world in the balance the historic quest for an absolute system of measurement

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World In The Balance The Historic Quest For An Absolute System Of Measurement

Author : Robert P. Crease
ISBN : 9780393082043
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 79 MB
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The epic story of the invention of a global network of weights, scales, and instruments for measurement. Millions of transactions each day depend on a reliable network of weights and measures. This network has been called a greater invention than the steam engine, comparable only to the development of the printing press. Robert P. Crease traces the evolution of this international system from the use of flutes to measure distance in the dynasties of ancient China and figurines to weigh gold in West Africa to the creation of the French metric and British imperial systems. The former prevailed, with the United States one of three holdout nations. Into this captivating history Crease weaves stories of colorful individuals, including Thomas Jefferson, an advocate of the metric system, and American philosopher Charles S. Peirce, the first to tie the meter to the wavelength of light. Tracing the dynamic struggle for ultimate precision, World in the Balance demonstrates that measurement is both stranger and more integral to our lives than we ever suspected.

Engineering Rules

Author : JoAnne Yates
ISBN : 9781421428895
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 50 MB
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An in-depth history of the engineers and organizations that developed and operate the vast yet inconspicuous global infrastructure of private, consensus-based standard setting, Engineering Rules is a riveting global history of the people, processes, and organizations that created and maintain this nearly invisible infrastructure of today's economy, which is just as important as the state or the global market.

A Companion To The History Of Science

Author : Bernard Lightman
ISBN : 9781118620748
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 64 MB
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The Wiley Blackwell Companion to the History of Science is a single volume companion that discusses the history of science as it is done today, providing a survey of the debates and issues that dominate current scholarly discussion, with contributions from leading international scholars. Provides a single-volume overview of current scholarship in the history of science edited by one of the leading figures in the field Features forty essays by leading international scholars providing an overview of the key debates and developments in the history of science Reflects the shift towards deeper historical contextualization within the field Helps communicate and integrate perspectives from the history of science with other areas of historical inquiry Includes discussion of non-Western themes which are integrated throughout the chapters Divided into four sections based on key analytic categories that reflect new approaches in the field

Governing The World

Author : Mark Mazower
ISBN : 9781101595893
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 34. 26 MB
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The story of global cooperation between nations and peoples is a tale of dreamers goading us to find common cause in remedying humanity’s worst problems. But international institutions have also provided a tool for the powers that be to advance their own interests and stamp their imprint on the world. Mark Mazower’s Governing the World tells the epic story of that inevitable and irresolvable tension—the unstable and often surprising alchemy between ideas and power. From the beginning, the willingness of national leaders to cooperate has been spurred by crisis: the book opens in 1815, amid the rubble of the Napoleonic Empire, as the Concert of Europe was assembled with an avowed mission to prevent any single power from dominating the continent and to stamp out revolutionary agitation before it could lead to war. But if the Concert was a response to Napoleon, internationalism was a response to the Concert, and as courts and monarchs disintegrated they were replaced by revolutionaries and bureaucrats. 19th century internationalists included bomb-throwing anarchists and the secret policemen who fought them, Marxist revolutionaries and respectable free marketeers. But they all embraced nationalism, the age’s most powerful transformative political creed, and assumed that nationalism and internationalism would go hand in hand. The wars of the twentieth century saw the birth of institutions that enshrined many of those ideals in durable structures of authority, most notably the League of Nations in World War I and the United Nations after World War II. Throughout this history, we see that international institutions are only as strong as the great powers of the moment allow them to be. The League was intended to prop up the British empire. With Washington taking over world leadership from Whitehall, the United Nations became a useful extension of American power. But as Mazower shows us, from the late 1960s on, America lost control over the dialogue and the rise of the independent Third World saw a marked shift away from the United Nations and toward more pliable tools such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. From the 1990s to 2007, Governing the World centers on a new regime of global coordination built upon economic rule-making by central bankers and finance ministers, a regime in which the interests of citizens and workers are trumped by the iron logic of markets. Now, the era of Western dominance of international life is fast coming to an end and a new multi-centered global balance of forces is emerging. We are living in a time of extreme confusion about the purpose and durability of our international institutions. History is not prophecy, but Mark Mazower shows us why the current dialectic between ideals and power politics in the international arena is just another stage in an epic two-hundred-year story.

A Quest For A More Stable World Economic System

Author : Lawrence Robert Klein
ISBN : UOM:39015032829528
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 66. 48 MB
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The world economy has been undergoing substantial change, especially from restructuring among formerly planned economies, developing economies and also among developed economies where serious imbalances occurred. In adapting to these changes, the economies of the world have shown a great deal of instability. A Quest for a More Stable Economic System offers thoughtful analyses of ways to understand and rectify these instabilities. The contributions were prepared just as the Gulf War was beginning and as the economies of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union were undergoing successive change. The early analyses and diagnoses of what was happening to the world economy, as described, have well stood the test of time. The book brings to the students, teachers and research workers of economics objective investigations of the dynamic processes of adjustment and an appreciation where a new world economic order is heading.

Ayia Irini

Author : Karl Petruso
ISBN : IND:30000036538399
Genre : Ayia Irini (Kéa, Grèce : Site archéologique)
File Size : 45. 66 MB
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Soviet Diplomacy And Negotiating Behavior

Author : Joseph G. Whelan
ISBN : UOM:39015046843424
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 21. 3 MB
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Astronomy Now

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ISBN : UOM:39015026154701
Genre : Astronomy
File Size : 73. 11 MB
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Quest

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ISBN : UOM:39015056038261
Genre : India
File Size : 63. 80 MB
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United States Political Science Documents

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ISBN : UOM:39015055030087
Genre : Political science
File Size : 79. 56 MB
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