weapons of the wealthy predatory regimes and elite led protests in central asia

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Weapons Of The Wealthy

Author : Scott Radnitz
ISBN : 9780801466144
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 64. 88 MB
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Mass mobilization is among the most dramatic and inspiring forces for political change. When ordinary citizens take to the streets in large numbers, they can undermine and even topple undemocratic governments, as the recent wave of peaceful uprisings in several postcommunist states has shown. However, investigation into how protests are organized can sometimes reveal that the origins and purpose of "people power" are not as they appear on the surface. In particular, protest can be used as an instrument of elite actors to advance their own interests rather than those of the masses. Weapons of the Wealthy focuses on the region of post-Soviet Central Asia to investigate the causes of elite-led protest. In nondemocratic states, economic and political opportunities can give rise to elites who are independent of the regime, yet vulnerable to expropriation and harassment from above. In conditions of political uncertainty, elites have an incentive to cultivate support in local communities, which elites can then wield as a "weapon" against a predatory regime. Scott Radnitz builds on his in-depth fieldwork and analysis of the spatial distribution of protests to demonstrate how Kyrgyzstan's post-independence development laid the groundwork for elite-led mobilization, whereas Uzbekistan's did not. Elites often have the wherewithal and the motivation to trigger protests, as is borne out by Radnitz's more than one hundred interviews with those who participated in, observed, or avoided protests. Even Kyrgyzstan's 2005 "Tulip Revolution," which brought about the first peaceful change of power in Central Asia since independence, should be understood as a strategic action of elites rather than as an expression of the popular will. This interpretation helps account for the undemocratic nature of the successor government and the 2010 uprising that toppled it. It also serves as a warning for scholars to look critically at bottom-up political change.

Corruption As A Last Resort

Author : Kelly M. McMann
ISBN : 9780801454912
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 58. 41 MB
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Using evidence from her long-term research in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, Kelly M. McMann traces the situations that drive individuals to illicitly seek employment and loans from government officials.

The Perils Of Proximity

Author : Richard C. Bush
ISBN : 9780815725473
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 28. 98 MB
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The rivalry between Japan and China has a long and sometimes brutal history, and they continue to eye each other warily as the balance of power tips toward Beijing. They cooperate and compete at the same time, but if competition deteriorates into military conflict, the entire world has much to lose. The Perils of Proximity evaluates the chances of armed conflict between China and Japan, presenting in stark relief the dangers it would pose and revealing the steps that could head off such a disastrous turn of events. Richard Bush focuses his on the problematic East China Sea region. Although Japan’s military capabilities are more considerable than some in the West realize, its defense budget has remained basically flat in recent years. Meanwhile, Chinese military expenditures have grown by double digits annually. Moreover, that the emphasis of China’s military modernization is on power projection—the ability of its air and naval forces to stretch their reach to the east, thus encroaching on its island neighbor. Tokyo regards the growth of Chinese power and its focus on the East China Sea with deep anxiety. How should they respond? The balance of power is changing, and Japan must account for that uncomfortable fact in crafting its strategy. It is incumbent on China, Japan, and the United States to take steps to reduce the odds of clash and conflict in the East China Sea, and veteran Asia analyst Bush presents recommendations to that end. The steps he suggests won’t be easy, and effective political leadership will be absolutely critical. If implemented fully and correctly, however, they have the potential of reducing the perils of proximity in Asia.

Cambodia S Curse

Author : Joel Brinkley
ISBN : 9781459624931
Genre :
File Size : 52. 91 MB
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A generation after Pol Pot's regime killed one quarter of the nation's population, Cambodia shows every outward sign of having overcome its devastating history - the streets of Phnom Penh are paved; skyscrapers dot the skyline. But behind this fa ade lies a country still haunted by its years of terror. In 2008 and 2009, Joel Brinkley - who won a Pulitzer Prize for his reporting on the fall of the Khmer Rouge - returned to Cambodia. He discovered a population in the grip of a venal government. He learned that between one third and one half of Cambodians who lived through the Khmer Rouge era suffer from post - traumatic stress disorder, and that its afflictions are being passed to the next generation. His extensive close - up reporting in Cambodia's Curse illuminates the country, its people, and the deep historical roots of its modern - day behaviour. This is a devastating and important look at Cambodia today.

Kyrgyzstan Beyond Democracy Island And Failing State

Author : Marlene Laruelle
ISBN : 1498515169
Genre : History
File Size : 75. 39 MB
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This examination of the political, social, and cultural changes of Kyrgyzstan since the collapse of the Soviet Union offers tools to go beyond the country s simplistic dual status of being both an island of democracy and a failing state to a more nuanced understanding of its own position and its role in the region."

Central Asia And The Arab Spring

Author : United States. Congress. Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe
ISBN : STANFORD:36105050686588
Genre : Arab Spring, 2010-
File Size : 59. 15 MB
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State Building In Putin S Russia

Author : Brian D. Taylor
ISBN : 1107618045
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 38. 91 MB
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Building a strong Russian state was the central goal of Vladimir Putin's presidency. This book argues that Putin's strategy for rebuilding the state was fundamentally flawed. Taylor demonstrates that a disregard for the way state officials behave toward citizens - state quality - had a negative impact on what the state could do - state capacity. Focusing on those organizations that control state coercion, what Russians call the "power ministries," Taylor shows that many of the weaknesses of the Russian state that existed under Boris Yeltsin persisted under Putin. Drawing on extensive field research and interviews, as well as a wide range of comparative data, the book reveals the practices and norms that guide the behavior of Russian power ministry officials (the so-called siloviki), especially law enforcement personnel. By examining siloviki behavior from the Kremlin down to the street level, State Building in Putin's Russia uncovers the who, where, and how of Russian state building after communism.

Mao S New World

Author : Chang-tai Hung
ISBN : 0801449340
Genre : History
File Size : 48. 12 MB
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Mao's New World examines how Mao Zedong and senior Party leaders transformed the PRC into a propaganda state in the first decade of their rule (1949 1959)."

New Left Review

Author :
ISBN : OSU:32435073147860
Genre : Socialism
File Size : 53. 67 MB
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Offshore Central Asia

Author : John Heathershaw
ISBN : 1138045756
Genre :
File Size : 87. 3 MB
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Central Asia is not, as it was once popular to argue, divorced from the global economy. When we look away from formal trade flows and towards institutions of contemporary finance, it becomes clear that the Central Asian region and global economy are far more interconnected than first suspected. As more than half of world trade and half of all banking assets are routed offshore, we must delve deeper into the offshore financial world of Central Asia. This interconnectedness has economy, political, domestic and international ramifications; Central Asian financial dealings are embedded in a set of informal transnational networks with global reach. This publication explores this global context: how Kyrgyzstan's revolutions are linked to business-political elite's money-laundering; how Turkmenistan's regime is kept stable by the offshore connections of its gas trade; how Tajikistan and Russia's relationship can only truly be understood through their offshore business dealings. This book was originally published as a special issue of Central Asian Survey.

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