wicked problems social messes decision support modelling with morphological analysis 17 risk governance and society

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Wicked Problems Social Messes

Author : Tom Ritchey
ISBN : 3642196535
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 58. 77 MB
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This is the first dedicated book to be published on computer-aided General Morphological Analysis (GMA) as a non-quantified modelling method. It presents the history and theory of GMA and describes how it is used to develop interactive, non-quantified inference models. Eleven case studies are presented out of more than 100 projects carried out since 1995, illustrating how GMA has been employed for structuring complex policy and planning issues, developing scenario and strategy laboratories, and analysing organisational and stakeholder structures. Also discussed are the concepts of “wicked problems” and “social messes”, their characteristics and treatment, and problems concerning the facilitation of morphological analysis workshops.

Software Business Towards Continuous Value Delivery

Author : Casper Lassenius
ISBN : 9783319087382
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89. 16 MB
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This book contains the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Software Business (ICSOB) held in Paphos, Cyprus, in June 2014. The theme of the event was "Shortening the Time to Market: From Short Cycle Times to Continuous Value Delivery." The 18 full papers, two short papers, two industrial papers, and two doctoral consortium abstracts accepted for ICSOB were selected from 45 submissions and are organized in sections on: strategic aspects, start-ups and software business, products and service business, software development, ecosystems, and platforms and enterprises.

Computer Aided Architectural Design Future Trajectories

Author : Gülen Çağdaş
ISBN : 9789811051975
Genre : Computers
File Size : 46. 97 MB
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This book constitutes selected papers of the 17th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Futures, CAAD Futures 2017, held in Istanbul, Turkey, in July 2017. The 22 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on modeling urban design; support systems for design decisions; studying design behavior in digital environments; materials, fabrication, computation; shape studies.

Behavioral Operational Research

Author : Martin Kunc
ISBN : 9781137535511
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 29. 64 MB
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Behavioral research is making a significant impact on many academic disciplines. Its status as the source of some of the most profound research in the social sciences is unparalleled. Therefore, it is not surprising that interest in Behavior and Operational Research (OR) is burgeoning, even though understanding the relationship between knowledge, behavior and action has been an academic preoccupation in OR since the beginning of the discipline. This book introduces the idea of Behavioral OR, where the theoretical and empirical developments in the behavioral field are making an impression on OR academics and practitioners alike. The book provides a much needed overview that connects together theory, methodology and practice and offers the “state of the art” on Behavioral Operational Research theory and practice. The book not only includes chapters by leading academics, but also includes rich and insightful real-life case studies by practitioners.

Leading Public Design

Author : Bason, Christian
ISBN : 9781447325604
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 68. 85 MB
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This powerful new book provides a clear framework for understanding and learning an emerging management practice, leading public design. Drawing on more than a decade of work on public sector innovation, Christian Bason uses his extensive practical experience and research conducted among public managers in the UK, the US, Australia, Finland and Denmark to explore how public organisations can be redesigned from the outside in, shaping policies and services that are truly experienced as useful and meaningful to citizens, and which leverage all of society’s resources to co-produce better outcomes. Through detailed case studies, the book presents six management practices which leaders in government can use to involve citizens, staff and other stakeholders in innovation processes. It shows how managers can challenge their own assumptions, leverage empathy with citizens, handle divergence, navigate unknown territory, experiment and rehearse future solutions through prototyping, and create more public value. Ultimately, Leading public design provides a pathway to a new and different way of governing public institutions: human-centred governance. As a more relational, networked, interactive and reflective approach to running organisations, this emerging governance model promises a more human yet effective public sector.

Beyond Convergence

Author : National Defense University (US)
ISBN : 1975720423
Genre : Computer networks
File Size : 31. 13 MB
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The world order built upon the Peace of Westphalia is faltering. State fragility or failure are endemic, with no fewer than one-third of the states in the United Nations earning a "high warning"-or worse-in the Fragile States Index, and an equal number suffering a decline in sustainability over the past decade.1 State weakness invites a range of illicit actors, including international terrorists, globally networked insurgents, and transnational criminal organizations (TCOs). The presence and operations of these entities keep states weak and incapable of effective governance, and limit the possibility of fruitful partnerships with the United States and its allies. Illicit organizations and their networks fuel corruption, eroding state legitimacy among the governed, and sowing doubt that the state is a genuine guardian of the public interest. These networks can penetrate the state, leading to state capture, and even criminal sovereignty.2 A growing number of weak and corrupt states is creating gaping holes in the global rule-based system of states that we depend on for our security and prosperity. Indeed, the chapters of this book suggest the emergence of a highly adaptive and parasitic alternative ecosystem, based on criminal commerce and extreme violence, with little regard for what we commonly conceive of as the public interest or the public good. The last 10 years have seen unprecedented growth in interactivity between and among a wide range of illicit networks, as well as the emergence of hybrid organizations that use methods characteristic of both terrorist and criminal groups. In a convergence of interests, terrorist organizations collaborate with cartels, and trafficking organizations collude with insurgents. International terrorist organizations, such as al-Qaeda and Hezbollah, engage energetically in transnational crime to raise funds for their operations. Prominent criminal organizations like Los Zetas in Mexico and D-Company in Pakistan have adopted the symbolic violence of terrorists-the propaganda of the deed-to secure their "turf." And networked insurgents, such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), have adopted the techniques of both crime and terror.

Morphological Astronomy

Author : Fritz Zwicky
ISBN : 9783642875441
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 10 MB
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Man has a great tendency to get lost or to hide, as the case may be, in a jungle of details and in unnecessary complications. Why do anything simply if you can do it complicated? And still, life itself presents a sufficient number of problems to keep us busy. There would seem to be no need to create additional difficulties, just for the fun of it, especially if these self-made difficulties become practically insuperable and if in the end they cause much unhappiness. The morphological mode of thought and of action was conceived to break the vicious hold which the parasitic wild growth of complications exerts on life in all of its phases. Morphological thought and action are likely to be of value in all human activities, once such thought and action have been clearly delineated and fully developed, and once they have been practised by a sufficiently large number of people. Since the morphological method is of the greatest universality, the choice of the field to which one applies it first is not particulary critical. The author intends to write two or three books on the morphology of several large scale problems, which are both of a technical and of a general social nature. The present book is concerned in particular with some implications of morphological thinking in astronomy. We shall above all emphasize the basic character of the morphological approach, and we shall demonstrate its constructive power in a number of specific cases.

South Australian Health In All Policies Training Manual

Author : South Australia
ISBN : 1742436277
Genre : Health promotion
File Size : 56. 81 MB
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The South Australian Health in All Policies Training Manual is designed to assist trainers interested in conducting a course based on South Australia's approach to applying Health in Alll Policies. It has been designed so that trainers and professionals worldwide can tailor the curriculum so that it is relevant to their country or regional context.

The Art And Science Of Analyzing Software Data

Author : Christian Bird
ISBN : 9780124115439
Genre : Computers
File Size : 60. 16 MB
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The Art and Science of Analyzing Software Data provides valuable information on analysis techniques often used to derive insight from software data. This book shares best practices in the field generated by leading data scientists, collected from their experience training software engineering students and practitioners to master data science. The book covers topics such as the analysis of security data, code reviews, app stores, log files, and user telemetry, among others. It covers a wide variety of techniques such as co-change analysis, text analysis, topic analysis, and concept analysis, as well as advanced topics such as release planning and generation of source code comments. It includes stories from the trenches from expert data scientists illustrating how to apply data analysis in industry and open source, present results to stakeholders, and drive decisions. Presents best practices, hints, and tips to analyze data and apply tools in data science projects Presents research methods and case studies that have emerged over the past few years to further understanding of software data Shares stories from the trenches of successful data science initiatives in industry

Urban And Regional Planning Education

Author : Ashok Kumar
ISBN : 9789811006081
Genre : Education
File Size : 43. 17 MB
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This is the first volume exclusively dedicated to planning education, with a focus on India and learning from global experiences for India. Prior to the 1990s, planning education in India was largely confined to national and local economic concerns. Within a globalized scenario, such pedagogies and theories have become outmoded. With new concerns emerging in planning, new pedagogical tools and theorizations need to be developed within planning curricula to provide today’s planners with the wherewithal to adapt to changing and globalizing cities and regions in India. Therefore, the eminent contributors to this volume deal exclusively and comprehensively with planning education in a globalized context. Divided into four thematic sections, this volume provides a comprehensive view of planning education in India, with focus on: • The trajectory of planning education in India.• The kinds of knowledge used for teaching in Indian planning schools, and whether some sort of integration of diverse knowledges is achieved. • The ethical foundations of urban and regional planning in Indian planning schools. • The role of international planning perspectives in providing new insights for Indian planning education. Comprehensive and topical, this volume is of interest to academics and researchers from planning institutes, urban and regional planners and policy makers, as well as architects, social geographers and economists.

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