wisdom won from illness essays in philosophy and psychoanalysis

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Wisdom Won From Illness

Author : Jonathan Lear
ISBN : 9780674973633
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 39. 43 MB
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Can reason absorb the psyche’s nonrational elements into a conception of the fully realized human being? Without a good answer to that question, Jonathan Lear says, philosophy is cut from its moorings in human life. He brings into conversation psychoanalysis and moral philosophy, which together form a basis for ethical thought about how to live.

Wisdom Won From Illness

Author : Jonathan Lear
ISBN : 9780674967847
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 28. 89 MB
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Can reason absorb the psyche’s nonrational elements into a conception of the fully realized human being? Without a good answer to that question, Jonathan Lear says, philosophy is cut from its moorings in human life. He brings into conversation psychoanalysis and moral philosophy, which together form a basis for ethical thought about how to live.

Wisdom Won From Illness

Author : Jonathan Lear
ISBN : 0674973607
Genre : Literature
File Size : 88. 43 MB
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What is the appropriate relation of human reason to the human psyche--indeed, to human life--taken as a whole? The essays in this volume range over literature and ethics, psychoanalysis, social theory, and ancient Greek philosophy. But, from different angles, they all address this question. Wisdom Won from Illness probes deep into the heart of psychoanalysis to understand how it illuminates the human condition. At the same time it goes back to the origins of psychological thinking in ancient Greece--and the effort to understand the ethical life of human beings. It examines the continuing travails of the Crow Nation in its efforts to find ways to live after cultural catastrophe. It probes the deep meaning of Kierkegaard's irony. It also considers two of the great writers of our time--John Coetzee and Marilynne Robinson--and their use of literature to change the human mind. Socrates thought reason should rule over the whole psyche; but much hangs on what we might mean by this claim. We humans have inflicted unimaginable suffering on each other, justified by arrogant conceptions of reason, and of ruling. The same is true of our treatment of other animals. False images of reason regularly blind us to the claims and reality of others. One way to react to all this pain and destruction is to denounce the very idea of reason as nothing more than an ideological tool of power. This book argues that is the wrong way to go. We should not be too quick to dismiss our real human capacities just because they have so often been put to such poor uses. The essays in this book aim to offer a philosophical anthropology and psychology that is adequate to who we are--and who we might legitimately hope to become.--

Happiness Death And The Remainder Of Life

Author : Jonathan Lear
ISBN : 0674040031
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 70. 83 MB
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Separated by millennia, Aristotle and Sigmund Freud gave us disparate but compelling pictures of the human condition. But if, with Jonathan Lear, we scrutinize these thinkers' attempts to explain human behavior in terms of a higher principle--whether happiness or death--the pictures fall apart. Aristotle attempted to ground ethical life in human striving for happiness, yet he didn't understand what happiness is any better than we do. Happiness became an enigmatic, always unattainable, means of seducing humankind into living an ethical life. Freud fared no better when he tried to ground human striving, aggression, and destructiveness in the death drive, like Aristotle attributing purpose where none exists. Neither overarching principle can guide or govern "the remainder of life," in which our inherently disruptive unconscious moves in breaks and swerves to affect who and how we are. Lear exposes this tendency to self-disruption for what it is: an opening, an opportunity for new possibilities. His insights have profound consequences not only for analysis but for our understanding of civilization and its discontent.

A Case For Irony

Author : Jonathan Lear
ISBN : 9780674063143
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 87. 35 MB
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Vanity Fair has declared the Age of Irony over. Joan Didion has lamented that Obama’s United States is an “irony-free zone." Here Jonathan Lear argues that irony is one of the tools we use to live seriously, to get the hang of becoming human. It forces us to experience disruptions in our habitual ways of tuning out of life, but comes with a cost.

Open Minded

Author : Jonathan Lear
ISBN : 0674455339
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 28. 11 MB
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Explores the relationship between philosophers' and psychoanalysts' attempts to discover how man thinks and perceives himself

Therapeutic Action

Author : Jonathan Lear
ISBN : 1590511433
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 47. 39 MB
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"Therapeutic Action is many things: a passionate philosophical communication from one practicing analyst to other members of the psychoanalytic community; a commentary on the under-appreciated contribution of the psychoanalyst (and former student of Heidegger) Hans Loewald, and a profound yet succinct and non-technical discussion of the most important philosophical issues associated with psychoanalysis....The book is distinctive and original, and Jonathan Lear fuses its several dimensions into a whole that is more than the sum of its parts with prose that is effortless, humorous, and consistently engaging." --Sebastian Gardner, Professor of Philosophy, University College London "Jonathan Lear'sTherapeutic Actionvindicates its Oscar Wildean subtitle--An Earnest Plea for Irony--by giving us a Kierkegaardian reading, not so much of Hans Loewald, but of the transferences between Loewald and Lear. Just as the surviving traces of Plato in Freud were to identify reality-testing with a cognition freed of its sexual past, even so Lear attempts his own version of Kierkegaard's "The Case of the Contemporary Disciple." Lear is Plato to Loewald's Socrates, which is an audacious venture.Therapeutic Actionhas the high merit of helping me to rethink some of my own transferences." --Harold Bloom "With this ultimately personal 'how-not-to' book, Lear engages the difficult question: how to write about the process of psychic change without betraying either love or science.Therapeutic Actionwill enliven the thinking of anyone involved in analyzing the psyche." --Carol Gilligan, New York University, author ofIn a Different VoiceandThe Birth of Pleasure Prominent professor and highly regarded author Jonathan Lear argues that, properly understood, irony plays a crucial role in therapeutic action. He asserts that irony itself has been regularly confused with sarcasm; it is often mistakenly assumed that irony and earnestness cannot go together. This book, then, is not merely about the therapeutic action of psychoanalysis--it is an enactment of conceptual therapy. Lear invites psychologists, psychoanalysts, and psychiatrists to renew their own engagement with the fundamental concepts of their practice. To that end, the book investigates the concepts of subjectivity and objectivity that are appropriate for psychoanalysts, the concepts of internalization and of transference. Lear also offers an extended discussion of the theories of Hans Loewald and Paul Gray--and how they do and do not fit together. The very idea that love, or Eros, could be a drive--as Freud postulated--is given a new interpretation.

Radical Hope

Author : Jonathan Lear
ISBN : 9780674040021
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 71. 76 MB
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Shortly before he died, Plenty Coups, the last great Chief of the Crow Nation, told his story--up to a certain point. "When the buffalo went away the hearts of my people fell to the ground," he said, "and they could not lift them up again. After this nothing happened." It is precisely this point--that of a people faced with the end of their way of life--that prompts the philosophical and ethical inquiry pursued in "Radical Hope." In Jonathan Lear's view, Plenty Coups' story raises a profound ethical question that transcends his time and challenges us all: how should one face the possibility that one's culture might collapse? This is a vulnerability that affects us all--insofar as we are all inhabitants of a civilization, and civilizations are themselves vulnerable to historical forces. How should we live with this vulnerability? Can we make any sense of facing up to such a challenge courageously? Using the available anthropology and history of the Indian tribes during their confinement to reservations, and drawing on philosophy and psychoanalytic theory, Lear explores the story of the Crow Nation at an impasse as it bears upon these questions--and these questions as they bear upon our own place in the world. His book is a deeply revealing, and deeply moving, philosophical inquiry into a peculiar vulnerability that goes to the heart of the human condition.

Aristotle

Author : Jonathan Lear
ISBN : 0521347629
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 22. 14 MB
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This is a philosophical introduction to Aristotle, and Professor Lear starts where Aristotle himself started. He introduces us to the essence of Aristotle's philosophy and guides us through all the central Aristotelian texts--selected from the Physics, Metaphysics, Ethics, Politics and the biological and logical works. The book is written in a direct, lucid style that engages the reader with the themes in an active and participatory manner. It will prove a stimulating introduction for all students of Greek philosophy and for a wide range of others interested in Aristotle as a giant figure in Western intellectual history.

Essays On Otherness

Author : Jean Laplanche
ISBN : 9781134790333
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 41. 49 MB
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Since the death of Jacques Lacan, Jean Laplanche is now considered to be one of the worlds foremost psychoanalytic thinkers. In spite of the influence of his work over the last thirty years, remarkably little has been available in English. Essays On Otherness presents for the first time in English many of Laplanche's key essays and is the first book to provide an overview of his thinking. It offers an introduction to many of the key themes that characterise his work: seduction, persecution, revelation, masochism, transference and mourning. Such themes have been increasingly both in psychoanalytic thought and in continental philosophy, social and cultural theory, and literature making Essays On Otherness indispensable reading for all those concerned with the implications of psychoanalytic theory today.

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