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A People S History Of The Portuguese Revolution

Author : Raquel Varela
ISBN : 0745338585
Genre : History
File Size : 29. 15 MB
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On the 25th April 1974, a coup destroyed the ranks of Portugal's fascist Estado Novo government as the Portuguese people flooded the streets of Lisbon, placing red carnations in the barrels of guns and demanding a 'land for those who work in it'.This became the Carnation Revolution - an international coalition of working class and social movements, which also incited struggles for independence in Portugal's African colonies, the rebellion of the young military captains in the national armed forces and the uprising of Portugal's long-oppressed working classes. It was through the organising power of these diverse movements that a popular-front government was instituted and Portugal withdrew from its overseas colonies.Cutting against the grain of mainstream accounts, Raquel Cardeira Varela explores the role of trade unions, artists and women in the revolution, providing a rich account of the challenges faced and the victories gained through revolutionary means.

A People S History Of The World

Author : Chris Harman
ISBN : STANFORD:36105024923943
Genre : Social classes
File Size : 28. 15 MB
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Chris Harman describes the shape and course of human history as a narrative of ordinary people forming and re-forming complex societies in pursuit of common human goals. Interacting with the forces of technological change as well as the impact of powerful individuals and revolutionary ideas, these societies have engendered events familiar to every schoolchild--from the empires of antiquity to the world wars of the twentieth century. In a bravura conclusion, Chris Harman exposes the reductive complacency of contemporary capitalism, and asks, in a world riven as never before by suffering and inequality, why we imagine that it can--or should--survive much longer. Ambitious, provocative and invigorating, "A People's History of the World" delivers a vital corrective to traditional history, as well as a powerful sense of the deep currents of humanity which surge beneath the froth of government.

The Portuguese

Author : Barry Hatton
ISBN : 9781908493392
Genre : History
File Size : 22. 15 MB
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Portugal is an established member of the European Union, one of the founders of the euro currency and a founder member of NATO. Yet it is an inconspicuous and largely overlooked country on the continent?s south-west rim. In the fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Age of Discovery the Portuguese led Europe out of the Mediterranean into the Atlantic and they brought Asia and Europe together. Evidence of their one-time four-continent empire can still be felt, not least in the Portuguese language which is spoken by more than 220 million people from Brazil, across parts of Africa to Asia. Analyzing present-day society and culture, The Portuguese also considers the nation?s often tumultuous past. The 1755 Lisbon earthquake was one of Europe?s greatest natural disasters, strongly influencing continental thought and heralding Portugal?s extended decline. The Portuguese also weathered Europe?s longest dictatorship under twentieth-century ruler Ant¢nio Salazar. A 1974 military coup, called the Carnation Revolution, placed the Portuguese at the centre of Cold War attentions. Portugal?s quirky relationship with Spain, and with its oldest ally England, is also scrutinized. Portugal, which claims Europe?s oldest fixed borders, measures just 561 by 218 kilometres . Within that space, however, it offers a patchwork of widely differing and beautiful landscapes. With an easygoing and seductive lifestyle expressed most fully in their love of food, the Portuguese also have an anarchical streak evident in many facets of contemporary life. A veteran journalist and commentator on Portugal, the author paints an intimate portrait of a fascinating and at times contradictory country and its people.

World Marxist Review

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015019776098
Genre : Communism
File Size : 31. 42 MB
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U S Policy Toward Portugal Hearings Before The Subcommittee On International Political And Military Affairs Of 94 1

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on International Relations
ISBN : STANFORD:36105045412678
Genre :
File Size : 58. 67 MB
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The Department Of State Bulletin

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ISBN : OSU:32437010892707
Genre : United States
File Size : 46. 77 MB
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The official monthly record of United States foreign policy.

Daily Report

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105217250757
Genre : Europe, Eastern
File Size : 86. 84 MB
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The People S Library Of Natural Science

Author : C. Belden
ISBN : HARVARD:HXKPUN
Genre :
File Size : 60. 79 MB
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A People S History Of Europe

Author : Raquel Varela
ISBN : 0745341349
Genre :
File Size : 60. 89 MB
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A concise people's history of Europe spanning from the First World War to today

Teachers Monographs

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924097879211
Genre : Education
File Size : 36. 81 MB
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People S Power In Mozambique Angola And Guinea Bissau

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000097612273
Genre : Angola
File Size : 47. 12 MB
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A People S History Of England

Author : Arthur Leslie Morton
ISBN : UVA:X001272496
Genre : Great Britain
File Size : 73. 99 MB
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The Portuguese Revolution 1640 1668

Author : David Lewis Tengwall
ISBN : IND:30000127728073
Genre : History
File Size : 41. 83 MB
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This study explores the major events that led to the Spanish control of Portugal in 1580; the major causes that led to the revolt in 1620; the emergence of the Portugues government under King Dom Joao IV; emergence of the Portuguese military; and the emergence of a national spirit that led to the defeat of one of the most polititcally and militarily powerful countries in seventeenth century Europe.

Mutiny And Leadership

Author : Keith Grint
ISBN : 9780192645401
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 22. 72 MB
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Whenever leadership emerges within a group, there will be resistance to that leadership. Discontent may manifest in a number of ways, and action will always be determined by factors such as resource, numbers, time, space, and the legitimacy of the resistance. What, then, turns discontent into mutiny? Mutiny is often associated with the occasional mis-leadership of the masses by politically inspired hotheads, or a spontaneous and unusually romantic gesture of defiance against a uniquely overbearing military superior. In reality it is seldom either and usually has far more mundane origins, not in the absolute poverty of the subordinates but in the relative poverty of the relationships between leaders and the led in a military situation. The roots of mutiny lie in the leadership skills of a small number of leaders, and what transforms that into a constructive dialogue, or a catastrophic disaster, depends on how the leaders of both sides mobilise their supporters and their networks. Using contemporary leadership theory to cast a critical light on an array of mutinies throughout history, this book suggests we consider mutiny as a permanent possibility that is further encouraged or discouraged in some contexts. From mutinies in ancient Roman and Greek armies to those that toppled the German and Russian states and forced governments to face their own disastrous policies and changed them forever, this book covers an array of cases across land, sea, and air that still pose a threat to military establishments today. The critical theoretical line also puts into sharp relief the assumption that oftentimes people have little choice in how they respond to circumstances not of their own making. If mutineers could choose to resist what they saw as tyranny, then so can we.

The People S History Of The World Nations

Author : Edward Sylvester Ellis
ISBN : MINN:31951D02483726A
Genre : Ethnology
File Size : 70. 57 MB
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Review Of International Affairs

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015047660074
Genre : International relations
File Size : 72. 46 MB
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Education And Society In Hong Kong And Macau

Author : Mark Bray
ISBN : STANFORD:36105028915200
Genre : Angola
File Size : 71. 88 MB
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Hong Kong and Macau have much in common. Yet in education, for reasons which are analysed in this book, they are very different. The over-arching theme of the book, on continuity and change, is particularly pertinent following the transition of the two societies to the post-colonial era.

Historical Materialism

Author : Grigoriĭ Efimovich Glezerman
ISBN : UCAL:B2848423
Genre : Dialectical materialism
File Size : 39. 71 MB
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A Concise History Of Portugal

Author : David Birmingham
ISBN : 0521536863
Genre : History
File Size : 60. 14 MB
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An updated edition of a classic introduction to Portugal's history.

The History Of Portugal

Author : James Maxwell Anderson
ISBN : 0313311064
Genre : History
File Size : 34. 12 MB
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The most up-to-date short history of Portugal available, current through 1999.

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