what galileo saw imagining the scientific revolution

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What Galileo Saw

Author : Lawrence Lipking
ISBN : 9780801454844
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 96 MB
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The Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century has often been called a decisive turning point in human history. It represents, for good or ill, the birth of modern science and modern ways of viewing the world. In What Galileo Saw, Lawrence Lipking offers a new perspective on how to understand what happened then, arguing that artistic imagination and creativity as much as rational thought played a critical role in creating new visions of science and in shaping stories about eye-opening discoveries in cosmology, natural history, engineering, and the life sciences. When Galileo saw the face of the Moon and the moons of Jupiter, Lipking writes, he had to picture a cosmos that could account for them. Kepler thought his geometry could open a window into the mind of God. Francis Bacon's natural history envisioned an order of things that would replace the illusions of language with solid evidence and transform notions of life and death. Descartes designed a hypothetical "Book of Nature" to explain how everything in the universe was constructed. Thomas Browne reconceived the boundaries of truth and error. Robert Hooke, like Leonardo, was both researcher and artist; his schemes illuminate the microscopic and the macrocosmic. And when Isaac Newton imagined nature as a coherent and comprehensive mathematical system, he redefined the goals of science and the meaning of genius. What Galileo Saw bridges the divide between science and art; it brings together Galileo and Milton, Bacon and Shakespeare. Lipking enters the minds and the workshops where the Scientific Revolution was fashioned, drawing on art, literature, and the history of science to reimagine how perceptions about the world and human life could change so drastically, and change forever.

Buch Der Natur

Author : Conradus (de Megenberg)
ISBN : 3458160728
Genre : Natural history
File Size : 27. 49 MB
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Galileos Tochter

Author : Dava Sobel
ISBN : 9783827072375
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 36 MB
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Celeste ging bereits als junges Mädchen ins Kloster. Über hundert Briefe an den Vater sind erhalten und zeigen einen Galileo, wie wir ihn nicht kennen: voller Mut, die Wahrheiten, auf die er stieß, zu erklären. Sobel versteht es meisterlich, die Stimmen von Galileo und seiner Tochter in ihre Erzählung einzuweben. Und sie führt uns die wohl dramatischste Konfrontation von Kirche und Wissenschaft vor Augen, die es in der Geschichte gegeben hat.

Daughters Of Alchemy

Author : Meredith K. Ray
ISBN : 9780674425897
Genre : History
File Size : 35. 9 MB
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Meredith Ray shows that women were at the vanguard of empirical culture during the Scientific Revolution. They experimented with medicine and alchemy at home and in court, debated cosmological discoveries in salons and academies, and in their writings used their knowledge of natural philosophy to argue for women’s intellectual equality to men.

Kierkegaard S Existential Approach

Author : Arne Grøn
ISBN : 9783110493016
Genre : Religion
File Size : 74. 23 MB
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Recently there has been a growing interest not only in existentialism, but also in existential questions, as well as key figures in existential thinking. Yet despite this renewed interest, a systematic reconsideration of Kierkegaard’s existential approach is missing. This anthology is the first in a series of three that will attempt to fill this lacuna. The 13 chapters of the first anthology deal with various aspects of Kierkegaard's existential approach. Its reception will be examined in the works of influential philsophers such as Heidegger, Gadamer, and Habermas, as well as in lesser known philosophers from the interwar period, such as Jean Wahl, Lev Shestov, and Benjamin Fondane. Other chapters reconsider central notions, such as "anxiety", "existence", "imagination", and "despair". Finally, some chapters deal with Kierkegaard's relevance for central issues in contemporary philosophy, including "naturalism", "self-constitution", and "bioethics". This book is of relevance not only to researchers working in Kierkegaard Studies, but to anyone with an interest in existentialism and existential thinking.

Samuel Johnson

Author : Freya Johnston
ISBN : 9780191637032
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 53. 10 MB
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Samuel Johnson: The Arc of the Pendulum offers unique insight into the works of Samuel Johnson by re-considering William Hazlitt's oft-cited comparison between Johnson's prose and a pendulum. In 1819, William Hazlitt condemned Samuel Johnson's prose style as 'a species of rhyming' in which 'the close of the period follows as mechanically as the oscillation of a pendulum, the sense is balanced with the sound'. Predictable, formulaic, and unresponsive, Hazlitt's Johnson was 'incapable of latitude and compromise, a mere automaton who rebounded from one position to its opposite extreme'. This collection of essays focuses on Johnson's works, rather than perceptions of his personality, and argues that Johnson's perceived erratic opinions reflect an understanding of the complexity, instability, and contradictions of the world in which he lived. The volume challenges Hazlitt's influential reading of the Johnsonian pendulum, focusing on the uses and enjoyments of inconsistency, and the varieties of instability, irresolution, and active change which are revealed by and within Johnson. Chapters from a strong team of contributors present new perspectives on Johnson's work, life, and reception. The chapters address questions of style, authority, language, lexicography, and biography across a range of Johnson's writings from the early poetry to the late prose. Johnson emerges from these chapters not as a writer trapped within a set of oppositions, but as one who engages imaginatively and vigorously with flux, dynamism, and inconclusiveness. From the late eighteenth century onwards, to be 'Johnsonian' has typically been made synonymous with firm resolution and trenchant opinion, with polysyllabic excess and a style removed from the exigencies and accidents of ordinary existence. And yet, as this volume suggests, Johnson's life and writings embody the critical and creative play of ideas, a form of interaction with the world which is shaped by instability, contradiction, and combat.

Discovery Of The First Asteroid Ceres

Author : Clifford J. Cunningham
ISBN : 9783319217772
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 80 MB
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Based on extensive primary sources, many never previously translated into English, this is the definitive account of the origins of Ceres as it went from being classified as a new planet to reclassification as the first of a previously unknown group of celestial objects. Cunningham opens this critical moment of astronomical discovery to full modern analysis for the first time. This book includes all the voluminous correspondence, translated into English, between the astronomers of Europe about the startling discovery of Ceres by Piazzi in 1801. It covers the period up to March 1802, at which time Pallas was discovered. Also included are Piazzi’s two monographs about Ceres, and the sections of two books dealing with Ceres, one by Johann Bode, the other by Johann Schroeter. The origin of the word ‘asteroid’ is explained, along with several chapters on the antecedents of the story going back to ancient Greek times. The formulation of Bode’s Law is given, as are the details on the efforts of Baron von Zach to organize a search for the supposed missing planet between Mars and Jupiter. Examples of verse created to commemorate the great discovery are included in this first volume. The author, who has a PhD in the History of Astronomy, is a dedicated scholar of the story of asteroids and his research on the discovery of Ceres is comprehensive and fully sourced. The discovery came at a time when rival astronomers were in hot competition with each other, and when the true nature of these celestial bodies was not yet known. With astronomers in France, Italy and beyond vying to understand and receive credit for the new class of astral bodies, drama was not in short supply--nor were scientific advances.

Shakespeare In The Marketplace Of Words

Author : Jonathan P. Lamb
ISBN : 9781107193314
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 79. 70 MB
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Making innovative use of digital and library archives, this book explores how Shakespeare used language to interact with the verbal marketplace of early modern England. By also combining word history with book history, Jonathan P. Lamb demonstrates Shakespeare's response to the world of words around him, in and through the formal features of his works. In chapters that focus on particular rhetorical features in Richard II, The Merchant of Venice, As You Like It, Hamlet, and Troilus and Cressida, Lamb argues that we can best understand Shakespeare's writing practice by scrutinizing how the formal features of his works circulated in an economy of imaginative writing. Shakespeare's interactions with this verbal market preceded and made possible his reputation as a playwright and dramatist. He was, in his time, a great buyer and seller of words.

Galilei Der K Nstler

Author : Horst Bredekamp
ISBN : 9783050062259
Genre : Art
File Size : 66. 78 MB
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In seiner kleinen, aber einflußreichen Schrift "Galileo as a Critic of the Arts" von 1954 hat Erwin Panofsky die künstlerischen Vorlieben Galileis mit dessen Vorstellung von Raum, Licht und Kosmos verbunden. Horst Bredekamp, Kunsthistoriker der Humboldt-Universität und Permanent Fellow des Wissenschaftskollegs zu Berlin, knüpft an diese Studie an, um Galilei jedoch nicht allein als Kunstkritiker, sondern als einen ausgebildeten Künstler zu rekonstruieren, der die Kunst des Zeichnens als ein Instrument seiner Forschungen zu nutzen verstand. Viele Gelegenheitsskizzen, vor allem aber Galileis durch das Teleskop gewonnene Mond- und Sonnenzeichnungen offenbaren, dass der Stil der Darstellungen über den Sinn des Dargestellten entschied.

Der Computer Mein Lebenswerk

Author : Konrad Zuse
ISBN : 9783642120961
Genre : Computers
File Size : 63. 10 MB
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Der erste funktionsfähige Computer wurde von Konrad Zuse gebaut. Diese vollautomatische, programmgesteuerte, frei programmierbare, in binärer Gleitpunktzahlrechnung arbeitende Rechenanlage war 1941 betriebsbereit. Anlässlich des 100. Geburtstages von Konrad Zuse (22. Juni 2010), der mit einem Zuse-Jahr begangen wird, erscheint die Autobiografie des Computer-Pioniers in einer Sonderauflage. Er erzählt darin die Geschichte seines Lebens und liefert zugleich eine eindrucksvolle Darstellung der Anfänge des Computer-Zeitalters.

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