wisdom won from illness essays in philosophy and psychoanalysis

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Wisdom Won From Illness

Author : Jonathan Lear
ISBN : 9780674973633
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 57. 40 MB
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Can reason absorb the psyche’s nonrational elements into a conception of the fully realized human being? Without a good answer to that question, Jonathan Lear says, philosophy is cut from its moorings in human life. He brings into conversation psychoanalysis and moral philosophy, which together form a basis for ethical thought about how to live.

Wisdom Won From Illness

Author : Jonathan Lear
ISBN : 9780674967847
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 81. 33 MB
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Can reason absorb the psyche’s nonrational elements into a conception of the fully realized human being? Without a good answer to that question, Jonathan Lear says, philosophy is cut from its moorings in human life. He brings into conversation psychoanalysis and moral philosophy, which together form a basis for ethical thought about how to live.

Therapeutic Action

Author : Jonathan Lear
ISBN : 1590511433
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 60. 84 MB
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"Therapeutic Action is many things: a passionate philosophical communication from one practicing analyst to other members of the psychoanalytic community; a commentary on the under-appreciated contribution of the psychoanalyst (and former student of Heidegger) Hans Loewald, and a profound yet succinct and non-technical discussion of the most important philosophical issues associated with psychoanalysis....The book is distinctive and original, and Jonathan Lear fuses its several dimensions into a whole that is more than the sum of its parts with prose that is effortless, humorous, and consistently engaging." --Sebastian Gardner, Professor of Philosophy, University College London "Jonathan Lear'sTherapeutic Actionvindicates its Oscar Wildean subtitle--An Earnest Plea for Irony--by giving us a Kierkegaardian reading, not so much of Hans Loewald, but of the transferences between Loewald and Lear. Just as the surviving traces of Plato in Freud were to identify reality-testing with a cognition freed of its sexual past, even so Lear attempts his own version of Kierkegaard's "The Case of the Contemporary Disciple." Lear is Plato to Loewald's Socrates, which is an audacious venture.Therapeutic Actionhas the high merit of helping me to rethink some of my own transferences." --Harold Bloom "With this ultimately personal 'how-not-to' book, Lear engages the difficult question: how to write about the process of psychic change without betraying either love or science.Therapeutic Actionwill enliven the thinking of anyone involved in analyzing the psyche." --Carol Gilligan, New York University, author ofIn a Different VoiceandThe Birth of Pleasure Prominent professor and highly regarded author Jonathan Lear argues that, properly understood, irony plays a crucial role in therapeutic action. He asserts that irony itself has been regularly confused with sarcasm; it is often mistakenly assumed that irony and earnestness cannot go together. This book, then, is not merely about the therapeutic action of psychoanalysis--it is an enactment of conceptual therapy. Lear invites psychologists, psychoanalysts, and psychiatrists to renew their own engagement with the fundamental concepts of their practice. To that end, the book investigates the concepts of subjectivity and objectivity that are appropriate for psychoanalysts, the concepts of internalization and of transference. Lear also offers an extended discussion of the theories of Hans Loewald and Paul Gray--and how they do and do not fit together. The very idea that love, or Eros, could be a drive--as Freud postulated--is given a new interpretation.

Happiness Death And The Remainder Of Life

Author : Jonathan Lear
ISBN : 0674040031
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 85. 23 MB
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Separated by millennia, Aristotle and Sigmund Freud gave us disparate but compelling pictures of the human condition. But if, with Jonathan Lear, we scrutinize these thinkers' attempts to explain human behavior in terms of a higher principle--whether happiness or death--the pictures fall apart. Aristotle attempted to ground ethical life in human striving for happiness, yet he didn't understand what happiness is any better than we do. Happiness became an enigmatic, always unattainable, means of seducing humankind into living an ethical life. Freud fared no better when he tried to ground human striving, aggression, and destructiveness in the death drive, like Aristotle attributing purpose where none exists. Neither overarching principle can guide or govern "the remainder of life," in which our inherently disruptive unconscious moves in breaks and swerves to affect who and how we are. Lear exposes this tendency to self-disruption for what it is: an opening, an opportunity for new possibilities. His insights have profound consequences not only for analysis but for our understanding of civilization and its discontent.

Love And Its Place In Nature

Author : Jonathan Lear
ISBN : 0300074670
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 45. 99 MB
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Expanding on philosophical conceptions of love, nature, and mind, Lear shows that love can cure because it is the force that makes us human.

Radical Hope

Author : Jonathan Lear
ISBN : 9780674040021
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 58. 51 MB
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Shortly before he died, Plenty Coups, the last great Chief of the Crow Nation, told his story--up to a certain point. "When the buffalo went away the hearts of my people fell to the ground," he said, "and they could not lift them up again. After this nothing happened." It is precisely this point--that of a people faced with the end of their way of life--that prompts the philosophical and ethical inquiry pursued in "Radical Hope." In Jonathan Lear's view, Plenty Coups' story raises a profound ethical question that transcends his time and challenges us all: how should one face the possibility that one's culture might collapse? This is a vulnerability that affects us all--insofar as we are all inhabitants of a civilization, and civilizations are themselves vulnerable to historical forces. How should we live with this vulnerability? Can we make any sense of facing up to such a challenge courageously? Using the available anthropology and history of the Indian tribes during their confinement to reservations, and drawing on philosophy and psychoanalytic theory, Lear explores the story of the Crow Nation at an impasse as it bears upon these questions--and these questions as they bear upon our own place in the world. His book is a deeply revealing, and deeply moving, philosophical inquiry into a peculiar vulnerability that goes to the heart of the human condition.

A Case For Irony

Author : Jonathan Lear
ISBN : 9780674063143
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 61. 95 MB
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Vanity Fair has declared the Age of Irony over. Joan Didion has lamented that Obama’s United States is an “irony-free zone." Here Jonathan Lear argues that irony is one of the tools we use to live seriously, to get the hang of becoming human. It forces us to experience disruptions in our habitual ways of tuning out of life, but comes with a cost.

Open Minded

Author : Jonathan Lear
ISBN : 0674455339
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 58. 40 MB
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Explores the relationship between philosophers' and psychoanalysts' attempts to discover how man thinks and perceives himself

Expression And The Inner

Author : David H. Finkelstein
ISBN : 0674011562
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 56. 13 MB
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At least since Descartes, philosophers have been interested in the special knowledge or authority that we exhibit when we speak about our own thoughts, attitudes, and feelings. Expression and the Inner contends that even the best work in contemporary philosophy of mind fails to account for this sort of knowledge or authority because it does not pay the right sort of attention to the notion of expression. Following what he takes to be a widely misunderstood suggestion of Wittgenstein's, Finkelstein argues that we can make sense of self-knowledge and first-person authority only by coming to see the ways in which a self-ascription of, say, happiness (a person's saying or thinking, "I'm happy this morning") may be akin to a smile--akin, that is, to an expression of happiness. In so doing, Finkelstein contrasts his own reading of Wittgenstein's philosophy of mind with influential readings set out by John McDowell and Crispin Wright. By the final chapter of this lucid work, what's at stake is not only how to understand self-knowledge and first-person authority, but also what it is that distinguishes conscious from unconscious psychological states, what the mental life of a nonlinguistic animal has in common with our sort of mental life, and how to think about Wittgenstein's legacy to the philosophy of mind.

Dying For Ideas

Author : Costica Bradatan
ISBN : 9781472525826
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 77. 63 MB
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What do Socrates, Hypatia, Giordano Bruno, Thomas More, and Jan Patocka have in common? First, they were all faced one day with the most difficult of choices: stay faithful to your ideas and die or renounce them and stay alive. Second, they all chose to die. Their spectacular deaths have become not only an integral part of their biographies, but are also inseparable from their work. A "death for ideas" is a piece of philosophical work in its own right; Socrates may have never written a line, but his death is one of the greatest philosophical best-sellers of all time. Dying for Ideas explores the limit-situation in which philosophers find themselves when the only means of persuasion they can use is their own dying bodies and the public spectacle of their death. The book tells the story of the philosopher's encounter with death as seen from several angles: the tradition of philosophy as an art of living; the body as the site of self-transcending; death as a classical philosophical topic; taming death and self-fashioning; finally, the philosophers' scapegoating and their live performance of a martyr's death, followed by apotheosis and disappearance into myth. While rooted in the history of philosophy, Dying for Ideas is an exercise in breaking disciplinary boundaries. This is a book about Socrates and Heidegger, but also about Gandhi's "fasting unto death" and self-immolation; about Girard and Passolini, and self-fashioning and the art of the essay.

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