waves and oscillations in nature an introduction

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Waves And Oscillations In Nature

Author : A Satya Narayanan
ISBN : 9781466590946
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 23. 83 MB
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Waves and oscillations are found in large scales (galactic) and microscopic scales (neutrino) in nature. Their dynamics and behavior heavily depend on the type of medium through which they propagate. Waves and Oscillations in Nature: An Introduction clearly elucidates the dynamics and behavior of waves and oscillations in various mediums. It presents different types of waves and oscillations that can be observed and studied from macroscopic to microscopic scales. The book provides a thorough introduction for researchers and graduate students in assorted areas of physics, such as fluid dynamics, plasma physics, optics, and astrophysics. The authors first explain introductory aspects of waves and electromagnetism, including characteristics of waves, the basics of electrostatics and magnetostatics, and Maxwell’s equations. They then explore waves in a uniform media, waves and oscillations in hydrodynamics, and waves in a magnetized medium for homogeneous and nonhomogeneous media. The book also describes types of shock waves, such as normal and oblique shocks, and discusses important details pertaining to waves in optics, including polarization from experimental and observational points of view. The book concludes with a focus on plasmas, covering different plasma parameters, quasilinear and nonlinear aspects of plasma waves, and various instabilities in hydrodynamics and plasmas.

Oscillations And Waves

Author : Richard Fitzpatrick
ISBN : 9781466566088
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 54 MB
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Bridging lower-division physics survey courses with upper-division physics courses, Oscillations and Waves: An Introduction develops a unified mathematical theory of oscillations and waves in physical systems. Emphasizing physics over mathematics, the author includes many examples from discrete mechanical, optical, and quantum mechanical systems; continuous gases, fluids, and elastic solids; electronic circuits; and electromagnetic waves. Assuming familiarity with the laws of physics and college-level mathematics, the book focuses on oscillations and waves whose governing differential equations are linear. The author covers aspects of optics that crucially depend on the wave-like nature of light, such as wave optics. He also introduces the conventional complex representation of oscillations and waves later in the text during the discussion of quantum mechanical waves. This helps students thoroughly understand how to represent oscillations and waves in terms of regular trigonometric functions before using the more convenient, but much more abstract, complex representation. Based on the author’s longstanding course at the University of Texas at Austin, this classroom-tested text helps students acquire a sound physical understanding of wave phenomena. It eases students’ difficult transition between lower-division courses that mostly encompass algebraic equations and upper-division courses that rely on differential equations.

An Introduction To Waves And Oscillations In The Sun

Author : A. Satya Narayanan
ISBN : 9781461444008
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 57 MB
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“An Introduction to Waves and Oscillations in the Sun” is intended for students and researchers who work in the area of solar and astrophysics. This book contains an introduction to the Sun, basics of electrodynamics, magneto-hydrodynamics for force-free and current-free fields. It deals with waves in uniform media with relevance to sound waves and Alfven waves, and with waves in non-uniform media like surface waves or waves in a slab and cylindrical geometry. It also touches on instabilities in fluids and observational signatures of oscillations. Finally, there is an introduction to the area of helio-seismology, which deals with the internal structure of the Sun.

Nonlinear Oscillations And Waves In Dynamical Systems

Author : Polina S. Landa
ISBN : 0792339312
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 31. 14 MB
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This volume is an up-to-date treatment of the theory of nonlinear oscillations and waves. Oscillatory and wave processes in the systems of diversified physical natures, both periodic and chaotic, are considered from a unified point of view. Also, the relation between the theory of oscillations and waves, nonlinear dynamics and synergetics is discussed. One of the purposes of this book is to convince readers of the necessity of a thorough study of the theory of oscillations and waves, and to show that such popular branches of science as nonlinear dynamics, and synergetic soliton theory, for example, are in fact constituent parts of this theory. Audience: This book will appeal to researchers whose work involves oscillatory and wave processes, and students and postgraduates interested in the general laws and applications of the theory of oscillations and waves.

Physics Of Oscillations And Waves

Author : Arnt Inge Vistnes
ISBN : 9783319723143
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 13 MB
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In this textbook a combination of standard mathematics and modern numerical methods is used to describe a wide range of natural wave phenomena, such as sound, light and water waves, particularly in specific popular contexts, e.g. colors or the acoustics of musical instruments. It introduces the reader to the basic physical principles that allow the description of the oscillatory motion of matter and classical fields, as well as resulting concepts including interference, diffraction, and coherence. Numerical methods offer new scientific insights and make it possible to handle interesting cases that can’t readily be addressed using analytical mathematics; this holds true not only for problem solving but also for the description of phenomena. Essential physical parameters are brought more into focus, rather than concentrating on the details of which mathematical trick should be used to obtain a certain solution. Readers will learn how time-resolved frequency analysis offers a deeper understanding of the interplay between frequency and time, which is relevant to many phenomena involving oscillations and waves. Attention is also drawn to common misconceptions resulting from uncritical use of the Fourier transform. The book offers an ideal guide for upper-level undergraduate physics students and will also benefit physics instructors. Program codes in Matlab and Python, together with interesting files for use in the problems, are provided as free supplementary material.

Experimental And Analytical Modeling Of Natural Circulation And Forced Circulation Bwrs

Author : Masahiro Furuya
ISBN : 158603605X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87. 89 MB
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"20% of the Nuclear Power Plants are known as Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs). These BWRs have pumps that cool their reactor. In the design of new BWRs, ways to cool the core by a natural circulation flow, without pumps, also called natural circulation BWRs, are being considered. In these new systems, a chimney is installed on top of the core to increase natural circulation flow. A possible disadvantage of natural circulation BWRs might be their susceptibility to instabilities, which could then lead to both flow and power oscillations. The stability features of both natural circulation and forced circulation BWRs have been investigated thoroughly, using dedicated experimental setups, analytical models and numerical codes. We distinguish between pure thermal-hydraulic stability where the fission power is assumed to be constant and coupled thermalhydraulic-neutronic stability where the two-phase mixture in the core influences the fission chain reaction. In conclusion, the dynamics and stability of the boiling two-phase flow have been investigated, both in the natural circulation flow with a chimney and in the forced circulation flow without a chimney. In addition to the thermal-hydraulic stability, coupled thermal-hydraulic-neutronic stability (both core-wide and regional stability) was studied experimentally and analytically for both natural circulation and forced circulation BWRs."

Waves And Oscillations In The Solar Atmosphere Iau S247

Author : International Astronomical Union. Symposium
ISBN : 0521874696
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 29 MB
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Provides the latest summary on the solar coronal heating enigma and magneto-seismology of the solar atmosphere, for solar physics researchers.

An Introduction To Natural Philosophy

Author : Denison Olmsted
ISBN : HARVARD:HN6EBG
Genre : Physics
File Size : 57. 39 MB
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Introduction To Vibrations And Waves

Author : H. John Pain
ISBN : 9781118698365
Genre : Science
File Size : 56. 18 MB
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Based on the successful multi-edition book “The Physics of Vibrations and Waves” by John Pain, the authors carry over the simplicity and logic of the approach taken in the original first edition with its focus on the patterns underlying and connecting so many aspects of physical behavior, whilst bringing the subject up-to-date so it is relevant to teaching in the 21st century. The transmission of energy by wave propagation is a key concept that has applications in almost every branch of physics with transmitting mediums essentially acting as a continuum of coupled oscillators. The characterization of these simple oscillators in terms of three parameters related to the storage, exchange, and dissipation of energy forms the basis of this book. The text moves naturally on from a discussion of basic concepts such as damped oscillations, diffraction and interference to more advanced topics such as transmission lines and attenuation, wave guides, diffusion, Fourier series, and electromagnetic waves in dielectrics and conductors. Throughout the text the emphasis on the underlying principles helps readers to develop their physics insight as an aid to problem solving. This book provides undergraduate students of physics and engineering with the mathematical tools required for full mastery of the concepts. With worked examples presented throughout the text, as well as the Problem sets concluding each chapter, this textbook will enable students to develop their skills and measure their understanding of each topic step-by-step. A companion website is also available, which includes solutions to chapter problems and PowerPoint slides. Review of “The Physics of Vibrations and Waves 6e“ This is an excellent textbook, full of interesting material clearly explained and fully worthy of being studied by future contributors ..." Journal of Sound and Vibration

The Physics Of Waves And Oscillations

Author : N. K. Bajaj
ISBN : 0074516108
Genre : Oscillations
File Size : 44. 88 MB
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