why people believe weird things

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Why People Believe Weird Things

Author : Michael Shermer
ISBN : 1429996765
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 48 MB
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Revised and Expanded Edition. In this age of supposed scientific enlightenment, many people still believe in mind reading, past-life regression theory, New Age hokum, and alien abduction. A no-holds-barred assault on popular superstitions and prejudices, with more than 80,000 copies in print, Why People Believe Weird Things debunks these nonsensical claims and explores the very human reasons people find otherworldly phenomena, conspiracy theories, and cults so appealing. In an entirely new chapter, "Why Smart People Believe in Weird Things," Michael Shermer takes on science luminaries like physicist Frank Tippler and others, who hide their spiritual beliefs behind the trappings of science. Shermer, science historian and true crusader, also reveals the more dangerous side of such illogical thinking, including Holocaust denial, the recovered-memory movement, the satanic ritual abuse scare, and other modern crazes. Why People Believe Strange Things is an eye-opening resource for the most gullible among us and those who want to protect them.

How We Believe

Author : Michael Shermer
ISBN : 1429996749
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 55 MB
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A new edition covering the latest scientific research on how the brain makes us believers or skeptics Recent polls report that 96 percent of Americans believe in God, and 73 percent believe that angels regularly visit Earth. Why is this? Why, despite the rise of science, technology, and secular education, are people turning to religion in greater numbers than ever before? Why do people believe in God at all? These provocative questions lie at the heart of How We Believe , an illuminating study of God, faith, and religion. Bestselling author Michael Shermer offers fresh and often startling insights into age-old questions, including how and why humans put their faith in a higher power, even in the face of scientific skepticism. Shermer has updated the book to explore the latest research and theories of psychiatrists, neuroscientists, epidemiologists, and philosophers, as well as the role of faith in our increasingly diverse modern world. Whether believers or nonbelievers, we are all driven by the need to understand the universe and our place in it. How We Believe is a brilliant scientific tour of this ancient and mysterious desire.

Paranormal Claims

Author : Bryan Farha
ISBN : 0761837728
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 52. 55 MB
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This academic text features articles regarding paranormal, extraordinary, or fringe-science claims. It logically examines the claims of astrology; psychic ability; alternative medicine and health claims; after-death communication; cryptozoology; and faith healing, all from a skeptical perspective. Paranormal Claims is a compilation of some of the most eye-opening articles about pseudoscience and extraordinary claims that often reveal logical, scientific explanations, or an outright scam. These articles, steeped in skepticism, teach critical thinking when approaching courses in psychology, sociology, philosophy, education, or science.

Author : كارل ساجان
ISBN :
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68. 36 MB
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يبدأ المؤلف و يقول كان يوما من أيام الخريف صاخبة الرياح من عام 1939 ،وفى ذلك اليوم ، وفى الشوارع الواقعة خارج العمارة السكينة ، كانت أوراق الأشجار المتساقطة تدور في خضم الدوامات الهوائية الصغيرة ، و تتهاوى مع كل منها حياتها ، كان شعورا طيبا أن أكون داخل البيت . مستشعرا الأمان و الدف بينما أمى تعد العشاء فى حجرة مجاورة ولم يكن في شقتنا أطفال أكبر سناً يتصيدون الأخطاء بلا داع

The Science Of Good And Evil

Author : Michael Shermer
ISBN : 1429996757
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 76. 80 MB
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From bestselling author Michael Shermer, an investigation of the evolution of morality that is "a paragon of popularized science and philosophy" The Sun (Baltimore) A century and a half after Darwin first proposed an "evolutionary ethics," science has begun to tackle the roots of morality. Just as evolutionary biologists study why we are hungry (to motivate us to eat) or why sex is enjoyable (to motivate us to procreate), they are now searching for the very nature of humanity. In The Science of Good and Evil, science historian Michael Shermer explores how humans evolved from social primates to moral primates; how and why morality motivates the human animal; and how the foundation of moral principles can be built upon empirical evidence. Along the way he explains the implications of scientific findings for fate and free will, the existence of pure good and pure evil, and the development of early moral sentiments among the first humans. As he closes the divide between science and morality, Shermer draws on stories from the Yanamamö, infamously known as the "fierce people" of the tropical rain forest, to the Stanford studies on jailers' behavior in prisons. The Science of Good and Evil is ultimately a profound look at the moral animal, belief, and the scientific pursuit of truth.

Embracing The Wide Sky

Author : Daniel Tammet
ISBN : 9781848941397
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 26. 74 MB
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Daniel's internationally bestselling memoir of living with Asperger's Syndrome and Savant Syndrome, Born on a Blue Day established him as one of the most original talents in contemporary non-fiction. Now, in his new book, Embracing the Wide Sky, he combines meticulous scientific research with detailed descriptions of how his mind works to demonstrate the immense potential within us all. He explains how our natural intuitions can help us to learn a foreign language, why his memories are like symphonies, and what numbers and giraffes have in common. We also discover why there is more to intelligence than IQ, how our brains turn light to sight, and why too much information can make you stupid. He illustrates his arguments with examples as diverse as the private languages of twins, the compositions of poets with autism, and the breakthroughs, and breakdowns, of some of history’s greatest minds. Embracing the Wide Sky is a unique and brilliantly imaginative portrait of how we think, learn, remember and create, brimming with personal insights and anecdotes, and explanations of the most up-to-date, mind-bending discoveries from fields ranging from neuroscience to psychology and linguistics. This is a profound and provocative book that will transform our understanding and respect for every kind of mind.

Defeating Autism

Author : Michael Fitzpatrick
ISBN : 9781134058976
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52. 5 MB
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Autism: disease, disorder or difference? What causes autism – genes or environment? Can biomedical treatments cure autism, and are they safe? An increased public awareness of autism has resulted in a rising trend of diagnoses, creating the impression of an ‘epidemic’. Many parents of children newly diagnosed with autism have been impressed by plausible theories blaming vaccines and other environmental causes. Many have also been captivated by claims that ‘biomedical’ treatments – including special diets and supplements, detoxification and medications – can achieve dramatic results. In Defeating Autism, Michael Fitzpatrick, a family doctor and father of a son with autism, questions the scientific basis of environmental explanations of autism and exposes the incoherence of unorthodox ‘biomedical’ theories and therapies. This book reveals that these therapies are far from pioneering interventions and they remain unsubstantiated by scientific authorities. Campaigns promising to ‘defeat or cure autism now’ have attracted much support among parents struggling with their difficult children. But the crusade against autism risks dehumanising and stigmatising those who are identified as autistic and their families. This compelling book is essential reading for students and professionals working in the field of autism, as well as academics concerned with the public understanding of science and the treatment of scientific and medical controversies in the media.

The Believing Brain

Author : Michael Shermer
ISBN : 9781780335308
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 8 MB
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Synthesizing thirty years of research, psychologist and science historian, Michael Shermer upends the traditional thinking about how humans form beliefs about the world. Simply put, beliefs come first and explanations for beliefs follow. The brain, Shermer argues, is a belief engine. Using sensory data that flow in through the senses, the brain naturally looks for and finds patterns - and then infuses those patterns with meaning, forming beliefs. Once beliefs are formed, our brains subconsciously seek out confirmatory evidence in support of those beliefs, which accelerates the process of reinforcing them, and round and round the process goes in a positive-feedback loop. In The Believing Brain, Shermer provides countless real-world examples of how this process operates, from politics, economics, and religion to conspiracy theories, the supernatural, and the paranormal. Ultimately, he demonstrates why science is the best tool ever devised to determine whether or not our belief matches reality.

The Borderlands Of Science

Author : Michael Shermer
ISBN : 9780195157987
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 93 MB
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Presents a collection of essays on various topics in science and personalities in science, including Carl Sagan, Sigmund Freud, and Alfred Russel Wallace.

Author : مارك مانسون
ISBN : 9786144720196
Genre :
File Size : 82. 40 MB
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ظل يُقال لنا طيلة عشرات السنوات إن التفكير الإيجابي هو المفتاح إلى حياة سعيدة ثرية. لكن مارك مانسون يشتم تلك " الإيجابية " ويقول: " فلنكن صادقين، السيء سيء وعلينا أن نتعايش مع هذا ". لا يتهرّب مانسون من الحقائق ولا يغفلها بالسكّر، بل يقولها لنا كما هي: جرعة من الحقيقة الفجِّة الصادقة المنعشة هي ما ينقصنا اليوم. هذا الكتاب ترياق للذهنية التي نهدهد أنفسنا بها، ذهنية " فلنعمل على أن يكون لدينا كلنا شعور طيب " التي غزت المجتمع المعاصر فأفسدت جيلًا بأسره صار ينال ميداليات ذهبية لمجرد الحضور إلى المدرسة. ينصحنا مانسون بأن نعرف حدود إمكاناتنا وأن نتقبلها. وأن ندرك مخاوفنا ونواقصنا وما لسنا واثقين منه، وأن نكفّ عن التهرب والفرار من ذلك كله ونبدأ مواجهة الحقائق الموجعة، حتى نصير قادرين على العثور على ما نبحث عنه من جرأة ومثابرة وصدق ومسؤولية وتسامح وحب للمعرفة. لا يستطيع كل شخص أن يكون متميزًا متفوقًا. ففي المجتمع ناجحين وفاشلين؛ وقسم من هذا الواقع ليس عادلًا وليس نتيجة غلطتك أنت. وصحيح أن المال شيء حسن، لكن اهتمامك بما تفعله بحياتك أحسن كثيرًا؛ فالتجربة هي الثروة الحقيقية. إنها لحظة حديث حقيقي صادق لشخص يمسكك من كتفيك وينظر في عينيك. هذا الكتاب صفعة " منعشة لهذا الجيل حتى تساعده في عيش حياة راضية مستقرة.

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