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Amnesty In Brazil

Author : Ann M. Schneider
ISBN : 9780822988526
Genre : History
File Size : 43. 87 MB
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In 1895, forty-seven rebel military officers contested the terms of a law that granted them amnesty but blocked their immediate return to the armed forces. During the century that followed, numerous other Brazilians who similarly faced repercussions for political opposition or outright rebellion subsequently made claims to forms of recompense through amnesty. By 2010, tens of thousands of Brazilians had sought reparations, referred to as amnesty, for repression suffered during the Cold War–era dictatorship. This book examines the evolution of amnesty in Brazil and describes when and how it functioned as an institution synonymous with restitution. Ann M. Schneider is concerned with the politics of conciliation and reflects on this history of Brazil in the context of broader debates about transitional justice. She argues that the adjudication of entitlements granted in amnesty laws marked points of intersection between prevailing and profoundly conservative politics with moments and trends that galvanized the demand for and the expansion of rights, showing that amnesty in Brazil has been both surprisingly democratizing and yet stubbornly undemocratic.

Brazil

Author : Amnesty International
ISBN : 0862101522
Genre : Death squads
File Size : 73. 84 MB
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Amnesty In The Age Of Human Rights Accountability

Author : Francesca Lessa
ISBN : 9781107025004
Genre : Law
File Size : 79. 57 MB
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This edited volume brings together well-established and emerging scholars of transitional justice to discuss the persistence of amnesty in the age of human rights accountability. The volume attempts to reframe debates, moving beyond the limited approaches of 'truth versus justice' or 'stability versus accountability' in which many of these issues have been cast in the existing scholarship. The theoretical and empirical contributions in this book offer new ways of understanding and tackling the enduring persistence of amnesty in the age of accountability. In addition to cross-national studies, the volume encompasses eleven country cases of amnesty for past human rights violations: Argentina, Brazil, Cambodia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Indonesia, Rwanda, South Africa, Spain, Uganda and Uruguay. The volume goes beyond merely describing these case studies, but also considers what we learn from them in terms of overcoming impunity and promoting accountability to contribute to improvements in human rights and democracy.

Beyond Despair

Author : Amnesty International
ISBN : STANFORD:36105017786562
Genre : Civil rights
File Size : 74. 55 MB
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Report On Allegations Of Torture In Brazil

Author : Amnesty International
ISBN : UOM:39015005338705
Genre : Political prisoners
File Size : 69. 24 MB
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Memory S Turn

Author : Rebecca J. Atencio
ISBN : 9780299297244
Genre : History
File Size : 26. 64 MB
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The first book to trace Brazil's reckoning with dictatorship through the collision of politics and cultural production.

Brazil Today

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105013826693
Genre : Brazil
File Size : 72. 39 MB
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The Candelaria Massacre

Author : Julia Rochester
ISBN : 9781783724673
Genre : History
File Size : 29. 70 MB
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Just after midnight, in the early morning of 23 July 1993, a group of men, later identified as off-duty policemen, opened fire on a group of street children sleeping rough outside one of Rio de Janeiro's most prominent landmarks - the Church of Our Lady of the Candelaria. The incident became known as the Candelaria Massacre and it roused the people of Rio - the Cariocas - from their normal accommodation with violence and took them to the streets in protest.Shortly before the shootings at the church the policemen picked up three boys returning to Candelaria from the beach and took them off in their car to be shot elsewhere. Shot and left for dead, one of them survived. His survival altered the political landscape. His name is Wagner dos Santos. This is his story."Surviving Candelaria" is not only Wagner Santos' intensely tragic, involving and fascinating personal history, but also a glimpse into the dark complexities and cultural landscape of Rio de Janeiro, one of the most beautiful cities in the world in one of the most vibrant countries in the world.

Brazil S Indians And The Onslaught Of Civilization

Author : Linda Rabben
ISBN : 9780295983622
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71. 78 MB
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Examines the relationship of the Kayapo and Yanomami, two indigenous groups of the Amazon region, to Brazilian society and the wider world. Revised and updated from an earlier edition, the book includes new chapters on the resurgence of indigenous groups previously thought extinct and the renewed controversy among anthropologists studying the Yanomami.

The Rule Of Law In Brazil

Author : Juliano Zaiden Benvindo
ISBN : 9781509934966
Genre : Law
File Size : 62. 19 MB
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This book provides a broad perspective of the functioning, evolution, and dynamics of the rule of law in Brazil. It stresses not only how the rule of law has developed in the legal system, but also how the political institutions and extra-legal organisations have transformed its foundations. The rule of law is not a simple concept when it comes to defining the political, economic, and legal developments of a country like Brazil. Similar to many other Latin American countries, Brazil is a young democracy struggling with its longstanding extractive institutions and entrenched interests. It features, however, one of Latin America's richest constitutional moments, when civil society actively participated in drafting the most democratic constitution in the country's history. Brazil has since strengthened its institutions and the rule of law, but the road toward consolidating them has been challenged by inequality and the legacies of that authoritarian past. The book explores how Brazilian democracy has dealt with the high levels of social inequality and the authoritarian mindset that still play a big role in its fate, and asks whether the country's democratic achievements and institutional framework are sufficiently strong to enforce the rule of law as an imperative for Brazil's development, especially in times when the country is most in need of them.

State Violence Torture And Political Prisoners

Author : RENATA. MEIRELLES
ISBN : 1032088575
Genre :
File Size : 60. 49 MB
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State Violence, Torture, and Political Prisoners discusses the activities of Amnesty International during the period of Brazil's dictatorship (1964-1985). During the dictatorship, Amnesty assisted political prisoners who were submitted to torture and helped to publicise charges of torture against agents of the military regime's repressive apparatus. Through a specific examination of Amnesty's work with Brazilian political prisoners, this book explores how Amnesty adapted its organisational principles - such as non-violence and the focus on individual cases - during this time. In 1967 Amnesty experienced a severe internal crisis which prompted the organisation to make structural changes. These changes enabled it to expand its activities beyond Europe to Latin America, including Brazil. This book examines one of Amnesty International's first major campaigns against torture and the impact this had on the organisation's development of a new agenda. Bringing a critical and historical perspective on Amnesty's work, the book contributes to the debate on the role of human rights organisations in addressing human rights abuses worldwide. It makes a significant contribution to international research on state crime, human rights, and torture.

Picking Up The Pieces

Author : Amnesty International
ISBN : 0862104327
Genre : Sex discrimination against women
File Size : 87. 65 MB
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This book focuses on the largely untold stories of women struggling to live their lives and fight for justice amid constant police and criminal violence.

We Cannot Remain Silent

Author : James Green
ISBN : 9780822391784
Genre : History
File Size : 50. 1 MB
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In 1964, Brazil’s democratically elected, left-wing government was ousted in a coup and replaced by a military junta. The Johnson administration quickly recognized the new government. The U.S. press and members of Congress were nearly unanimous in their support of the “revolution” and the coup leaders’ anticommunist agenda. Few Americans were aware of the human rights abuses perpetrated by Brazil’s new regime. By 1969, a small group of academics, clergy, Brazilian exiles, and political activists had begun to educate the American public about the violent repression in Brazil and mobilize opposition to the dictatorship. By 1974, most informed political activists in the United States associated the Brazilian government with its torture chambers. In We Cannot Remain Silent, James N. Green analyzes the U.S. grassroots activities against torture in Brazil, and the ways those efforts helped to create a new discourse about human-rights violations in Latin America. He explains how the campaign against Brazil’s dictatorship laid the groundwork for subsequent U.S. movements against human rights abuses in Chile, Uruguay, Argentina, and Central America. Green interviewed many of the activists who educated journalists, government officials, and the public about the abuses taking place under the Brazilian dictatorship. Drawing on those interviews and archival research from Brazil and the United States, he describes the creation of a network of activists with international connections, the documentation of systematic torture and repression, and the cultivation of Congressional allies and the press. Those efforts helped to expose the terror of the dictatorship and undermine U.S. support for the regime. Against the background of the political and social changes of the 1960s and 1970s, Green tells the story of a decentralized, international grassroots movement that effectively challenged U.S. foreign policy.

The Brazilian Truth Commission

Author : Nina Schneider
ISBN : 9781789200041
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 67. 22 MB
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Bringing together some of the world’s leading scholars, practitioners, and human rights activists, this groundbreaking volume provides the first systematic analysis of the 2012–2014 Brazilian National Truth Commission. While attentive to the inquiry’s local and national dimensions, it offers an illuminating transnational perspective that considers the Commission’s Latin American regional context and relates it to global efforts for human rights accountability, contributing to a more general and critical reassessment of truth commissions from a variety of viewpoints.

Little Brazil

Author : Maxine L. Margolis
ISBN : 9781400851751
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48. 23 MB
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Walking west on 46th Street in Manhattan, just three blocks from Rockefeller Center, one passes Brazilian restaurants, the office of New York's Brazilian newspaper, a Brazilian travel agency, a business that sends remittances and wires flowers to Brazil, and a store that sells Brazilian food products, magazines, newspapers, videos, and tapes. These businesses are the tip of an ethnic iceberg, an unseen minority estimated to number some 80,000 to 100,000 Brazilians in the New York metropolitan area alone. Despite their numbers, the lives of these people remain largely hidden to scholars and the public alike. Now Maxine L. Margolis remedies this neglect with a fascinating and accessible account of the lives of New York's Brazilians. Showing that these immigrants belie American stereotypes, Margolis reveals that they are largely from the middle strata of Brazilian society: many, in fact, have university educations. Not driven by dire poverty or political repression, they are fleeing from chaotic economic conditions that prevent them from maintaining amiddle-class standard of living in Brazil. But despite their class origin and education, with little English and no work papers, many are forced to take menial jobs after their arrival in the United States. Little Brazil is not an insentient statistical portrait of this population writ large, but a nuanced account that captures what it is like to be a new immigrant in this most cosmopolitan of world cities.

Amnesty International The Human Rights Story

Author : Jonathan Power
ISBN : UOM:39015004086172
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 42. 45 MB
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Traces the twenty-year history of the London-based human rights organization, and discusses the group's major concerns for the future

Black Women Against The Land Grab

Author : Keisha-Khan Y. Perry
ISBN : 9780816688029
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39. 8 MB
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In Brazil and throughout the African diaspora, black women, especially poor black women, are rarely considered leaders of social movements let alone political theorists. But in the northeastern city of Salvador, Brazil, it is these very women who determine how urban policies are established. Focusing on the Gamboa de Baixo neighborhood in Salvador’s city center, Black Women against the Land Grab explores how black women’s views on development have radicalized local communities to demand justice and social change. In Black Women against the Land Grab, Keisha-Khan Y. Perry describes the key role of local women activists in the citywide movement for land and housing rights. She reveals the importance of geographic location for understanding the gendered aspects of urban renewal and the formation of black women–led social movements. How have black women shaped the politics of urban redevelopment, Perry asks, and what does this kind of political intervention tell us about black women’s agency? Her work uncovers the ways in which political labor at the neighborhood level is central to the mass mobilization of black people against institutional racism and for citizenship rights and resources in Brazil. Highlighting the political life of black communities, specifically those in urban contexts often represented as socially pathological and politically bankrupt, Black Women against the Land Grab offers a valuable corrective to how we think about politics and about black women, particularly poor black women, as a political force.

Unnatural Selection

Author : Linda Rabben
ISBN : 0745312489
Genre : Brazil
File Size : 55. 26 MB
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A passionate first-hand account of the Yanomami and Kayap�'s struggle to survive in their increasingly 'civilised' world, written by a respected academic who has worked with indigenous groups for both Sting and Amnesty International. Linda Rabben interviews celebrated leaders such as Paulinho Payakan and Davi Yanomami; looks at the ways that both groups interact with Brazilian society and the wider world, and considers their differing futures.

Brazil A Biography

Author : Heloisa Maria Murgel Starling
ISBN : 9780141976181
Genre : History
File Size : 48. 42 MB
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Since Europeans first reached Brazil in 1500 it has been an unfailing source of extraordinary fascination. More than any other part of the 'New World' it displayed both the greatest beauty and grandeur and witnessed scenes of the most terrible European ferocity. Brazil: A Biography, written by two of Brazil's leading historians and a bestseller in Brazil itself, is a remarkable attempt to convey the overwhelming diversity and challenges of this huge country from its origins to the 21st century - larger than the contiguous USA and still in some regions not fully mapped. The book's major themes are the near-continuous battles to create both political institutions and social frameworks that would allow stable growth, legal norms and protection for all its citizens. Brazil's failure to achieve these except in the very short term has been tragic, but even now it remains one of the world's great experiments - creative, harsh, unique and as compelling a story for its inhabitants as for outsiders.

Constitutional Erosion In Brazil

Author : Emilio Peluso Neder Meyer
ISBN : 9781509941964
Genre : Law
File Size : 66. 94 MB
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This book provides a fascinating analysis of a single jurisdiction, Brazil, and accounts for both the successes and the failures of its most recent constitutional project, inaugurated by the Constitution of 1988. It sets out the following aspects of the constitutional development and erosion: - the different phases of the promised transition from military rule to a 'social-democratic constitutionalism'; - the obstacles to democratisation derived from the absence of true institutional reforms in the judicial branch and in the civil-military relationship; - the legal and social practices which maintained a structure that obstructed the emergence of an effective social-democracy, such as the neoliberal pattern, the acceptance in the political field of unlawful organisations, such as the milícias, and the way the digital revolution has been harming the formation of democratic sovereignty. Situating Brazil in the global context of the revival of authoritarianism, it details the factors which are common to the third wave of democratisation reflux. Accounting for those aspects, particular to the Brazilian jurisdiction, it shows that there is a tension in the Brazilian constitution. On the one hand, such constitutionalism was renewed by democratic pressure on governments to undertake social politics since 1988. On the other hand, it retained authoritarian practices through the hands of diverse institutions and political actors. By exploring the ideas of constitutional erosion and collapse, as well as democratic, social and digital constitutionalism, the book presents a comparative analysis of Brazil and other jurisdictions, including the United States, South Africa, and Peru.

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