waves and oscillations in nature an introduction

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Waves And Oscillations In Nature

Author : A Satya Narayanan
ISBN : 9781466590946
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 65. 94 MB
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Waves and oscillations are found in large scales (galactic) and microscopic scales (neutrino) in nature. Their dynamics and behavior heavily depend on the type of medium through which they propagate. Waves and Oscillations in Nature: An Introduction clearly elucidates the dynamics and behavior of waves and oscillations in various mediums. It presents different types of waves and oscillations that can be observed and studied from macroscopic to microscopic scales. The book provides a thorough introduction for researchers and graduate students in assorted areas of physics, such as fluid dynamics, plasma physics, optics, and astrophysics. The authors first explain introductory aspects of waves and electromagnetism, including characteristics of waves, the basics of electrostatics and magnetostatics, and Maxwell’s equations. They then explore waves in a uniform media, waves and oscillations in hydrodynamics, and waves in a magnetized medium for homogeneous and nonhomogeneous media. The book also describes types of shock waves, such as normal and oblique shocks, and discusses important details pertaining to waves in optics, including polarization from experimental and observational points of view. The book concludes with a focus on plasmas, covering different plasma parameters, quasilinear and nonlinear aspects of plasma waves, and various instabilities in hydrodynamics and plasmas.

Oscillations And Waves

Author : Richard Fitzpatrick
ISBN : 9781351063081
Genre : Science
File Size : 41. 62 MB
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Emphasizing physics over mathematics, this popular, classroom-tested text helps advanced undergraduates acquire a sound physical understanding of wave phenomena. This second edition of Oscillations and Waves: An Introduction contains new widgets, animations in Python, and exercises, as well as updated chapter content throughout; continuing to ease the difficult transition for students between lower-division courses that mostly encompass algebraic equations and upper-division courses that rely on differential equations. Assuming familiarity with the laws of physics and college-level mathematics, the author covers aspects of optics that crucially depend on the wave-like nature of light, such as wave optics. Examples explore discrete mechanical, optical, and quantum mechanical systems; continuous gases, fluids, and elastic solids; electronic circuits; and electromagnetic waves. The text also introduces the conventional complex representation of oscillations and waves during the discussion of quantum mechanical waves. Features: Fully updated throughout and featuring new widgets, animations, and end of chapter exercises to enhance understanding Provides a clear, concise, systematic, and comprehensive treatment of the subject matter that emphasises physics over mathematics Offers complete coverage of advanced topics in waves, such as electromagnetic wave propagation through the ionosphere Includes examples from mechanical systems, elastic solids, electronic circuits, optical systems, and other areas

An Introduction To Waves And Oscillations In The Sun

Author : A. Satya Narayanan
ISBN : 9781461444008
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 32 MB
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“An Introduction to Waves and Oscillations in the Sun” is intended for students and researchers who work in the area of solar and astrophysics. This book contains an introduction to the Sun, basics of electrodynamics, magneto-hydrodynamics for force-free and current-free fields. It deals with waves in uniform media with relevance to sound waves and Alfven waves, and with waves in non-uniform media like surface waves or waves in a slab and cylindrical geometry. It also touches on instabilities in fluids and observational signatures of oscillations. Finally, there is an introduction to the area of helio-seismology, which deals with the internal structure of the Sun.

Wave Physics

Author : Stephen Nettel
ISBN : 3540879080
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 7 MB
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This textbook gives a detailed explanation of waves and oscillations in classical physics. These classical phenomena are dealt with at a more advanced level than is customary for second-year courses. All aspects of classical wave physics are presented, including the mathematical and physical basis needed for extended understanding. Finally several chapters are devoted to important topics in current wave physics. Special attention is given to nonlinear waves, solitons, chaotic behavior and associated phenomena. The new edition contains improvements such as full development of Greens functions, a broadening of the treatment of wave mechanics and a closer integration with classical mechanics, plus more examples and problems.

Nonlinear Oscillations And Waves In Dynamical Systems

Author : Polina S. Landa
ISBN : 0792339312
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 54. 43 MB
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This volume is an up-to-date treatment of the theory of nonlinear oscillations and waves. Oscillatory and wave processes in the systems of diversified physical natures, both periodic and chaotic, are considered from a unified point of view. Also, the relation between the theory of oscillations and waves, nonlinear dynamics and synergetics is discussed. One of the purposes of this book is to convince readers of the necessity of a thorough study of the theory of oscillations and waves, and to show that such popular branches of science as nonlinear dynamics, and synergetic soliton theory, for example, are in fact constituent parts of this theory. Audience: This book will appeal to researchers whose work involves oscillatory and wave processes, and students and postgraduates interested in the general laws and applications of the theory of oscillations and waves.

Physics Of Oscillations And Waves

Author : Arnt Inge Vistnes
ISBN : 9783319723143
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 68 MB
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In this textbook a combination of standard mathematics and modern numerical methods is used to describe a wide range of natural wave phenomena, such as sound, light and water waves, particularly in specific popular contexts, e.g. colors or the acoustics of musical instruments. It introduces the reader to the basic physical principles that allow the description of the oscillatory motion of matter and classical fields, as well as resulting concepts including interference, diffraction, and coherence. Numerical methods offer new scientific insights and make it possible to handle interesting cases that can’t readily be addressed using analytical mathematics; this holds true not only for problem solving but also for the description of phenomena. Essential physical parameters are brought more into focus, rather than concentrating on the details of which mathematical trick should be used to obtain a certain solution. Readers will learn how time-resolved frequency analysis offers a deeper understanding of the interplay between frequency and time, which is relevant to many phenomena involving oscillations and waves. Attention is also drawn to common misconceptions resulting from uncritical use of the Fourier transform. The book offers an ideal guide for upper-level undergraduate physics students and will also benefit physics instructors. Program codes in Matlab and Python, together with interesting files for use in the problems, are provided as free supplementary material.

Experimental And Analytical Modeling Of Natural Circulation And Forced Circulation Bwrs

Author : Masahiro Furuya
ISBN : 158603605X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 42. 88 MB
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"20% of the Nuclear Power Plants are known as Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs). These BWRs have pumps that cool their reactor. In the design of new BWRs, ways to cool the core by a natural circulation flow, without pumps, also called natural circulation BWRs, are being considered. In these new systems, a chimney is installed on top of the core to increase natural circulation flow. A possible disadvantage of natural circulation BWRs might be their susceptibility to instabilities, which could then lead to both flow and power oscillations. The stability features of both natural circulation and forced circulation BWRs have been investigated thoroughly, using dedicated experimental setups, analytical models and numerical codes. We distinguish between pure thermal-hydraulic stability where the fission power is assumed to be constant and coupled thermalhydraulic-neutronic stability where the two-phase mixture in the core influences the fission chain reaction. In conclusion, the dynamics and stability of the boiling two-phase flow have been investigated, both in the natural circulation flow with a chimney and in the forced circulation flow without a chimney. In addition to the thermal-hydraulic stability, coupled thermal-hydraulic-neutronic stability (both core-wide and regional stability) was studied experimentally and analytically for both natural circulation and forced circulation BWRs."

Acoustics Waves And Oscillations

Author : S. N. Sen
ISBN : 8122402666
Genre : BASIC (Computer program language)
File Size : 55. 82 MB
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This book presents the theory of waves and oscillations and various applications of acoustics in a logical and simple form. The physical principles have been explained with necessary mathematical formulation and supported by experimental layout wherever possible. Incorporating the classical view point all aspects of acoustic waves and oscillations have been discussed together with detailed elaboration of modern technological applications of sound. A separate chapter on ultrasonics emphasises the importance of this branch of science in fundamental and applied research. The book is expected to present to its readers a comprehensive presentation of the subject-matter and at the same time to guide him for independent thinking on some new lines of investigation.

An Introduction To Nonlinear Chemical Dynamics

Author : Irving R. Epstein
ISBN : 0198025661
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 89 MB
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Just a few decades ago, chemical oscillations were thought to be exotic reactions of only theoretical interest. Now known to govern an array of physical and biological processes, including the regulation of the heart, these oscillations are being studied by a diverse group across the sciences. This book is the first introduction to nonlinear chemical dynamics written specifically for chemists. It covers oscillating reactions, chaos, and chemical pattern formation, and includes numerous practical suggestions on reactor design, data analysis, and computer simulations. Assuming only an undergraduate knowledge of chemistry, the book is an ideal starting point for research in the field. The book begins with a brief history of nonlinear chemical dynamics and a review of the basic mathematics and chemistry. The authors then provide an extensive overview of nonlinear dynamics, starting with the flow reactor and moving on to a detailed discussion of chemical oscillators. Throughout the authors emphasize the chemical mechanistic basis for self-organization. The overview is followed by a series of chapters on more advanced topics, including complex oscillations, biological systems, polymers, interactions between fields and waves, and Turing patterns. Underscoring the hands-on nature of the material, the book concludes with a series of classroom-tested demonstrations and experiments appropriate for an undergraduate laboratory.

Waves And Oscillations In The Solar Atmosphere Iau S247

Author : International Astronomical Union. Symposium
ISBN : 0521874696
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 31 MB
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Provides the latest summary on the solar coronal heating enigma and magneto-seismology of the solar atmosphere, for solar physics researchers.

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