restorative justice? How are these practices to be related to the criminal justice system according to the normative aspirations of a democratic constitutional state? To what degree can current penal practices be made continuous with these aspirations? These fundamental questions formed the intellectual framework for the 10th Aquinas Conference on Restorative Justice, Punishment and the Morality of Law, at which conference the larger part of the papers published in this volume were presented. Consistent with the structure of the conference, this collection of essays is organised into three parts, each focussing on one central topic and containing a lead essay and corresponding replies. The first part offers critical scrutiny of one of the cornerstones of a criminal justice system governed by the rule of law, namely the principle of legality. Efforts are made to empower this principle through reflection on its underlying values and aspirations, and this in order to meet some of the legitimate ideals and concerns of restorative justice. These efforts are subsequently assessed from both sociological and philosophical perspectives. In the second part, attention is drawn to the legitimacy of restorative justice practices. Here, the normative intuitions of a democratic constitutional state serve either as a critical framework to assess these practices, or, more optimistically, as ideals to whose realisation restorative justice is supposed to make a valuable contribution. And, finally, in the third part, reflection on the value of restorative justice brings us to a fundamental questioning of the legitimacy of punishment and penal practices. Central to the discussion is whether it is possible to interpret and normatively reconstruct the idea and practice of punishment so as to make them compatible with, and even continuous with, the underlying values of a democratic constitutional state.

We Have Never Been Postmodern

Author : Steve Redhead
ISBN : 9780748688975
Genre : Art
File Size : 38. 91 MB
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This book sets out a variety of reasons why we should move away from seeing the recent era as 'postmodern' and our culture as 'postmodernist' through a series of analyses of contemporary culture.

Remembering Diana

Author : V. Seidler
ISBN : 9780230320260
Genre : History
File Size : 62. 67 MB
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Do you remember hearing when Princess Diana died? Memories allow us to recognize how the past echoes in the present, highlighting a tension between the media's attempts to shape cultural memories and produce narratives, and the embodied memories people carry which sense a different reality. As people gathered on the streets, the media discovered the customary discourses of royal funerals did not work and microphones were handed over to the people to voice their own experience. Recognising themselves in the vulnerability Diana had shown, people who were usually excluded took charge of urban spaces and transformed them into spaces of grief. As a new multicultural and intimate citizenship took shape, people felt empowered to challenge traditional authorities and reinvent new ones, where emotions and feelings were valued as sources of knowledge and treasured cultural memories. Shaping new forms of social and cultural theory which acknowledge the embodying of cultural memories and the legitimacy of emotions and feelings, we can learn to recognize new imaginations through new technologies and modes of communication. Challenging the injustices and inequalities of globalised new capitalisms, Remembering Diana recovers alternative values in the echoes of those days, and ways of being that shape postmodern ecologies.

Global Families

Author : Meg Wilkes Karraker
ISBN : 9781412998635
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 35. 28 MB
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In Global Families, author Meg Karraker provides family scholars with a methodical introduction to the interdisciplinary field of globalization. Global Families then examines the ways in which globalization impinges on families throughout the world in four major areas: demographic transitions, world-wide culture, international violence, and transnational employment. The book concludes with a discussion of supra-national policies and other efforts to position families in this global landscape.

The Dark Side Of Prosperity

Author : Mark Horsley
ISBN : 9781472436597
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 30. 77 MB
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This book offers a critical analysis of consumer credit markets and the growth of outstanding debt, presenting in-depth interview material to explore the phenomenon of mass indebtedness through the life trajectories of self-identified debtors struggling with the pressures of owing money. A rich and original qualitative study of the close relationship between financial capitalism, consumer aspirations, social exclusion and the proliferation of personal indebtedness, The Dark Side of Prosperity examines questions of social identity, subjectivity and consumer motivation in close connection with the socio-cultural ideals of an ‘enjoyment society’ that binds the value of the lives of individuals to the endless acquisition and disposal of pecuniary resources and lifestyle symbols. Critically engaging with the work of Giddens, Beck and Bauman, this volume draws on the thought of contemporary philosophers including Žižek, Badiou and Rancière to consider the possibility that the expansion of outstanding consumer credit, despite its many consequences, may be integral to the construction of social identity in a radically indeterminate and increasingly divided society. A ground-breaking work of critical social research this book will appeal to scholars of social theory, contemporary philosophy and political and economic sociology, as well as those with interests in consumer credit and cultures of indebtedness.

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