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Advanced Fluid Dynamics And Its Models

Author : Maria Forest
ISBN : 1632380153
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 69 MB
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Fluid dynamics is the sub-specialty of fluid mechanics dealing with the study of fluids in motion. This book demonstrates essential developments and applications in fluid dynamics modeling with emphasis on biomedical, bioengineering, chemical, civil and environmental engineering, aeronautics, astronautics, and automotive. This book will prove to be a valuable resource to scientists and engineers engaged in the study of fundamentals and applications of fluid dynamics.

Multiphase Flow In The Advanced Fluid Dynamics Model

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ISBN : OCLC:727286820
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This paper describes the modeling used in the Advanced Fluid Dynamics Model (AFDM), a computer code to investigate new approaches to simulating severe accidents in fast reactors. The AFDM code has 12 topologies describing what material contacts are possible depending on the presence or absence of a given material in a computational cell, the dominant liquid, and the continuous phase. Single-phase, bubbly, churn-turbulent, cellular, and dispersed flow are permitted for the pool situations modeled. Interfacial areas between the continuous and discontinuous phases are convected to allow some tracking of phenomenological histories. Interfacial areas also are modified by models of nucleation, dynamic forces, turbulence, flashing, coalescence, and mass transfer. Heat transfer generally is treated using engineering correlations. Liquid/vapor phase transitions are handled with a nonequililbrium heat-transfer-limited model, whereas melting and freezing processes are based on equilibrium considerations. The Los Alamos SESAME equation of state (EOS) has been inplemented using densities and temperatures as the independent variables. A summary description of the AFDM numerical algorithm is provided. The AFDM code currently is being debugged and checked out. Two sample three-field calculations also are presented. The first is a three-phase bubble column mixing experiment performed at Argonne National Laboratory; the second is a liquid-liquid mixing experiment performed at Kernforschungszentrum, Karlsruhe, that resulted in rapid vapor production. We conclude that only qualitative comparisons currently are possible for complex multiphase situations. Many further model developments can be pursued, but there are limits because of the lack of a comprehensive theory, the lack of detailed multicomponent experimental data, and the difficulties in keeping the resulting model complexities tractable.

Afdm

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ISBN : OCLC:727194763
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This volume of the Advanced Fluid-Dynamics Model (AFDM) documents the modeling of the equation of state (EOS) in the code. The authors present an overview of the basic concepts underlying the thermodynamics modeling and resulting EOS, which is a set of relations between the thermodynamic properties of materials. The AFDM code allows for multiphase-multimaterial systems, which they explore in three phase models: two-material solid, two-material liquid, and three-material vapor. They describe and compare two ways of specifying the EOS of materials: (1) as simplified analytic expressions, or (2) as tables that precisely describe the properties of materials and their interactions for mechanical equilibrium. Either of the two EOS models implemented in AFDM can be selected by specifying the option when preprocessing the source code for compilation. Last, the authors determine thermophysical properties such as surface tension, thermal conductivities, and viscosities in the model for the intracell exchanges of AFDM. Specific notations, routines, EOS data, plots, test results, and corrections to the code are available in the appendices.

Mathematical Modeling Of Disperse Two Phase Flows

Author : Christophe Morel
ISBN : 9783319201047
Genre : Technology & Engineering
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This book develops the theoretical foundations of disperse two-phase flows, which are characterized by the existence of bubbles, droplets or solid particles finely dispersed in a carrier fluid, which can be a liquid or a gas. Chapters clarify many difficult subjects, including modeling of the interfacial area concentration. Basic knowledge of the subjects treated in this book is essential to practitioners of Computational Fluid Dynamics for two-phase flows in a variety of industrial and environmental settings. The author provides a complete derivation of the basic equations, followed by more advanced subjects like turbulence equations for the two phases (continuous and disperse) and multi-size particulate flow modeling. As well as theoretical material, readers will discover chapters concerned with closure relations and numerical issues. Many physical models are presented, covering key subjects including heat and mass transfers between phases, interfacial forces and fluid particles coalescence and breakup, amongst others. This book is highly suitable for students in the subject area, but may also be a useful reference text for more advanced scientists and engineers.

Applied Computational Fluid Dynamics And Turbulence Modeling

Author : Sal Rodriguez
ISBN : 9783030286910
Genre : Computers
File Size : 63. 65 MB
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This unique text provides engineering students and practicing professionals with a comprehensive set of practical, hands-on guidelines and dozens of step-by-step examples for performing state-of-the-art, reliable computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and turbulence modeling. Key CFD and turbulence programs are included as well. The text first reviews basic CFD theory, and then details advanced applied theories for estimating turbulence, including new algorithms created by the author. The book gives practical advice on selecting appropriate turbulence models and presents best CFD practices for modeling and generating reliable simulations. The author gathered and developed the book’s hundreds of tips, tricks, and examples over three decades of research and development at three national laboratories and at the University of New Mexico—many in print for the first time in this book. The book also places a strong emphasis on recent CFD and turbulence advancements found in the literature over the past five to 10 years. Readers can apply the author’s advice and insights whether using commercial or national laboratory software such as ANSYS Fluent, STAR-CCM, COMSOL, Flownex, SimScale, OpenFOAM, Fuego, KIVA, BIGHORN, or their own computational tools. Applied Computational Fluid Dynamics and Turbulence Modeling is a practical, complementary companion for academic CFD textbooks and senior project courses in mechanical, civil, chemical, and nuclear engineering; senior undergraduate and graduate CFD and turbulence modeling courses; and for professionals developing commercial and research applications.

Afdm

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ISBN : OCLC:727306238
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This volume describes the Advanced Fluid-Dynamics Model (AFDM) for topologies, flow regimes, and interfacial areas. The objective of these models is to provide values for the interfacial areas between all components existing in a computational cell. The interfacial areas are then used to evaluate the mass, energy, and momentum transfer between the components. A new approach has been undertaken in the development of a model to convect the interfacial areas of the discontinuous velocity fields in the three-velocity-field environment of AFDM. These interfacial areas are called convectible surface areas. The continuous and discontinuous components are chosen using volume fraction and levitation criteria. This establishes so-called topologies for which the convectible surface areas can be determined. These areas are functions of space and time. Solid particulates that are limited to being discontinuous within the bulk fluid are assumed to have a constant size. The convectible surface areas are subdivided to model contacts between two discontinuous components or discontinuous components and the structure. The models have been written for the flow inside of large pools. Therefore, the structure is tracked only as a boundary to the fluid volume without having a direct influence on velocity or volume fraction distribution by means of flow regimes or boundary layer models. 17 refs., 7 tabs., 18 figs.

Advanced Fluid Dynamics

Author : Hyoung Woo Oh
ISBN : 9789535102700
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 36 MB
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This book provides a broad range of topics on fluid dynamics for advanced scientists and professional researchers. The text helps readers develop their own skills to analyze fluid dynamics phenomena encountered in professional engineering by reviewing diverse informative chapters herein.

The Afdm Advanced Fluid Dynamics Model Program

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ISBN : OCLC:727324801
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The origins and goals of the advanced fluid dynamics model (AFDM) program are described, and the models, algorithm, and coding used in the resulting AFDM computer program are summarized. A sample fuel-steel boiling pool calculation is presented and compared with a similar SIMMER-II calculation. A subjective assessment of the AFDM developments is given, and areas where future work is possible are detailed. 10 refs.

The Finite Volume Method In Computational Fluid Dynamics

Author : F. Moukalled
ISBN : 9783319168746
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50. 55 MB
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This textbook explores both the theoretical foundation of the Finite Volume Method (FVM) and its applications in Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). Readers will discover a thorough explanation of the FVM numerics and algorithms used for the simulation of incompressible and compressible fluid flows, along with a detailed examination of the components needed for the development of a collocated unstructured pressure-based CFD solver. Two particular CFD codes are explored. The first is uFVM, a three-dimensional unstructured pressure-based finite volume academic CFD code, implemented within Matlab. The second is OpenFOAM®, an open source framework used in the development of a range of CFD programs for the simulation of industrial scale flow problems. With over 220 figures, numerous examples and more than one hundred exercise on FVM numerics, programming, and applications, this textbook is suitable for use in an introductory course on the FVM, in an advanced course on numerics, and as a reference for CFD programmers and researchers.

Progress In Mathematical Fluid Dynamics

Author : Tristan Buckmaster
ISBN : 9783030548995
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 29. 9 MB
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This volume brings together four contributions to mathematical fluid mechanics, a classical but still highly active research field. The contributions cover not only the classical Navier-Stokes equations and Euler equations, but also some simplified models, and fluids interacting with elastic walls. The questions addressed in the lectures range from the basic problems of existence/blow-up of weak and more regular solutions, to modeling and aspects related to numerical methods. This book covers recent advances in several important areas of fluid mechanics. An output of the CIME Summer School "Progress in mathematical fluid mechanics" held in Cetraro in 2019, it offers a collection of lecture notes prepared by T. Buckmaster, (Princeton), S. Canic (UCB) P. Constantin (Princeton) and A. Kiselev (Duke). These notes will be a valuable asset for researchers and advanced graduate students in several aspects of mathematicsl fluid mechanics.

Computational Methods Of The Advanced Fluid Dynamics Model

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ISBN : OCLC:727245151
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To more accurately treat severe accidents in fast reactors, a program has been set up to investigate new computational models and approaches. The product of this effort is a computer code, the Advanced Fluid Dynamics Model (AFDM). This paper describes some of the basic features of the numerical algorithm used in AFDM. Aspects receiving particular emphasis are the fractional-step method of time integration, the semi-implicit pressure iteration, the virtual mass inertial terms, the use of three velocity fields, higher order differencing, convection of interfacial area with source and sink terms, multicomponent diffusion processes in heat and mass transfer, the SESAME equation of state, and vectorized programming. A calculated comparison with an isothermal tetralin/ammonia experiment is performed. We conclude that significant improvements are possible in reliably calculating the progression of severe accidents with further development.

Computational Fluid And Particle Dynamics In The Human Respiratory System

Author : Jiyuan Tu
ISBN : 9789400744875
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43. 12 MB
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Traditional research methodologies in the human respiratory system have always been challenging due to their invasive nature. Recent advances in medical imaging and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) have accelerated this research. This book compiles and details recent advances in the modelling of the respiratory system for researchers, engineers, scientists, and health practitioners. It breaks down the complexities of this field and provides both students and scientists with an introduction and starting point to the physiology of the respiratory system, fluid dynamics and advanced CFD modeling tools. In addition to a brief introduction to the physics of the respiratory system and an overview of computational methods, the book contains best-practice guidelines for establishing high-quality computational models and simulations. Inspiration for new simulations can be gained through innovative case studies as well as hands-on practice using pre-made computational code. Last but not least, students and researchers are presented the latest biomedical research activities, and the computational visualizations will enhance their understanding of physiological functions of the respiratory system.

Unsteady Computational Fluid Dynamics In Aeronautics

Author : P.G. Tucker
ISBN : 9789400770492
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52. 99 MB
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The field of Large Eddy Simulation (LES) and hybrids is a vibrant research area. This book runs through all the potential unsteady modelling fidelity ranges, from low-order to LES. The latter is probably the highest fidelity for practical aerospace systems modelling. Cutting edge new frontiers are defined. One example of a pressing environmental concern is noise. For the accurate prediction of this, unsteady modelling is needed. Hence computational aeroacoustics is explored. It is also emerging that there is a critical need for coupled simulations. Hence, this area is also considered and the tensions of utilizing such simulations with the already expensive LES. This work has relevance to the general field of CFD and LES and to a wide variety of non-aerospace aerodynamic systems (e.g. cars, submarines, ships, electronics, buildings). Topics treated include unsteady flow techniques; LES and hybrids; general numerical methods; computational aeroacoustics; computational aeroelasticity; coupled simulations and turbulence and its modelling (LES, RANS, transition, VLES, URANS). The volume concludes by pointing forward to future horizons and in particular the industrial use of LES. The writing style is accessible and useful to both academics and industrial practitioners. From the reviews: "Tucker's volume provides a very welcome, concise discussion of current capabilities for simulating and modellng unsteady aerodynamic flows. It covers the various pos sible numerical techniques in good, clear detail and presents a very wide range of practical applications; beautifully illustrated in many cases. This book thus provides a valuable text for practicing engineers, a rich source of background information for students and those new to this area of Research & Development, and an excellent state-of-the-art review for others. A great achievement." Mark Savill FHEA, FRAeS, C.Eng, Professor of Computational Aerodynamics Design & Head of Power & Propulsion Sciences, Department of Power & Propulsion, School of Engineering, Cranfield University, Bedfordshire, U.K. "This is a very useful book with a wide coverage of many aspects in unsteady aerodynamics method development and applications for internal and external flows." L. He, Rolls-Royce/RAEng Chair of Computational Aerothermal Engineering, Oxford University, U.K. "This comprehensive book ranges from classical concepts in both numerical methods and turbulence modelling approaches for the beginner to latest state-of-the-art for the advanced practitioner and constitutes an extremely valuable contribution to the specific Computational Fluid Dynamics literature in Aeronautics. Student and expert alike will benefit greatly by reading it from cover to cover." Sébastien Deck, Onera, Meudon, France

Scientific And Technical Aerospace Reports

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ISBN : MINN:30000005718634
Genre : Aeronautics
File Size : 57. 42 MB
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Energy Research Abstracts

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ISBN : PSU:000052606342
Genre : Power resources
File Size : 85. 9 MB
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Parallel Computational Fluid Dynamics

Author : Rupak Biswas
ISBN : 9781605950228
Genre : Computers
File Size : 26. 45 MB
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Fluid Dynamics Computational Modeling And Applications

Author : L. Hector Juarez
ISBN : 9789535100522
Genre : Computers
File Size : 33. 32 MB
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The content of this book covers several up-to-date topics in fluid dynamics, computational modeling and its applications, and it is intended to serve as a general reference for scientists, engineers, and graduate students. The book is comprised of 30 chapters divided into 5 parts, which include: winds, building and risk prevention; multiphase flow, structures and gases; heat transfer, combustion and energy; medical and biomechanical applications; and other important themes. This book also provides a comprehensive overview of computational fluid dynamics and applications, without excluding experimental and theoretical aspects.

Theoretical Fluid Dynamics

Author : Bhimsen K. Shivamoggi
ISBN : 9781118030783
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 20. 52 MB
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"Although there are many texts and monographs on fluid dynamics, Ido not know of any which is as comprehensive as the present book.It surveys nearly the entire field of classical fluid dynamics inan advanced, compact, and clear manner, and discusses the variousconceptual and analytical models of fluid flow." - Foundations ofPhysics on the first edition Theoretical Fluid Dynamics functions equally well as agraduate-level text and a professional reference. Steering a middlecourse between the empiricism of engineering and the abstractionsof pure mathematics, the author focuses on those ideas andformulations that will be of greatest interest to students andresearchers in applied mathematics and theoretical physics. Dr.Shivamoggi covers the main branches of fluid dynamics, withparticular emphasis on flows of incompressible fluids. Readers wellversed in the physical and mathematical prerequisites will findenlightening discussions of many lesser-known areas of study influid dynamics. This thoroughly revised, updated, and expanded Second Editionfeatures coverage of recent developments in stability andturbulence, additional chapter-end exercises, relevant experimentalinformation, and an abundance of new material on a wide range oftopics, including: * Hamiltonian formulation * Nonlinear water waves and sound waves * Stability of a fluid layer heated from below * Equilibrium statistical mechanics of turbulence * Two-dimensional turbulence

Modeling In Engineering Using Innovative Numerical Methods For Solids And Fluids

Author : Laura De Lorenzis
ISBN : 9783030375188
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 12 MB
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The book examines innovative numerical methods for computational solid and fluid mechanics that can be used to model complex problems in engineering. It also presents innovative and promising simulation methods, including the fundamentals of these methods, as well as advanced topics and complex applications. Further, the book explores how numerical simulations can significantly reduce the number of time-consuming and expensive experiments required, and can support engineering decisions by providing data that would be very difficult, if not impossible, to obtain experimentally. It also includes chapters covering topics such as particle methods addressing particle-based materials and numerical methods that are based on discrete element formulations; fictitious domain methods; phase field models; computational fluid dynamics based on modern finite volume schemes; hybridizable discontinuous Galerkin methods; and non-intrusive coupling methods for structural models.

Mathematical And Numerical Foundations Of Turbulence Models And Applications

Author : Tomás Chacón Rebollo
ISBN : 9781493904556
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 67. 33 MB
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With applications to climate, technology, and industry, the modeling and numerical simulation of turbulent flows are rich with history and modern relevance. The complexity of the problems that arise in the study of turbulence requires tools from various scientific disciplines, including mathematics, physics, engineering and computer science. Authored by two experts in the area with a long history of collaboration, this monograph provides a current, detailed look at several turbulence models from both the theoretical and numerical perspectives. The k-epsilon, large-eddy simulation and other models are rigorously derived and their performance is analyzed using benchmark simulations for real-world turbulent flows. Mathematical and Numerical Foundations of Turbulence Models and Applications is an ideal reference for students in applied mathematics and engineering, as well as researchers in mathematical and numerical fluid dynamics. It is also a valuable resource for advanced graduate students in fluid dynamics, engineers, physical oceanographers, meteorologists and climatologists.

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