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A History Of Greek Philosophy Volume 2 The Presocratic Tradition From Parmenides To Democritus

Author : W. K. C. Guthrie
ISBN : 0521294215
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 65. 19 MB
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Surveys Greek thought through a critical discussion of the major schools and philosophers

History Of Greek Philosophy Vol 2 The Presocratic Tradition From Parmenides To Democritus Bib

Author : W. K. C. GUTHRIE
ISBN : OCLC:654907050
Genre :
File Size : 23. 15 MB
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Presocratic Reflexivity The Construction Of Philosophical Discourse C 600 450 B C

Author : Barry Sandywell
ISBN : 9781134853472
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 69. 14 MB
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In this third Volume of Logological Investigations Sandywell continues his sociological reconstruction of the origins of reflexive thought and discourse with special reference to pre-Socratic philosophy and science and their socio-political context.

Poetry And Poetics In The Presocratic Philosophers

Author : Tom Mackenzie
ISBN : 9781108922388
Genre : Literary Collections
File Size : 90. 34 MB
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Of the Presocratic thinkers traditionally credited with the foundation of Greek philosophy, Xenophanes, Parmenides and Empedocles are exceptional for writing in verse. This is the first book-length, literary-critical study of their work. It locates the surviving fragments in their performative and wider cultural contexts, applying intertextual and intratextual analyses in order to reconstruct the significance and impact they conveyed for ancient audiences and readers. Building on insights from literary theory and the philosophy of literature, the book sheds new light on these authors' philosophical projects and enriches our appreciation of their works as literary artefacts. It also expands our knowledge of the genres in which they wrote, of the literary culture of the Western Greek world, and of the development of Greek poetics from the Archaic to the Classical periods, exposing the influence of these thinkers on more famous Sophistic and Platonic ideas about literature.

The Da?va Cult In The G?th?s

Author : Amir Ahmadi
ISBN : 9781317537458
Genre : Religion
File Size : 44. 73 MB
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Addressing the question of the origins of the Zoroastrian religion, this book argues that the intransigent opposition to the cult of the daēvas, the ancient Indo-Iranian gods, is the root of the development of the two central doctrines of Zoroastrianism: cosmic dualism and eschatology (fate of the soul after death and its passage to the other world). The daēva cult as it appears in the Gāthās, the oldest part of the Zoroastrian sacred text, the Avesta, had eschatological pretentions. The poet of the Gāthās condemns these as deception. The book critically examines various theories put forward since the 19th century to account for the condemnation of the daēvas. It then turns to the relevant Gāthic passages and analyzes them in detail in order to give a picture of the cult and the reasons for its repudiation. Finally, it examines materials from other sources, especially the Greek accounts of Iranian ritual lore (mainly) in the context of the mystery cults. Classical Greek writers consistently associate the nocturnal ceremony of the magi with the mysteries as belonging to the same religious-cultural category. This shows that Iranian religious lore included a nocturnal rite that aimed at ensuring the soul’s journey to the beyond and a desirable afterlife. Challenging the prevalent scholarship of the Greek interpretation of Iranian religious lore and proposing a new analysis of the formation of the Hellenistic concept of ‘magic,’ this book is an important resource for students and scholars of History, Religion and Iranian Studies.

Machiavelli And Epicureanism

Author : Robert J. Roecklein
ISBN : 9780739177112
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 24. 43 MB
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By studying Lucretius’ poem De Rerum Nature and its impact on literary and political circles in Machiavelli’s Florence, this book examines the way that the Lucretian concepts served Machiavelli as revolutionary new materials for the creation of his infamously brutal political science.

Presocratics

Author : James Warren
ISBN : 9781317493372
Genre : History
File Size : 22. 14 MB
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The earliest phase of philosophy in Europe saw the beginnings of cosmology and rational theology, metaphysics, epistemology, and ethical and political theory. It saw the development of a wide range of radical and challenging ideas: from Thales' claim that magnets have souls and Parmenides' account that there is only one unchanging existent to the development of an atomist theory of the physical world. This general account of the Presocratics introduces the major Greek philosophical thinkers from the sixth to the middle of the fifth century BC. It explores how we might go about reconstructing their views and understanding the motivation and context for their work as well as highlighting the ongoing philosophical interest of their often surprising claims. Separate chapters are devoted to each of the major Presocratic thinkers, including Xenophanes, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Anaxagoras, Empedocles, Leucippus and Democritus, and an introductory chapter sets the scene by describing their intellectual world and the tradition through which their philosophy has been transmitted and interpreted. With a useful chronology and guide to further reading, the book is an ideal introduction for the student and general reader.

The Poetics Of The Homeric Citadel

Author : Olga Zekiou
ISBN : 9781527527010
Genre : History
File Size : 74. 34 MB
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The Poetics of the Homeric Citadel is an enquiry on the origins of the architectural forms as expressed in Mycenaean architecture. The Homeric Citadel is woven within concrete landscape formations and realizes the concept of the all-embracing space, which, in religious philosophy, represents God’s image in man. It is both a cosmogonic symbol and, at the same time, a ‘philosophical’ one. The rocky citadel with the deep well was the scene where ancient mysteries took place, and it is experienced by its citizen in his process of psychological transformation into the higher being which is called Anthropos; where ‘anthropos’ is the inner and complete man, which impacts upon the life of the individual. The basic architectural elements; column, triangle and megaron are archetypal images and revealed within this self-perfecting process of acquiring the goal and ultimate end of our archetypal journey towards ‘self-realization’. The famous Lion Gate provides the mystical symbol called tetraktys, which is represented figuratively by the triangular slab. The tripartite, four-columned ‘Megaron’ unfolds within the same schema and expresses one of the oldest religious symbols of humanity. The research draws on a multiplicity of sources within the fields of history, history of religion, philosophy, anthropology, historical geography, historical biographies, the Jungian analytical psychology and alchemy, archaeology and history of art and architecture, and ancient Greek literature. It relies on observation from visits to archaeological sites and of the arts and artifacts of the period under study which provide the link that reveals the poetic dimension of Mycenaean architecture.

Locke Hume And The Treacherous Logos Of Atomism

Author : Robert J. Roecklein
ISBN : 9781498509824
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 75. 50 MB
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The atomism of quantum physics has foundations more than twenty-five centuries old. Atomism is a philosophy, deductive and metaphysical. John Locke and David Hume suppressed the full philosophy of atomism in their presentations, but this book aims to restore and critique atomism's philosophical foundations, which will change the way we view the modern world.

The Poetics Of Philosophical Language

Author : Zacharoula A. Petraki
ISBN : 9783110260977
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 44. 65 MB
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"A close analysis of the Republic's diverse literary styles shows how the peculiarities of verbal texture in Platonic discourse can be explained by Plato's remolding of tropes and techniques from poetry and the Presocratics. This book argues that Plato smuggles poetic language into the Republic's prose in order to characterize the deceitful coloration and polymorphy that accompanies the world of Becoming as opposed to the Real. Plato's distinctive discourse thus can transmit, even to those figures focused on the visual within his Republic, the shiftiness of the base and the unjust."--Publisher's website.

Early Greek Ethics

Author : David Conan Wolfsdorf
ISBN : 9780191076411
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 53. 38 MB
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Early Greek Ethics is devoted to Greek philosophical ethics in its formative period, from the last decades of the sixth century BCE to the beginning of the fourth century BCE. It begins with the inception of Greek philosophical ethics and ends immediately before the composition of Plato's and Aristotle's mature ethical works Republic and Nicomachean Ethics. The ancient contributors include Presocratics such as Heraclitus, Democritus, and figures of the early Pythagorean tradition such as Empedocles and Archytas of Tarentum, who have previously been studied principally for their metaphysical, cosmological, and natural philosophical ideas. Socrates and his lesser known associates such as Antisthenes of Athens and Aristippus of Cyrene also feature, as well as sophists such as Gorgias of Leontini, Antiphon of Athens, and Prodicus of Ceos, and anonymous texts such as the Pythagorean Acusmata, Dissoi Logoi, Anonymus Iamblichi, and On Law and Justice. In addition to chapters on these individuals and texts, the volume explores select fields and topics especially influential to ethical philosophical thought in the formative period and later, such as early Greek medicine, music, friendship, justice and the afterlife, and early Greek ethnography. Consisting of thirty chapters composed by an international team of leading philosophers and classicists, Early Greek Ethics is the first volume in any language devoted to philosophical ethics in the formative period.

When The Earth Was Flat

Author : Dirk L. Couprie
ISBN : 9783319970523
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 95 MB
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This book is a sequel to Heaven and Earth in Ancient Greek Cosmology (Springer 2011). With the help of many pictures, the reader is introduced into the way of thinking of ancient believers in a flat earth. The first part offers new interpretations of several Presocratic cosmologists and a critical discussion of Aristotle’s proofs that the earth is spherical. The second part explains and discusses the ancient Chinese system called gai tian. The last chapter shows that, inadvertently, ancient arguments and ideas return in the curious modern flat earth cosmologies.

Naturalism And Protectionism In The Study Of Religions

Author : Juraj Franek
ISBN : 9781350082380
Genre : Religion
File Size : 76. 2 MB
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How should we study religion? Must we be religious ourselves to truly understand it? Do we study religion to advance our knowledge, or should the study of religions help to reintroduce the sacred into our increasingly secularized world? Juraj Franek argues that the study of religion has long been split into two competing paradigms: reductive (naturalist) and non-reductive (protectionist). While the naturalistic approach seems to run the risk of explaining religious phenomena away, the protectionist approach appears to risk falling short of the methodological standards of modern science. Franek uses primary source material from Greek and Latin sources to show that both competing paradigms are traceable to Presocratic philosophy and early Christian literature. He presents the idea that naturalists are distant heirs, not only of the French Enlightenment, but also of the Ionian one. Likewise, he argues that protectionists owe much of their arguments and strategies, not only to Luther and the Reformation, but to the earliest Christian literature. This book analyses the conflict between reductive and non-reductive approach in the modern study of religions, and positions the Cognitive Science of Religion against a background of previous theories - ancient and modern - to demonstrate its importance for the revindication of the naturalist paradigm.

Parmenides Paraphrasing Heraclitus In Verse

Author : Michael M Nikoletseas
ISBN : 9781517054151
Genre :
File Size : 57. 42 MB
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An analysis of the poem of Parmenides from a natural science perspective shows that it is based on Heraclitus' book. Imagery, philosophy, and even words were borrowed from Heraclitus. The new picture that emerges warrants the conclusion that Parmenides paraphrased Heraclitus in verse.

Symbolism 2020

Author : Rüdiger Ahrens
ISBN : 9783110716962
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 70. 67 MB
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This special anniversary volume of Symbolism explores the nexus between symbolic signification and the future from an interdisciplinary perspective. How, contributors ask, has the future been variously rendered in symbolic terms? How do symbols and symbolic reference shape our ideas of the future? To what extent are symbols constitutive of futures, and to what extent do they restrain communication about what is possible and the imagination of fundamental change? Moreover, how have symbolic practices shaped not only artistic representations of the future, but also scientific attempts at forecasting and modelling it? What, then, is the relevance of symbolism for negotiations of the future in cultural and academic production? In essays ranging from literary and film studies to the philosophy of art and ecological modelling, the volume seeks to lay groundwork in theorizing and historicising ‘symbols of the future’ as much as ‘the future of symbolism’.

Parmenides The World As Modus Cogitandi

Author : Michael M Nikoletseas
ISBN : 9781518891205
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 79. 66 MB
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This is the third edition of the groundbreaking interpretation of Parmenides. "Eon" does not refer to "Being" but to a formal language that must be used in a science of Physis. A milestone in Philosophy.

Parmenides In Apophatic Philosophy

Author : Michael M. Nikoletseas
ISBN : 9781497532403
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 22. 69 MB
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In this book, the author presents a new thesis regarding apophatic philosophy. He traces the roots of "De Mystica Theologia" by Dionysius Areopagite (pseudo Dionysius) in the poem of Parmenides "peri physeos". As a secondary theme, the author explores the ineffable in Greek philosophy.

Parmenides I Never Said Being

Author : Michael M Nikoletseas
ISBN : 9781518829017
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 87. 24 MB
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A new translation of the ancient text leads to a groundbreaking interpretation of Parmenides. The Parmenidean "eon" does not refer to "Being" but to a formal language that must be used for a science of Physics. A milestone in Philosophy and Philosophy of Physics.

Deus Absconditus The Hidden God

Author : Michael M Nikoletseas
ISBN : 9781495336225
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 23. 91 MB
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Written by a natural scientist, this book is an essay on universal consciousness, which the author explores using a comparative approach borrowed from the neurosciences and Physics. A super sentient being, God is relative to a level of organization and is necessarily hidden for sentient beings of lower levels. An additional new line of thought for theology as well as Physics is laid out on the Physics concept of sampling rate.This is the first book that provides evidence that God exists based on data from Biology and Physics.

The Modus Cogitandi Of Heraclitus

Author : Michael M Nikoletseas
ISBN : 9781515194118
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 54. 59 MB
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This is a new reading of Heraclitus by a natural scientist who challenges the traditional view of Heraclitus as the philosopher of flux. A parallel analysis of Heraclitus and Parmenides removes the alleged enigmas and obscurity of their thought, and reveals groundbreaking epistemological thinking. Heraclitus' work is simply an epistemological essay, an essay on method in natural science.

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