wiley pathways introduction to homeland security understanding terrorism with an emergency management perspective

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Wiley Pathways Introduction To Homeland Security

Author : David A. McEntire
ISBN : 047012752X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 77. 81 MB
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Readers need to be aware more than ever before of the increased number of threats this country faces. Introduction to Homeland Security: Understanding Terrorism with an Emergency Management Perspective provides important and up-to-date information about terrorism, terrorist behavior, homeland security policies and dilemmas, and how to deal effectively with threats and the consequences of attacks. This book provides a foundation that spans the readily apparent chasm between the disaster and homeland security communities. Its focus on terrorism may help to educate those who do not yet understand the need to prepare for this significant threat. Its concentration on emergency management will remind homeland security officials that reinventing of the wheel is not only unnecessary, but problematic. Introduction to Homeland Security will be useful to scholars, students, and practitioners interested or involved in homeland security and emergency management.

Threats To Homeland Security

Author : Richard J. Kilroy, Jr.
ISBN : 9781119251811
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 43. 98 MB
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Notes on Contributors xiii Preface xvi Acknowledgments xxiii 1. THe Changing Nature of National Security 1 Introduction 2 1.1 Foundations of American Security Policy 2 1.1.1 Geopolitics at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century 3 1.1.2 National Security and World War II 6 Self-Check 8 1.2 Security in the Cold War Era 8 1.2.1 Bipolarity versus Multipolarity 10 1.2.2 Containing Communism 12 1.2.3 Non-Communist Threats 16 Self-Check 17 1.3 Security in the Post-Cold War Era: Pre-9/11 17 1.3.1 Changing Threats 18 1.3.2 New Conflicts, New Responses 18 1.3.3 Reorganization of National Security Policy 20 Self-Check 21 1.4 National Security and Terrorism: Post-9/11 21 1.4.1 Globalization and Geopolitics 22 1.4.2 The Bush Administration's Global War on Terrorism 24 1.4.3 The Obama Administration's New National Security Strategy 26 1.4.4 Homeland Security and National Security 27 Self-Check 28 Summary 29 Key Terms 30 Assess Your Understanding 35 Summary Questions 35 Applying This Chapter 36 You Try It 37 2. REassessing the All-Hazards Perspective 38 Introduction 39 2.1 Natural Disasters: Things We Can Expect to Happen 39 2.1.1 The History of Natural Disasters in the United States 40 2.1.2 Natural Disaster Response 41 2.1.3 Natural Disasters in a Post-9/11 World 44 Self-Check 46 2.2 Accidental Hazards: Things We Can Try to Prevent 46 2.2.1 History of Accidental Hazards in the United States 46 2.2.2 Accidental Hazard Prevention and Response 48 2.2.3 Accidental Hazards in a Post-9/11 World 50 Self-Check 51 2.3 Man-Made Hazards: Things We Hope Don't Happen 51 2.3.1 History of Man-Made Disasters Caused by Human Error in the United States 52 2.3.2 Man-Made Disaster Mitigation and Response 53 2.3.3 Man-Made Disasters in a Post-9/11 World 55 Self-Check 56 2.4 Reassessing the All-Hazards Perspective and Disasters 56 Self-Check 59 Summary 59 Key Terms 60 Assess Your Understanding 62 Summary Questions 62 Applying This Chapter 63 You Try It 64 3. US Homeland Security Interests 65 Introduction 66 3.1 What Is Homeland Security? 66 3.1.1 The Merging of Traditions 67 3.1.2 Prevailing Homeland Security Theories 71 Self-Check 76 3.2 Additional Context for Homeland Security 77 3.2.1 Urban Versus Rural 77 3.2.2 Technologies 78 3.2.3 Political and Economic Factors 79 3.2.4 Security Versus Civil Liberties 81 Self-Check 84 3.3 Homeland Security Enterprise 84 3.3.1 Federal Partners 85 3.3.2 State and Local Partners 90 3.3.3 Whole Community Partners 91 Self-Check 97 3.4 Revisiting the All-Hazards Approach 98 Self-Check 100 Summary 101 Key Terms 101 Assess Your Understanding 105 Summary Questions 105 Applying This Chapter 106 You Try It 108 4. UNderstanding Threat Assessments 109 Introduction 110 4.1 Background on Threat Assessments and Risk Management 111 4.1.1 Risk Management and Threat Assessment from the All-Hazards Perspective 111 4.1.2 Assessing Threats and Civil Liberties 113 4.1.3 Homeland Security Risk Management Doctrine 114 Self-Check 116 4.2 A General Framework of Analysis: What to Assess 116 4.2.1 The Disaster Impact Process 117 4.2.2 Pre-Impact Conditions 117 4.2.3 Event-Specific Conditions 120 4.2.4 Final Thoughts on What to Assess 122 Self-Check 122 4.3 A Matrix Approach: How to Assess 123 4.3.1 Risk Matrices 124 4.3.2 Composite Exposure Indicator 127 4.3.3 HAZUS 128 4.3.4 Vulnerability Assessments 128 4.3.5 Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment 129 4.3.6 Final Thoughts on How to Assess 130 Self-Check 133 4.4 The Whole-Community Approach of the National Preparedness System 133 4.4.1 Prevention 136 4.4.2 Protection 137 4.4.3 Mitigation 137 4.4.4 Response 139 4.4.5 Recovery 140 Self-Check 143 Summary 144 Key Terms 144 Assess Your Understanding 148 Summary Questions 148 Applying This Chapter 148 You Try It 150 5. CRitical Infrastructure Security, Emergency Preparedness, and Operational Continuity .151 Introduction 15

Cbrn And Hazmat Incidents At Major Public Events

Author : Dan Kaszeta
ISBN : 9781118529737
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 76. 20 MB
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Sets forth what to do and what not to do to keep people and property safe Based on the author's more than two decades of managing core facets of emergency planning and response, this book enables readers to minimize the possibility of a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) disaster or a hazardous material (hazmat) incident at public events. Moreover, it sets forth the tools needed to quickly respond to an incident in order to avoid or minimize casualties and damages. With its comprehensive approach, the book equips readers to plan for and manage a multi-disciplinary safety and emergency response team, including police, security, medical, military, and fire and civil protection personnel. CBRN and Hazmat Incidents at Major Public Events examines all aspects of security planning and emergency response, including: General planning and preparedness procedures such as initial considerations, response network development, and training and exercise Planning and preparedness for security and emergency response providers, including medical, fire, police, military, and VIP protection personnel Incident response, including initial response, detection and identification, and law enforcement Lastly, the author provides fourteen specific public event scenarios, explaining what to do and what not to do for effective emergency planning and response to CBRN and hazmat incidents. These scenarios also set the foundation for preparedness training and exercises. Throughout the book, sidebars summarize the author's extensive operational and managerial experience, helping readers focus on the core tested and proven strategies and techniques needed to prevent or mitigate the impact of a CBRN or hazmat incident. With its unique focus on CBRN and hazmats, this book is essential reading for all personnel charged with protecting lives and property at large public events.

Building Terrorism Resistant Communities

Author : S. Ekici
ISBN : 9781607504306
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 26. 34 MB
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This book includes the proceedings of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s (NATO) 2008 Advanced Research Workshop (ARW). The goal of the meeting was to explore methods to involve the community in the fight against terrorism in an effort to enhance its protection from terrorist attacks and to establish a network between the participants for future collaborations. The two main topics of this book are: (1) Defining the problem of terrorism and collective community protection; why does terrorism exists and why do people join and/or support extremist groups? (2) Counter-terrorism practices and their relation to the community; focused on developing non-orthodox methods to combat terrorism. In other words, why communities should be included in the fight against terrorism. This book should be seen as a guide for policy makers and practitioners to gain a better understanding of how counter terrorism, as well as many other applications, requires community support and involvement to the fullest extent possible. Because the existing threat of terrorism is proof of the failed classical militaristic approaches, the time has come to integrate our communities into the practice of fighting the threat together.

Critical Infrastructure Protection In Homeland Security

Author : Ted G. Lewis
ISBN : 9781118817636
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 83. 77 MB
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"...excellent for use as a text in information assurance or cyber-security courses...I strongly advocate that professors...examine this book with the intention of using it in their programs." (Computing Reviews.com, March 22, 2007) "The book is written as a student textbook, but it should be equally valuable for current practitioners...this book is a very worthwhile investment." (Homeland Security Watch, August 17, 2006) While the emphasis is on the development of policies that lead to successful prevention of terrorist attacks on the nation’s infrastructure, this book is the first scientific study of critical infrastructures and their protection. The book models the nation’s most valuable physical assets and infrastructure sectors as networks of nodes and links. It then analyzes the network to identify vulnerabilities and risks in the sector combining network science, complexity theory, modeling and simulation, and risk analysis. The most critical components become the focus of deeper analysis and protection. This approach reduces the complex problem of protecting water supplies, energy pipelines, telecommunication stations, Internet and Web networks, and power grids to a much simpler problem of protecting a few critical nodes. The new edition incorporates a broader selection of ideas and sectors and moves the mathematical topics into several appendices.

Medical Disaster Response

Author : David Goldschmitt
ISBN : 9781420061246
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39. 65 MB
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While the job of a clinician in a disaster scenario is to save lives without regard for the cause or rationale for the injury, medical and emergency professionals who understand the diverse aspects of a disaster are better equipped to respond effectively. Giving emergency personnel the tools they need to perform in catastrophic situations, Medical Disaster Response: A Survival Guide for Hospitals in Mass Casualty Events addresses the critical planning and response issues surrounding a mass casualty disaster before, during, and after the event. The book presents the fundamental components of a comprehensive medical disaster management plan that provides readers with a framework for developing individual policies to suit their particular institution. It examines natural, man-made, and terrorist disasters, and offers insight into the different strategies required for distinct scenarios, as well as the need to be prepared for the cascade effect of secondary events resulting from the original disaster. Real case studies examining medical disaster response This volume provides a powerful and unique case example through a chronology of the events of September 11th, offering a firsthand account and insight into the quintessential test case for disaster response effectiveness. It also profiles other notorious events—including Hurricane Katrina, the Madrid bombings, the SARS outbreak in 2004, and the sarin gas attack in Tokyo in 2005—as seen through the eyes of the expert contributors who witnessed and responded to these tragedies. The book presents the lessons learned from these events by the contributing authors who acted on the front lines of the medical disaster response. It is a valuable reference manual for emergency planning, response, and healthcare professionals to confront future disasters and help prevent and mitigate destruction and unnecessary casualties.

Wiley Pathways Emergency Planning

Author : Ronald W. Perry, Ph.D.
ISBN : 9780471920779
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 70. 70 MB
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In order for a community to be truly prepared to respond to any type of emergency, it must develop effective emergency planning. Emergency Planning guides readers through the steps of developing these plans, offering a number of strategies that will help ensure success. It delves into the patterns of human disaster behavior, social psychology, and communication as well as the basics of generic protective actions, planning concepts, implementation, and action.

Disaster Response And Recovery

Author : David A. McEntire
ISBN : 9781118957585
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 23. 86 MB
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Provides an overview of the various types of disasters that may occur, the myriad of actors that are involved in emergency management, and the diverse theoretical frameworks from which post-disaster activities may be approached. • Includes updated chapters keeping the material fresh and accessible while incorporating recent changes in policy and new research • Highlights lessons learned from such incidents and catastrophes as: Hurricane Katrina, Earthquake in Haiti, Parking lot collapse in Miami, West Texas industrial explosion, Train wreck in Spain, Aurora movie shooting, Times Square bombing, etc. • Examines typical challenges to be expected during response efforts along with tools and techniques to enhance the ability to protect lives, reduce property damage and minimize disruption • Includes an instructor package which contains: Sample Syllabus, Teaching Suggestions, Test bank, and PowerPoints

Hazard Mitigation And Preparedness

Author : Anna K. Schwab
ISBN : 9781466595583
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35. 64 MB
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This book introduces the concept of hazards as part of the earth’s natural systems, in contrast to "disasters," which occur at the intersection of the built and natural environments. The authors emphasize choices made by society that either increase or diminish our level of vulnerability to the impacts of hazards and discusses the role of the emergency manager in how these choices are made and acted upon. The book defines key concepts including mitigation, preparedness, resilience, and vulnerability, and explains the role of the emergency manager in putting these principles into practice.

Countering Radicalisation And Violent Extremism Among Youth To Prevent Terrorism

Author : M. Lombardi
ISBN : 9781614994701
Genre : BUSINESS & ECONOMICS
File Size : 72. 9 MB
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Although violent extremism is not a new phenomenon, it is increasingly recognized as a major challenge of our times. The recruitment of foreign fighters by extremist organizations, and its potential impact on public safety in the countries from which they come, is also emerging as a complex issue at the forefront of international preoccupations. This book presents the proceedings of the three day NATO Advanced Research Workshop, "Countering Violent Extremism Among Youth to Prevent Terrorism", held in Milan, Italy, in June 2014. The best way to respond to violent extremism in general, and the radicalization of disaffected youth in particular, is far from clear, but the stakes are so high and the potential threat to countries worldwide so great that inaction is not an option. The goal of the workshop was to enhance the capacity of policymakers and practitioners to design strategies that will achieve verifiable human-rights based outcomes to counter violent extremism. Subjects covered in the 19 papers which go to make up this book include: the causes or drivers of violent extremism; the factors which facilitate the recruitment of youth by violent extremist groups; the risk of growing Islamophobia in some Western and Central European countries; and proactive measures to counter the radicalization of youth. The book will be of interest to all those involved in policy development, prevention programs, de-radicalization programs or research aimed at countering violent extremism and the radicalization of young people.

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